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men; adorn'd as a mock King, that he might be the more derided by them; and then finally, to compleat the Tragedy, Executed by a Death not only the most scandalous, but the most painful of any in the World.

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2. Which therefore brings us to a second Confideration of his Passion, namely, of the Pains and Torments of it. And here I shall not enter upon any long Account of the Cruelty of that Death, which has been thought susficient by those whose kind of Punishment it was to give a general Name to the greatest Torments, by derivation from this one, as the highest and chiefest of all. The Wounds of the Hands and Feet, which the Nails made when he was fastned to the Cross ; the Agonies and Convulsions of his whole Body, when he hung upon it ; the pomness of dying, not to say any thing of those Fur. rows, which in the Psalmist's Speech, they had before made with their Psal. cxxix. Scourges upon his Back. All these 3. sufficiently declare to us an extraordinary Suffering, and may warrant us to cry out with the Prophet, in the Reflection on it, Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by, behold and see if there Jer. i. 12. be any forrow like unto this forrow wherewith the Lord affli&ted his own Son in that day of his fierce anger.

3. And yet still all this was but the least part of his Passion; and the anguish of his Soul, those unknown Sufferings he underwent within, far exceed whatever Torments his Enemies were able to put him to. They were these that made him sweat great drops of Blood in the Luk. xxii. 44. Garden, before ever the Officers had


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seiz’d him, or begun to infliat the least Punishment upon him. They were these that made him not

only declare to his Disciples, That his Mat. xxvi.37. Soul was exceeding forrowful, even unto 38.

death ; but carried him farther, in the

bitterness of his Grief, to pray three Luk. xxii. 44. feveral times to his father with the

greatest importunity ; That if it were possible this Cup might pass from him. And when at last it could not be, but that he must drink off the

very dregs of it, forced that vehement Mat. xxvii. Expostulation from him, My God, My 46.

God, why hast thou forsaken me? It has been the ralhness of some, from all these Expreslions of his Grief, but especially from the last, to conclude, That our Saviour in his Passion underwent all the Punishment that all the Elečt of God should have suffered for all their Sins; and in short, That he bore in his mind the very Pains and Torments of the Damn'd. But it is not necessary, nor indeed agreeable to a right Belief, to run to any such Extremity. His Sufferings were indeed great, but they were not such as either excluded him from the Love and Favour of God in the midst of them ; nor accompanied with any despair, which is always one, and that not the least part of the Sinner's torment in another World. He died, and

went down into the Grave ; but his Soul was not left in the Regions of the

dead, nor did his fleßo fee corruption. His Punisoment was short in the duration, and the intenseness of it, though very grievous, yet no more than was agreeable to the Nature of a Man to bear : And we muit not so speak of the Sufferings of Christ, as to forget, that though he was God when he underwent them, yet that he died; and suffered as he was Mán.


A&ts ii. 27.

Thus therefore must we call to mind the Passion of our Blessed Lord : We must go through all the Ştages of it with care and exactness; and neither diminish the Horror of what he endured by an imperfeet Memorial of it, nor do violence at once both to the Nature and Innocence of Christ, by straining it up to a greater heighth than either the Authority of Holy Scripture, or the Honour of our Saviour, or his Humane Nature in which he suffered, will permit us to do.

This is the second thing we are to remember when we come to the Holy Table. The

Third and last thing here required of us, is, Ha

ving called to mind the Sufferings of Christ, and the Evils from whence we are delivered by them, to consider finally, what the Benefits are

that accrue to us thereby. It is not to be doubted, but that there must Be somewhat very extraordinary for which the Son of God should himself come down from Heaven, and not only humble himself so far as to take upon him the form of a Servant, but be- Phil. ii. 7. ing made in the fimilitude of a Man, expore himself to all those vile and cruel Sufferings I but just now recounted. And indeed the Benefits which he purchased for us by his Death, were not at all inferior to the Punishment he underwent for the obtaining of them: And to speak them all in one general Conclusion, he purchased the Redemption of a loft, miserable, sinful World; we were all before dead in Trespasses and Sins; we are now raised to the Hopes and Assurance of Everlasting Glory.

But here therefore I will be a little more particular. And,


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First, By these Sufferings our Saviour Christ deli

vered us from the Curse which descended to us
by our first Parents Transgression, and from
that eternal Punishment which must otherwise
have been the consequence of it.

For not to enter now into any scrupulous Enquiry concerning the Nature of Original Sin, or the Grounds upon which God is supposed to impute ia to us: Or how far we should have been either condemn'd, or not for the actual Sin of Adam in eating of the forbidden Fruit : This at least cannot be doubted of by any, That our Nature is now much degenerated from that primitive Purity in which Man was at first created ; that we have all, the very best of us, a strange Propensity to Evil, and are born with an Impotency, if not Averseness to that Virtue and Piety, which the Principles of natural Religion, as well as of revealed require of us. So that if we should allow the contentious Disputers of our Days, that God will not impute Adam's Transgression to us for Sin, nor condemn us for a Defect which we are not our felves consenting to, but bring into the World with us; yet would this have stood us but in very little stead: Whilst we should every one of us have been Guilty of so many Aktual Sins, as had not Christ purchased a Redemption for us, must for ever have funk us down into Ruine and Destructi

And certainly we ought then to esteem it no small Benefit of our Saviour's Passion, that he has now delivered us from this Danger; and removed the fatal Necessity we must otherwise have lain under, of being for ever miserable, without all posts lity of preventing of it.

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But this is only one Part, and that the first and least of those Blessings which his Death and Passion has obtained for us. For,

Secondly, Our Saviour Christ has not only delivered us from those Dangers to which we were before exposed; but he has put us in a new and better way of attaining to that, nay perhaps to a greater Happiness than what we should have had, if Adam had never finned, nor by confequence our Saviour Christ ever given himself an Offering for our Sins.

This is indeed the great Commendation of our Saviour's Love to us, that not content to deliver us from those Dangers that before threatned us, He saves to the uttermost, those that Heb.vii.25. come to him. And here to unfold the Greatness of this Benefit, as I ought to do, I must run through all the excellent Advantages of that New-Covenant God entred into with us by the Blood of his Son. But this would carry me into an Argument, great indeed, and worthy your Attention, but beyond the Bounds of my prefent Discourse. Ia general,

* If to have a System of the noblest and most admirable Rules of Living that were ever communicated to the World ; such, as by their own Excellence, no less than by God's Command, recommend themselves not only to our Practice, but to our Love too.

* If to be endued with a supernatural, Divine Assistance, to enable us to fulfil them, and overcome all those Temptations that may at any time seek to draw us from them.

* If to be assured, That upon our hearty Endeavours and earnest Prayers to God, this Grace of his fhall still increase in us, according as we sincerely



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