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an extacy as to reject Truth in Philosophy because the author dissenteth in Religion.”

When we consider the great debt we owe to the man, of whom Aubrey says, “ All that were great and good loved and honoured him," it seems impoffible (says Dugald Stewart) for a candid mind not to feel a strong inclination to dwell rather on the fair than on the dark side of his character. It is evident, from the remarkable passage in his dedication of the Efsays to his brother in 1597, how early he felt that his vocation was rather the private retirement of study than public life: “I fometimes wish your infirmities translated upon myself, that her Majesty might have the service of fo active and able a mind, and I might be with excuse confined to these contemplations and studies for which I am fittest.” Happy would it have been for his peace of mind had his life been so devoted, but we are reminded of Gray's lines, “ Ambition this shall tempt to rise,” &c. In his letter to Sir Thomas Bodley, accompanying the Advancement of Learning, Bacon had said: “Knowing myself, by inward calling, to be fitter to hold a Book, than to play a part, I have led my life in civil causes, for which I was not very fit by nature, and more unfit by the preoccupation of my mind.” And in the affecting allusion to the errors and misfortunes of his public life, which occurs in the eighth book of the De Augmentis Scientiarum, he again recurs to this contravention of his destiny. « Ad literas potius quam ad aliud quicquam natus, ad res gerendas nescio quo fato contra genium suum abreptus."

public life, W. Scientiarum, heas and literas potius This, as Dugald Stewart justly observes, if it does not atone for his faults, may at least have some effect in softening the asperity of our censures; especially when we consider with Cowley what he achieved—

“ In his few years, divided 'twixt th’excess

Of low affliction and high happiness.” For, as Mr. Hallam has said, “ we must give to written wisdom its proper meed;—and he may be compared to those liberators of nations, who have given them laws by which they may govern themselves, and retained no homage but their GRATITUDE.”

Nearly a century since the Honourable Charles Yorke, in a letter to Dr. Birch, thus expresses himself: “ The foibles and vices of great men, celebrated for their parts and actions, too much exposed to view, only confirm and comfort the vulgar in the like conduct, without teaching to that vulgar the imitation of their virtues.” In another part of the same letter, he says, “ Though Sir Francis Bacon has been dead almost one hundred and forty years, yet I think his fame and his memory more recent, more living, and more bright than when he was alive. His faults are cast in the shade by the candour of pofterity, and finer colours laid over his virtues, unsullied by envy and detraction (those busy and malignant passions of contemporaries), or even by his own weaknesses."

S. W. S.

Mickleham, August 21, 1856.

CONTENTS.

F Truth. 1625 • Horced ózs...
*

:

: : : : ·

Of Death.

·

1

1612, enlarged 1625 ; . . .

5

3. Of Unity in Religion. 1612, rewritten 1625 . 8

4. Of Revenge. 1625 · · · · ·

· 14

5. Of Adversity. 1625 . . . . . . . . . 36

6. Of Simulation and Dissimulation. 1625 . . .

7. Of Parents and Children. 1612, enlarged 1625 22

8. Of Marriage and Single Life. 1612. Slightly en-

larged 1625 · · · · · · · · · · ·

9. Of Envy. 1625 · · · · · · · · · ·

1o. Of Love. 1612, rewritten 1625 . . . . .

11. Of Great Place. 1612, lightly enlarged 1625 .

12. Of Boldness. 1625 · · · · · · · · 41

13. Of Goodness, and Goodness of Nature. 1612,

enlarged 1625 . . . . . . . . . .

14. Of Nobility. 1612, rewritten 1625 . . . .

15. Of Seditions and Troubles. 1625 . . . . .

16. Of Atheism. 1612, slightly enlarged 1625 . . 59

17. Of Superstition. 1612, llightly enlarged 1625 63

18. Of Travel. 1625 . . . . . . . . .

19. Of Empire. 1612, much enlarged 1625 ...

20. Of Counsel. 1612, enlarged 1625 . . . . .

21. Of Delays. 1625 . i . . . . . . . .

22. Of Cunning. 1612, rewritten 1625 . . . .
23. Of Wisdom for a Man's Self. 1612, enlarged

1625 · · · · · · · · · · · · · 88

24. Of Innovations. 1625 . . . . . . . .

25. Of Dispatch. 1612 . . . . . . . . . 92

26. Of Seeming Wise. 1612 . . . . . . . 94

27. Of Friendship. 1612, rewritten 1625 . . . 96

28. Of Expense. 1597, enlarged 1612, and again

1625 . .

. . . . 107

29. Of the true Greatness of Kingdoms and Eftates.

1612, enlarged 1625 . . . . . . . 108

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. 124

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30. Of Regimen of Health. 1597, enlarged 1612, and

again 1625 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 I

2. Of Suspicion. 1625 : :..

32. Of Discourse. 1597, Nightly enlarged 1612, and

again 1625 . . . . . . . . . . . 126

33. Of Plantations. 1625 . . . . . . . . . 128

34. Of Riches. 1612, much enlarged 1625 ...

35. Of Prophecies. 1625 . . . . . . . . . 137

36. Of Ambition. 1612, enlarged 1625 . . . .

37. Of Masques and Triumphs. 1625 . . . . 145

38. Of Nature in Men. 1612, enlarged 1625 . . 147

39. Of Custom and Education. 1612, enlarged 1625 149

40. Of Fortune. 1612, slightly enlarged 1625 · · 152

41. Of Usury. 1625 . . . .. . . . . 155

42. Of Youth and Age. 1612, slightly enlarged

1625 . . . : : : : :

43. Of Beauty. 1612, Nightly enlarged 1625 . . 163

44. Of Deformity. 1612, somewhat altered 1625 . 165

45. Of Building. 1625 . . . . . . . . . 166

46. Of Gardens. 1625 . . . . . . . . . 172

47. Of Negotiating, 1597, enlarged 1612, very

slightly altered 1625 . .

.181

48. Of Followers and Friends. 1597, slightly en-

larged 1625 ; •,·.:.··...

larged 1625 · · · · · 186

50. Of Studies. 1597, Nightly enlarged 1612, and

again 1625 . . . . . . . . . . . 188

51. Of Faction. 1597, much enlarged 1625 . . . 191

52. Of Ceremonies and Respect. 1597, enlarged

1625 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

53. Of Praise. 1612, enlarged 1625 . . . . . 196

64. Of Vain Glory. 1612. · · · · miris

.. 198

55. Of Honour and Reputation. 1597, omitted 1612,

republished 1625 . . . . . . . . . . 201

56. Of Judicature. 1612 . . . . . . . . . 203

57. Of Anger. 1625 . . . . . . . . . . 209

58. Of Vicissitudes of Things. 1625 ....212

APPENDIX TO ESSAYS.

1. A Fragment of an Essay of Fame . . . . . 221

2. Of a King ::;}said not to be by Bacon

223

3. An Essay on Death Sa

.226

n. Of Suitors.

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