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looking up;

pledget into the wounded breast. In slow steady voice, “ Look there! what removing it, Margaret's finger became is that ?- Who is that, Richard ?" His entangled by a black string passed eyes rivetted themselves with a ghastly round the youth's neck, to which a stare on the object to which she pointsmall locket was suspended. She had ed, then wandered wildly over the lifehastily moving it aside, when the light less form before him; but the tremuheld by one of the sailors fell upon the lous agitation of his frame ceased, the medallion, (a perforated gold pocket convulsive working of the muscles of piece) and her eye glancing towards it his face changed into rigid fixedness. at the same moment, a half choaked and he stood like one petrified in the exclamation burst from her lips, and, very burst of despair. Once more she

I saw her motionless, repeated, in the same calm deliberate breathless, her hands clasped together tone, “ Who is that, Richard ?” and with convulsive energy, and her eyes suddenly leaning forward, dashed aside almost from their sockets, in the stare from the face of the corpse the dark of indescribable horror with which they locks that had hitherto concealed it. were rivetted on the suspended token. “ There, there !” she shrieked—“I Atlast, a shriek (such a one as my ears knew it was my son !” and bursting never before heard, the recollection of into a frenzied laugh, she called out, which still curdles the blood in my “ Amy! Amy! your brother is come veins) burst from her lips, and brought home! come home on his birth-day ! her daughter and husband (even the — Will nobody bid him welcome ? unfortunate man himsell) to the spot Richard won't you speak to your son, where she stood absorbed in that fear- to our dear Maurice ! won't you bless ful contemplation. She looked up to- him on his birth-day ?” And snatchwards her husband (on whose browing her husband's hand, she endeavourcold drops of agony were thickly gath- ed to drag him towards the pale face ering, whose white lips quivered with of the dead.' He to whom this heartthe workings of a tortured spirit) she rending appeal was addressed, replied gazed up in his face with such a look only by one deep groan, which seemed as I shall never forget. It was one of to burst up the very fountains of feeling horrid calmness, more fearful to behold and of life. He staggered back a few than the wildest expressions of passion- paces_his eyes closed the convulsion ate agony, and grasping his fettered of a moment passed over his features, hand firmly in one of her's, and with and he fell back as inanimate as the the other pointing to the perforated pale corpse that was still clasped with gold piece, as it lay on the mangled frantic rapture to the heart of the brainbosom of tlie dead youth, she said in a struck mother.


One kiss more ?

The echo still returns,
Another ? oh, there's yet full store,

The hallow'd incense sweetly burns
From feeling's precious core.

Ose kiss more?

And then we part, my love ; "Tip sweet to bless affection o'er And teach the heartstrings music's lore,

Like seraphim above.
Lips are leaves

To rosy hearts and eyes,
Are suns that light affection's heaves,
And love to life's pure kisses cleaves

When to part fonduess he tries.

Good night, sweeting !

Nay, but one more ? then fly:
Once parted here, time is so fleeting,
In heaven may be our next love-meeting.

Where kisses never die.


IT has often been a subject of medi- grade. Thus they have produced no

tation with me, whether there be philosopher equal to Newton, no poet really any difference between men and like Homer, no conqueror like Alexwomen-I mean in their intellectual ander, no dramatist like Shakspeare,powers. It is argued by some, that nor, to my mind, any cook equal to the there is naturally no difference whatev- great Doctor Kitchener. er, and that all the difference we observe Eminent women, no doubt, there is produced by art. Education has have been ; but when we examine their certainly a wonderful influence in fash- productions, we seldom, I think, fail to ioning the mind, and some philosophers discover traces to which sex they behave carried this principle so far, as to long: the peculiarities of their nature ascribe to it all the varieties in the ani- usually reminding us of the fable of mal creation. They say that man is Æsop, quoted by Bacon ; when puss indebted for his superiority solely to sat demurely at table, in man's attire, some accidental peculiarities in his or- till a mouse crossed the room. The ganization; that had he had the hoof of late Madame de Stael was a striking inan ox, the nails of the wolf, or the claws stance of this sort. No female displayof the lion, he would have been no bet- ed greater and more varied powers of ter than these animals. I confess I do intellect; yet in her occasional vanity not hold with this sort of philosophy; and especially in her personal antipaI rather think, with Galen, that man is thies, she evinced all the weaknesses wise not because of his hands, but that (shall I say?) of her sex. Queen he had hands appended to his wrists Elizabeth is another instance of a masinstead of the hoofs of a horse, because culine mind conjoined with womanly of his pre-eminent wisdom. And I`infirmities. She was never weary of listthink, in like manner, it will be easy to ening to discourses on her “excellent shew, that there is a natural, or as the beauties," and her most grave minisMarquis of Londonderry would say, a ters found no way so effectual to her fafundamental difference between the sex- vour, as by telling her, that “the lustre es, wholly independent of social institu- of her beauty dazzled them like the sun, tions. Were there not this difference, and they could not behold it with fixed how is it that women in all ages and in all eyes.” But perhaps the rarest examcountries, have held only a subordinate ple of intellectual manhood is Cathestation in society ? Education is insuf- rine the Second, Empress of Russia : ficient to account for this circumstance, she indeed seems to have very little because it is in nature for every thing of woman in her nature; even her vices ultimately to triumph over adventitious were of a manly order—ambitious, obstacles, and attain that rank for which cruel, and imperious; and in her amours it is qualified. Besides, we do not observe she appears, in some respects, to have that education exerts such an omnipotent usurped the place of the opposite sex, influence over the destiny of individuals. and treated her numerous lovers more Most persons, remarkable for intellec- like her mistresses than admirers. tual eminence, have attained it in spite I have chosen these three examples of peculiar disadvantages; it has ever as being the best known, and exhibiting been the lot of Genius to contend with the strongest claims to an equality with the difficulties of fortune, birth, and ed- man. I perhaps might have found ucation. Allowing, then, that females living instances of great merit, but I labour under disadvantages from this prefer confining my observations to source, is it not surprising that they do those that are dead. The examples, not exbibit similar instances of triumph- however, that I have quoted, by no ing over them ? yet we do not find means decide the question : it is not by such instances. If they afford any, ex- particular instances, but by comparing traordinary examples of intellect, they the most eminent of both sexes, that a are always, I apprehend, an inferior fair inference can be drawn.

But, perhaps, after all, it is only a vileged beings, entitled to precedency ; dispute about words, arising from the and thus do they enjoy the honours and standard to which we refer. Man's immunities through courtesy, which the superiority is not universal. If he pos- most unquestioned right and superiorisess the comprehension of an angel, he ty would scarcely procure them. It is has neither the eye of an eagle, nor the certainly a most refined and nobly prinfleetness of a greyhound. If he excel ciple which grants from generosity that woman ( lovely woman," as the poets respect, reverence, and devotion which say) in arts and arms, and science and the most unbounded power could philosophy, in foresight and grandeur scarcely command. If that chivalrous of soul, how vastly inferior is he in all feeling which protects the interests of the softer graces, in tenderness, delica- the fair from violation from a sense of cy, and sentiment! What, indeed,would their weakness, were to be extended to he have been without woman, or where the poorer classes from a sense of their would he have been !

destitute condition, there cannot be a " Oh, woman! lovely woman ! Nature made you

doubt that their rights would be far To tem per man: we had been brutes without you !

more effectually guarded than by uniAngels are painted fair to look like you :

versal suffrage and annual parliaments. There's in you all that we believe of Heaven So much more omnipotent is opinion Amazing brightness, parity, and truth,

than law. Eternal joy and everlasting love."

The second paradox is somewhat But there is no end to such a theme. connected with the first. Though fe For my part, I think Nature in this males are considered unqualified for matter has shewn her accustomed wis- superior stations in society, yet they dom. As she made man with a right sometimes exercise sovereign authority; and a lest hand, so it seems meet that though they are considered unfit to disthere should be some inequality be charge the functions of an admiral, a tween the sexes ; for, as monogamy judge, a commander-in-chief, or even a (Mr. Malthus notwithstanding is parish beadle, yet they are sometimes elearly a state designed for man, it placed, by the principle of hereditary would obviously have been a source of succession, at the head of the army, the endless embarrassment, contention, and navy, and the administration of justice. difficulty, had the parties in all respects The last paradox is this : one would been exactly equal and homologous. imagine in the warm regions of the

I shall conclude these observations, south, where men's passions are the by remarking three paradoxes concern- most violent, females would have attaining females, the first shewing how much ed the highest rank; instead of which, more individual security depends on it is in the cold countries of the north public opinion than positive institu- that modern gallantry had its origin. tions. Although females are excluded Tacitus gives an interesting account of from power, and apparently without the distinguished manner in which our protection, yet no class is more secure German ancestors treated their women in the enjoyment of its rights. With- in their almost impenetrable forests. out representative in parliament, they They worshipped them as a sort of suare least of all obnoxious to oppressive pernatural beings; their household laws ; excluded from juries, the bar, gods in peace, their most valued treaand the bench, their offences are al- sure in war, and their counsellors and ways viewed with indulgence. They companions at all times. This high have no minister in the church, yet no homage no doubt, arose from the exclass is prayed for more fervently ; nor treme delicacy which prevailed respecthave they any part in the army or na- ing the sexual intercourse. It was esvy: yet both are enthusiastic in their teemed dishonourable to be intimate service; nor in the magistracy, yet al- with a woman till the twentieth year; derman and justices of peace are al- a custom which, Sir Walter Scott obmost proverbially devoted to their in- serves, was not only favourable to terest. In short, every where, and on health and morals, but contributed to every occasion, they are treated as pri- place females in that dignified rank

which they held in society. “Noth- of their hopes, with the sad conviction ing," continues the same writer, “ tends of Philip of their own mortality. so much to blunt the feelings, to harden There is another consideration aristhe heart, and to destroy the imagina- ing out of this subject, which may, pertion, as the worship of Vaga Venus in haps, be worth noticing. We learn early youth.” The German wife, once from it, that European gallantry is not married, seldom endeavoured to form a formed on the models of ancient chivsecond union. Polygamy was un- alry, but that it is derived from a much known; and adultery, which rarely oc- higher source--from that source from curred, was punished with great sever which we derive our most valued muity; while the unfortunate offender had nicipal institutions. Indeed chivalry no chance to obtain a second husband, (whatever may be said to the contrary, however distinguished by beauty, birth, as has been elsewhere observed) was or wealth.

but a gloomy, ascetic, and absurd superThese customs sufficiently account stition, which very soon after its instifor the high estimation of women among tution degenerated into the coarsest the Gothic tribes. The divinity of fe- brutality and licentiousness. Mr. Dymales is in their chastity : when that is moke, at the Coronation, I have often violated, the veil of the temple is rent, thought, was but a poor representation and they ceased almost to be objects of of the stern, subacid knights of yore; devotion. They are then reduced to his gaudy plumes and tinsel trappings that state of humiliation in which we had as much relation to the Godfreys, find them in the seraglios of the East. Orlandos, and Bertrands of the old Is it surprising, then, that they guard time, as a modern drawing-room has to with such watchfulness the secret of the hall of William Rufus.-But I have their power ? To them it is the wand done, Mr. Editor. In looking over the of harlequin; and such as betray it to beginning of this epistle, I find that the enemy are very naturally shunned there are some matters at which your as traiteresses to the interests of their fair readers may probably cavil : you order. Indeed it is a double treachery, know, Sir, my object is merely truth equally injurious to both sides : by it and fair play; should I therefore have the women lose their dominion, and inadvertently fallen into any considerathe men, who had probably fed on ble errors, I shall most willingly submit heavenly visions, awake, in the fruition to correction.


WHITHER, tell me, Stream!
Roll these idle rills
Down the rocks where Echo lies,
From the bleeding hills;
Kissing every heedless flow'r
As it droops thy waters o'er
With a liquid lip of foam ?
From the mountain urn
O'er the heath I go,
Where the wild linnet sings
To the woods below;
O'er the meadow's golden dress,
Rover of the wilderness !
And the sleeping vales, I roam.'
Wild and silly Stream !
Ere the wish be vain,
Turn to thy grassy spring,
Murmurer! again.
Tears, tears of sorrow deep,
Rovers o'er their follies weep,
For a dear and distant home.



In the hinder end of harvest upon All Hallow eve
Quhen our *gude nichbours rydis (now gif I reid richt)
Some bucklit on a benwood and some on a bene,
Ay trottand into troupes fra the twilicht. King James VI.

SOME years ago, I had the pleasure proceeded in mute solemnity; a single

of passing an All Hallow Eve at word would have broken the charm, the house of a substantial farmer in the and destroyed their ardent hopes of vicinity of the town of Sligo. I had beholding their future husbands in their been wandering the whole day, about dreams after having partaken of the the beautiful and romantic glen of mystic dumb-cake. Knock-pa-ree, and entered the hospita While this work was going on sible abode of my worthy Milesian lently in the corner, a group of sturdy friend just as the dim twilight was boys in the centre of the floor were inmelting into the dark gloom of an au- dulging in all the uproar of boisterous tumnal evening.

merriment at the glorious game of snapA sparkling turf-fire enlivened the apple. A burning candle was affixed hearth, and a number of the neighbour- to one end of a short skewer, and a ing young rustics were mingled with ripe ruddy-cheeked apple stuck at the the ruddy children of mine host about other. The skewer was suspended by the room; while the elder folks encir- its middle with a piece of strong cord cled the glittering blaze, or crouched from the dusky ceiling, and being genbeneath the immense chimney that jut- tly put in motion, the eager boys throng. ted far out into the room. Large pie- ed tumultuously forward to catch the ces of hung beef and rusty bacon adorn- delicious apple in their mouths, as it ed the walls, a spinning-wheel was performed its swinging evolutions. turned up under the ladder which as- Many a furzy head was set in a blaze, cended to the loft, the white wooden and many loud laughs and chirruping piggins and well-scoured trenchers exclamations emanated from the merry were placed in meet array on the well- group before the prize was carried off

. filled 'shelves, and the huge dresser Several young girls were roasting pairs proudly exhibited its store of shining of matrimonial apples on the hearth. pewter to the admiring eyes of the One they dignified with the lordly title youthful peasants. A door, which of “ The Baron," and the other was stood ajar in one corner, purposely be- supposed to be his lady-wife. And trayed the treasures of “the best truly it was a bitter satire on the marroom ;" a double chest of drawers, a ried state. The scorching apples repolished oaken table, and several an- sembled many a foolish couple in the tique and quaintly-figured chairs re- land. Such sputtering and foamingNected the beams of the burning turf, such angry fuming at each other such and faintly illuinined the sacred apart- prodigious perspirations—such vindicment.

tive tones and contemptuous hissings on The buxom good wife, arrayed in a both sides, and then such melting quietstriped linsey-wolsey gown, was rega- ness for a moment, interrupted by a ling her friends with merry lamb's- sudden swelling-up, or a burly look, wool, while her lively children and that renewed the sputtering and funtheir young guests indulged in the usual ing, until both were utterly exhausted! superstitions and quaint customs of All The married folks looked on and laughHallow Eve. Three of the eldest las- ed prodigiously, ever and anon exses were lurking in a dark corner busily changing those most eloquent and volemployed in kneading a cake with their ume-speaking looks, which often pass left thumbs. Not a sound escaped between man and wife. from their clenched lips; the work Some of the younger children were

# The fairies.

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