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Hór. You will lose this wager, my Lord.

Ham. I do not think so. Since he went into France, I have been in continual practice; I shall win at the odds. But thou wouldst not think how ill all's here about my heart.

heart. But it is no matter. Hor. Nay, my good Lord.

Ham. It is but foolery ; but it is such a kind of gain-giving as would, perhaps, trouble a woman.

Hor. If your mind dinike any thing, obey it. I will forestal their repair hither, and say you are not fit.

Ham. Not a whit, we defy augury, there is a special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it be now, 'tis not to come; if it be not to come, it will be now if it be not now, yet it will come; the readiness is all. Since no man knows aught of what he leaves, what is't to leave betimes?


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9 Since no man HAS OUGHT will I am prepared. But the ill OF WHAT he leaves, what is't to pointing in the old book hinleave betimes?] This the edicors dered the editors from seeing called reasoning. I should have Shakespear's sense, and encouthought the premises concluded raged them to venture at one of juft otherwise : For fince death their own, though, as usual, they trips a man of every thing, it is are come very lamely off. but fit he should shun and avoid

WARBURTON. the despoiler. The old Quarto The reading of the quarto reads, Since no man, of ought he was right, but in some other cokaves, KNOW S, what is't to leave py the harhness of the transpo. betimes. Let be. This is the true sition was softened, and the pasreading. Here the premises con- sage stood thus, Since no man clude right, and the argument knows aught of wbat be leaves. drawn out at length is to this ef- For knows was printed in the lafect. It is true, that, by death, ter copies has, by a slight blunwe lofe all the goods of life ; yet der in such typographers. feeing this lofs is no otherwise an I do not think Dr. Warburton's evil than as we are sensible of it; interpretation of the passage the and fince death removes al sense of best that it will admit. The it, ubat matters it how foon we meaning may be this, Since no tojë them: Therefore come what man knows aught of the state of

qui in

S. CE N E. V.

Enter King, Queen, Laertes and lords, Ofrick, with

other attendants with foils, and gantlets, A table, to and flaggans of wine on it. King. Come, Hamlet, come, and take this hand

from me.
[King puts the band of Laertes into the hand of Hamlet.
Ham. "Give me your pardon, Sir. I've done you

But pardon't, as you are a gentleman.
This presence knows, and you must needs have heard,
How I am punish'd with a fore distraction.
What I have done,
That might your Nature, Honour, and Exception
Roughly awake, I here proclaim was madness :
Was't Hamlet wrong'd Laertes? never, Hamlet.
If Hamlet from himself be ta'en away,
And, when he's not himself, does wrong Laertes,
Then Hamlet does it not, Hamlet denies it.
Who does it then? his madness. If 't be fo,
Hamlet is of the faction that is wrong'd;



life which he leaves, ince he cannot fall but by the direction
cannoc judge what other years of providence.
may produce, why should be be

Hanmer has, Since ni man owes
afraid of kaving life betimes ? aught, a conjecture not very re-
Why should he dread an early prehensible. Since no man can
death, of which he cannot tell call any poffeffion certain, what is.
whether it is an exclusion of hap it to leave?
piness, or an interception of ca- * Give me your pardon, Sir.-)
lamity. I despise the fuperftition I wish Hamler had made some
of augury and omens, which other defence; it is unsuitable to
has no ground in reason or the character of a good or a
pictyi my comforç is, 'chac brave man, to helter himself in


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His madness is poor Hamlet's enemy.
Let my disclaiming from a purpos'd evil,
Free me so far in your most generous thoughts,
That I have shot mine arrow o'er the house,
And hurt my brother.

Laer. I am satisfied in nature,
Whose motive, in this case, should stir me most
To my revenge: but in my terms of honour
I stand aloof, and will no reconcilement,
'Till by some elder masters of known honour
I have a voice, and precedent of peace,
To keep my name ungor'd. But till that time,
I do receive your offer'd love like love,
And will not wrong it.

Ham. I embrace it freely,
And will this brother's wager frankly play.
Give us the foils.

Laer. Come, one for me.
Ham. I'll be your foil

, Laertes; in mine ignorance Your skill shall, like a star i' th’ darkest night, Stick fiery off indeed.

Laer. You mock me, Sir.
Ham. No, by this hand.

King. Give them the foils, young Ofrick.
Hamlet, you know the wager.

Ham. Well, my Lord; 2 Your Grace hath laid upon the weaker side.

King. I do not fear it, I have seen you both; But since he's better'd, we have therefore odds.

Laer. This is too heavy, let me see another. Ham. This likes me well. These foils have all a length?

[Prepares to play.

2 Your Grace hath laid upon the 'When the odds were on the side

weaker fide.] Thus Han. of Laertes, who was to hit Hammer.

All the others read, let twelve times to nine, it was Your Grace hath laid the odds perhaps the authour's Dip. path' weaker fides


Ofr. Ay, my good Lord.

King. Set me the stoups of wine upon that table.
If Hamlet give the first, or second Hit;
Or quit in answer of the third exchange,
Let all the battlements their ordnance fire
The King shall drink to Hamlet's better breath,
3 And in the cup an Union shall he throw,
Richer than that which four successive Kings
In Denmark's Crown have worn. Give me the cups;
And let the kettle to the trumpets speak,
The trumpets to the cannoneer without,
The cannons to the heav'ns, the heav'ns to earth :
Now the King drinks to Hamlet. -Come. Begin,
And you the Judges bear a wary eye.
Ham. Come on, Sir,
Laer. Come; my Lord.

They play.
Ham. One.
Laer. No,
Ham. Judgment.
Ojr. A hit, a very palpable hit.
Laer. Well again
King. Stay, give me Drink. Hamlet, this Pearl is


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3 In some editions,

giving Laertes the first hit. And in the cup an Onyx fall Stay, give me Drink : Hamhe thrown]

let, this Pearl is thine : This is a various reading in fe. Here's to thy health. veral of the old copies ; but Therefore, if an Union be a Un on seems to me to be the true Pearl, and an Onyx a Gemm, or word. If I am not mistaken, . Stone quite differing in its nature neither the Onyx, nor Sardonyx, from Pearls ; the King saying, ara jewels which ever found place that Hamlet has earn'd the Pearl, in an imperial crown. An Union I think, amounts to a demonstrais the finest sort of Pearl, and tion that it was an Union.Pearl, has its place in all crowns and which he meant to throw into the coronets. Besides, let us consider cup.

THEOBALD. what the King lays on Hamlet's VOL. VIII.


Here's I'm



Here's to thy health. Give him the cup.

[Trumpets sound, Shat goes off. Ham. I'll play this bout first. Set it by awhile.

[They play. Come. Another hit. What say you?

Laer. A touch, a touch, I do confefs.
King. Our fon shall win.

Queen. He's fat, and scant of breath.
Here, Hamlet, take my napkin, rub thy brows.
The Queen carouses to thy fortune, Hamlet.

Ham. Good Madam,-
King. Gertrude, do not drink.
Queen. I will, my Lord, I pray you, pardon me.
King. It is the poison'd cup. It is too late. [Afide.
Ham. I dare not drink yet, Madam. By and by.
Queen. Come, let me wipe thy face.
Laer. l'll hit him now.
King. I do not think’t.
Laer. And yet it is almost against my conscience. .

Ham. Come, for the third, Laertes. You but dally;
I pray you, pass with your best violence;
I am afraid, 4 you make a Wanton of me.
Laer. Say you so ? come on,

Ofr. Nothing neither way.
Laer. Have at you now.
[Laertes wounds Hamlet; then, in scuffling, they

change rapiers, and Hamlet wounds Laertes.
King. Part them, they are incens’d.
Ham. Nay, come again.
Ofr. Look to the Queen there, ho!
Hor. They bleed on both sides. How is'ts my

Lord ?
Osr. How is't, Laertes ?

-you make a Wanton of Imogen fays,
me.] A Wanton was, a man feeble I am not so citizen e wanton,
and effiminate. In Cymbelina, To die, ere I be fck.


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