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which their continuante must in- not merely by the feelings of huevitably produce.

manity, but by the positive dic“That we confidently hope tates of duty and conscienee : that his Royal Highness's urgent that it is by these motives, and not but friendly representations will as claiming any superiority in produce their desired effect; yet point of humanity or of morals, that in justice to the great in that we are actuated in our earnterests that are at stake, we can- est desires to obtain the co-operanot but feel it our indispensable tion of all other civilized nations : duty, to express our confident ex- that, remenibering how long and pectation, that if all his Royal how largely this country contriHighness's aspicable endeavours buted to augment the miseries, should prove unavailing, the great and perpetuate the barbarisin of powers which, at the congress of Africa, we cannut but estrem ourVienna, so honourably announced selves specially and peculiarly to the world their abhorrence of bound, not to leave that vast con the slave trade, as radically an- tinent in its present degraded just and cruel, will deem them- state, but to endeavour, so far as selves compelled by an over-ruling we may be able, both by our own sense of duty, to adopt, however conduct, and in concert with other reluctantly, such a course of com- powers, to repair the wrongs we mercial policy, as, without in- have inflicted, by opening the way fringing on the just rights of any for the diffusion of those blessings other nation, will alone prevent which, under the favour of Protheir indireetly, but powerfully, vidence, a legitimate commerce, contributing to the continued ex- and a friendly intercourse with istence of this inhuman traffic: the enlightened nations of Eu.:“ That there is one important rope, cannot fail to introduce in truth, which we beg leave nost their train." earnestly to press on his Royal Lord Castlereagh, while he comHighness's most serious attention, plimented his honourable friend a truth which painful experience on his steady perseverance in the has too fully taught us, that, great cause in which he had so however strong nay be the pro- much distinguished himself, hinted hibitions of the slave trade, and at the difficulty of coming to an with how great sincerity soever understanding with the two rethey may be issued, they will prove luctant powers without a danger practically inefficient, unless some of injuring pendent negociations. general concert for ascertaining He therefore would not enter into and bringing to punishment the the subject at greater length at offending parties, be mutually es present, but would not oppose tablished between the several pow- the address, because it expres-ed ers, under whose flags this trade the sentiments of his Majesty's Hits been, or inay be carried on : government.

"That we must once more de- Occasion was then taken by clare to his Royal Highness, that some members to give their opiin enforcing these considerations nions; but the address was agreed on his Royal Highness's most to without opposition. Serious attention, we are actuated The session of parliament con. VOL. LIX.

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cluded

cluded on July 12th, with the matter of deep regret; and you following speech from his Royal may rely on my making a tempeHighness the Prince Regent. rate but effectual use of them, for “ My Lords and Gentlemen ; the protection and security of his

"I cannot close this session of Majesty's loyal subjects. parliament, without renewing my ." Gentlemen of the House of expressions of deep regret at the

Commons ; continuance of his Majesty's la- “I thank you for the supplies mented indisposition.

which you have granted to me ; “ The diligence with which you and for the laborious investigation have applied yourselves to the which, at my recommendation, consideration of the different ob- you have made into the state of jects which I recommended to the income and expenditure of the your attention at the commence- country. ment of the session, demands my It has given me sincere pleawarmest acknowledgments; and sure to find that you have been I have no doubt that the favour- enabled to provide for every branch able change which is bappily of the public service without any taking place in our internal situ- addition to the burthens of the ation, is to be mainly ascribed people. to the salutary measures which "The state of public credit you have adopted for preserving affords a decisive proof of the the public tranquillity, and to wisdoni and expediency, under all your steady adherence to those the present circumstances, of those principles by which the constitu- financial arrangements which you tion, resources, and credit of the have adopted. country have been hitherto pre- "I have every reason to believe served and maintained.

that the deficiency in the revenue " Notwithstanding the arts and is, in a great degree, to be asindustry which have been too suc- cribed to the unfavourable state cessfully exerted in some parts of of the last season; and I look forthe country to alienate the affec- ward with sanguine expectations tions of his Majesty's subjects, to its gradual improvement. and to stimulate them to acts of My Lords and Gentlemen ; violence and insurrection, I have " The measures which were in had the satisfaction of receiving progress at the commencement of the most decisive proofs of the the session, for the issue of a new loyalty and public spirit of the silver coinage, have been carried great body of the people; and into execution in a manner which the patience with which they have has given universal satisfaction; sustained the most severe tempo- and to complete the system which rary distress cannot be too highly has been sanctioned by parliament, con mended.

a gold coinage of a new denomi“I am fully sensible of the nation has been provided for the confidence which you have mani- convenience of the public. fested towards me, by the extra- "I continue to receive from ordinary powers which you have foreign powers the strongest asplaced in my hands: the necessity surances of their friendly disposiwhich has called for them is to me tion towards this country, and of

their desire to preserve the general “I cannot allow you to sepatranquillity.

rate without recommending to "The prospect of an abundant you, that upon your return to your harvest throughout a considerable several counties, you should use part of the continent is in the your utmost endeavours to defeat highest degree satisfactory. This all attempts to corrupt and mishappy dispensation of Providence lead the lower classes of the comcannot fail to mitigate, if not munity; and that you should lose wholly to remove, that pressure no opportunity of inculcating aunder which so many of the na- inongst them that spirit of contions of Europe have been suffer- cord and obedience to the laws, ing in the course of the last year; which is not less essential to their and I trust that we may look for happiness as individuals, than it ward in consequence to an im- is indispensable to the general provement in the commercial re- welfare and prosperity of the lations of this and of all other kingdom." countries.

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CHAPTER IX.

Domestic Events.-Course of the Year.-Double suspension of the Habeas

Corpus. Celebration of the Queen's and Prince Regent's Birth-Days.Trials.-Special Commission held at Derby.

DOMESTIC EVENTS, &c. the present year has been the

double suspension of the Habeas THIS year commenced with Corpus Act; which, after being

1 the distress spread through one of the first parliamentary the greatest part of Europe, in measures at the beginning of the consequence of the late and un session, was resumed near the productive harvest of the last close of it, and voted to be contiautumn. Although the British nued till the commencement of islands partook in a smaller de- another session, in consequence gree of the prevalent evil than of a renewed alarm. We refer to most other countries, from which our view of the debates in Parliatheir free admission to all foreign ment for the particulars of this ports afforded them important re- remarkable contest; of the issue lief, yet hardships fell heavy upon of which we shall only observe, certain districts too remote from that whilst the ministerial memsuch tardy aid ; and Ireland, espe- bers expressed great regret at cially, suffered severely from the being obliged to have recourse to a want of the most essential articles temporary violation of the constiof human sustenance. We are tution for the purpose of preventinformed that the distress was so ing the most urgent dangers, great in particular parts, that the their opponents held that no danpoor people could find no other ger was equal to the habit of enresource than that of anticipating trusting ministers, at their own their crop of potatoes by an un- convenience or pleasure, with an ripe product. As the year ad- expedient fatal to liberty. vanced, however, better prospects began to open; and it was the

CELEBRATION OF THE QUEEN's general opinion that corn and

BIRTH-DAY. other products seldom offered a Some months ago the Prince more promising harvest to the Regent, with a view to relieve the cultivator. Whether this promise distresses of the manufacturing has not been exaggerated may be classes, by affording them employ. a matter of doubt; at least it ap- ment, gave directions in the Ga. pears certain that the year has zette for the public celebration of concluded with an advance in the the Queen's birth-day, and of his price of wheat and barley which own; and, in order to make the could hardly have been expected relief more effectual, notice was at the time of their first decline. given, that it was expected, that

A distinguishing character of on both occasions all those who

should

should attend the Court would to do so till half-past three. The appear in dresses entirely of Bri- Prince Regent arrived in state tish manufacture. In further about half past three : his carriage pursuance of this plan, his Royal was preceded, surrounded, and Highness ordered all his state and followed by a party of life-guards. household officers to wear costly The procession passed along in dresses of home fabrication, and perfect silence. Most of the Royal those dresses were directed to be Family went in state. The Duke made into three classes of uniand Duchess of York arrired first: forms, according to the respective then the Princess Charlotte and ranks of those officers. The first Prince Leopold ; next the Duke class consists of suits for the Lord and Duchess of Glocester; and Chamberlain, the Lord Steward, lastly, the Duke of Sussex and the and the Groom of the Stole. The Princess Sophia of Glocester. The coats are of dark purple, with Speaker of the House of Commons crimson velvet collars, richly or- went in state, and also the Aunamented all over with gold. Not strian and Dutch ambassadors. only those persons who are imme- Her Majesty entered the drawdiately under the command of the ing-room about two o'clock, and Prince Regent had complied with first received the congratulations the laudable direction of wearing of the foreign ambassadors, of the British dresses, but all the com- Cabinet Ministers, and of all who pany present yesterday showed had the privilege of entré. that they had been equally anxious to afford relief to their suffer- PRINCE REGENT S BIRTH-DAY. ing countrymen by employment, April 23, being St. George's which is the only permanently day, had been selected as the day useful mode of relief.

on which the birth of the Prince The Court, in honour of the Regent was in future to be obQueen's birth-day, was at first served, instead of the 12th of fixed for the 6th of Febrdary; but August, and a drawing-room, and her Majesty being at that time other splendours, were of course unable, from the effects of her appointed: but a sudden indispolate illness, to bear the fatigues sition of the Queen, which occurincident to these occasions, it was red in the course of the preceding postponed to the goth, when her night, prevented the drawing-room Majesty was entirely recovered from taking place. Her Majesty

The day was announced, as was taken ill at an early hour of usual, by the ringing of bells and the morning. Sir Henry Halford the salute of artillery; and the 'vas inmediately sent for, and atpeople reminded by these intima- tended the Royal patient twice betions, flocked in great numbers to fore nine o'clock. Communicathe vicinity of the Queen's Palace. tions of the unlucky occurrence The weather, which had been were dispatched to all the branches very dull and rainy, began to of the Royal Family; and, in the clear up about 9 o'clock, and the course of the morning, the streets scene berame very gay and mag leading to Buckingham-house and nificent. The company began to St. James's were placarded with arrive about one, and continuerl bills, arnouncing the indisposi

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