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405 Tono Maria Botocudo,' the Indian 246
246, 475 Traditional tales, by Allan Cuooingham 449
423, 475 Travels in the Holy Land 232, 253, 289
447 Valley of Jehosaphat in Jerusalem 299
85, 123, 201, 363
303 Waddington's travels in Ethiopia 394
410 Waterloo, battle of, Buonaparte's opio-
248 White (Henry Kirke) new volume of
Earl March look'd on his dying child 429 Poetic sketches
348 Spring, hyma
83 Tell me not, sweet, I am unkinde 200
The poet's lot
There is a pale and shrinking flower 213
The cocks have now the morn foretold 315
408 Thougbts and images, by Montgomery 24
200 To a water-fowl
Mark in yonder thorpy vale
145 Vale of the Cross, the shepherds tell 115
When breezes are soft and skies are fair 318
122 Where are ye with whoin in life I started 317
106 Who's here of noble or of vassal blood 310
Pilgrimage of life
Youth, manhood, and age, by Montgom-
BOSTON, APRIL 1, 1822.
(London Time's Telescope, for April, 1822.)
Now Nature, to her Maker's mandate true, ingale in his beautiful and truly Ana-
creontic Odes :-
Unless to harmonize the shade,
Pours melting melody around. April ; yet we have sometimes verp sharp frosts in this month as well The Persian writers frequently comas in its successor, May. In the high- pare their poets to nightingales; and, er tracts of Persia, the balmy season of indeed, Hafez has acquired the conSpring advances with singular rapidity. stant appellation of the Persian NightDuring the months of April and May, ingale; to this the bard alludes in his every mountain's brow is covered with sixth ode, as translated by Nott. The rich herbage, and the air is filled with beautiful fiction of the Asiatic poets, perfume from the full-blown flowers of that the nightingale is enamoured of the numberless gardens : the whole the rose, has been noticed in the Introcountry puts on its fairest garb, looking duction to our last volume (p. xliv); enchantingly, and breathing sweets Hafez, speaking of our eagerness to from every quarter.
enjoy the pleasures of the Spring, beauThe love-laboured song of the night- tifully observes,' We drop, like nightingale is occasionally heard in the day. ingales, into the nest of the rose.' time in England, and all day in the Again, in his seventh ode, he says, East, and in some parts of Europe. : O Hafez, thou desirest, like the nightAn English traveller of the seventeenth ingales, the presence of the rose : let century, writing from Shiraz, and in- thy very soul be a ransom for the earth, spired by the climate, says, the vight- where the keeper of the rose-garden ingale, sweet harbinger of light, is a
walks ! In the eighth ode, also, we constant cheerer of these
have the following
groves ; charming, with its warbling strains, the The youthful senson's wonted bloom heaviest soul into a pleasing ecstacy.' Renews the beauty of each bow'r, The Persian poet, Hafez, a native of
And to the sweet-songed bird is come Shiraz, repeatedly alludes to the night
Glad welcome from its darling flow's.
In the sixth stanza of the ninth ode, 2 ATHENEUM VOL. 11.
the hard again alludes to this favourite
fiction, which, literally translated, would breathes out her life in one last effort, stand thus : · When the rose rides in and drops upon the instrument which the air, like Solomon*, the bird of had contributed to her defeat. morn comes forth with the melody of That nightingales have often been David. In Ode XIII, on the return entranced through the effect of instruof Spring, we are presented with the mental musick, appears from Bourdefollowing beautiful stanza on the same lot's “ Histoire de la Musique.' Nothsubject :
ing is more common (he observes) than
to see the nightingales, at particular The love-struck nightingale's delightful strain, The lark's resounding note are heard again ;
seasons, assemble in a wood, when they Again the rose, to hail Spring's festive day,
hear the sound of certain instruments, From the cold house of sorrow hastes away. or of a fine voice, which they endea
Sir William Ouseley, who resided vour to answer by their warblings, with for some time at Shiraz in the year
such violent efforts, that I have (he 1811, says that he passed many hours continues) beheld some of them fall, as in listening to the melody of the night- if entranced, at the feet of a person ingales that abounded in the gardens in who possessed what is called a "nightthe vicinity of this city; and he was as- ingale throat,' to express the flexibility sured by persons of credit that several of a fine voice. Bourdelot adds, that, of these birds had expired while con frequently, both nightingales and lintending with musicians in the loudness nets, perched even on the handles of or variety of their notes. Sir William lutes, guitars, and other instruments Jones records a a similar contest, not with which it was usual for persons, mortal, but of extraordinary result. about a century since, to amuse themAn intelligent Persian, who repeated selves at the Tuileries, in Paris, in the
month of May. his story again and again, and permitted Sir William to write it down from
The primrose now (primula veris) his lips, declared, that he had more peeps from beneath the hedges. than once been present when a celebrated lutanist, Mirza Mohammed, surnamed Bulbul (nightingale), was play
Mark in yonder thorny vale,
Fearless of the falling snows, 'ing to a large company in a grove near Careless of the chilly gale, Shiraz, where he distinctly saw the Passing sweet the Primrose blows: nightingales trying to vie with the mu
Milder gales and warmer beams sician ; sometimes warbling on the
May the gaudier flow'rets rear, trees, sometimes fluttering from branch But to me the Primrose seems to branch, as if they wished to ap Proudest gem that decks the year. proach the instrument whence the me
Darling flow'r ! like thee, may I, lody proceeded ; and, at length, drop Dauntless view the tempest rise, ping on the ground in a kind of ecsta Danger neither court nor fly, sy from which they were soon raised,
Fortune's bleakest blasts despise ; by a change of the mode.
Oppression's threats regardless hear, In confirmation of the Persian re Nor past regret nor future fear. port given by Sir William Ouseley, it may be mentioned, that, according to
APRIL 1.-ALL Or Auld fools' DAY.
Formerly on this day every body strove Pliny (Nat. His. lib. xc, 29), in vocal trials among nightingales, the vanquish with ridiculous absurdities. Fools, in
to make as many fools as they could ed bird terminated its song only with the modern or dramatic sense, were its life ; and Strada (lib. ii, prolus. vi) known in the church, and called also supposes the spirit of emulation so the Vice. powerful in the nightingale, that, hav- ard the Third say,
Shakspeare makes Riching strained her little throat, vainly en
Thus, like the formal Vice, Iniquity, deavouring to excel the musician, she
I moralize two meanings in one word. Act 3, sc. 1.
TO THE PRIMROSE.
* The Comparison of the beauty of a flower to the richness of King Solomon's attire, was, perhaps, a favourite figure among the Eastern writers, and may be found in holy writ. (Luke xii. 27.)