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A. D. 31.
MATT. XII. 45.
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For if we sin wilfully after them. But it is happened unto them that we have received the knowledge according to the true proverb, The of the truth, there remaineth no more dog is turned to his own vomit again ; sacrifice for sins, But a certain fear- and the sow that was washed to her ful looking for of judgment and fiery wallowing in the mire, 2 Pet. ii. 14 indignation, wbich shall devour the--22. But these speak evil of those adversaries. He that despised Mo- things which they know not: but what ses' law died without mercy under they know naturally, as brute beasts, two or three witnesses: Of how much in those things they corrupt themsorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he selves. Woe unto them! for they be thought worthy, who hath trodden have gone in the way of Cain, and under foot the Son of God, and hath ran greedily after the error of Balaam counted the blood of the covenant, for reward, and perished in the gainwherewith he was sanctified, an un- saying of Core. These are spots in holy thing, and hath done despite un your feasts of charity when they feast to the Spirit of grace? For we know with you, feeding themselves without him that hath said, Vengeance be- fear: clouds they are without water, longeth unto me, I will recompence, carried about of winds ; trees whose saith the Lord. And again, The Lord fruit withereth, without fruit, twice shall judge his people. It is a fearful dead, plucked up by the roots ; Rathing to fall into the hands of the liv- ging waves of the sea, foaming out ing God, x. 26–31. But we are not their own shame; wandering stars, of them who draw back unto perdition; to whom is reserved the blackness of but of them that believe to the saving darkness for ever, Jude 10—13. of the soul, 39. Having eyes full of But when the husbandmen saw adultery, and that cannot cease from the son, they said among themselves, sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart This is the heir ; come, let us kili they have exercised with covetous him, and let us seize on his inheritpractices; cursed children : Which ance. And they caught him, and cast have forsaken the right way, and are him out of the vineyard, and slew him. gone astray, following the way of Ba When the Lord therefore of the vinelaam the son of Bosor, who loved the yard cometh, what will he do unto wages of unrighteousness; But was those husbandmen? They say unto rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb him, He will miserably destroy those ass speaking with man's voice forbad wicked men, and will let out his vinethe madness of the prophet. These yard unto other husbandmen, which are wells without water, clouds that shall render him the fruits in their are carried with a tempest; to whom seasons. Jesus saith unto them, Did the mist of darkness is reserved for ye never read in the Scriptures, the
For when they speak great stone which the builders rejected, the swelling words of vanity, they allure same is become the head of the corthrough the lusts of the flesh, through ner : this is the Lord's doing, and mucho wantonness, those that were it is marvellous in our eyes? Therefore clean escaped from them that live in say I unto you, The kingdom of God
While they promise them li- shall be taken from you, and given to berty, they themselves are the ser- a nation bringing forth the fruits therevants of corruption : for of whom a of. And whosoever shall fall on this man is overcome of the same is he stone, shall be broken : but on whombrought in bondage. For if after they soever it shall fall, it will grind him have escaped the pollutions of the to powder, Matt. xxi. 38–-44. Fill ye world through the knowledge of the up then the measure of your fathers. Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, are again entangled therein, and over- how can ye escape the damnation of come, the latter end is worse with hell? Wherefore, behold, I send unto them than the beginning. For it bad you prophets, and wise men, and been better for them not to have known scribes: and some of them ye shall
way of righteousness, than, after kill and crucify; and some of them they have known it, to turn from the shall ye scourge in your synagogues, holy commandment delivered unto and persecute them from city to city:
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MATT. XII. 45–47.
A. D. 31.
That upon you may come all the saith, Let their table be made a snare, blood shed upon the earth, from the and a trap, and a stumblingblock, blood of righteous Abel unto the blood and a recompence unto them: Let of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom their eyes be darkened, that they may ye slew between the temple and the not see, and bow down their back alaltar. Verily I say unto you, All way, Rom. x. 8—10. Who both killed these things shall come upon this ge- the Lord Jesus, and their own proneration. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, phets, and have persecuted us; and thou that killest the prophets and they please not God, and are constonest them which are sent unto thee, trary to all men: Forbidding us to how often would I have gathered thy speak to the Gentiles that they might children together, even as a hen ga- be saved, to fill up their sins alway : thereth her chickens under her wings, for the wrath is come upon them to and ye would not! Behold, your house the uttermost, 1 Thes. ii. 15. is left unto you desolate. For I say
VER. 46. unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he
"Ετι δε αυτου λαλούντος τούς όχλοις, , that cometh in the name of the Lord. | ιδού, ή μήτηρ και οι αδελφοί αυτού είστηxxii. 32–39. Therefore also said xEFQv č&w, GnTOŪVTES air nanio al. the wisdom of God, I will send them While he a yet talked to the people, prophets and apostles, and some of behold, his mother and his brethren stood them they shall slay and persecute : without, desiring to speak with him. That the blood of all the prophets,
a Is not this the carpenter's son? which was shed from the foundation is not his mother called Mary? and of the world, may be required of this his brethren, James, and Joses, and generation ; from the blood of Abel Simon, and Judas ? Matt. xiii. 55, Is to the blood of Zacharias, which pe.
not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, rished between the altar and the the brother of James, and Joses, and temple : verily I say unto you, It shall of Juda, and Simon ? and are not his be required of this generation, Luke sisters here with us ? And they were ri. 49–51. And when he was come offended at him, Mark vi. 3. After near, he beheld the city, and wept this he went down to Capernaum, he, over it, Saying, If thou hadst known, and his mother, and his brethren, and even thou, at least in this thy day, his disciples: and they continued the things which belong unto thy there not many days, John ii. 12. His peace! but now they are hid from brethren therefore said unto him, Dethine eyes. For the days shall come part hence, and go into Judæa, that upon thee, that thine enemies shall thy disciples also may see the works cast a trench about thee, and compass that thou doest, vii. 3. For neither did thee round, and keep thee in on every his brethren believe in him, 5. But when side, And shall lay thee even with his brethren were gone up, then went the ground, and thy children within he also up unto the feast, not openly, thee; and they shall not leave in thee but as it were in secret, 10. These one stone upon
another; because thou all continued with one accord in knewest not the time of thy visitation, prayer and supplication, with the worix. 41–44. If I had not come and
men, and Mary the mother of Jesus, spoken unto them they had not had and with his brethren, Acts i. 14. sin : but now they have no cloke for Have we not power to lead about a their sin. He that hateth me hateth sister, a wife, as well as other aposmy Father also. If I had not done tles, and as the brethren of the Lord, among them the works which none and Cephas ? 1 Cor. ix. 5. But other other man did, they had not had of the apostles saw I none, save sin : but now have they both seen and James the Lord's brother, Gal. i. 19. hated both me and my Father, John
VER. 47. xv. 22–24. (According as it is written, God bath given them the spirit
Είπε δέ τις αιτω· 'Ιδού, ή μήτηρ σου και of slumber, eyes that they should not οι αδελφοί σου έξω εστήκασι, ζητούντες see, and ears that they should not σοι λαλήσαι. hear ;) unto this day. And David Then one said unto him, Behold, thy VOL. I.
MATT. XU. 48-50. XIll. 1.
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mother and thy brethren stand without, a See on clauses 3,4,5. ver. 21. ch.vii. desiring to speak with thee.
b And the king shall answer and say VER. 48.
unto them, Verily I say unto you, ο δε αποκριθείς είπε τω ειπόντι αυτώ | Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one τις έστιν ή μήτης μου, και τίνες εισίν οι of the least of these my brethren, ye
have done it unto me. Then shall he
answer them, saying, Verily I say unBut he answered and said unto him
to you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to that told him, a Who is my mother? and
one of the least of these, ye did it not who are my brethren?
40. 45. Then said He that loveth father or mother Jesus unto them, Be not afraid : go more than me is not worthy of me: tell my brethren that they go into and he that loveth son or daughter Galilee, and there shall they see me, more than me is not worthy of me, xxviii. 10. I will declare thy name Matt. x. 37. Who said unto his fa unto my brethren : in the midst of the ther and to his mother, I have not congregation will I praise thee, Ps.xxii. seen him ; neither did he acknowledge 22. Jesus saith unto her, touch me his brethren, nor knew his own chil- not; for I am not yet ascended to my dren: for they have observed thy Father: but go to my brethren, and word, and kept thy covenant, Deut. say unto them, I ascend unto my FaXxxiii. 9. And the multitude sat ther, and your Father; and to my God, about him, and they said unto him, and your God, John X1. 17. For whom Behold, thy mother and thy brethren he did foreknow, he also did predeswithout seek for thee. And he an- tinate to be conformed to the image swered them, saying, Who is my mo- of his Son, that he might be the firstther, or my brethren ? Mark iii. 32, born among many brethren, Rom. viii. 33. And he said unto them, How is 29. For both he that sanctifieth and it that ye sought me? wist ye not they who are sanctified are all of one: that I must be about my Father's bu- for which cause, he is not ashamed to siness? And Jesus increased in wis- call them brethren, Saying, I will dedom and stature, and in favour with clare thy name unto my brethren, in God and man, Luke ii. 49. 52. And the midst of the Church will I sing when they wanted wine, the mother praise unto thee. And again, I will of Jesus saith unto him, They have put my trust in him. And again, no wine. Jesus saith unto her, W.- Behold I and the children which man, what have I to do with thee? God hath given me. Forasmuch mine hour is not yet come, John ii. 3, then as the children are partakers 4. Wherefore henceforth know we of flesh and blood, he also himno man after the flesh: yea, though self likewise took part of the same; we have known Christ after the flesh, that through death he might destroy yet now henceforth know we him no him that had the power of death more, 2 Cor. v. 16.
that is the devil ; And deliver them VER. 49.
who through fear of death were all
their lifetime subject to bondage. For Και εκτείνας την χείρα αυτού επί τους verily he took not on him the nature μαθητάς αυτού, είπεν: Ιδού η μήτηρ μου, of angels ; but he took on him the seed και οι αδελφοί μου. .
of Abraham. Wherefore in all things And he stretched forth his hand to- it behoved him to be made like unto wards his a disciples, and said, Behold my his brethren, that he might be a mermother and my brethren!
ciful and faithful High Priest in things a See parallels on clause 2. ver. 50. pertaining to God, to make reconciliaVER. 50.
tion for the sins of the people, Heb.
ii. 11-17. “Οστις γαρ αν ποιήση το θέλημα του πατρός μου του εν ουρανούς αυτός μου
CHAP. XIII-VER. 1. άδελφος, και αδελφή, και μήτη εστίν.
For whosoever shall a do the will of 'Εν δε τη ημέρα εκείνη έξελθών ο Ιησούς my Father which is in heaven, b the same to this oixias, énábnto magà thy gác is my brother, and sister, and mother. λαασαν.
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MATT. XIII. 1-3.
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The same day went Jesus out of the which was spoken by the prophet, saykouse, and a sat by the sea side.
ing, I will open my mouth in parables ; 2 And he went forth again by the I will utter things which have been sea side ; and all the multitude re- kept secret from the foundation of the sorted unto him, and he taught them, world, 31, 35. And it came to pass, Mark ii. 13. And he began again to
that when Jesus had finished these teach by the sea side: and there was parables, he departed thence, 53. And gathered unto him a great multitude, Jesus answered and spake unto them so that he entered into a ship, and sat again by parables, and said, xxii. 1. in the sea ; and the whole multitude Now learn a parable of the fig-tree: was by the sea on the land, iv. 1.
When his branch is yet tender, and
putteth forth leaves, ye know that sumVER. 2.
mer is nigh, xxiv. 32. I will incline Και συνήχθησαν προς αυτόν όχλοι πολλοί, | τηine ear to a parable: I will open åste aitò els tò woñor épe Cárta rabño bar my dark saying upon the harp, Psal. και πάς ο όχλος επί τον αιγιαλών ειστήκει. xlix. 4. I will open my mouth in apaAnd a great multitudes were gathered
rable: I will utter dark sayings of together unto him, bso that he went into old, lxxviii. 2. Son of man, put forth a ship, and sut; and the whole multitude house of Israel, Ezek. xvii. 2. Then
a riddle, and speak a parable unto the stood on the shore.
said I, Ah Lord God! they say of me, a See on clause 1. ver. 23. chap. iv. Doth he not speak parables? xx. 49.
And he began again to teach by And utter a parable unto the rebelthe sea side : and there was gathered lious house, and say unto them, Thus unto him a great multitude, so that he saith the Lord God; Set on a pot, set entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; it on, and also pour water into it, and the whole multitude was by the xxiv. 3. In that day shall one take sea on the land, Mark iv, 1. And he up a parable against you, and lament entered into one of the ships, which with a doleful lamentation, andsay, was Simon's, and prayed him that he Webe utterly spoiled: he hath changwould thrust out a little from the land. ed the portion of my people: how And he sat down, and taught the bath he removed it from me! turning people out of the ship, Luke v. 3.
away he hath divided our fields, VER. 3.
Mic. ii. 4. Shall not all these take up Και ελάλησεν αυτοίς πολλά εν
a parable against him, and a taunting aaga
Woe to Gonais. Néyar 'Idoù, için@ev o osigav to proverb against him, and
him that increaseth thąt which is not σπείρειν,
his! how long? and to him that And he spake many things unto them ladeth himself with thick clay! Hab. a in parables, saying, Behold, bą sower i. 6. And he called them unto him, went forth to sow;
and said unto them in parables, How a And the disciples came, and said can Satan cast out Satan? Mark unto him, Why speakest thou unto iii. 23. And he taught them many them in parables? He answered and things by parables, and said unto them said unto them, Because it is given in his doctrine, iv. And he said anto'you to know the mysteries of the unto them, Know ye not this parable? kingdom of heaven, but to them it is and how then will ye know all panot given. For whosoever hath, to rables? 13. And with many such him shall be given, and he shall have parables spake be the word unto them, more abundance: but whosoever hath
as they were able to hear it, 33. And not, from him shall be taken away he began to speak unto them by paeven that he hath. Therefore speak Irables. A certain man planted a vineto them in parables : because they yard, and set an hedge about it, and seeing seenot; and hearing they hear digged a place for the winefat, and not, neither do they understand, Matt. built a tower, and let it out to husxiïj. 10–13. All these things spake bandmen, and went into a far country, Jesus unto the multitude in parables ; xii. 1. And they sought to lay hold on and without a parable spake he no him, but feared the people : for they unto them : that it might be fulfilled knew that he had spoken the parable
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MATT. XIII. 3-6.
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against them: and they left him, and the word of the kingdom, and underwent their way, 12. And he said, standeth it not, then cometh the wicked Unto you it is given to know the mys- one, and catcheth away that which teries of the kingdom of God: but to was sown in his heart. This is he others in parables ; that seeing they which received seed by the way side, might not see, and hearing they Matt. xiii. 18, 19. might not understand, Luke viii. 10.
VER. 5. Then Peter said unto him, Lord,
"Αλλα δε έπεσεν επί τα τετράδη όπου speakest thou this parable unto us, ούκ είχε γήν πολλών και ευθέως εξανέτειλε, or even to all? xii. 41. These things did to us čxeur Bábos yñs. have I spoken unto you in proverbs :
Some fell upon a stony places, where but the time cometh, when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs, but they sprung up, because they had no
they had not much earth, and forthwith I shall shew you plainly of the Fa
deepness of earth : ther, John xvi. 25.
a But he that received the seed into bHearken, Behold, there went out a sower to sow : And it came to pass, heareth the word, and anon with joy
stony places, the same is he that as he sowed, some fell by the way receiveth it, Matt. xiii. 20. And I side and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up. And some fell on
will give them one heart, and I will stony ground, where it had not much put a new spirit within you; and I earth; and immediately it sprang up, their flesh, and will give them an
will take the stony heart out of because it had no depth of earth: But heart of flesh, Ezek. xi. 19. A new when the sun was up, it was scorched; heart also will I give you, and a new and because it had no root, it withered away. And some fellamongthorns, spirit will I put within you: and I and the thorns grew up, and choked
will take away the stony heart out of it, and it yielded no fruit. And other heart of flesh, xxxvi. 26. Yea, they
your flesh, and I will give you an fell on good ground, and did yield made their hearts as an adamant fruit that sprang up and increased ; and brought forth, some thirty, and stone, lest they should hear the law, some sixty, and some an hundred. and the words which the Lord of And he said unto them, He that hath hosts bath sent in his spirit by the ears to hear, let him hear, Mark iv.
former prophets: therefore came a 3—9. A sower went out to sow his great wrath from the Lord of hosts,
Zech, vii, 12. seed: and as he sowed, some fell by
VER. 6. the way side ; and it was trodden
“Ηλίου δε ανατείλαντος, εκαυματίσθη· και, down, and the fowls of the air devoured it. And some fell upon a rock;
διά το μή έχειν ρίζαν, έξηράνθη. and as soon as it was sprung up, it
And a when the sun was up, they were withered away, because it lacked scorched; and b because they had no moisture. And some fell among
root, they withered away. thorns; and the thorns sprang up
a Yet hath he not root in himself, with it and choked it. And other but dureth for a while: for when trifell on good ground, and sprang up, bulation or persecution ariseth because and bare fruit an hundredfold. And of the word, by and by he is offended, when he had said these things, he ver. 21. For the sun is no sooner cried, He that hath ears to hear, let risen with a burning heat, but it him hear, Luke viii. 5--8.
withereth the grass, and the flower VER. 4.
thereof falleth, and the grace of the Και εν τω σπείρειν αυτόν, και μεν έπεσε fashion of it perisheth: so also shall παρά την οδόν» και ήλθε τα πετεινά και the rich man fade away in his ways. . κατέφαγεν αυτά. .
Blessed is the man that endureth And when he sowed, some seeds fell by shall receive the crown of life, which
temptation : for when he is tried, he the way side, and the fowls came and the Lord bath promised to them that devoured them up:
love him, Jam. i. 11, 12. a Hear ye therefore the parable of b And every one that heareth these the sower. When any one heareth / sayings of mine, and doeth them not,