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-Guise attends the Council and meets his fate-Exasperation of the Parisians on
learning the death of Guise-Henry of Navarre and Henry III. march on Paris-
Henry III. murdered by the monk, Jacques Clement, and Henry of Navarre becomes
King of France-Winning an inherited crown-The Leaguemen in opposition to
the Huguenots - The battle at Arques, Elizabeth of England assists Henry- Battle
of Ivry -“ The helmet of Navarre”—The siege of Paris—Victor Hugo's description
of the city_Famine within the walls - Christian charity-Arquebus and Crucifix-
Approach of Alexander Farnese raises the siege-Help from England - Siege of
Rouen - The Huguenot king turns Catholic—The indignation of Queen Elizabeth on
receipt of the news-Henry IV. and the Protestants - Calais siezed by the Spaniards
- Threatened invasion of England - Preparations for the reception of the second
Armada - A royal coquette, and wrinkled—A sea fight-Seizure of Cadiz by the
English - The hero Essex — Royal prayers and adverse winds—Peace with Spain-
Henry marries, by Sully's counsel, Marie de Medici— Prosperity of the kingdom-
A dark day in French annals—Ravaillac's poniard !

170

A ramble through the city in 1864 -Old memories - Prince Maurice—“Tandem
fit surculus arbor” – Incident at Lierre-James and the Dutch— Kingship according to
the Scottish Solomon – Marriage of Elizabeth, the daughter of James, to the Elector
of the Palatinate, The Elector assumes the crown of Bohemia - The beginning of
the thirty years' war— The Union of the Protestants—The League of the Catholics-
The Elector driven from the throne of Bohemia finds refuge in the Netherlands-
Marriage projects for the Prince of Wales — “ Baby Charles” and “ Dog Steenie”-
Marriage of the Prince of Wales with Henrietta Maria of France-Nuptial solemnities
— The Huguenots at Rochelle stand on the defensive-General Assembly-A French

copy of Dutch policy - Revolt of the Protestants – Advance of the royal army-

Treaty of peace-Cardinal Richelieu chief man in the state-Huguenots again in

trouble-Soubise raises an army. Descent on the island of Ré-Seizure of the

royal flotilla- The Duke of Rohan-England and Dutch employed against the

Huguenots-Quarrel between the French and English Courts-An outraged queen-

Expedition fitted out to help the Huguenots-Buckingham entrusted with the com-

mand—The Huguenots suspicious, and decline to permit the landing of the expedi-

tion—Buckingham's descent on the island of Ré-Lays siege to St. Martin, but

retires without affecting any result--- Rochelle beleaguered by the royal troops- The

heroic speech and brave conduct of Quitin, the governor - The lion-hearted Duchess

-Richelieu and the engineers - The great dyke-Sufferings of the besieged-Plague,

famine-

All expectation of relief from England disappointed— Assassination of the

Duke of Buckingham-The surrender of the Rochellois

204

Naples—The two Maries—The prayer The gift-Thomas Aniello, with an
instinct of public wrong-The obnoxious tax—The

riot in the market-place— The
rat catcher-The French envoy-Secret plottings—The sport turned into earnest-
The attack on the Viceroy's residence- The wily rat catcher at work—Rats !—The
installation of the fisherman kiug-Capture of his wife—The cruelty of long re-
strained passion - Correspondence - Quid pro quo— The restoration - Triumphal
entry–Hopes blighted— The madness of ill-directed authority—The deliverer- The
tyrant-The end of it.

255

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Negociations pending between England and Holland – The French king vacil-
lates between Spain and Holland - The Dutch envoys procure an interview with
Queen Elizabeth— News arrives in England of the fall of Antwerp-Queen Elizabeth
promises substantial help to the Dutch – The Earl of Leicester and Sir Philip Sidney
appointed to the command of the English army-Leicester's progress in the Nether-
lands -Parma's continued successes — Leicester's inactivity produces general dis-

content-Zutphen-Parma arrives at Wesel—Approaches Zutphen, and enters the

town—Sir John Norris in possession of Gibbet Hill-The victualling, convoy is

attacked by the English-Sir Philip Sidney is wounded — His magnanimity–His

last interview with Leicester—The Spanish convoy arrives at the town— Edward

Stanley's stratagem to enter one of the sconces outside the town-Result of English

interference in the Netherlands

Disaffection amongst the English leaders-Farnese, the master spirit of Spain-

The Spanish king makes overtures of peace to Queen Elizabeth— The papal bull-

Parma accused of the publication of a pamphlet on the subject of the bull - His

indignant denial - Preparations in Spain and Portugal for the invasion of England-

Drake destroys eighty vessels in Cadiz harbour-Queen Elizabeth's parsimony detri-

mental to English interests - Parma's preparations-Inactivity of the English--A

nominal force enrolled-Muster of the troops at Tilbury Fort- The English fleet-

Force of the Armada—The Marquis of Santa Cruz appointed captain-general of the

Armada-Parma opposed to the appointment - Death of Santa Cruz — The Duke of

Medina Sidonia appointed to succeed him-Sickness in Parma's camp - Medina

Sidonia's plan of action - The Armada sets sail from Lisbon-David Gwynn's exploit

-The Armada reassembles at Corunna - Arrival of the Armada in the English Channel

- The English fleet refuse a general engagement-Attack the rear-guard of the fleet

- Admiral Oquendo's flag-ship blown up-Medina sends a message to Parma-The

second battle with the Armada-Admiral Howard knights some of his officers - The

Armada anchors in Calais roads—The Hollanders prevent the coalition of Medina

and Parma-Insecure anchorage of the Armada—The English fire-ships dismay the

Spaniards—The flag-ship of Don Hugo de Moncada, the “Capitana," grounds on

the bar of Calais harbour-The English attack and board her - The French prevent

their capturing her - Riot between the French and English on board the Capitana-

Pursuit of the Armada—The Spaniards retreat-The Armada overtaken by a storm

- The English relinquish the pursuit-Arrive safely in Margate roads—The Armada

scattered and many of the ships driven on the Irish coast - Drake's summing up of

the discomfiture of the Spaniards—Parma attacks the Dutch - Is repulsed --Enthu-

siasm in England on the approach of the Armada-The queen reviews the troops at

Tilbury-False reports in Spain of the success of the Armada - Philip's resignation

on hearing news of the defeat of the Armada-Rejoicings in England

125

Henry of Navarre-Personal appearance, the opposite of Philip of Spain - Henry
III. of France a puppet in the hands of Catherine de Medici- His vanity and
effeminacy–His vices and his penitence-Elected King of Poland - Forsakes the
Poles - Ascends the throne of France—Temporises with the Protestants-Henry of
Guise, called Henry of the Scar—Madame League-Henry of Navarre as a staunch
Protestant leader of the Huguenot party and determined foe of Rome and Spain -
The disturbed state of France - Henry III., terrified by the popularity of Henry of
Guise, forbids him to approach the capital - Guise advances on Paris and is warmly
received by the people-The great day of the barricades-Henry III. driven from
his palace takes refuge at Chartres—Reconciled to his Huguenot cousin of Navarre-
The States-General convoked at Blois-Description of its aspect at the present time

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CARISBROCK CASTLE, A.D. 1733
CORK
DORT
DOVER CASTLE...
DOVER: The SHAKESPEARE CLIFF
DUBLIN BAY......
DUNKERK
DUTCH POLDER—VIEW NEAR ANTWERP
EDINBURGH
EDINBURGH CASTLE
ESCURIAL, THE, MADRID
FRANKFORT-ON-THE-MAINE
GALWAY
GHENT
GREENWICH PALACE, OLD
GUTTENBURG’s MONUMENT.
HAARLEM, GATE AT
HAARLEM : STADTHOLDER'S HOUSE
HAGUE, TOWN HALL AT THE
HERTOGENBOSCH, OR BOIS-LE-Duc
HOLBEIN'S GATEWAY, WHITEHALL
HOLYROOD PALACE, EDINBURGH
HULL CASTLE-TIME OF CHARLES I.
KENILWORTH
LEYDEN
LISBON
LOUVRE, THE
MADRID
MAESTRICHT
MAGDEBURG
NAPLES
NASEBY FIELD, OBELISK ON .............
NOTRE DAME, PARIS
NOTTINGHAM CASTLE, 1776
OAK OF HENRY IV. AT FONTAINEBLEAU
OXFORD ...
PORTSMOUTH ..........
ROCHELLE
ROTTERDAM
ROUEN
St. GILES, HIGH CHURCH OF, EDINBURGH
ST. JAMES'S PALACE
SEGOVIA, CASTLE OF
SMITHFIELD, ANCIENT
STEEKEN CANAL
THEOBALDS
TILBURY FORT
TOWER OF LONDON

380
395
215
163
151
300
148

83
280
405

18
253
305

45
105

6
57
107
113
91
326
291
346
164

9
135
199
81
49
244
255
366
217
345
171
355
225
204

12
186
299
383
216

6
86
214
132
333

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