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DUKE of Venice.
Desdemona, Wife to Othello.
Officers, Gentlemen, Messengers, Musicians, Sailors, and
SCENE, for the First Act, in Venice ; during the
rest of the Play, in Cyprus.
I have the folio, and the third Quarto collated with the second,
and the fourth.
EVER tell me. I take it much unkindly,
Othello, the Moor of Venice.] The story is taken from Gre tbla's Novels.
Off-capp'd to him; and, by the faith of mari,
2a Florentine,] It ap. These are the words of Othello, pears from many passages of this (which lago in this relation replay, (rightly understood) that peats) and signify, that a FlorenCallio was a Florentine, and lago tine was an unfit person for coma Venetian.
Hanmer. mand, as being always a slave to, 3-in a fair wife ;] In the a fair wife; which was the case of former editions this hath been Iago. The Oxford Editor, supprinted, a fair wife; but surely posing this was said by Iago of it must from the beginning have Caffio, will have Casio to be the been a mistake, because it ap- Florentine ; which, he says, is pears from a following part of plain from many passages in the the play, that Caffio was an ur- Play, rightly understood. But bemarried man: On the other cause Caffio was no married man, hand, his beauty is often hinted (tho' I wonder it did not appear at, which it is natural enough for he was, from some pasages rough soldiers to treat with scorn rightly understood) he alters the and ridicule. I read therefore, line thus, A fellow almost damnod in a A fellow almost damnd in a fuir phyz. HANMER.
fair Phyz. - a Florentine, A White-friers' phrase. - WARB. A follow almoft damn'd in a fair This is one of the passages
wife;] But it was lago, and which must for the present be renot Cassio, who was the Florentine, figned to corruption and obscurie as appears from Att 3. Scene I. ty. I have nothing that I can, The passage therefore should be with any approach to confidence, read thus,
propose. I cannot think it very (a Florentine's plain from A& III. Scene 1, that A fellow almoft damn'din a fair Callio was or was not a Florentine.
That never fet a squadron in the field,
cient. Rod. By heav'n, I rather would have been his hang
man. Iago. But there's no remedy ; 'tis the curse of fer
vice! Preferment goes by letter and affection, ? And not by old gradation, where each second
4 Wherein the tongued Con- abrogated, since Doges have been fuls). So she generalicy elected.
THÉOBALD. of the impressions read; but the Wherein the toged Consuls-] oldest quarto has it roged; the Se. Confuls, for couns’lors.
WARB. nators, that assisted the Duke in
Ś - muft be led and cam'd} Council, in their proper Gowns. So the old Quarto. The first
But let me explain, why I Folio reads beleed: but that spoils have ventured to substitute Coun the measure. I read LET, hinJellors in the room of Confuls: dered.
WARBURTON. The Venetian nobility constitute Beleid suits to calmed, and the the great Council of the Senate, measure is not less perfect than and are a part of the administra. in many other places. tion; and summon'u to allift and 6-by letter-) By recounsel the Doge, who is Prince commendation from powerful of the Senate, So that they may friends. very properly be called Counsel. 7 And not by old gradation --} lors. Thor the Government of What is old gradation ? Heimi'enice was democratick at first, mediately explains gradation very under Consuls and Tribunes; that properly. But the idea of old form of power has been totally does nos come into it, VOL, VIII.