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cones, from which we deduce the two New questions to be answered in the answers to the question by a quadratic in Jan. Number. an easy manner. This is the method of Ques. 11, by Mr. M. O'Shaunessey, of solution by Analyticus, the proposer. Our Albany. other contributors who have solved this G iven the area of the base, and the question, proceed geometrically, and ob- rectangle under the slantand perpendicuserve, that the distances from the three lar heights of a cone to determine its maggiven points to the foot of the perpen- nitude geometrically. dicular height are as the cotangents of the Ques. 12, by Mr. Michael O'Connor, given angle of altitude, and are therefore. New-York. in a givea ratio. This point being found A globe is dropt into a conical glass full geometrically, which had been effected of water. It is required to find the quanlong ago, Simp. Alg. p. 336, the pro- tity of water contained above, and also posed problem is easily resolved.

that contained below their circle of conSOLUTION TO QUES. IV.

tact; the perpendicular height and diame. This question is more difñcult than any ter of the top of the glass, being respecof the preceding, and could scarcely be tively 6 and 9 inches, and the quantity of resolved in a scientific manner, without water discharged by the globe being a having recourse to algebra ; or if it could, maximum. the solution must require a great degree Ques. 15, by X. of New Haven. of ingenuity. The algebraic investiga On dropping a cannon ball into an uption terminates in a cubic equation with right parabaloidal cup filled with water; it very complex coeficients, and gives the it was observed that 3-4 of the diameter was perpendieular depth of the ditch=9.10575 immersed, and that it gained 6 pounds in vards, and the expense $1000.03 1-2 weight; but on filling it again and putting

The solution to this question by X. in a second ball whose centre descended O'Shaunessey, and O'Connor the pro- lower than that of the first, the gain was poser, were all neat, ingenious, and accu- only 2 4-5 pounds; required the weight of rate.

water at first in the cup, allowing 62 1-2 We are indebted to the following gen- pounds to the cubic foot, and supposing alemen for their solutions to the above the specific gravity of iron to be 7 times questions.

as great. Mr. Michael O'Connor, N. Y. Mr. M. Ques, 14, or Prize Question, by AnaO'Shaunessey, Albany; and X. of New- lyticus of New York, Haven; each ingeniously answered all Given the apparent diameters of a sphethe questions.

rical meteor, as observed at the same inAnalyticus, of New York, answered 1, stant from four given places on the sur9, 3.

face of the earth; it is required to deterMr. Bart. M'Gowan, New-York, an- mine the magnitude of the meteor, its şwered 1, 2, 4. .

height above the surface of the earth, and M. T. of New-York, and J. W. of Bal- its distance from each place of observatimore, answered 1st.

tion.

Art. 17. REPORT OF DISEASES TREATED AT THE PUBLIC DIS

PENSARY, NEW-YORK, DURING THE MONTH OF AUG. 1817.

ACUTE DISEASES.

(Inflammation of the Female Breast,) 1, TIEBRIS Intermittens, (Intermittent Gastritis, (Inflammation of the Stomach,)

T Fever,) 14; Febris Remittens,(Remit- 1; Hepatitis, (Inflammation of the Liver,) tent Fever,) 7; Synocha, (Inflammatory Fe- 2; Enteritis, (Inflammation of the Bowels-, ver,) 1 ; Febris Continua, (Continued Fe- 3: Rheumatismus Acutus, (Acute Rheu) ver,) 13; Febris Infantum Remittens, (In- matism, 1; Cholera, 22; Dysenteria, fantile Remittent Fever,) 15; Febris Puer- (Dysentery, 16; Convulsio, (Convulsions,) peralis, (Puerperal Fever,)1 ; Phlegmone, 2; Abortio, (Abortion,)1; Erythema, 1; (Inflammation,) 2; Phrenetis, (Inflamma- Erysipelas, (St. Anthony's Fire,) 3; Urcion of the Brain,) 1; Opthalmia, (In- ticaria, Nettle Rash,) 3; Miliaria, 2; flammation of the Eyes,) 7; Cynanche Pemphigus Infantilis, 1 ; Vaccinia, (Kine Tonsillaris, (Inflammation of the throat,) Pock,) 9; Morbi Infantiles, (Acute Dis4; Trachitis, (Croup,) 2; Pneumonia, eases of Infants,) 34 Inflammation of the Chest,) 3; Mastitis;

CITONIC AND LOCAL DISEASES. stood as low as 54", making a variation of Asthenia, (Debility,) 9; Vertigo, 7; Ce 28° in the short space of 12 or 14 hours. phalalgia, (Read-ach,) 6; Dyspepsia, (In- The wind continued Northerly, throughdigestion, 19; Gastrodynia, (Pain in out the remainder of the month ; and the the Stomach,) 5; Enterodynia, (Pain in thermometer did not again indicate sumthe Intestines,) 4; Colica,(Colic,)5; Obsti- mer heat, until the 30th and 31st. The patio, (Costiveness,) 12; Paralysis (Palsy,) highest temperature of this period has 1; Trismus, (Locked-Jaw,) 1 ; Epilepsia, been 89" ; lowest 54"; greatest diurna) (Epilepsy,)1 ; Chorea, (St. Vitus's Dance,) variation, between sunrise and sunset, 1; Hysteria, (Hysterics,)1 ; Ophthalmia 15° : mean temperature, at 6 o'clock in chronica, (Chronic inflammation of the the morning, 68° ; at 2 in the afternoon, Eyes,) 8; Bronchitis Chronica, 8; Asth- 780 and 52-100; at sunset 74° and ma et Dyspnea, (Asthma and Difficult 65-100:-Greatest elevation of the mer

Breathing,) 2 ; Phthisis Pulmonalis, Pul- cury in the Barometer 30 inches 87-100; monary Consumption) 5; Rheumatismus on the 11th, wind S. E. moderate, overChronicus, (Chronic Rheumatism,) 15; cast: greatest depression, 29 inches; on Fleurodynia, 4; Lumbago, 4; Sciatica, the 4th, wind s., cloudy :-quantity of 1; Hæmoptysis, (Spitting of Blood,) 5; rain 8 inches and 53-100. During the Hæmatemesis, (Vomiting of Blood,) 1; whole of this month, there has been a toHæmorrhois, (Piles,) 1; Kæmorrhagia tal want of those thunder showers that Uteri, 1; Menorrhagia, 2; Dysenteria usually pervade the summer season, and Chronica. (Chronic Dysentery,) 9; Diarr- tend to renew and purify the atmosphere. hæa, 15; Leucorrhea, 2; Amenorrhea, The fervid rays of the sun were seldom S; Dysmenorrhæa, 1; Dyslochia, 1; Is- obscured, or wholly intercepted by churia, (Suppression of Urine,)1; Dysu- clouds ; at least for a considerable time ria, (Difficulty of Urine,)1; Nephralgia, There has not, however, been a want of (Pain in the Kidneys.) 2 ; Plethora, 4; moisture; for, besides the south-east Anasarca, (Dropsy,) 3; Ascites, (Dropsy storm of the 11th and 12th, the 3d, 4th, of the Abdomen,) 1; Scrophula, (King's 5th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 14th, 17th, 19th, 21st, Evil,) 2 ; Tabes Mesenterica, 1 ; Vermes, 24th and 30th, were all more or less (Worms,) 8; Caligo, 1; Syphilis, 10; Ure- showery, or attended with transient falls thritis Virulenta, 5; Paraphymosis, 1; of rain. The storm, which commenced Tumor 1; Hernia, 2; Stremma, (Sprain,) about 10 o'clock, on the morning of the 2; Contusio, (Bruise,) 6; Vulnus, (Wound,) 11th, and continued to pour down inces 4; Abscessus, (Abscess) 5; Abscessus santly till between 2 and 3 o'clock of the Lumborum, (Lumbar Abscess,) 1; Ulcus, afternoon of the 12th, is acknowledged to (Ulcer,) 16; Ustio, (Burn,) 1; Odontal- have been the heaviest rain that has beep gia, (Tooth-ach,)18; Strophulus, 3; Lich- known to have fallen for many years ; en, 1: Pityriasis, 1 ; Psoriasis Veneria, 1; amounting, by measurement, to full 6 Purpura, 1 ; Erythema, &; Impetigo, 1; inches on a level. The cisterns overflowScabies et Prurigo, 18; Porrigo, 5; ed, and the cellars of many houses ad. Herpes Zoster, 1; Aphthæ, 1; Eruptio- joining the docks, or situated in the low pes Variæ, 6.

and more sunken parts of the city, and August commenced with very little va particularly in the neighbourhood of the riation in the temperature of the atmos- Collect, were filled with water. This storm phere; and has been mostly a continua- appears to have extended through the tion of the sultry heats that were frequent greater part of the United States; though ly experienced in July. The weather, not simultaneously, nor with the same until near the termination of the month, degree of violence. Iu the southern and was uniformly warm, and sometimes hot western states, it occurred on the 8th and and oppressive for a number of days in 9th; and in some places was productive guccession: the thermometer, at different of material damage times, marking 88° in the shade, at noon, From an extensive view of the diseases and generally ranging between 80 and of this interval, it appears that the gene86°--After a long course of not days, a ral health of the city is as favourable as is sudden and extensive vicissitude occurred common at the conclusion of the summer on the morning of the 24th ; when the season.--The bills of mortality announce wind, which, previously to this period, a small increase of deaths; but, of these, had blown almost constantly between the a considerable proportion has been among S. E. and S W., suddenly shifted to the children under two years of age ; who, N. accompanied with a little rain; and from the great mobility and tenderness the thermoineter, which on the preceding of their systems, are peculiarly liable to afternoon was at 890 in the shade, now be afferted by the summer heats, and talis

susceptibility is often increased by the nected with gastric and hepatic derangeadditional irritation of teething.

ments. A typhoid tendency was evident The general character of the diseases in many cases of synochus, and seemed has been much the same as in the pre- only to require confined rooms and stimuceding month. The leading complaints lant diet, with the early exhibition of bark, have been fevers of different kinds; he- wine, and other heating things, to render patic derangements; and disorders of the them intractable and highly dangerous. primæ viæ, as evinced by the titles cho- Cathartics, antimonials, diluent drinks, lera, dysenteria, diarrhæa, dyspepsia, and cooling diet, during the first few days, gastrodynia, enterodynia, colica, &c. generally arrested the complaint. ReThese have amounted, conjointly, to al- mittents, in some cases, assumed an inmost half of the total number of patients flammatory character--while, in other intreated at the Dispensary. Of the class stances, they manifested all the sympof intestinal affections, the Dysenteric toms of the true bilious fever, and were form has been the most prevalent, or at attended with nautia, vomiting, and sponleast the most fatal.

taneous discharges of bile.-Of the cases Disorders of the first passages, and of of intermittents, contained in the foregothe hepatic functions, tending to jaundice, ing catalogue, one halfwere produced durhave been occasionally observed. Serious ing the latter part of the month, subseconsequences sometimes arise from in- quent to the sudden reduced temperature fiammations of the stomach and bowels, of the atmosphere. Two cases of interthat occur in the hot season, being mittents were transformed into remitmistaken for the effects of indigestion, tents; and remittents have, in some indatulence, or acrimonious bile, and stances, degenerated into typhus. treated merely as cases of Gastrodynia, Many cutaneous diseases have been preEterodynia, Colica, or similar gastric and valent in this, as well as in the preceding intestinal affections.

months: but those, usually accompanied Rheumatic complaints chiefly ofthechro. with much fever, such as Scarlatina, Varinic sort, have been somewhat frequent,con- ola, and Rubeoia, were not observed. sidering the season of the year. They Cases of Prurigo have been common, were much aggravated by the sudden di- and, in several instances, occurred in perminution of temperature, that took place sons considerably advanced in life. towards the termination of the month.--- The following deaths, from different Acute diseases of the thoracic viscera diseases, are reported in the New York haye nearly disappeared. One of the Bills of Mortality, for the month of Aucases of croup, reported in the list, yield- · gusted to the operation of an emetic, which Apoplexy, 3; Asphixia, 1; Asthma, 2; remedy will not unfrequently, alone, suc- Abscess, 1; Child-bed, 1 ; Cholera Morceed in effecting a removal of this disor- bus, 14; Colic, 1; Consumption, 51; der, in its early or forming stage, whilst Convulsions, 21 ; Diarrhæa, 11: Drinkthe disease is yet local; but when it is ing cold water, 1; Dropsy, 8; Dropsy in fairly seated, and general excitement has the Head, 3; Dropsy in the Chest, 1; supervened, the use of the lancet becomes Drowned, 6; Dysentery, 23; Fever, 2; indispensable..

Inflammatory Fever, 1; Intermittent FeThe relaxing and enervating effects of ver, 1 ; Remittent Fever, 3 ; Typhus Fethe summer heats bave produced much ver, 11; Herpes, 1; Hives, 2; Inflammageneral languor, or idiopathic debility, tion of the Bladder, 1; Inflammation of which has increased the predisposition the Bowels, 4; Inflammation of the Liver, to many morbid symptoms, that are more 1; Jaundice, 1 ; Insanity, 1 ; Intemperpeculiarly connected with different kinds ance, 3; Killed, 4; Marasmus, 10 ; Nerrof fevers, of which a considerable aug ous Disease, 1; Old Age, 7; Obi, 1; mentation is evident. The autumnal in- Palsy, %; Peripneumony, 1; Rupture, 1: termittent has already begun to prevail ; Scrophula, 2; Small Pox, 1 ; Spasms. and remittents, as well as synochus and 2; Sprue, 1; Still Born, 6; Syphilis, 4; typhus, are more general. The nature Teething, 4; Worms, 7; Ulcer, 1; Unand character of fevers have differed ac known, 3-Total 241, cording to local circumstances, and to the

JACOB DYCKMAN, M. D. constitutions of the individuals in whom Vere-York, August 31, 1817. They occured. In some they were cog

Art. 18. CABINET OF VARIETIES.

Prom Northcote's Memoirs of Sir Joshua served, that if he was going to Ireland, Reynolds.

that name would be a passport for him.

The stranger smiled, and asked the reason TN the Dedication of his “ Deserted Vil- why? to which the other replied, that I lage” to Sir Joshua Reynolds, already the memory of Oliver was embalmed noticed, Goldsmith alludes to the death of amongst his countrymen. A tear glistenhis eldest brother, Henry, the clergyman; ed in the stranger's eye, who immediateand his various biographers record an- ly answered, “I am his brother.” The other, Maurice, who was a younger bro- gentleman who had first made the obther, and of whom it is stated, by Bishop servation on the name, looked doubtingly, Percy, that having been bred to no busi- and said, “He has but one brother livness, he, upon some occasion, complain- ing; I know him well.” “True, replied. ed to Oliver that he found it difficult to the stranger, for it may be said that I am, live like a gentleman. To this Oliver risen from the dead, having been for wrote him an answer, begging that he many years supposed to be no longer in would, without delay, quit so unprofitable the land of the living. I am Charles, the à trade, and betake himself to some youngest of the family. Oliver I know handicraft employment. Maurice wise- is dead; but of Henry and Maurice I ly, as the Bishop adds, took the hint, and know nothing." bound himself apprentice to a cabinet- On being informed of various particumaker, and when out of his indéntures lars of his family, the stranger then told set up in business for himself, in which he his simple tale; which was, that having was engaged during the viceroyalty of heard of his brother Noll mixing in the the late Duke of Rutland ; and his shop first society of London, he took it for being in Dublin, he was noticed by Mr. granted that his fortune was made, and Orde, since Lord Bolton, the Lord Lieu that he could soon make a brother's also; tenant's Secretary, who recommended he therefore lest home without notice; him to the patronage of the Duke, out of but soon found, on his arrival in London, regard to the memory of his brother. that the picture he formed of his brother's

In consequence of this, he received the situation was too highly coloured ; that appointment of inspector of licenses in Noll would not introduce him to his great that metropolis, and was also employed friends, and, in fact, that, although out of as mace bearer, by the Royal Irish Aca- a jail, he was also often out of a lodging. demy, then just established. Both of Disgusted with this entrance into high, these places were compatible with his hfe, and ashamed to return home, the business : and in the former he gave proof young man left London without acquaintof great integrity by detecting a fraud ing his brother with his intentions, or committed on the revenue in his depart- even writing to his friends in Ireland ; ment ; and one by which he himself and proceeded, a poor adventurer, to Jamight have profited, if he had not been a maica, where he lived, for many years, man of principle. He has now been dead without ever renewing an intercourse not more than fifteen years ; I enter more with his friends, and by whom he was, particularly into his history, from having of course, supposed to be dead ; though seen the following passage in one of Olie Oliver may, at first, have imagined that ver's letters to him: “You talked of be- he had returned to Ireland. Years now ing my only brother-I don't understand passed on, and young Charles, by indusyou. Where is Charles ?”

try and perseverance, began to save some This, indeed, was a question which property ; soon after which he married Maurice could not answer then, nor for a widow lady of some fortune, when his many years afterwards; but as the anec- young family requiring the advantages of dote is curious, and I have it from a friend further education, he determined to reon whose authority I can rely, I shall give turn to England, to examine into the it a place here nearly in his own words. state of society, and into the propriety of

My friend informed me, that whilst bringing over his wife and family; on this travelling in the stage coach towards Ire- project he was then engaged, and was land, in the autumn of 1791, he was join- proceeding to Ireland to visit his native ed at Oswestry by a venerable looking home, and with the intention of making gentleman, who, in the course of the himself known to such of his relatives as morning, mentioned that his name was might still be living. His plan, however, foldsnrilh ; when one of the party ob. was, to conceal his good fortune until be

should ascertain their affection and esteem ty of making inquiries into the welfare of for him.

the stranger, for whom he had, indeed, On arriving at Dublin, the party sepa- formed a great esteem, even on a few cated; and my friend, a few weeks after days acquaintance. wards, returning from the north, called at the Hotel where he knew Mr. Goldsmith James Mac Ardell, the mezzotinto enintended to reside. There he met him; graver, having taken a very good print when the amiable old man, for such he from the portrait of Rubens, came with really was, told him that he had put his it one morning to Sir Joshua Reynolds, plan in execution ; had given himself as to inquire if he could inform him partimuch of the appearance of poverty as he çularly of the many titles to which Rucould with propriety, and thus proceeded bens had a right, in order to inscribe them to the shop of his brother Maurice, where properly under his print; saying, he behe inquired for several articles, and then lieved that Rubens had been knighted by noticed the name over the door, asking if the kings of France, Spain, and England; it had any connexion with the famous was secretary of state in Flanders, and Dr. Goldsmith.

to the privy council in Spain ; and had “I am his brother, his sole surviving been employed in a ministerial capacity brother,” said Maurice.

from the court of Madrid to the court of “ What then,” replied the stranger," is London, to negotiate a treaty of peace become of the others ?”

between the two crowns, and that he “Henry has long been dead; and poor was also a magistrate of Antwerp, &c. Charles has not been heard of for many Dr. Johnson happened to be in the years."

room with Sir Joshua at the time, and “But suppose Charles were alive," understanding MacArdell's inquiry, insaid the stranger, “would his friends ac- . terfered rather abruptly, saying, “Pooh! knowledge him ?

pooh! put his name alone under the print, “Oh yes !” replied Maurice, “gladly Peter Paul Rubens : that is full sufficient indeed !!

and more than all the rest."-ib. “He lives, then; but as poor as when he left you."

Several ladies being in company with Maurice instantly leaped over his coun- Dr. Johnson, it was remarked by one of ter, hugged him in his arms, and weeping them, that a learned woman was by no with pleasure, cried, “Welcome-wel- means a rare character in the present come--here you shall find a home and a age: when Johnson replied, “I have brother.”

known a great many ladies who knew It is needless to add, that this denoue Latin, but very few who know English." ment was perfectly agreeable to the lady observed, that women surpassstranger, who was then preparing to re- ed men in epistolary correspondence. turn to Jamaica to make his proposed fa- Johnson said, “I do not know that." mily arrangements; but my friend hav- “ At least,” said the lady,“ they are most. ing been engaged for the next twenty pleasing when they are in conversation." years in traversing the four quarters of the “ No, Madam," returned Johnson “I globe, being himself a wanderer, has ne- think they are most pleasing when they ver, since that period, had an opportuni- hold their tongues."--ib.

ERRATA.

These are numerous, we fear, this the department occupies double the space month, from the great hurry with which which we had assigned to it. Whilst this number has been put to press. we are desirous of rendering our work

Page 453, col. 1, we notice the follow- a valuable repository for the learned, we ing:--stec! tyle for steatite ; Caroa' for shall not suffer ourselves to forget that larva. We shall not pretend to specify it is on the great body of our fellow-citiall the errors that we have noticed. We zens that we depend for support, and that may observe, however, under this head, their amusement and instruction are that from a mistake in giving out the co- principally to be consulted in our py of the Museum of Natural Science, pages.

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