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Total Debt of Great Britain..........726,738,842 7 64 ||25,166,815 16 451,303,250 14 54245,350 14 14 10,545,190 6 51||37,260,607 115!
... Ireland, payable in Great
Britain...... .... 103,032,750 oo || 3,194,966 5 0 129,583 6 8 28,826 9 91 1,039,584 19 9+|| 49392,961 1 34
7,502,633 6 8 | 225,079 0 0 230,000 o 0 3,852 10 6 1 36,693 0 0 495,624 10 6
895,522 7 9 26,865 13 5 - - - 159 7 10 30,000 O C 57,025 1 3!
838,369,748 1 11 28,613,726 14 9:1,662,834 1 14 278,189 2 311,651,468 6 34 42,206,018 4 st
1776,214,892 9 03 26,754,457 17 581,662,324 6 9 278,189 2 3 13,511,246 19 11342,206,218 4 st
chases of Life Annuities, pursuant tol
TOTAL CHARGE for Debt, payable ---
in Great Britain ...........6772,764,937 9 0 26,650,959 4 531,657,904 6 9 1278,189 2 313,619,165 10 113|42,206,21.8 4 st
Amount applicable to the Reduction of the Debt payable in Great Britain.......
EXCHEQUER, 18th of March, 1817.
113,422,749 4 1171 WM. ROSE HAWORTH,
An Account of the Unfunded Debt and DEMANDS OUTSTANDING on the 5th Day of January, 1817.
The Select Committee of the House enlightened men have practically
of Commons appointed to consider failed. of the Poor Laws, and to report In bringing under the view of their Observations thereupon from the House the whole of this systime to time to the House, have, tem of laws, they feel it unnecespursuant to the Order of the sary to refer minutely to the staHouse, considered the same uc- tutes which passed antecedent to cordingly,, and agreed to the fol- the reign of Queen Elizabeth It bowing Report.
may be sufficient to state, that
they were generally directed to the YOUR Committee have forborne relief of the impotent poor, by the to avail themselves of the perinis- contributions of the church and sion to report their observations the alms of the charitable, and to from time to time to the House, the suppression of vagranicy and from the persuasion that they could idleness; for while permission to not do justice to so extensive and solicit support from private beneintricate a subject, by presenting volence was given to those who it in detached parts before they had were disabled by age or infirmity, the means of taking a deliberate it became probably extremely difview of the whole; and not seeing ficult to repress the same practice it probable that they could recom- in others, who " as long as they mend any such alteration of the might live by begging, did refuse existing laws as would afford im- to labour, giving themselves to mediate relief in those cases of idleness and rice." Enactments severe and urgent pressure, which the most harsh were therefore can scarcely be deemed to have provided against "strung beggars, arisen out of the ordinary ope- persons whole and mighty in ration of this system, they could body;" and the relentless rigour not feel themselves justified in of- of these laws, which was consumfering any suggestions hastily to mated in the first year of Edward the House on questions of acknow- VI. visited the offence of vagrancy ledged difficulty, enhanced in a with the barbarous penalties of slahigh degree by the circumstances very, mutilations, and death. And of the times, and on which they although these severitieswere somecannot but recollect, that the re- what relaxed, even before the expimedial efforts of the most able and ration of that short reign, yet they
did not wholly give way to a milder trade of life to get their living by; system till the beginning of the and also to raise by taxation, &c. last century.
"a convenient stock of flax, &c. The inpotent poor, on the other to set the poor on work;" and also hand, were permitted to beg within competent sums of money for and certain districts, and no means of towards the necessary relief of exhortation were spared to excite the lame, in potent, old, blind, the people to be liberal, and and such other among them, being bountifully to extend their good poor and not able to work." and charitable alms towards the This new and important princomfort and relief of the poor, ciple of compulsory provision for impotent, decrepit, indigent, and the impotent, and for setting to needy people." Subsequent sta- work the able, originated, without tutes in the reign of Edw. VI. doubt, in motives of the purest were directed to the same object, humanity, and was directed to tbe till at length by the 5th Eliz, c. 3, equitable purpose of preventing upon the exhortation of the priest, this burthen falling exclusively bishop, and justices in sessions, upon the charitable. But such a having been directed in vain tu compulsory contribution for the those who were unwilling to con indigent, from the funds originally tribute, the justices, after repeated accumulated from the labour and admonition, were empowered with industry of others, could not fail the churchwardens to assess such in process of time, with the inpersons according to their discre- crease of population which it was tion for a weekly contribution. calculated to foster, to produce Thus gradually was established a the unfortunate effect of abating general and compulsory provision those exertions on the part of the for the maintenance of the im- labouring classes, on which, acpotent poor ; it was modified and cording to the nature of things, cxtended by various successive the happiness and welfare of manenactments, and at length ma- kind has been made to rest. By tured and consolidated by the sta- diminishing this natural impulse tute of the 43d of the same reign, by which men are instigated to which continues to this day the industry and good conduct, by fundamental and operative law superseding the necessity of proon this important subject. . viding in the season of health and
This statute enacts, that “the vigour for the wants of sickness church wardens and overseers' and old age, and by making poshall take order froin time to verty and misery the conditions time (with the consent of two or on which relief is to be obtained, miore justices) for setting to work your Committee cannot but fear, the children of all such whose pa- from a reference to the increased rents shall not be thought able to numbers of the poor, and inci eased keep and maintain their children, and increasing amount of the and also for setting to work, all sums raised for their relief, that such persons, married or unmar- this system is perpetually encouried, having no means to maintain raging and increasing the amount them, and use no ordinary or daily of misery it was designed to alle
viate, creating at the same time an which each person can expend in unlimited demand on funds which labour are limited, in proportion it cannot augment; and as every as the poor-rate diminishes those system of relief founded on com- funis, in the same proportion will pulsory enactments must be di- the wages of labour be reduced, vested of the character of bene- to the immediate and direct prevolence, so it is without its bene- judice of the labouring classes; ficial effects; as it proceeds froin the system thus producing the no impulse of charity, it creates very necessity which it is created no feelings of gratitude, and not to reliere. For whether the exunfrequently engenders disposi- penditure of individuals be applied tions and habits calculated to sepa- directly to labour, or to the purrate rather than unite the interests chase of conveniences or superof the higher and lower orders of fluities, it is in each case employed the community; even the obli- immediately or ultimately in the gations of natural affection are no maintenance of labour. longer left to their own impulse, This system, it is also to be rebut the mutual support of the marked, is peculiar to Great Brinearest relations has been actually tain ; and even in Scotland, where enjoined by a positive law, which a law similar in principle was the authority of magistrates is about the same period enacted, the continually required to enforce. intelligent persons to whom the The progress of these evils, which administration of it has been enare inherent in the system itself, trusted, appear by a valuable reappears to have been iavoured byport (for which your Committee the circumstances of modern times, are lately indebted to the prompt by an extension of the law in prac. exertions of the General Assembly tice, and by some deviations from of the Church of Scotland) to have its most important provisions. Ilow possessed so much foresight and much of the complaints which have judgment as to its effects, that been referred to your Committee they have very generally and sucmay be attributable to one cause cessfully endeavoured to avoid or the other, it is perhaps not easy having recourse to its provisions to ascertain. The result, how- for a compulsory assessment. Their ever, appears to have been highly funds, therefore, continue to be prejudicial to the moral habits, derived, except in comparatively and consequent happiness of a few places, from charity, and are great body of the people, who dispensed with that sound discrihave been reduceil to the degra- mination, which in the ordinary dation of a dependence upon pa- transactions of life belongs to real rochial support; while the rest of benevolence; and the committee the community, including the most of the General Assembly state, industrious class, has been oppress. “That it is clear to them, that in ed by a weight of contribution taken alınost all the country parishes from those very means which would which have hitherto come under ot!erwise have been applied wore their notice, where a regular asbeneficially to the supply of em- sessment has been established, the ployment. And, its the funds wants of the poor and the extent