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which may tend to mar the pro- sults which necessity has in various gress of the best regulated expedi- instances accomplished. tion. Therefore, it may not be improper to confirm and strength. en the whole, by directing the at
PERSIAN GULF. tention to what has been done, in
Discovery of Eight Islands. journeying under difficulties which (From the Asiatic Journal.) may bear a comparison with the We publish for general inforundertaking here alluded to, and mation, the following observations occasionally under circumstances received from the Hon. James the most unfavourable for success. Ashley Maude, Captain of His
Ist. When treating of icebergs, Majesty's ship Favourite, in regard I alluded to the journey of Alexei to the situation and appearance of Markoff, in which it appears, that eight islands discovered by him on he performed near eight hundred the 13th, 14th, and 15th of July, miles across a surface of packed 1916, in the Persian Gulph, during ice, in the spring of 1715, in a a cruize for general protection of sledge drawn by dogs ; and con- the trade. sequently, that he might be sup- “ The situation and appearance posed to have encountered the of eight islands on the Arab ianside principal difficulties that could be in the Gulph of Persia, mot laid expected in the proposed scheme, down in any of the charts; the whilst we have the advantage of names of which are Arabic, and improving by his experience. the latitudes and longitudes of
2d. Speaking of the south each taken from cross bearings, western tendency of the ice, I have the latter by chronometer ; seen also noticed the loss of several of by his Majesty's ship Favourite, the Dutch Greenland fleet in 1777, the Hon. James Ashley Maude, from which we learn, that part of captain, during a cruize for the the unfortunate suffering crews, general protection of trade in the under every privation of provision Gulph, on the 13th, 14th, and 15th and clothing, and exposed to the of July, 1816. severity of an arctic winter, ac- Dauss. In latitude 25° 10' N. complished a journey on foot, longitude per chronometer 52 45 along the coasts of Old Greenland, E. bearing SE distance 4 leagues, from the east side near Staten- appears of a moderate height with Hook to the Danish settlements a few small hummocks, and south on the west, a distance of near a western extremity a low sandy hundred leagues.
point six or seven miles in length, 3d. On contrasting the project. no trees, and soil a metallic aped polar journey with the cata- pearance; in passing it, distance logue of marr ellous occurrences, offshore four or five leagues, we and wonderful preservations which had from 13 to 18 fathoms, coarse are exhibited in the records of sand with a few overfalls. maritime disasters, the difficulties Jarnain Island.-South easterly of the undertaking in a great direction found Dauss is in latimeasure vanish, and its dangers tude 25° 8' N. longitude, per chroare eclipsed, by the wonderful re- nometer, 52° 55' E. bearing SE. Vol. LIX.
by S. five or six leagues, has three northern extremity terminates in high hummocks nearly of an equal a low sand, off which a shoal ex. height, two on the northern ex- tends nearly two miles, and ought tremity and one more to the south- not to be approached under seven ward. The haze of the atmosphere fathoms, as the overfalls are sudwas too great to observe whether den ; to the south eastward the the extremities were low, appa- island is nearly of an equal height, rently no vegetation, hills formed two or three hummocks above a of a metallic substance.
very low sandy point from north Arzenie Island. — West south to south, and is about six miles in westerly direction from Jarnain in length, beyond which the pilot inlatitude 24° 56' N. longitude, performed me a shoal extends to a chronometer 52° 33' E. bearing considerable distance; and it is SSW. nine miles, is rather high, recommended not to go to the a rugged appearance. About a southward of this island, as the cable's length off the eastern and overfalls are sudden, and several western extremities there are two small islands and sand-banks exrocks a little abore water; and on tend from the Main, which is said the north-east side a shoal extends to be very low, and distant twenty nearly a mile from the shore, com- miles to the southward of this posed of rocks and coral sand. island. The Favourite anchored under this The channel between Arzenie island, with the centre of the island and Dalmy is perfectly clear of bearing S. by E E. five or six shoals, but the overfalls are sudden miles in 12% fathoms, fine coral from 15 to 21 and 12 to 1 fathoms, sand and shells.
fine coral sand. I could not discover any fresh Seer Beni Yass Island. - South water on this island, but from ra- easterly direction from Dalmy, in vines occasioned from the heavy latitude 24° 34' N. longitude, per rains, I have no doubt by sinking chronometer, 52° 40 E. bearing wells, water might be procured. SE. by S. five leagues, rather high The soil consists of metallic sub- in the center, and very rugged apstance, no trees, and only a few pearance terminating to the north herbs; the southern side exceed- western extremity in a low sandy ingly rugged, and in breadth I point, apparently seven or eight imagine two or three miles, and miles in length. seven miles in length, which ter. The pilot informed me the point minates to the WSW. in a low nearly joins the main land, leaving sandy point.
a narrow channel only navigable Dalmy Island. --South westerly for small pearl boats. The whole direction from Arzenie in latitude coast to the westward being very 24° 36' N. longitude, per chrono- low, off which there are several meter, 52° 24' E. bearing SW. S. small islands, and they are confour leagues, appears rather high; sidered dangerous to approach. darker colour than the former The channel between Arzenie and island ; has to the northward a Seer Beni Yass is deemed safe by round hill, below which the boun- the pilot. dary is bluff but not high; the Danie Island.-North westerly
direction direction from Dalmy, in latitude pear formed of the same metallic 25° 1' N. longitude, per chrono- substance as the islands of Polior, meter, 52° 20 E. is very low, the tombs, &c. &c. off the Persian nearly on a level with the sea, about side of the Gulply, of a brownish two miles in length, and very nar- colour, their base being formed of row; the colour of the sand so coral. They are said not to pronearly resembles the horizon in duce any good fresh water ; but, hazy weather, that great caution by digging wells, I have every and a good look-out are requisite reason to imagine from the apwhen approaching it.
pearance of the soil, and what I Sherarou Island. To the porth witnessed on the island of Arzenie, westerly direction of Danie, in the rain having formed high banks latitude 25° 13' N. longitude, per by the rapidity of its torrents, good chronometer, 52° 18' E. bearing water might be procured. I do NNW. 12 miles, appears low, with not imagine any of these islands two small hummocks on each ex- are equal to much cultiration withtremity; and off the northern out the aid of considerable indus. point, at half a mile, a small rock try; but their situation appears projects above water, and a few particularly convenient, as they smaller rocks off some white sandy are placed nearly in the centre of bays at the foot of the hummocks, a very extensive pearl fishery, on which appear formed of dark me- which the finest pearls in the tallic substance: the island is nar- world are produced-the season row, and about three or four miles for the fishery from April to Sepin length: in a north-western di- tember : the extent of the bank is rection from this isle, the coast 200 miles in length, east and west, ought to be approached with care, and north and south 70 miles. as it is very low, but said to be The exact position of these is. clear of sboals.
lands I am afraid will not be found The channel between Danie and quite accurate, as their positions Sherarou is clear of shoals, but are stated merely from cross bear. the overfalls are rather sudden; ings, and the strongly heated atbut we had not less than 34 fa- mosphere had considerably affected thoms, sand and a mixture of white the rate of my chronometer ; and coral.
the sun and moon not being within Huwlool Island.-North easterly distance together, with occasionally direction of Sherarou, in latitude hazy weather, caused some dif95° 41' N. longitude, per chrono- ficulty to be surmounted with remeter, 52° 23' E. bearing NNW. spect to judging of the imaginary distance 10 miles, appears high in distance off shore, but I hope their the centre, gradually decreasing at situations are sufficiently accurate each extremity; no trees and no to render the strangers to this side appearance of vegetation ; the of the Gulph some sesistance in water deep close too.
navigating their vessels. The above described islands ap
AN ACCOUNT OF A RHINOCEROS seven guns, chiefly double bar. HUNT IN INDIA.
relled ; five of the latter four
ounce rifles. Soon after our party (From the same.)
(four in nurnber) had entered the Rhinoceros hunting has, I be- jungle, the piping of the elephants, lieve, seldom been painted, though and the prints of rhinoceros' feet, I have known several sportsmen shewed our game to be near; and who have had good opportunities indeed in less than a few minutes of doing so ; perhaps, therefore, we started two young ones, about an account of a day lately passed the size of a full-grown neel-ghae in this noble but dangerous diver- (a species of elk) and not unlike sion, may afford some gratification that animal in colour. The first to your sporting readers. On the fire killed one, and wounded the 25th ult. our Shekarries (or hunts- other severely, which, notwithmen), whom we had sent for in- standing, went off at a smart elk formation, brought us intelligence trot, howling in a most hideous of a herd of seven or eight rhino- manner. The old ones were soon ceros having taken up their abode collected round us by the cries of in a large swamp, in a village their young, and three males, of near Baragur, in the Nepal terri- monstrous size, and frightful aptory.-On reaching the spot with pearance, charged our line with our elephants, seven in number, the utmost impetuosity. Two of and our shooting apparatus, we our elephants gave way, receiving found that either side of the the charge on their hinder parts, lake for about two hundred yards and were instantly upset. Those was clothed with glorious jungle that stood firm were not knocked or brushwood for every kind of down, but staggered several paces savage game ; forming a cover of by the shock : my elephant was nearly ten feet in height. We had one that gave way, and my situ
ation was far from laughable. The high, and stronger in proportion elephant often attempted to rise, than any elephant I ever saw ; the but was as often laid fiat by his day was too far spent to admit of antagonist, and at length with our taking a sketch of them, at such force, that I was thrown se- which we were much vexed, for veral yards into the lake, in a state hitherto, I believe, they have been of utter stupefaction-luckily fall- very unfaithfully represented. No ing on some willows, I was sared elephants but males of superior from drowning. I was not sorry, courage should be employed in on recovery, to find myself out of this desperate sport. We have reach of the horn of my furious another wild animal in this neighenemy, and of the shots of my bourhood as little known as the friends, who, despairing of my rhinoceros. The natives consider escape, fired without ceremony. it of the elk kind, but it has no Their balls struck the monster's characteristic of this or any of the body in several places without species of deer I have seen or producing any effect, though from read of; the horns of the male are four-ounce rifles. At last a lucky remarkably thick and short; in one broke a large flake from his every other respect they resemble horn, and caused him to make off, more an English brindled bull. turning through the thickets with They are exceedingly shy and soastonishing strength and swiftness. litary; seldom seen but on a bare We traced his footsteps for some inaccessible rock. miles, when being convinced that Camp, NE. Frontier, May 1815. he had taken to the forest, we returned to look after the others, determined to search for him on a EXPLOITS OF A LION SHOOTING future day. On our way back, we PARTY OF ENGLISH GENTLEMEN, found the young one we had wounded in the morning lying
At Baroda, 26th June, 1816. dead; both must have been very
(From the same.) young, for their horns were A report was brought by a culscarcely perceptible, and no scales tivator, about eight o'clock yesterappeared in their breasts or shoul- day morning, of two large tigers ders. It was now past noon, and having taken up their abode the we had little hopes of finding the preceding night in a garden, within others; when, on rounding a a mile of the west extremity of the point of the lake, we roused them town. The gentlemen of the reagain, and after a chase of more sidency, after a hasty breakfast, than three hours, killed two, a anxiously prepared rifles, fuzees, inale and female. They were not and muskets, and attended by ten so bold now as we had reason to Sepoys of the Resident's escort, expect. They seemed to have lost went forth in search of the anitheir courage with their leader, to mals. The place in which they whom they were very inferior in were said to have taken shelter size, but still their dimensions as- was covered by bushes of the motonished us not a little ; the larg- gri flower plant extremely thick, est of them was above six feet and standing about four feet high,