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else of falling in with some ship. sails and hauled her wind to the During the day aflying fish dropped eastward. We hoisted our sail into the boat, when all hands again, but to no purpose, she still jumped at it. Fortune favouring kept to the eastward, which was a my exertions, I gained the prize heart-breaking sight to us all. and soon devoured it.
The temporary strength which the Thursday the 10th and Friday sight of her had excited, now forthe 11th we had fine fresh breezes, sook us: our spirits sunk, and we chiefly from the eastward, with could no longer pull. As night clear weather. On the 12th we approached we stood as nearly as found ourselves so very thirsty we could judge to the W.N.W. that water was much in request When the vessel hauled her wind by all. Every morning and even to the eastward, we could plainly ing, we bathed ourselves, and make out that she was a brig; we during the day kept throwing saw her top-sails, and part of her water over our heads; this al- courses, main-sail, &c. layed our thirst very much, which Sunday the 13th. This day our had now become our greatest thirst was great indeed; we had enemy. This day we had very undergone such fatigue, and were light airs from the N.W. with a so much weakened, that we exheavy swell; we expected a gale pected every hour to be our last, of wind from that quarter, which The water thrown over our bodies if it had come, in all probability did not allay our thirst as at first, would have overwhelmed us, and and being reduced to the last exput us out of our misery. Just tremity, we were forced to drink before sunset we had the high our urine, which I must say reconsolation of observing a vessel vived and consoled us exceedbearing N.W.; there being little ingly. Monday and Tuesday nowind we pulled right for her, and thing happened to break in upon by her movements I believe she our state of painful suspense. We saw us, for soon after she came had the wind light from the northdown towards us, with studding ward with a very heavy swell sails set, low and aloft. This sight from the N.W.; we still kept rejoiced us, and infused into ussuch bathing every morning and evena degree of temporary strength, as ing, and drinking as before-menmade us pull with double vigour. tioned. We thought our troubles at an Wednesday the people began to end, but, alas! Providence or- be very dull. Some of them found dained that greater misfortunes their thirst so intolerable that were still to be endured by us. they drank a great quantity of salt Captain Harman thinking we did water, although the Captain and I not near the vessel fast enough, advised them not to do so. About ordered our sail to be taken in, ten o'clock at night, we were all supposing that it impeded our roused by hearing the cry of fresh going through the water as we water along-side. One of the were pulling in the wind's eye. people being excessively dry, ir. No sooner was that done, than drinking the water alongside really the vessel took in her studding thought it had been fresh ; we all
began began to drink immediately, and the poor man who had been so bad it was some time before we found in the morning. out our mistake, so much was our The name of the place at which taste injured. On the 17th at we arrived, is Poondy. It is sisunset we thought we saw very tuated about sixty miles to the high land right ahead, but having southward of Ganjam, and thirty been often disappointed by mis- to the northward of Calingapatam. taking clouds for high land, we On the 25th Captain Harman went paid but little attention to it. to Calingapatam to procure a During the night the heavy swell supply of money and clothes from from the N.W. went down, when the Beach master at that place. a cross sea took its place, and a He returned on the 28th, and on fine breeze sprung up from the the 29th, after furnishing the men eastward.
with money enough to carry them On Friday at day-light the water to Bengal, the Captain and myself was much discoloured, a general started in Doolis carried by four sign of being near land, but still men. We followed the coast and none could be seen. One of the travelled almost without intermen was now so senseless, and so mission night and day. On the weak, that he could not sit upright. 15th of December we reached As the sun arose, and cleared away Tombuke, when we took a boat the clouds, we had the heartfelt for Calcutta, and on going up the satisfaction of seeing high land. river, to our very great astonishWhat a joyful sight was this to ment saw our brig at anchor waitpoor creatures nearly sinking under ing for the flood tide to carry her fatigue and want of food. As we up. We went alongside, and every neared the land, we saw a number soul on board was thunderstruck of huts and the natives walking to see us, having given us up as on shore. About noon we ran dead. They waited four days at the boat on the beach, but were in Diamond Island, expecting our a condition too weak to walk. return. In running across the The natives assisted us, and as bay they had bad weather, and en soon as they knew our situation, seeing any drifts went down to fetched us hot congy (the water in them, expecting they might be the which rice is boiled) and gave it boat. We weighed on the flood us to drink, of which we took a and arrived at Kuddupore on the great quantity. Each man was 16th of December, and on the led between two people to the hut 23d our poor fellow sufferers arappointed to us, and we were fur- rived, looking very well after so nished with every thing we wished long a march. for, except cold water. We had no desire to eat, but craved cold AN ACCOUNT OF THE FUNERAL CEwater, which the natives would REMONIES OF A BURMAN PRIEST. not give us, but supplied us plentifully with hot congy. Just as
Communicated by W. Carey, D. D. we were sitting down on the
(From the same.) straw, we were informed that one The manner in which different of our people was dead. It was nations dispose of their dead, is
one of those circumstances, which died about two years ago. After have been thought worthy of pe- the death of a Poongee, the body culiar notice, by all who have is embalmed in the following studied the history of man, as it manner. First, the intestines are is in most instances connected taken out, after which the body is with the idea which they entertain filled with spices of different kinds, respecting a future state.
and the opening sewed up. A Those nations who believe in layer of wax is then laid all over the doctrine of the resurrection, the body, so as to prevent the adpractise inhumation. The Hindus mission of air ; upon that is put and other nations, who believe the a laver composed of lac and some doctrine of the metem psychosis, other ingredients, and the whole and consider fire as the element covered over with leaf-gold. The which purifies all things, usually body of this person was stretched burn their dead, with a variety of out at full length, with the arms ceremonies suited to those reli- laid over the breast. When one gious notions which are peculiar of these people dies, the body is to the different sects. The inha- thus prepared at the house where bitants of Thibet, differing from he died. After about 12 months, most other nations, either totally the corpse is removed to a house neglect the bodies of their dead, built for that purpose, where it or treat them in a manner which is kept a year or two longer, till to us appears highly barbarous. the Poongees order it to be burnt.
The Burmans burn their dead At one of these places I saw the like the Hindus, though with a body of this man, about a month great difference in the method and before it was taken out for the the attendant ceremonies. With purpose of being destroyed. It them, the wood of the coffin (which was then placed upon a stage, is made larger and stronger than which was in a house made like with us) is nearly all the fuel used one of their Kuiins, rising in a to consume the bodies of the conical form, and about thirty feet common people. The Priests, or in height. The stage was made Poongees, are like them burnt by of bamboos and wood, and the the wood of their own coffins, but house which contained it was cothe fire is communicated by means vered with paper, and overlaid of rockets. As this is a very sin- with leaf-gold. By the side of gular practice, and has not been this stage lay the coffin in which noticed by any writer whom I have the body was to be carried out; met with, I take the liberty to this, also, was overlaid with gold, communicate to the Asiatic Society and ornamented with several the following account of the fu- figures, designed to represent death neral ceremonies of a Poongee or in a variety of forms. In the court Burman priest, as communicated yard two large four-wheeled carby my son, Mr. Felix Carey, who riages were preparing, one to resides at Rangoon, and was an carry the coffin, and the other the eye-witness thereto.
stage with its apparatus. The "The man whose funeral cere- carriage in which the corpse was monies I am going to describe to be drawn had another stage
built upon it, similar to the one in government were obliged to dance, the house, only it was larger, and some with umbrellas held over fixed upon an elephant, made in a them, and others under an awning kneeling posture.
large enough to shade forty or When the time for the ceremony fifty persons, and supported by six approached, the principal people or eight men; last of all followed of every street were commanded the men in like manner, singing, each to prepare a rocket, and an clapping their hands, and dancing, image (the shape of some animal,) with two men between each row to which the rocket was to be to keep them in order. fixed. Besides these large rockets, The people of each street ata great number of smaller ones tended their own carriages, and was also prepared, as well as other in this manner proceeded round fire-works. The Burman new the town, one company after anoyear began either on the 13th or ther. The figures were very large, 14th of April, I do not exactly re- much larger than the animals member which, when the festival they were intended to represent. celebrated by sprinkling of water Some of them were representacommenced, which would have tions of buffaloes, others of bulls, continued six or seven days, had lions, bears, elephants, horses, or not the viceroy put a stop to it to ad- men. There were not less than mit of the burning of this Telapoy. thirty, of a very large size, about On the 17th, the figures to which thirty feet in height, and a great the rockets were to be fastened number of smaller ones. were drawn in procession round The next day was spent in the town; and from this day to' drawing the body of the Poongee the end of the ceremony, all the in his carriage, backwards and people of the town and its vicinity, forwards, or rather in pulling both male and female, were com- against each other. All the people, pelled to assist. The figures were being divided into two parties, drawn in procession, one after drew the corpse, from the place another, in the following order; where it formerly was, to an ex. first, six or eight flags were car- tensive valley, near the hill where ried, these were followed by a it was to be burnt. In the front number of dancing boys and girls, of the valley the viceroy had a then the carriages with the figures, temporary house erected, from some drawn by boys, and others which he could view the whole by builocks, followed; and after show. Four cables were fastened them went a number of young to the axle-tree of the carriage, women, dancing and singing, with two each way; these were held an older woman between each row, by the people, who every now and to keep them in order. Women then uttered a loud shout and were never known to attend such pulled both ways at the same time. processions before, but this was That day neither party gained any done in consequence of a particular advantage over the other, till near order from the viceroy. On this evening, when one of the cables occasion even the wives and daugh- broke and the opposite party gained ters of the principal officers of the victory,
The following day they dis- the following day. That day neicharged the large rockets. Early ther party obtained the victory, in the morning they carried all the upon which the viceroy issued an figures and their rockets from the order to stop the contest, and to town, and each of these figures burn the Telapoy the next day, was fixed upon a carriage of four which was accordingly. done. wheels, and the rockets were se- That day the corpse was burnt cured, by rattan loops, to strong in a temporary house, erected for ropes, which passed between the that purpose, in the shape of a feet of the animal, so that when Kuim, with a stage in it upon discharged, they, sliding on the which the coffin was set to be ropes, ran along the ground. burnt. This was performed with Some of these rockets were from small rockets, fixed upon ropes seven to eight feet in length, and with rings of rattan, so as to slide from three to four in circumfe- along them, from the top of a hill, rence, made of strong timber, and to the coffin, which was placed on secured by iron hoops, and rattan the top of another hill. The rockets lashings. The last of them, when being discharged, slided along the discharged, ran over a boy of ten ropes, over the intermediate valley, or twelve years old, who died in a to the collin, which was set on few minutes ; three or four grown- fire by them, and, with its con up persons were also much hurt. tents, quickly consumed.” Towards evening a great number of fire-works were discharged, which made a very fine appear. A Sketch OF THE GEOGRAPHY OF ance.
COCHIN CHINA, The next day was the time appointed for blowing up the corpse. With some Particulars of the ManOn this occasion, a quarrel arose ners, Customs, and History of between the two parties who had
the Inhabitants, and a few Conpulled the former day; the party siderations on the Importance of which had been unsuccessful in
forming an Establishment in that sisting that the cables had been
Country. By Mr. Chupman. cut, and not broken, by the opposite party; they therefore pre
(From the same.) sented a petition to the viceroy, requesting that they might have I have been imperceptibly led another trial at pulling. This was into a detail of much greater granted, upon which, having pro- length than I intended ; yet sacured four new Europe cables, tisfied, as I am, of the great imfrom the ships in the harbour, portance which a settlement in they re-commenced their trial of Cochin China might be of to the strength; however, the party British nation, and to the Comwhich had been victorious before pany, I cannot prevail on myself won again, and broke the cables to dismiss the subject, without of the other. The unsuccessful giving a more connected account party was not yet satisfied, but in- of the country, and offering some sisted on another trial of strength, farther considerations on the ad