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national mind, by transforining governors of the kingdom coninto proofs of his Majesty's in- ceived that they owed it to the tention to abandon Portugal all monarch who had intrusted them those political events which had with the government of the kingoccurred for some time, and the dom, to the inhabitants themselves, popular rumours consequent upon to their own characters, and to them : and his excellency having the preservation of public order, learnt from some of the accom- to prevent without delay those plices, that at the head of this in- consequences with which all were fernal plot was the Lieut.-Gen. threatened ; and it was with this Gomez Freire de Andrade, aided object that their excellencies deby the Baron d'Eben, and that termined to arrest, without loss of they altogether had directed, and time, on the night between the continued to direct, all their efforts 25th and 26th of May, not only to seduce all they could of the the two general officers before troops and other classes of the in- named, but other persons also who habitants : and as it was no longer were known to be acquainted and possible to doubt the existence of iniplicated in the horrible project. a plot after the fortunate seizure All possible efforts were made to of some proclamations, all ready learn every circumstance, and to printed, in the name of a self- procure every proof, in order to styled regenerating council (such proceed forthwith according to was their assumed title); in con law, to execute justice on the sideration of these discoveries, the guilty.

CHAP.

CHAPTER XII.

Russia.-Regulation for the Discharge of the Public Debt.- Facilities

granted to Mercantile Men.The Emperor quits his Capital, having first published a Decree for the Regulation of Proprietors and Colonists. Sweden.-Conspiracy against the Crown Prince, and his Audress to the Citizens of Stockholm.- Proclamation by the King respecting Economy. --His Address to Prince Oscar.-Speech read by the Prince.- Vienna. -Berlin.

and without having injured the RUSSIA.

public credit. Now that peace is A NEW regulation has lately restored, finding that the gradual A been published at Peters- extinction of the debts of the em. burgh by the committee created in pire is as necessary to the gene1810, for the discharge of the rál welfare, as indispensable to public debt of the state. The strengthen the confidence in the ukase of his Majesty the Emperor engagements of the government, which accompanies it is of the we have ordered our Minister of Fifollowing tenor.

nance to present to the Council of " We, Alexander I. by the grace State, for its examination, a plan of God, Emperor and Autocrat of for additional measures, which all the Russias, &c. &c.

shall complete the regulations “ The measures announced by made on this subject ; and after the ukases of 1810 and 1812, for having examined it, with the adthe successive paynient of the debts vice of the Council of State, we of the state were suspended by the have thought fit to ordain what events of a war, as fatal in its follows : origin, as glorious in its result: 1. For the payment of the debts the taxes which were decreed of the state, the imperial treasury solely for this purpose were divert. shall, in the course of the present ed from it by the indispensable year, place at the disposal of the necessity of employing them to- conimittee for the payment of the wards the expences which the de- debt, tiie sum of forty millions of fence of the country required. It roubles. was impossible, amidst the rapid2 Dating from the Fear 1818 course of military events, to think there shall be annually assigned of raising the credit of the state ; fur the same object sixty millions the system of which had not yet out of the revenues of the domains been able to consolidate itself : all of the crown, till the total extincthat could be done was to main- tion of the debts, and till the mass tain it By the aid of the Almighty, of paper currency shall be reduced this war has been concluded with- to the prop:"rtion of what is reout an augmentation of the taxes, quisite for circulation.

3. The principles lately adopted, Imperial Commercial Bank. In and lately completed, to make a consequence of this resolution, we foundation for the extinction of have commissioned the minister of the debts of the state, are laid finance to lay before the council of down in the general regulation of state, for its consideration, all the the committee of the sinking fund, plans necessary to be prepared on which we have confirmed. This this subject. Now, having taken regulation is to be carried into the advice of our council of state, full effect from the first of Sep- we decree as follows : tember in this year.

1. Thirty millions of rubles of 4. As all the debts of the go- the capital of the crown are placed vernment are concentrated in the at the disposal of the Commercial committee of the sinking fund, all Bank. [Here follows the state. the branches of the administration ment of the items of which this are expressly prohibited, from this capital is to be formed.] day forward, from making by II. The Commercial Bank is to themselves new debts under any be allowed to take money, 1. On pretext whatever, and this under interest for circulation, according the personal responsibility of those to the same principles as in the who are at the head of them; but loan bank. 2. To deposit and if there should arise in future some transfer from one person to anunforeseen circumstances which other the sums inscribed by priwould make it necessary to open vate persons, according to the a loan to cover extraordinary de- book of the bank. mands, exceeding the usual re- III. The Commercial Bank sources of the public treasury, in gives loans on Russian goods, acthis case the loan cannot be made cording to the principles of the except in conformity with the discount office, and accepts bills, principles laid down in the regu- but in this case taking the perlation of the said committee. centage according to the course of Given at Petersburg,

commercial operations. April 16, 1817.

IV. Half of the directors to A subsequent operation of the consist of public officers, and half imperial court was for the purpose of merchants. of extending the facilities of mer. V. The Commercial Bank shall” cantile men in their several deal. be opened on the first of January ings. The Emperor Alexander, in a next year. . paper dated from Petersburgh May VI. At the same time we here. ith, gives the following notice : by issue the regulations of the

Desiring to afford to the mer. Commercial Bank, confirmed by chants greater means for the faci. us: we take it under our proteclitating and extending their com- tion, and guarantee with our immercial operations, we have perial word the integrity of the thought fit, instead of the new capitals which shall be intrusted to existing discount bank, whose in- it by private persons; as also that fluence, on account of the small. the rights of every person to the ness of its capital, and the several same shall remain inviolate. With defects observed in its constitution, the opening of the Commercial is of no visible use; to establish an Bank, we shall not fail to increase VoL. LIX.

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the resources of the loan bank, 2. That these colonists, who are and to regulate it in a manner ignorant of our laws and language, suitable to its destination, in order, may not incur the danger of conby the united influence of those tracting too onerous engagements, establishments on the strengthen- and that, on the other hand, the ing of private credit, to contribute proprietors may not be exposed to to the extension of agriculture, the exaggerated pretensions of the of industry, and of commerce, former, we ordain that all contracta and in general to the advantage of made between them and founded on our dearly beloved country, in principles already existing and aniwhose prosperity we place the re- thorized, shall, after being exward of our exertions and our amined by the competent authority, glory.

ALEXANDER. be submitted to the revision of

the Minister of the Interior, who It was announced in the month is charged with the duty of watchof August, that the Emperor was ing over the colonists in general, preparing to quit his capital on and is required in particular to the first of September. His ab- protect against every kind of vexsence was intended to be from ation those who are established on fifteen to sixteen months. His the lands of the nobility. Majesty was first to proceed to 3. These contracts are not to Witepsk, in order to inspect the exceed the term of twenty years. troops of General Barclay de Tolly; They must clearly specify the conwhence he was to arrive at Moscow ditions to which planters subunit, in November. Remaining in that as well as the annual rent which quarter till June, he was then to they engage to pay to the landlord visit the southern provinces of his in money or kind. empire. From Astracan he was to 4. The reciprocal payments go to the Crimea, and inspect the which at the term of the contract troups of General Bennigsen; and shall be exigible by the consent of then cross into Germany, to assist the contracting parties, on the at the assembly fixed by the allied supposition that then the planter sovereigns in 1815, to be held quits the land, or the proprietor either at Frankfort on the Maine, refuses to retain him, shall be deor at Aix-la-Chapelle. After pay- termined with clearness and preing a visit to Warsaw, he was to cision. return to Petersburgh.

5. On the death of the proprieBefore the Emperor's quitting tor, his contracts shall be binding Russia he published the following on his heirs, who shall not have ukuse concerning the settling of the power of making changes, exforeign colonists in the country. cept with the consent of the plant

1. Not only every noble pro- ers, and the perinission of the au. prietor, but every individual who, thorities. according to the decree of the 12th 6. The planters who inay be of December 1801, has the power established on the lands of the of acquiring land by purchase or nobility shall enjoy during their other title, may invite foreign cul- residence in Russia a fud and entivators.

tire liberty of conscience, and shall

be exempt from all civil and mili- on such princes as were known by tary service, except by their own the services they had done to their consent.

country, and your choice was fixed

on me; I resolved to accept it. SWEDEN.

The very idea of the dangers that In the month of March a con- surrounded you, made me feel spiracy was formed against the life myself greater, and capable of of the Crown Prince, the parti- the mightiest plans to merit your enlar purpose of which appears confidence. For you I consented little understood, though it cannot to renounce the pleasures and be doubted that the focus of it was tranquillity of private life, to which chiefly among the nobility. The I had destined the rest of my days. prince, however, met with the I gave myself wholly up to a peowarmest attachment from the ple once so renowned, then so un-general representatives of the na- happy. I came among you, and tion, and from the citizens of brought, as title and pledge, my Stockholm ; and his answer to an sword and my deeds. If I could address presented by the latter have brought you a series of andeserves attention, from the spirit cestors from the time of Charles by which it is distinguished. The Martel I could have wished it only following were some of the most on your account : for myself, I remarkable passages.

ani equally proud of the service I "For some months loose re- have done, and of the glory which ports have been circulated in the has raised me. These pretensions country. Sometimes they said that are still increased by the king's the king was dead; then my son adoption, and the unanimous was dying ; then my life was in choice of a free people. On these danger : this was done to alarm I found my rights; and as long as the country. Some later denun- honour and justice are not banishciations have attracted the atten- ed from this earth, these rights tion of the police and the govern- must be more legal and sacred Inent. Judicial inquiries are in than if I had descended from Odin. stituted; and the criminals, or History shows that no prince ever the false informers, will be punish- mounted a throne except by the ed. I could forgive the authors of choice of the people, or by conthese reports if they only aimed at quest. I did not open a way to the my life ; but they seek to overturn Swedish succession by arins : the your liberty, your constitution, free choice of the nation called your pational honour; in short, me; and this is the right on which every thing that is most sacred to I lean. Remember our condition the honest citizen.

at iny arrival, and see what we " They have ventured to mix are now. There are ill-disposed the names of a frimily which you men in all countries; but in have excluded from the throne. Sweden their number is so small, You know yourselves, Gentlemen, that no extraordinary measures that I did not cause their fates are necessary to repress them. When, in the distressed state to “The interior peace of the which a series of misfortunes had country is undisturbed : from reduced you, 'you cast your eyes without there is nothing to fear

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