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We do not meddle with the con- ject of prohibiting many foreign cerns of other countries, and are articles, and of his decree of the certain that they will not meddle same date as this proclamation, with ours. Your rights are there forbidding the sale of boiled coffee. fore secured within and without; and of various foreign wines. He and every thing announces, that then observes, that notwithstandwe shall not for a long time being he sees with pleasure how obliged to defend them : but much the sentiments of the nation should the honour of the nation corresponds with his own princirequire it, I will go at the head ples, yet he willingly avoids imof a faithful, tried, and disciplined posing any regulations on the dress army, supported by the will of and way of living of private perthe king and the people, and ac- sons, and trusts in the patriotism companied by the omens of victory, of the Swedes for their doing their to meet the enemy, and shed all utmost to second his paternal inmy blood in the defence of the tentions. He expects that the country. I cannot express myself higher classes in particular will set as I could wish in the Swedish a good example, and that erery language, but my son speaks it reasonable head of a family, who for me. He is educated among has been as it were coinpelled by you: on him your hopes must re- the prevailing fashion to take a pose : but I speak the language of part in the expenses of luxury, honour and freedom; and every will be glad of the opportunity of Swede who truly loves his country retrenchment which his gracious understands me.”

invitation affords them. The maA long proclamation was made gistrates are bound to encourage public by the King of Sweden, those who in certain places may respecting the necessity of limiting wish to form societies against the the use of foreign articles of lux- use of foreign articles. His maury. His Majesty observes, that jesty will regard with especial the use of such articles far exceeds favour the real and exertions of the ability of the nation to pay, every well-disposed subject to prowhich has occasioned an unexam- mote his gracious intentions, and pled depreciation of the course of will be highly gratified at being exchange, and consequent dear- thus dispensed from the necessity ness of goods: that it is important of enforcing his gracious will by to find means to supply the king- express commands.—This procladom entirely from its own resour- mation is dated Stockholm, 30th ces: that this end may be in future April 1817. greatly promoted by encouraging His Majesty, on July 14, having establishments to promote internal sent for the Hereditary Prince industry: that this, however, re- Oscar, in order to take his seat quires time, and therefore extra- next to himself in the council of ordinary measures are necessary state ; and in future to be present to limit the expenses caused by at its deliberations, addressed him the importation of foreign goods. in the following remarkable and His Majesty alludes to his decree pathetic speech : of the 31st of March, on the sub. My Grandson! It is a solen

and

and affecting moment for me, name the honour and the delight when I see you take the place at of the earth !” my side in which you are to wit- The Crown Prince also made on ness the deliberations upon the this occasion a solemn address to welfare of the people whose future the King, and to the Prince his fates Heaven has destined to be son. your care. My age and infirm health do not allow me to say on OPENING OF THE DIET. this occasion all that my tender- Nov. 28.-Yesterday, as had been ness for you, and my long experi- announced, the solemn opening of ence, make me desirous of ex- the Diet of the kingdom took pressing. I will merely remind place. The Court, the Supreme you, that you will one day become Tribunal, the Council of State, the chief of two free nations. &c. after attending Divine service Show them, by your respect for in St. Nicholas church, proceeded their rights, how you would have to the hall of the Diet, in the pathem respect yours. It is the con- lace, where the Minister of State, stant equipoise between these Count Engstrom, read a Royal rights that in free states produces letter, announcing that his Maorder and strength; and it is the jesty, on account of indisposition, part of the sovereign, by justice, was not able to attend the opening humanity, courage, and judgment, of the Diet, but that he commisto direct and develop this principle, sioned the Duke of Sudermania for the highest object, the general (Prince Oscar) to read his speech, welfare. Never forget, my grandby which his Majesty intended to son, that I this day impose upon give a new proof of his love to you a sacred and cherished duty, that Prince, and his confidence in namely, that of paying, when I his people. shall be no more, my debt to your The Hereditary Prince Oscar father, for all the warm love, the hereupon read the speech, which kind attention, and the unwearied contained a concise view of all tenderness which he has shown that his Majesty had done for the me, from the very first hour of his good of the country, and what he connexion with this kingdom. still intends to do ; and what reBe to him what he is to me; be lated to the support of agriculture his support, as he is mine; press and commerce, of the manufactoyour heart to his as he presses ries of cloth, &c. His Majesty has himself to mine: my country, your aimed at improving the condition father, and you: this, my son, is of the troops by sea and land; he what you shall read in my coun- has endeavoured to open the way tenance as long as my heart shall to promotion to those who shed beat; but when my voice, already their blood for their country, and faint, shall have become for ever to remove all the obstacles which silent, may the Almighty protect must oppose the soldier whose forthee; may he guide thy steps ac- tune did not admit of his obtaincording to his laws, and permiting the rank of colonel, or lieut.thee, in the course of ages, to colonel. The pay of the general behold from higher regions, thy has been increased, and provision

made

made for their widows, as well as the Crown Prince: they then rethe widows of other officers. The plied to his Majesty's speech, and lazarettos and hospitals, the aca- kissed the hand of the Crown demies of music and the fine arts, Prince. have received sums of money for their support; and the capital has

VIENNA. been adorned with several new An article dated from Vienna, buildings. His Majesty has con- May 28, announces officially from stantly endeavoured to follow the the Lemberg Gazette, that his generalopinion and the spirit of the Majesty the Emperor of Austria, times, not to suppress thems. His King of Gallicia and Lombardy, Majesty, proposing to the consi- has resolved to establish, with deration of the Diet a new and some modifications, the representavery detailed plan of finance, is tịve government of the kingdoms far from thinking it so perfect as of Gallicia and Lodomeria in Auhe could wish, but he thinks the strian Poland, on the footing on means he proposes, are, for the which it was placed by Joseph II. present, best adapted to circum- There will be, as formerly, four stances, and that it will be proper orders of the kingdom, namely, to make a trial of them till the the Prelates, the Barons, the next Diet. His Majesty will be Knights, and the Deputies of the happy if this project can be useful cities. The last, and one of each to the Diet; and if their own des of the three higher orders, will be terminations should be found su- elected for six years, the three perior, he will thank Providence others for three years. There for having given their meditations will be besides a secretary, and on this important subject a more an archivist, who will be apadvantageous direction. « Let pointed by government, and for the slave," says his Majesty, life. The deputies will be elected “who sinks beneath the weight by the body of the States, which of temporary embarrassment, seek will meet at the next Diet. They in hope alone the possibility of will each have a salary. relief; the free citizen himself, Thus (says the account) one of the founder of the laws which he the most important articles of the obeys, himself the defender of the Congress of Vienna is executed. rights to which he appeals, meets. the most difficult conjunctures.

BERLIN. with composure, sure of conquer- The long protracted business ing them, as his fathers have done of the constitution for the Prusbefore him, sure of leaving the sian territories has still remained fruit of his exertions, and of his in an indecisive state, though not fulfilled duties, as an inheritance without indications of something to his posterity.”

like progress. A Berlin paper of Hereupon the Chancellor, Baron the 20th of August mentions it is Wetterstedt, read the Royal pro- already known, that during the posals, of which the Land Mar- last days, on which the council of shal, and each of the speakers, State met, there was a sitting of received copies from the hands of the Constitutional Committee,

orer which the Prince Chancellor converse with and collect the opiof State presided. On this occa- nions of men of learning in the sion the Prince delivered a long provinces on the subject. These speech, in which he described the commissioners are to be chosen manner in which the basis of the from the body of the Constituconstitutional labours should com- tional Committee, and to receive mence. He laid down the pro- orders to complete their inquiry position, that the constitution by the next meeting of the Counought to unfold itself as it were cil of State, which is to take place in a historical manner out of the in Autumn, in order that their state of society; that therefore a labours may in that meeting be correct knowledge of existing in- made the subject of deliberation. stitutions was necessary; and This proposal was generally apthat what was now in existence proved ; and the minister of state, ought first to be taken into con- Von Altenstein, Von Boyme, and sideration. He accordingly pro- Von Klewitz, are nominated to posed that commisioners should this commission, and have set out be sent into the different pro- for the provinces. Thus (says the vinces, in order to obtain informa- paper), one step more is taken totion on the spot respecting the wards the forming of a constituancient constitutions; and also to tion for Prussia.

CHAP

CHAPTER XIII.

Stutgard.- Sitting of the States. Their Dissolution.The King lakes upon himself the Regulation of the Finances.-Duchy of Sare-Weimar : Its admission to the Germanic Confederation.-Session of the StatesGeneral of the United Provinces.-King's Speech.Dutch Tea-Trade.Piedmontese Gazette.-Constantinople.

terpoise are, as you desire, exSTUTGARD.

cluded from the deliberations or TN the first sitting of the states, the votes of your assembly, it is 1 this body presented an address too plain that the chiefs of the to his Majesty, to which he re- faction will not bring forward turned an answer on the 16th of their strongest objections to the March, assuring them that he views of government in the prewould not permit the members of sence of the privy counsellors, but his Privy Council to be present at in secret sittings ; and that in any discussion in which it should these, resolutions will be adopted be proposed by the States to pre- without allowing an opportunity fer complaints to the throne of hearing or weighing the reasons against them. The States, pro- which government might state ceeding in the commenced delibe- against them." rations on the constitution, voted in the further proceedings of an address to the king for his the States, differences arose begracious assurances. At the same tween that body and the king ; time they specify the ameli- and on the 28th and 29th of May, oration of divers laws since the in consequence of the decided accession of his Majesty, express- part which his Majesty had taken ing the greatest confidence in his in the late discussions relative to wisdom and good intentions, and the hereditary duchy, a set of anticipating the brightest prog- rioters, composed, it is said, of pects of national happiness and the lowest class of people, at. improvement from his reign. tacked the house of the minister

On the same day the king Wangenheim, where they praccaused to be read the answer of tised several outrages. They were, the Privy Council addressed, by however, soon reduced to order his order, to the States. “Nothing with the assistance of the usual (said the council) can be more per- patrols. A proclamation was in nicious to an assembly composed of consequence issued against all different elements, than the spirit seditious assemblies. of faction, when it is not perpe The king, on the fourth of tually qualified by a sufficient June, finding himself unable to counterpoise. If those whom the control the majority of the States, laws appoint to form that coun- dissolved that body, and com

manded

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