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SA'CRIFICATORY. adj. [from sacrificor, SA'CRILEGE. n. s. [sacrilege, French ;
sacrilegium, Latin.] The crime of apT. SACRIFICE. v. a. (sacrifier, Fr. sa- propriating to himself what is devoted crifico, Lat.]
to religion ; the crime of robbing hea1. To offer to heaven; to immolate as an ven; the crime of violating or profaning átonement or propitiation ; with to. things sacred. Alarbus' limbs are lopt,
By what eclipse shall that suin be defac'd,
This blood, like sacrificing Abel's, cries What sacrilege hath such a saint disgrac'd ?
Sidney. I sacrifce to the Lord all that openeth the Then 'gm a cursed hand the quiet womb matrix, being males.
Öf his great grandmother with steel to wound,
And the hid treasures in her sacred tomb
Fairy Queen. 2. To destroy or give up for the sake of We need not go many ages back to see the something else : with to.
vengeance of God upon some families, raised 'T is a sad contemplation, that we should see
upon the ruins of churches, and enriched with
South. crifice the peace of the church to a little vain cu
the spoils of sacrilege. riosity.
Decay of Picty; SACRILE'gious. adj. [sacrilegus, Latin ; The breach of this rule, To do as one would
from sacrilege. ] Violating things sacred; be done to, would be contrary to that interest men sacrifice to when they break it. Locke.
polluted with the crime of sacrilege. Syphax loves you, and would sacrifice
To sacrilegious perjury should I be betrayed, I His life, nay more, his honour, to
service. should account it greater misery. King Charles.
By vile hands to common use debas'd,
With sacrilegious taunt, and impious jest. Prior.
Still green with bays each ancient altar stands,
Above the reach of sacrilegious hands. 3. To destroy ; to kill.
Blasphemy is a malediction, and a sacrilegious
detraction from the Godhead. Ayliffe.
gious.] With sacrilege.
When these evils befell him, his conscience to offer sacrifice. He that sacrificeth of things wrongfully gotten,
tells him it was for sacrilegiously pillaging and in
vading God's house.
rt. [This is a participle of
the French sacrer. The verb is not used To that meek man who well had sacrific'd. in English.] Consecrating.
I'll startie you,
The sacring of the kings of France is the sign
of their sovereign priesthood as well as kingdom, 1. The act of offering to heaven.
and in the right thereof they are capable of hold. God will ordain religious rites
ing all vacant benefices. Of sacrifice. Milton.
Temple. 2. The thing offered to heaven, or imimo
SA'CRIST. 1 n. s. [sacristain, French.] lated by an act of religion.
SA'CRISTAN.S He that has the care of
the utensils or moveables of the church. The gods themselves throw incense. Shakspeare,
A sacrist or treasurer are not dignitaries in
the church of common right, but only by cusAnd as the long divorce of steel falis on me,
Ayliffe. Make of your prayers one sweet sacrifice, SA'CRISTY. n. s. (sacristie, Fr.] An apartAnd lift my soul to heav'n.
ment where the consecrated vessels or Moloch besmear'd with blood
moveables of a church are reposited. Of human sacrifice.
Bold Amycus from the robb'd vestry brings My life if thou preserv’st, my life
A sconce that hung on high,
With tapers till’d to light the sacristy. Dryden,
A third apartment should be a kind of sacristy
for altars, idols, and sacrificing instruments. 3. Any thing destroyed, or quitted for the
Addison. sake of something else; as, he made a $1D. adj. [Of this word, so frequent in sacrifice of his friendship to his interest.
the language, the etymology is not 4. Any thing destroyed.
known. It is probably a contraction of SA'CRIFICER. n. s. [from sacrifice.] One sagged, heavy, burdened, overwhelmed, who offers sacrifice; one that immolates. from To sag, to load.] Let us be sacrificers, but not butchers. Shaks.
1. Sorrowful; full of grief. When some brawny sacrifcer knocks,
Do you think I shall not love a sad Pamela so Before an altar led, an offer'd ox. Dryden.
well as a joyful?
One from sad dismay. bull : the priest is veiled after the manner of
Recomforted, and after thoughts disturbid, the old Roman sacrificers.
Submitting to what seem'd remediless. Milton. SACRIFICIA L.. adj. [from sacrifice.] Per
The hapless pair
Up into heav'n, from Paradise in haste
I now must change
Six brave companions from each ship we lost : 3. To make dark coloured. With sails outspread we fly th' unequal strife, Sad for their loss, but joyful of our life. **Pepe. 4. To make heavy; to make cohesive.
Marl is binding, and sardening of land is the 2. Habitually melancholy; heavy; gloomy; great prejudice it doth to clay lands. Mortimer. not gay; not cheerful.
SA'DDI.E. n. s. [radl, Saxon; sadel, It ministreth unto men, and other creatures, Dutch.] The seat which is put upon all celestial influences: it dissipateth those sad
the horse for the accommodation of the thoughts and sorrows, which the darkness both
rider. begeiteth and maintaineth.
Raleigh. See in her cell sad Eloisa spread,
His horse hipped, with an old moth-eaten sade Propp'd on some tomb, a neighbour of the dead.
die, and the stirrups of no kindred. Sbakspeare. Pope.
The law made for apparel, and riding in sad3. Gloomy; showing sorrow or anxiety
dles, after the English fashion, is penal only to Englishmen.
Davies. by outward appearance,
One hung a pole-ax at his saddle bow, Be e not as the hypocrites of a sad countenance. And one a heavy mace.
The vent'rous knight is from the saddle thrown; Earth trembled from her entrails, as again But 't is the fault of fortune, not his own. Dryd, In pangs, and Nature gave a second groan; T, SA'DDLE, v. a. (from the noun.] Sky lour'd, and muttering thunder, some sad drops
1. To cover with a saddle. Wept at completing of the mortal sin
I will saddle me an ass, that I may ride thereOriginal Milion,
2 Samuel 4. Serious; not light; not volatile ; grave.
Rebels, by yielding, do like him, or worse,
Who saddled his own back to shame his horse. He with utterance grave, and countenance sad, From point to point discours'd his voyage. Spens.
Çleaveland. The lady Katharine, a sad and religious woman,
No may, sure, e'er left his house,
And saddl'a Bal, with thoughts, so wild,
To bring a midwife to his spouse,
Prier. offended; but it was a judgment of God, for that her former marriage was made in blood. Bacon.
.2. To load ; to burden. If it were an embassy of weight, choice was
Resolv'd for sea, the slaves thy baggage pack, made of some sad person of known judgment and
Each sadd!'d with his burden on his back; experience, and not of a young man, not weighed
Nothing retards thy voyage. Dryden. in state matters.
SA'DDLEBACKED. adj. (saddle and back.] A sad wise valour is the brave complexion
Horses, saddlebacked, have their backs low, and That leads the van, and swallows up the cities:
a raised head and neck. Farrier's Dicttonary; The gigler is a milk-maid, whom inflection, SA'DDLEMAKER. ni so [from saddle.] Or a fir'd beacon, frighteth from his ditties. SA'DDLER.
One whose trade Herbert,
is to make saddles. $. Afflictive ; calamitous.
Sixpence that I had Thoughts in my unquiet breast are risen, To pay the saddler for my mistress' crupper, Tending to some relief of our extremes,
The saddler had it.
Sbakspeare. Or end,
tho' sharp and sad, yet tolerable. Milt. The utmost exactness in these belongs to far6. Bad ; inconvenient ; vexatious. A word riers, saddlers, and smiths.
Digby. of burlesque complaint.
The smith and the saddler's journeyman ought These qualifications make him a sad husband. to partake of your master's generosity. Szeift.
Addison. SA'DLY. adv. [from sad.] 7. Dark-coloured.
1. Sorrowfully ; mournfully. Crystal, in its reduction into powder, hath a My father is gone wild into his grave; vale and shadow of blue; and in its coarse pieces For in his tomb lie my affections ; is of a sadder hue than the powder of Venice And with his spirit sadly I survive, glass.
Brown. To mock the expectations of the world. Sbaksp. I met him accidentally in London in sad co- Hegriev'd, he wept, the sight an image brought loured clothes, far from being costly. Waltor. Of his own filial love; a sadly pleasing thought. Scarce any tinging ingredient is of so general
Dryden. use as voad, or glastum ; for though of itself it He sadly suffers in their grief, dye but a blue, yet, it is used to prepare cloth for Out-weeps an hermit, and out-prays a saint. Dry. green, and many of the sadder colours, when the 2. Calamitously ; miserably. dyers make them last without fading. Boyle. We may at present easily see, and one day Woad or wade is used by the dyers to lay the
Soutb. foundation of all sad colours. Mortimer. SA'DNESS. n. s. [from sad.] %. Heavy; weighty ; ponderous.
1. Sorrowfulness; mournfulness; dejecWith that his hand, more sad than lump of lead,
tion of mind. Uplifting high, he weened with Morddure,
The soul receives intelligence
By her near genius of the body's end,
And so imparts a sadness to the sense. Daniel. 9. Cohesive; not light; firm ; close.
And let us not be wanting to ourselves, Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad, and
Lest so severe and obstinate a sadness therefore require warm applications and light Tempt a new vengeance.
A passionate regret at sin, a grief and sadness TO SA'DDEN. v. a. [from sad.]
of its memory, enter into God's roll of mourn1. To make sad ; to make sorrowful.
Decay of Piety. 2. To make melancholy; to make gloomy. 2. Melancholy look. Her gloomy presence saddens all the scene,
Dim sadness did not spare Shades ev'ry flow'r, and darkens ev'ry green;
Milton. Deepens the murmurs of the falling Hoeds, 3. Seriousness ; sedate gravity. And breathes a browner horror on the woods. If the subject be mournful, ler' every thing in Pope, it have a stroke of sadness.
SAFE. adj. (sauf, French; salvus, Lat.] to collect all the proofs, concerning most of the 1. Free from danger.
opinions he has, so as safely to conclude that he
All keep aloof, and saf-ly shout around;
But none presumes to give a nearer wound. Dryd.
2. Without hurt. Her care, Hippolytus, to fate unknown;
God safely quit her of her burden, and with And call'd bim Virbius in th’Egerian grove,
gentle travel, to the gladding of your highness
with an heir. Where t, en he liv'd obscure, but safe from Jove.
Sbakspeare. Dryden. SA'FENESS. n. s. [from safe.] Exemption 2. Free from liurt.
ing. 3. Conferring security. To write the same things to you, to me is not
SAFETY. N. s. [from safe.]
Ascend; I follow thee, safe guide, the path To that dauntless temper of his mind,
Milton. He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valour
Sbakspeare. With longing eyes observing, to survey 2. Exemption from hurt.
Some smooth ascent, or safe sequester'd bay.Pope. If her acts have been directed well, 4. No longer dangerous; reposited out of While with her friendly clay she de ign'd todwell,
the power of doing harm. This is rather Shall she with safety reach her pristine seat,
Find her rest endless, and her bliss complete?
Let not my jealousies be your dishonours,
But mine own safeties: you may be rightly just, Our great forbidder safe, with all his spies
Whatever I slia!I think.
Milton. 4. Custody ; security from escape.
Imprison him ;
Deliver him to safety, and return. Sbakspeare. SA'FECONDUCT. n. s. (saufconduit, Fr.]
SAFFLOW. n. s. A plant. 1, Convoy ; guard through an enemy's
An herb they call safflow, or bastard saffron, dyers use for scarlet.
Mortimer. country. 2. Pass ; warrant to pass.
SA'FFRON. n. s. (safran, Frerch ; from A trumpet was sent to sir William Waller, to saphar, Arabick. It was yellow, accorddesire a safeconduct for a gentleman, Clarendon. ing to Davies in his Welsh dictionary. SA'FEGUARD. n. s. (safe and guard.] Crocus, Latin.] A plant. Miller: 1. Defence ; protection ; security.
Grind your bole and chalk, and five or six shives
of safron. We serve the living God as near as our wits can reach to the knowledge thereof, even according SA'FFRON,Bastard. n.s. [carthamus, Lat.] to his own will; and do therefore trust, that his
A plant. mercy shall be our safeguard.
Hooker. This plant agrees with the thistle in most of If you do fight in safeguard of your wives,
its characters; but the seeds of it are destitute of Your wives shall welcome home the conquerors. down. It is cultivated in Germany for dyers.
Shakspeare. It spreads into many branches, each producing a Cæsar, where dangers threatened on the one flower, which, when fully blown, is pulled oit, and side, and the opinion that there should be in bim dried, and it is the part the dyers use. Miller. little safeguard for his friends on the other, chose
Sa'FFRON. adj. Yellow ; having the corather to venture upon extremities than to be
lour of saffron.
Are these your customers ?
Did this companion, with the saffron face,
Revel and feast it at my house to-day,
Whilst upon me the guilty doors were shut? Sbak. safeguard to that altar, at which their ancestors
Soon as the white and red mixt finger'd dame
Had gilt the mountains with her sajron flame, ministred.
Now when the rosy morn began to rise, hrone, Is now become the bulwark of thyown.Granville.
And wav'd her saffron streamer through the skies.
Dryden. Convoy; guard shrough any interdicted
TO SAG. v. n. To bang heavy. road, granted by the possessor.
The mind I say by, and the heart I bear, 3. Pass; warrant to pass.
Shall never sag with doubt, nor shake with fear.
TO SAG. v. a. To load ; to burden. safeguard or pass to two lords, to deliver a mes
SAGA CIOUS. adj. [sagax, Latin.) sage from the king to the cuo houses. Clarendon. TO SAFEGUARD. 2. 1. [from the noun.]
1. Quick of scent: with of.
So scented the grin feature, and up-turn'd
His nostrils wide into the wurl.y air;
Sagacious of his quarry from so far: Milton.
With might and main theychas'd the murd'rous Surely, adv. (from safe.]
tox, *. In a safe manner; without danger. Nor wanted horns t'inspire sagacious hounds. Who is there that hath the lcissue and means
2. Quick of thought; acute in making 2. [In anatomy.) A suture so called from discoveries.
its resemblance to an arrow. Only sagacious heads light on these observa- His wound was between the sagittal and corom tions, and reduce them into general propositions. nal sutures to the bone.
Sagi'rtARY. n. s. [sagittarius, Latin ; SAGA'CIOUSLY. adv. [from sagacious.]
sagittaire, French.] A centaur; an ani1. With quick scent.
mal half man half horse, armed with a 2. With acuteness of penetration.
bow and quiver. SAGA'CIOUSNESS. n. s. [from sagacious.] The dreadful sagittary The quality of being sagacious.
Appals our numbers.
Sbakspears. SAG A'CITY. n. s. (sagacité, French ; sa
SA'60. n. s. A kind of eatable grain. Bailey. gacitas, Latin.]
SA'ICK. n. s. [saica, Italian ; saique, Fr.] 1. Quickness of scent.
A Turkish vessel proper for the carriage 2. Acuteness of discovery.
of merchandise. It requires too great a sagacity for vulgar minds
Bailey. to draw the line nicely becween virtue and vice. Said. The pret. and part. pass. of say.
South. 1. Aforesaid. Sagacity finds out the intermediate ideas, to King John succeeded his said brother in the discover what conncction there is in each link of kingdom of England and dutchy of Normandy. the chain, whereby the extremes are held toge
Locke. 2. Declared ; showed. Many were eminent in former ages for their SAIL. n. s. [regl, Saxon ; seyhel, seyl, discovery of it; but though the knowledge they Dutch.] have left be worth our study, yet they have left a great deal for the industry and sagacity of after
1. The expanded sheet which catches the ages.
Locke. wind, and carries on the vessel on the SAGAMORE. n. s.
water. 1. [Among the American Indians.] A He came too late ; the ship was under sail. king or supreme ruler. Bailey.
They loosed the rudder-bands, and hoisted up 2. The juice of some unknown plant used the main-sail to the wind.
Acts. in medicine.
The galley born from view by rising gales, SAGE, n.
n. s. (sauge, French; salvia, Lat.] She follow'd with her sight and flying sails. Dryd. A plant of which the school of Salernum 2. [In poetry.] Wings. thought so highly, that they left this
He cutting way
With his broad sails, about him soared round; verse :
At last, low stooping with unwieldy sway, Cur moriatur homo cui salvia crescet in
Snatch'd up both horse and man. Fairy Queen. herto?
3. A ship; a vessel. By the colour, figure, taste, and smell, we have
A sail arriy'd as clear ideas of sage and hemlock, as we have
From Pompey's son, who through the realms of of a circle.
Spain Marbled with sage the hard'ning cheese she
Calls out for vengeance on his father's death. press’d. Gay.
Addison. SAGE. adj. (sage, French ; saggio, Ital.] 4. Sail is a collective word, noting the Wise ; grave; prudent.
number of ships. Tired limbs to rest,
So by a roaring tempest on the flcod, Omatron sage, quoth she, i hither came. F.Queen.
A whole armado of collected sail Vane, young in years, but in sage councils old,
Sbakspeare. Than whom a better senator ne'er held
It is written of Edgar, that he increased the fleet The helm of Rome.
he found two thousand six hundred sail. Raleigb. Can you expect that she should be so sage
A feigned tear destroys us, against whom Torule her blood, and you not rule your rage? Tydides nor Achilles could prevail,
Nor ten years conflict, nor a thousand sail. Denh. SAGE. n. s. [from the adjective. ) A philo- He had promised to his army, who were dissopher, a man of gravity and wisdom. couraged at the siglıt of Seleucus's fleet, conThough you profess
sisting of an hundred sail, that at the end of the Yourselves such sages; yet know I no less, summer they should see a fleet of his of tive Nor am to you interior. Sandys. hundred sail.
Arbutbnot. At his birth a star proclaims him come, s. To strike Sal. To lower the sail. And guides the eastern sages, who enquire
Fearing lest they should fall into the quickHisplace, to offer incense, myrrh, and gold. Milt. sands, they strake sail, and so were driven. Acts.
For so the huly sages once did sing, 6. A proverbial phrase for abating of pomp That he our deadly forfeit should release, And with his father work us a perpetual peace.
or superiority. Milton.
Must strike her sail, and learn a while to serve Groves, where inmortal sages taught,
Where kings command. Where heav'nly visions Plato fir'd.
TO SAIL. v. n. (from the noun.] SA'GELY. adv. [from sage.] Wisely ; prudently.
1. To be moved by the wind with sails.
I shall not mention any thing of the sailing SA'GENESS. n. s. [from sage.] Gravity ;
2. To pass by sea. SAGITTAL. adj. [from sagitta, Latin, an When sailing was nol dangerous, P. ul adarrow.)
monished thein. 1. Belonging to an arrow.
3. To swim.
To which the stores Cresus, in the scale, Thy place is here, sad sister ; come away: Would look like little dolphins, when they sail. Once, like thyself, I trembled, wept, and pray'd;
In the vast shadow of the British whale. Dryd. Love's victim then, though now a sainted maid. 4. To pass smoothly along.
Pope. Speak again, bright angel ! for thou art TO SAINT. V. n. To act with a show of As glorious to this sight, being o'er my head,
piety. As is a winged messenger from heav'n, SA'INTED. adj. [from saint.] When he bestrides the lazy-pacing clouds,
1. Holy ; pious ; virtuous. And sails upon the bosom of the air. Sbaksp.
Thy royal father TO SAIL. v. a.
Was a most sainted king: the queen that bore 1. To pass by means of sails.
thee, A thousand ships were mann'd to sail the sea. Oftener upon her knees than on her feet,
Dryden. Died every day she liv'd. Sbakspeare. View Alcinous' groves, from whence
2. Holy ; sacred. Sailing the spaces of the boundless deep,
I hold you as a thing enskied and sainted, To Ariconium precious fruits arriv'd. "Philips.
By your renouncement an immortal spirit, 2. To fiy through.
And to be talk'd with in sincerity
Sbakspeare. Th' aerial space, and mounts the winged gales. The crown virtue gives,
Pope. After this mortal change, to her true servants, SA'ILER. I n. so [sailor is more usual, sailer Amongst the enthron'd gods on sainted hills. SA'ILOR.S more analogical; from sail.]
Milton. A seaman; one who practises or under. SAINT John's Wort. n. s. [hypericum.] A stands navigation.
Bacon. 1. Suiting a saint ; becoming a saint.
If still thou do'st retain
Dryden. had good sailors, commanded by experienced cap- 2. Resembling a saint. tains.
The king, in whose time it passed, whom caFull in the openings of the spacious main tholicks count a saintlike and immaculate prince, It rides, and, lo! descends the sailer train. Pope.
was taken away in the flower of his age. Bacon. SAILYA'RD.
V. n. s. (sail and gard.]. The SA'Intly.adj. [from saint.] Like a saint; pole on which the sail is extended. With glance so swift the subtle lightning past,
becoming a saint. As split the sailyards.
I mention still
Him whom thy wrongs, with saintly patience SAIM. n. s. (saime, Italian.] Lard. It still
borne, denotes this in the northern counties, Made famous in a land and times obscure. Milt. and in Scotland : as, swine's saim.
SA'INTSHIP. n. s. [from saint.] The cha. SAIN. (à participle, obsolete, from say.]
racter or qualities of a saint. Said.
He that thinks his saintship licenses him to Some obscure precedence, that hath tofore
censures, is to be looked on not only as a rebel, been sain. Sbakspeare. but an usurper.
Decay of Piety. SA'INFOIN. 11. s. (sainfoin, Fr. medica.] This savours something ranker than the tenets A kind of herb.
of the fifth monarchy, and of sovereignty foundSAINT. n. s. (saint, Fr. sanctus, Lat.) A ed upon saintsbip.
South. person eminent for piety and virtue.
The devil was piqu’d such saintship to behold, To thee be worship and thy saints for aye.
And long'd to tempt him.
SAKE. n. s. (rac, Sax. saecke, Dutch.] She will not stay the siege of loving terms,
1. Final cause ; end; purpose. Nor ope her lap to saint seducing gold. Sbaksp. Thou neither do'st persuade me to seek wealth Then thus I cloath my naked villany
For empire's sake, nor empire to affect With old odd ends, stol'n forth of holy writ, For glory's sake.
Milten. And seem a saint, when most I play the devil. The prophane person serves the devil for
Sbakspeare. nought, and sins only for sin's sake. Tillotson. Miracles are required of all who aspire to this Wyndham like a tyrant throws the dart, diguity, because they say an hypocrite may imi- And takes a cruel pleasure in the smart; tate a saint in all other particulars. Adutison. Proud of the ravage that her beauties make,
By thy example kings are taught to sway, Delights in wounds, and kills for killing's sake. Heroes to fight, and saints may learn to pray.
Granville. Granville. 2. Account; regard
any person or thing. So unaffected, so compos'd a mind;
Would I were young for your sake, mistress So firm, yet soft, so strong, yet so refin'd,
Sbakspeare. Heav'n, as its purest gold, by tortures try'd; The general so likes your musick, that he deThe saint sustain’d it, but the woman dy'd. Pope. sires you, for love's sake, to make no more noise TO SAINT. v. a. [from the noun.] to
Sbakspeare. number among saints; to reckon among SA'KER. n. s. (Saker originally signiñes a saints by a publick decree; to canonize. hawk, the pieces of artillery being often
Are not the principles of those wretches still denominated from birds of prey. ] owned, and their persons sainted, by a race of The cannon, blunderbuss, and saker, men of the same stamp?
Souib. He was th' inventor of, and maker. Hudibros. Over-against the church stands a large hospital, According to observations made with one of erected by a shoemaker, who has been beatified, her majesty's sakers, and a very accurate penduthougb never sainted,
Addison. lum chronometer, a bullet, at its first discharge,