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DUKE of Venice.
Brabantio, a noble Venetian.
Gratiano, Brother to Brabantio.
Lodovico, Kinsman to Brabantio and Gratiano.
Othello, the Moor.
lago, Standard-bearer to Othello.
Rodorigo, a Gentleman.
Montano, the Moor's Predecessor in the Government of

Clown, Servant to the Moor."

Desdemona, Wife to Othello.
Æmilia,' Wife to Iago.
Bianca, Mistress to Caffio. 4,

Officers, Gentlemen, Messengers, Musicians, Sailors, and


SCENE, for the First Act, in Venice ; during the

rest of the Play, in Cyprus.

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I have the folio, and the third Quarto collated with the second,

and the fourth.

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EVER tell me. I take it much unkindly,
That thou, Iago, who haft had my purse,
As if the strings were thine, shouldīt know

Iago. But you'll not hear me.
If ever I did dream of such a matter, abhor me.
Rod. Thou toldst me, thou didst hold him in thy

Iago. Despise me,
If I do not. Three Great ones of the city,
In personal suit to make me his lieutenant,

Othello, the Moor of Venice.] The story is taken from Gre tbla's Novels.


Off-capp'd to him; and, by the faith of mari,
I know my price, I'm worth no worse à Place.
But he, as loving his own pride and purpose ;
Evades them with a bombast circumstance,
Horribly stuft with epithets of war,
And, in conclusion,
Non-suits my mediators, “ Certes, says hie,
“ I have already chose officer."
And what was he?
Forsooth, a great arithmetician,
One Michael Caffio, a Florentine,
A fellow almoft damn’d : in a fair wife 3


2a Florentine,] It ap. These are the words of Othello, pears from many passages of this (which lago in this relation replay, (rightly understood) that peats) and signify, that a FlorenCallio was a Florentine, and lago tine was an unfit person for coma Venetian.

Hanmer. mand, as being always a slave to, 3-in a fair wife ;] In the a fair wife; which was the case of former editions this hath been Iago. The Oxford Editor, supprinted, a fair wife; but surely posing this was said by Iago of it must from the beginning have Caffio, will have Casio to be the been a mistake, because it ap- Florentine ; which, he says, is pears from a following part of plain from many passages in the the play, that Caffio was an ur- Play, rightly understood. But bemarried man: On the other cause Caffio was no married man, hand, his beauty is often hinted (tho' I wonder it did not appear at, which it is natural enough for he was, from some pasages rough soldiers to treat with scorn rightly understood) he alters the and ridicule. I read therefore, line thus, A fellow almost damnod in a A fellow almost damnd in a fuir phyz. HANMER.

fair Phyz. - a Florentine, A White-friers' phrase. - WARB. A follow almoft damn'd in a fair This is one of the passages

wife;] But it was lago, and which must for the present be renot Cassio, who was the Florentine, figned to corruption and obscurie as appears from Att 3. Scene I. ty. I have nothing that I can, The passage therefore should be with any approach to confidence, read thus,

propose. I cannot think it very (a Florentine's plain from A& III. Scene 1, that A fellow almoft damn'din a fair Callio was or was not a Florentine.

wife ;-)


That never fet a squadron in the field,
Nor the division of a battle knows
More than a spinster; but the bookish theorick,
- Wherein the toged consuls can propose
As masterly as he. Meer prattle, without practice;
Is all his foldiership. He had th' election ;
And I, of whom his eyes had seen the proof
At Rhodes, at Cyprus, and on other grounds
Chriftian and heathen, s must be belee'd and calm'd
By Debitor and Creditor. This Counter-cafter
He, in good time, must his lieutenant be,
And I, Sir, (bless the mark !) his Moor-ship's An-

cient. Rod. By heav'n, I rather would have been his hang

man. Iago. But there's no remedy ; 'tis the curse of fer

vice! Preferment goes by letter and affection, ? And not by old gradation, where each second


4 Wherein the tongued Con- abrogated, since Doges have been fuls). So she generalicy elected.

THÉOBALD. of the impressions read; but the Wherein the toged Consuls-] oldest quarto has it roged; the Se. Confuls, for couns’lors.

WARB. nators, that assisted the Duke in

Ś - muft be led and cam'd} Council, in their proper Gowns. So the old Quarto. The first

But let me explain, why I Folio reads beleed: but that spoils have ventured to substitute Coun the measure. I read LET, hinJellors in the room of Confuls: dered.

WARBURTON. The Venetian nobility constitute Beleid suits to calmed, and the the great Council of the Senate, measure is not less perfect than and are a part of the administra. in many other places. tion; and summon'u to allift and 6-by letter-) By recounsel the Doge, who is Prince commendation from powerful of the Senate, So that they may friends. very properly be called Counsel. 7 And not by old gradation --} lors. Thor the Government of What is old gradation ? Heimi'enice was democratick at first, mediately explains gradation very under Consuls and Tribunes; that properly. But the idea of old form of power has been totally does nos come into it, VOL, VIII.



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