Realistic Evaluation shows how programme evaluation needs to be, and can be bettered. It presents a profound yet highly readable critique of current evaluation practice, and goes on to introduce a `manifesto' and `handbook' for a fresh approach.
The main body of this book is devoted to the articulation of a new evaluation paradigm, which promises greater validity and utility from the findings of evaluation studies. The authors call this new approach `realistic evaluation'. The name reflects the paradigm's foundation in scientific realist philosophy, its commitment to the idea that programmes deal with real problems rather than mere social constructions, and its primary intention, which is to inform realistic developm
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If the researcher has managed to put into place this regime of manipulation ,
control and observation , then we require no further information to infer ...
Causation is external in that we do not and cannot observe certain causal forces
at work .
In pursuing causal explanation via a constant conjunction model , with its stress
on that which can be observed and controlled , it has tended to overlook the
liabilities , powers , and potentialities of the programs and subjects whose
It is the precise nature of the realist interpretation of the interrelationship between
theory and observation that we need to ... The logic of OXO is to control a
situation so that only change in the treatment can be responsible for the observed