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protect the peace of these districts, commands as follows:
1. According to the proclamation of the 20th of March, and the 4th of December last, that every person bearing arms without licence be treated with rigour if found with arms either about his person or in his house; let him suffer the punishment which the law decrees to such an offence.
2. After dusk, and within the city, no person shall dare to go armed, except the patrol appointed to preserve the public peace, military officers, noblemen, and persons who are privileged by their rank of cavaliers de espada or sable. If any other persons are found with arms, defend theinselves, or fly at the name of the King, the patrol shall be authorized to fire upon them, or to pursue and apprehend them. If when so apprehended and imprisoned, it shall appear that they attempted to make resistance, they shall be hanged within twelve hours afterwards. Against this sentence there shall be no appeal, whatever be their excuse or numbers.
3.A thousand reals shall be given as a reward to those who shall inform against any of the authors of the late disturbances.
From the apparently guarded manner in which this letter is expressed, and especially the hint given respecting the dispute between the civil and military authorities, it may be conjectured that the disturbance was of greater consquence than it appears to have been.
EDICT FROHIBITING BOOKS.
An edict prohibiting books was
published at Madrid on the 2d of March. These books are divided into two principal classes: in the first are included those which are prohibited even to those individuals to whom the Holy Office allows particular licences or permissions : the other class comprehends works which are forbidden only to those who have never obtained any li
The works of the first class are eight in number: they are prohibited as defamatory of the supreme authority of the Roman Pontiff, and of the ecclesiastical authority; as containing propositions scandalous, impious, false, seditious, rash, erroneous, blasphemous, schismatic, heretical, and injurious to the Roman Pontiff, to the Bishops, and to the Holy Tribunal of the Inquisition: conducive to error, superstitious, ridiculous, contrary to the sacred Canons, to the evangelical doctrine, and to the example of Jesus Christ.
Although by the edict of the 18th of August, 1762, the Works of Voltaire were prohibited even to those who had obtained regular licenses; and although, according to the rule established on this point, works prohibited in one language ought to be equally prohibited in another; it has been thought convenient to renew the prohibition of the Henriade, translated into Spanish verse by Drs. D. Pedro Bazar and Mendoza, with the prologue, printed at Alais (Gard) in the year 1816.
The prohibition of the second class falls on forty-seven works, as containing a corrupt and revolutionary spirit, propositions injurious to the Holy Office and to the
Clergy, calumnious against true religion, blasphemous, tending to idolatry, injurious toFerdinand VII. subversive of the monarchical Government, incentive of rebellion against legitimate Sovereigns, injurious to the doctrine of the holy sacrament, and filled with satires against husbands fond oftheir wives. In this second class are included the following works: Principle of Policy, applicable to all representative Governments, &c. by M. Benjamin de Constant, Counsellor of State; as containing maxims and propositions false in politics, and to the hierarchical order; contrary to the spirit of religion; captious, subversive of the power of the Church; anti-dogmatic, tending to schism and to religious toleration, and pernicious to the State. (Literal translation.)
Felix and Paulina; or, The Tomb of Mont-jura, by P. Blanchard, translated into Spanish.
Elements of the Rights of Nations; by Lacroix, translated into Spanish; as containing propositions inconsonant, subversive of good order, false, reprobate, injurious against the holy office, and contrary to the rights of the church and of the sovereign.
The Comedy Les Visitandines; an opera, in two acts, and in verse, translated into Spanish.
The Cousin of Mahomet; printed at Constantinople, as being indecent.
Adele and Theodore, or Letters on Education: printed at London, in French, without the name of the author; as containing propositions inconsonant, captious, false, tending to error, and exciting bad ideas.
The Apostolic Inquisitors of er
ror, depravity, and apostacy, wishing, by virtue of the apostolic, royal, and ordinary authority with which they are invested, to prevent the evil which might result from the reading of the works contained in this edict, hereby ordain their prohibition; and that those which are already distributed over the nation shall be collected: they also expressly forbid the reading, selling, or keeping in possession, these books.
CONSPIRACY IN BARCELONA.
On April the 5th a plan was laid for a conspiracy in the city of Barcelona, which. from the persons engaged in it, had the appearance of a deeply laid plan for effecting some important change in the state. The purpose was no less than the re-establishment of the Cortes and the constitution; and the principal persons concerned were the generals Lacy and Milans, who had distinguished themselves in the late war against the usurpation of Buonaparte. Just before its intended eruption, the government obtained knowledge of the design; and the Captain-gen. of the province made public the following account of the transaction :
"A horrible conspiracy, which appears to have been formed by individuals of different classes, and in which are implicated Generals Lacy and Milans, who, at a former period had rendered signal services to their country, was to be executed on the 5th at night. The object of the conspirators was to overturn the government, to restore the abolished constitution, and to deprive me of the authority entrusted to me by the King. But the energetic measures 1
adopted at the moment when, by the particular favour of Providence, I had the first news of the conspiracy, have defeated the vain projects of the seditious. Pursued on all sides, the greater part of those whom public notoriety had marked as guilty, have been arrested. The most active search will soon discover their accomplices. Those who have fled to the mountains, and have found there a temporary asylum, have been traced with so speedy a step that they must be overtaken. In the midst of the painful sentiments which have afflicted my mind during these days of trouble, I have had the consolation to see the inhabitants of Barcelona, and those of the rest of the province, not only renounce all alliance with the traitors, but testify a just indig nation against them, and enter with zeal into the execution of those orders which have been issued to apprehend and punish the guilty. The conduct of the troops and of their officers has been equally praiseworthy. The discipline of all the corps has shown itself to be deserving of the highest credit. Two companies only of the battalion of the light infantry of Tarragona have been deceived and seduced by the second in command, Don Joseph Quer. No other officer has taken part in the disaffection, which lasted only for a few hours.
"Such was the foundation of the foolish hopes of those wretched persons, who, in spite of all their efforts, have not succeeded in interrupting for a moment the public tranquillity. "There is no longer any subject for alarm. All the first authorities of the province have pressed
forward to co-operate with the arrangements made by me to assure the good order of the state, and to fulfil the good wishes of the King. I announce with satisfaction to the whole province and to the army, that the conspiracy having been discovered, and the principal actors in it having been arrested or pursued, there no longer remains any cause of alarm: and the conspirators only await the punishment which the laws shall award to such criminals, after the result of legal proceedings, which have been already commenced, and which will not be of long duration.
" Barcelona, April 12, 1817.”
General Lacy, with his principal accomplices, was capitally condemned by a court martial assembled near the end of April at Barcelona. Gen. Milans had not yet been apprehended. The project of an insurrection seems to have been more extensive than at first appeared; and it is asserted that three hundred officers were arrested at the same time with Lacy as participators in his designs.
Lacy, after his capture, was taken over to Majorca, probably to prevent any designs in his favour. On arriving there, it was uncertain whether he would have undergone the punishment of death, or have been indulged with a commutation; but finding himself upon the beach with only his escort, he attempted to make his escape by flight. The soldiers pursued him, and in striving to defend himself, he was killed.
A bull published by the Pope in the month of April, which respects the property of the church in Spain,
affords a strong proof of the accumulation of wealth in that class, and of the necessity under which the state labours. It is of the following tenor.
"Pius, Bishop, Servant of the
Servants of God. "The Roman Pontiffs, incited by their paternal love for the whole Catholic flock, have never suffered the Apostolic benignity to be accused of having refused, in seasons of distress, to furnish assistance to the necessities of the State, even from the patrimony of the Church.
"Our dearly beloved Son in Jesus Christ, Ferdinand, Catholic King of Spain, intimately united by the bonds of love and veneration to us, and the Holy Apostolic See, in his present painful circumstances; being well persuaded that God has committed to the Clergy alone, the care of managing the property of the Church, as had teen clearly and unanimously published in the declaration of the Fathers assembled in Roman Council, under the Pontiff Symmachus; this Prince has solicited the necessary power for the purpose of meeting the necessities of his treasury, occasioned by the general agitation of affairs. And as the means and fortunes of the laity are already oppressed with charges, by reason of which the said King Ferdinand has not ventured to make new demands, he has thought proper to require an annual sum of 30,000.000 reals, money of that country, on ecclesia-tical property, for only six years, in which time the number of pensions will be diminished, and the value of the revenues augmented.
"In consequence, we, with the
good-will wherewith we are animated in favour of the said King Ferdinand, have admitted the supplications he had addressed to us, and which have been presented to us by our dear son the Chevalier Antonio de Vargas y Laguna, his Minister Plenipotentiary: yielding to these supplications, and considering the enormous expenses at the price of which we have had the satisfaction of seeing an extremely gorious victory obtained, as well for religion as the monarchy, and in regard to the calamity of the times, we have resolved, for the weighty causes now enumerated, to modify the dispositions of the Holy Canons.
"Thus, from our certain knowledge, and after mature consideration, making use of the plenitude of the Apostolic power with which we are invested, we grant by these presents to the said King Ferdinand an indulto, that validly, freely, and law fully, he may, during the space of six years, exact, but only for the purpose of succouring the royal treasure, the extraordinary subsidy of 30,000,000 reals from all the property, fruits, rents, and products, of the Clergy, as well regular as secular.
"By these presents we commission and authorize our dear Sons, the Prelates, &c. &c.
Let no one dare then to oppose the execution of our present act of concession, power, indulto, commission, mandate, establishment, declaration, derogation, and will. And if any one have the temerity to commit such an attempt, let him know that he incurs the indiguation of the All Mighty God, and of the most blessed Saint Peter and Saint Paul, his apostles.
"Done at Rome at Saint Peter, the 16th of April, in the year of the Incarnation of our Saviour, 1817, and of our Pontificate the 18th."
QUEEN OF ETRURIA.
It had been mentioned in our historical report of the year before last, that certain reclamations had been made on the allied powers relative to the claims of the Queen of Etruria, and her son the infant Don Carlos Louis, in respect to the duchies of Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla. King Ferdinand was now enabled to settle this important affair, and at the same time to announce the incorporation of Spain to the grand European alliance, by the following official article. "The King, on being restored to the throne of his ancestors, could not fail to take the deepest interest in the glory of a crown which Providence had preserved for him, in reward of the generous efforts and heroic constancy of his subjects. His cares were constantly directed to the re-establishment of order, and for the purpose of repairing the evils of a devastating war. Nevertheless his Majesty could not be satisfied unless he fully cooperated with the other Powers of Europe in fixing the basis of a general peace, destined henceforth to secure their repose, and the sacred immunity of their rights. This great work, which was intended to be the result of the labours of the congress united for that purpose, presented, however, in its execution those obstacles which were the immediate effect of the general confusion into which tyranny and power had thrown the interests of the different nations: and the fate of the Infants, the
Queen of Etruria, was connected with these interests. The King, her august brother, therefore, could not regard with indifference an object so essential and so worthy of his policy.
"Don Pedro Gomez de Labrador, his Majesty's Plenipotentiary to the Congress, conformably to his instructions, endeavoured to fix the lot of the Queen of Etruria, and to regulate other points connected with the rights of her Majesty, exerting for that object his talents and information in so far as circumstances permitted. Finally, the Duke of Casa Fernan Nunez, his Majesty's Ambassador at Paris, having been charged to continue this important negotiation, has succeeded in bringing it to a happy termination. His activity and zeal for the honour of the King have procured his Majesty the satisfaction of seeing this affair concluded by solemn treaties entered into with the said great Powers, and signed at Paris on the 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th of last June. By one of these treaties, his Majesty accedes to the acts of the celebrated congress at Vienna, and Spain is incorporated with the great European confederacy. Another treaty sanctions the reversion of the Duchies of Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla, in favour of his Serene Highness the Infant Don Carlos Louis; and the surrender of the states of Lucca, with the stipulated assignments, until the said reversion takes place, in favour of her Majesty the Serene Infanta of Spain, Queen of Etruria, and mother of the Infant Don Carlos Louis.
Thus is terminated an affair equally complicated and essential to the high policy of his Majesty,