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To mortal men, he with his horrid crew
63 darkness visible] v. Senecæ Ep. 57. de Crypt, Neapol. “Nihil illis faucibus obscurius; quæ nobis præstant, ut non per tenebras videamus, sed ut ipsas.' Bentl. MS.
66 hope] Compare Jer. Taylor's Contemplations, p. 211, and see Todd's Note, p. 18.
There the companions of his fall, o'erwhelm'd
If thou beest he~But O how fall’n ! how chang’d From him, who in the happy realms of light, Cloath'd with transcendent brightness, didst out
shine Myriads, though bright! If he, whom mutualleague, United thoughts and counsels, equal hope And hazard in the glorious enterprize, Join'd with me once, now misery hath join'd In equal ruin: into what pit thou seest From what height falln,so much the stronger prov'd He with his thunder; and till then who knew The force of those dire arms ? yet not for those, Nor what the potent victor in his rage Can else inflict, do I repent, or change, Though chang’d in outward lustre, that fix'd mind And high disdain from sense of injur'd merit, That with the Mightiest rais'd me to contend, And to the fierce contention brought along
85 Isaiah, xiv. 12. Virg. Æn. ii. 274. Hei mihi! qualis erat! quantum mutatus ab illo!' Neuton.
98 high] Spens. F. Queen. b. i. c. i. s. 19. ' grief, and high disdain.'
Innumerable force of spirits arm'd,
So spake th' apostate angel, though in pain, 125 Vaunting aloud, but rack'd with deep despair: And him thus answer'd soon his bold compeer.
O Prince, O chief of many throned Powers, That led th' imbattelld seraphim to war Under thy conduct, and, in dreadful deeds
Fearless, endanger'd heaven's perpetual King, And put to proof his high supremacy; Whether upheld by strength, or chance, or fate, Too well I see and rue the dire event, That with sad overthrow and foul defeat Hath lost us heav'n, and all this mighty host In horrible destruction laid thus low, As far as gods and heavenly essences Can perish: for the mind and spirit remains Invincible, and vigour soon returns, Though all our glory extinct, and happy state Here swallow'd up in endless misery. But what if he our conqueror, whom I now Of force believe almighty, since no less [ours, Than such could have o'erpower'd such force as Have left us this our spirit and strength entire, Strongly to suffer and support our pains, That we may so suffice his vengeful ire, Or do him mightier service, as his thralls
131 perpetual] Consult Newton's note on the word 'perpetual.'
139 mind and spirit] So Satan in the Adamus Exsul of Grotius, p. 32, ed. Lauder.
Abstulit sortem Deus
Multa et potestas'
"Ές τε κέλαινον Τάρταρον άρδην ρίψειε δέμας Τούμδν, ανάγκης στερραϊς δίνεις.
By right of war, whate'er his business be,
Fall’n cherub, to be weak is miserable,
158 Doing or suffering] Quodvis pati, quidvis facere.' Plauti Miles. v. 9. See Pricæum ad Apulei Apolog.