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True, a new mistresse now. I chose, perhaps greater excellence we have The first foe in the field ;

been obliged to omit from their length, And with a stronger faith embrace. A sword, a horse, a shield.

and the difficulty of quoting them in

moderate compass, so as to be intelligi. Yet this inconstancy is such

ble. In this, indeed, have consisted As you, too, shall adore ;

the difficulties of our task, for it must I could not love thee, 'deare, so inuch, Lov'd I not honour more.

be confessed, that the old poetry, like

the old architecture, was a little masIn these extracts we have passed sive in structure, and in taking away a over“ Barbara Allan,” “Chevy Chase," few fragments, or perhaps, some of and others, the beauties of which are those impurities with which its beauties too universally known to need pointing are obscured, one is in danger of bringout. Our object has only been to gath- ing down too much of the building. er a few flowers from the rich meadow But in what we have done, we trust, of ancient poesy, and range them in a our extracts will not be considered too garland, not inferior, we trust, either in long, nor affected by indelicacies that fragrance or beauty, to many of our have been objected to the otherwise inmodern bouquets. Many pieces of comparable Old Ballad.

Stephensiana, No. Vx.

(Monthly Magazine, Mar.) RIDGWAY's.

of our constitution. While, however, FOR some years I accustomed

myself such virtuous men as he espouse any to a morning's stroll from Chelsea, cause, it must, and perhaps ought to to Ridgway's, in Piccadilly. He is a have advocates. considerable dealer in newspapers and These bookseller's conversaziones political pamphlets, and as a copy of are pleasanter even than club houses, every newspaper of the day lay upon where the same faces are always colthe counter, and his shop is provided lected, and where party feeling and with a fire and chairs, others besides family distinction interfere with ease myself strolled there, and here, there, and freedom. I remember that at Alfore, was to be seen and heard some- mon's, where I used see Fox, Norfolk, thing of the active world.

Wilkes, Burke, Barré, and others of There were politicians by habit and equal note-and that at Debrett's, freprofession, men of letters, men in and quented for many years by men of the out of place, editors of papers, members highest rank and most splendid reputaof parliament, occasionally peers, and tion. Debrett, however, failed, and all met upon terms of equality, talked his shop being closed—the habits of with freedom, and seldom allowed dif- his visitors changed, and Ridgway's is ferences of opinion to create ill blood. now the place of rendezvous, but his

The Rev. Mr. Este united to great shop is too small for the accommodation knowledge of the world, a lively wit, required. It is, however, pleasant, and which relieved the common-place of here I have been often gratified, and some others in our regular groupe. have formed some valuable acquaint

I never learnt more from any indivi- ances. Such shops in my time have dual than John Nicholls, many years been what certain coffee houses were in an M. P. whose enlightened mind aton- the days of the Spectator. ed for a defect in his sight, and whose stores of anecdote seemed inexhausti In India there is a class of robbers ble.

called the Gidias, who are very expert The venerable Major Cartwright of- in imitating the cries of different aniten graced our circle and inspired our mals, and covering themselves with respect in spite of the extremity to their skins, to elude the pursuit of juswhich he pushed some principles which tice. They often follow the camps, are thought uncongenial with the spirit and with singular address contrive te

26 ATHENEUM VOL. 11.

INGENIOUS ROBBERS.

TOLERATION.

steal out of the tents. Sometimes they existence) and to continue and extend attack and murder parties of the milita- yet further, the elastic action of public ry escorting money. If a house is to spirit. In many instances of recent ag. be plundered, all the approaches to it grandisement, kings and courtiers seem are intercepted, and any individual to have been in a more direct and emfound near it massacred without mercy. phatical conjunction with the popular The English company has cleared its language and principles, which afterprovinces of most of them, but some terwards the malignant influence of few yet remain, and from time to time prosperity has counteracted, and placed bands of them will issue from the Mah- them in opposition to. ratta States, and overrun the territories of the company

The leading feature for determining INDIAN CUSTOMS.

the true religion is universal charity. A late voyager in India observes that A saying of Fitzjames, Bishop of Soishe one day saw a company of Lascars sons, is recorded, which will stand the at table, and that before they begun test, and greatly savours of real chrisdinner, the cook threw some spoonfuls tian candour, that “We ought to reof rice into the sea, pronouncing a for- gard even the Turks as our brethren." mula of words, as if saying grace. They Racine, in his Discours sur l'Hiswere all seated in a circle, and squat on toire Ecclesiastique, judiciously obtheir haunches. In the middle of each serves that religion ought to be maintaincircle, was set a large platter of boiled ed by the same pure gentle means which rice, and in the centre of the rice, a lit- established it; preaching, accompanied tle dish of salt fish sauce. No spoons by discretion and the practice of every were in use, but every one helped him- moral virtue ; and above all as most self with his right hand, and in taking deserving of confidence, by unbounded up the rice, twisted it with his fingers patience. into the shape of a ball, which he fre Not less edifying is the view of reliquently dipped in the sauce. They gion adopted by Filangieri, when he are so careful in eating that not a grain says, “ If so many martyrs had not of rice is ever seen to drop on the floor. been sacrificed to error, how many T. HOLLIS, ESQ.

more proselytes would have been gainof Corscombe, in Devonshire, after re- ed to truth ? He adds : “Innumeraturning from his second tour, wrote the ble are the turnings wherein the human following in a window in an inn at Fal- intellect has strayed with regard to remouth :

ligion, but those records which contain “ I have seen the specious, vain the history of such aberrations, present Frenchman, the trucking scuit Dutch- us with a supplement, in a great and man, the tame Dane, the sturdy, self- prevailing truth, that the blood of the righting Swede, the barbarous Russ, Martyrs is the seed of the church. He the turbulent Pole, the honest, dull further declares that natural justice enGerman, the pay fighting Swiss, the sures to every one the right of public subtle, splendid Italian, the salacious and private worship,—and that to force Turk, the sun-warming, lounging Mal- the conscience dishonours the service tese, the piractical Moor, the proud, of the Supreme Being, and is contrary cruel Spaniard, the bigotted, base Por. to the quiet, noble faithful principles of tuguese with their countries—and hail that best of religions, the Gospel." again old England, my native land. St. Chrysostom in his 47th Homily, Reader, if English, Scotch or Irish, re- in Joan, expressly declares that Chrisjoice in the freedom that is the felicity tians are not to use force for the destrucof thy native land, and maintain it sound tion of error; he gives us a very imto posterity. April 14, 1753." pressive and sensible idea of his can

Dec. ii, 1798, while transcribing dour, when he subjoins : “ The arms the above, it has struck me that the with which we ought to contend for the frequent changes in our dynasty have salvation of men, are mildness and permainly contributed to strengthen our suasion " rights, (both preceding and in actual Fenelon, setting aside the pomp and

GEORGE 1.

parade of authority, wrote as follows The distich contains a very ingenious with purity and simplicity, to Louis and animated remark, the meaning of XIV.;-—“Grant toleration to all, not which may be thus pointed out,“ 'l he. in approving every thing indifferently, sculptor would fain have given bis tesbutin patiently permitting whateverGod timony in favour of that great personpermits, and endeavouring to reclaim age Brutus, have left a lasting impresmen, by that meekness of persuasion sion of his vigorous and honourable which results from moderation.” physiognomy, but the peculiar characINSURGENTS.

ter of his virtue, hushed, silenced the The insurgents under Walter, a tyler, artist's feelings, and barred his efof Deptford, in a reign when luxuries fectual action. and vices abounded, when the maxims of government were only nominally believed in the prediction of a French squared by the rules of equity, demand- prophetess, that he should not survive ed of the king, “ That they, their lands, his wife a year. Soon after her death, possessions, and posterity might be he took leave of the prince and prinfree, and that there ought to be no cess, his successors, with tears in his slaves nor servitude in England.” The eyes, telling them he should never see attempt failed, as have others, in re- them more. I, for my part, am inpeated instances, emanating from that clined to think his belief was sincere, many-headed monster, the mob. It and that he acted upon it as such. He was the first, however, in favour of those was then indeed on the point of setting members of the community that were out for Germany, whence it appears Serfs, then a considerable body, whose that he returned not, as at the end of a interests were not united in a common few weeks he died. Some say he hacause with the barons and free inen. ted both-whatever of supposition there DANIEL DANER.

may be in this, it sounds to reason that Men of genuine and exalted good he should be honest and just enough to ness have frequently deviated from the say of his son, afterwards George II. : precision, and in some instances, spurn- “ Il est fougueux, mais il a de l'honed at the rules of true propriety. Shall eur.He is very hot and fastidious, I say, with a laudable and manly spirit? but he has a great feeling and sense of Oh! pue non! When a fire broke out honour. at his lodgings in Bedford-street, Mr.

LORD BATEMAN, D. retired with the utmost composure, an amiable old nobleman, who resides with a picture of Milton (whom he on his estate in Herefordshire. When adored) in his hand, leaving all his val- knowledge fails, accomplishments de uables to be consumed by the flames. cay, and mental vigour dies,-charity As an Englishman, Mr. D.'s loyalty may shine through life. This worthy was perfectly consistent with indepen- peer had a guinea's worth of silver laid dence, and his efforts were studiously on his breakfast table, every morning, directed to the propagation of Wbig to divide among the poor. principles. As an aroma of sweet- ORIGINAL LETTER of WASHINGTON, scented loyalty, he generously gave addressed to siDY MOHAMMED, Emaway from £400 to £800 per annum,

peror of Morocco. to the friends of liberty in distress. His Great and Magnanimous Friend, charity, as is well known, extended al

Since the date of the letter, which so to colleges and universities.

the late congress, by their president,

addressed to your Imperial Majesty, being asked for a motto to a publication, the United States of America have in which the subject of discussion was thought proper to change their governthe Isle of Man, jocosely replied : ment, and to institute a new one, agree“ The proper study of mankind is man."

able to the constitution, of which I have On the unfinished bust of BRUTUS, the honour of herewith enclosing a

at FLORENCE : MICHAEL ANGELO, copy. The time necessarily employed Sculptor.

in this arduous task, and the derange. Brutum offinxisset kulptor, sed mente recurat, Mala visi vistus, sistit et obstupuit.

ments occasioned by so great, thougla

BURKE.

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ARTHUR MURPHY.

peaceable a revolution, will apologize Majesty of the high sense (which is and account for your Majesty's not common with the whole nation) I enhaving received those regular advices tertain of the magnanimity, wisdom and marks of attention from the United and benevolence of your Majesty. States, which the friendship and mag In the course of the approaching nanimity of your conduct towards them, winter, the National Legislature, (which afforded reason to expect.

is called hy the former name of ConThe United States, having unani- gress) will assemble, and I shall take mously appointed me to the supreme care that nothing be omitted that may executive authority in the nation, your be necessary to cause the corresponMajesty's letter, of the 17th August, dence between our countries to be 1738, which by reason of the dissolu- maintained and conducted in a manner tion of the late government, remained agreeable to your Majesty, and satisunanswered, has been delivered to me; factory to all the parties concerned in it. I have also received the letters which May the Almighty bless your Impeyour Imperial Majesty has been so rial Majesty, our great and magnanikind as to write in favour of the United mous friend, with his constant guidance States, to the Bashaws of Tunis and and protection. Tripoli, and I present to you the sin Written at the City of New York, cere acknowledgments and thanks of the first day of December, 1789. the United States, for this important (Signed) G. WASHINGTON. mark of your friendship for them. We greatly regret that the hostile

I walked to town with Mr. Murphy, disposition of those regencies towards on the fast day, Nov. 29, 1798. He this nation, who have never injured lived in Queen's Buildings, Knightsthem, is not to be removed on terms in bridge. We had useful discourse on a our power to comply with. Within variety of matters, as he could combine our territories there are no mines, either instruction with elegant entertainment. of gold or silver, and this young nation, It appeared that he had been always just recovering from the waste and averse to the principle of the American desolation of a long war, have not, as war, and though he had an employyet had time to acquire riches by agri- ment under government, as commisculture and commerce. But our soil is sioner of bankrupts, as the friend of bountiful, and our people industrious ; political morality and of common sense, and we have reason to flatter ourselves he could blame the madness of the exthat we shall gradually become useful isting ministers. As a writer he had to our friends.

no little claims to attention, and he The encouragement which your Ma- wished well to his country, but in his jesty has been pleased, generously, to literary labours, never attempted any give to our commerce with your domi- thing, in the way of party. nions ; the punctuality with which you

DUNG have caused the treaty with us to be should not be applied to wheat crops, observed, and the just and generous as it makes the land foul, and it has measures taken, in the case of Captain long been observed by myself and othProctor, make a deep impression on ers, that though there may be a great the United States, and confirm their burden of straw, there will be but little respect for, and attachment to your Im- wheat. Dung is most beneficial, and perial Majesty.

at times may be absolutely necessary It gives me pleasure to have this op- to potatoes, turnips and the artificial portunity of assuring your Majesty that grasses, making wheat the last crop in while I remain at the head of this na the course. See Scott's Poem on tion, I shall not cease to promote every Farming. measure that may conduce to the GILBERT WAKEFIELD. (1800). friendship and harmony which so hap Of this gentleman, who occupies such pily subsist between your empire and a space in the department of classical them, and shall esteem myself happy criticism, report testifies that he can on every occasion, of convincing your never sleep out of his own house, and

that from the time he goes to his bro- sagacity is to be found in this ancient ther's at Richinond, until his return, he hauteur; we discover a more solid never sleeps.

foundation capable of sustaining militaIt is also a remarkable trait in the ry operations, in the practical schools of. character of so benevolent a man, that proficiency, established by the policy of he attended all public executions, so as the revolution. Introduced to a milito be noticed as a constant attendant tary life, on that general scale, Moreau by the persons officially engaged in was soon elected commander of a battalthese exaggerations of justice. He de- ion of National Guards. Then devotscribed it as a study of human nature ! ing himself to the various occupations SUPERSTITION.

of his profession, his whole attention diAt Wavertree, near Liverpool, is a rected to a single object, we behold him well which during many ages has borne, rising through all the gradations of serand still bears, the following monkish vice, till we find him by the brilliancy inscription :

of personal talents, exalted to supreme Qui non dat quod habet,

command. His skill in the direction of Dæmon infra ridet.

military energies was early shewn, and The language is not very courtly, and it is unnecessary to dilate upon it. joined with the sentiment, imports that

RICH SPENCER." every wise man will readily give some

Among the citizens of London, it has thing—who does not, let him be devot- not in any period of its history produed to destruction.

ced one who possessed more public Alms were formerly solicited here— spirit, wealth, and patriotism, than Sir and the devil below served all the pur- John Spencer, who was lord mayor in poses of a loaded pistol, to the igno- 1594. This princely citizen is said to rant traveller, who was thereby intimi- have died possessed of £800,000, acdated out of his money.

quired in the pursuits of commerce. In George II. had implicit faith in the a curious pamphlet printed in 1651, German notion of vampyres. This is there is the following singular anecaffirmed, with the dry precision of his- dote respecting “Rich Spencer,” for so torical truth, by Horace Walpole. Sir John was usually called.

“In Queen Elizabeth's days, a pirate By a singular variety of fortune, be of Dunkirk laid a plot with twelve of was the secret adviser of Prince Rupert, his mates, to carry away Sir John Spennephew of Charles I. and the favourite cer ; which if he had done, £50,000 tutor of Mr. Dutton, nephew to Oliver would not have redeemed him. He Cromwell, to the father of whom, he al- came over the seas in a shallop, with 12 so acted as Latin secretary, under Mil- musketeers, and in the night came into ton. He was afterwards one of the Barking Creek, and left the shallop in protectors of Milton.

the custody of six of his men, and with A CONQUEROR

the other six came as far as Islington, is thus defined by Fenelon : “ Un Con- and there hid themselves in ditches, querunt est un homme, fc. A con near the path in which Sir John came queror is a man whom God, in the dis- to bis house ; but by the providence of pensation of his Providence, lets loose God, Sir John, upon some extraordina, upon mankind as a formidable and in.

ry occasion, was forced to stay in Lonexorable despoiler, inflicting a dreadful don that night, otherwise they had ta· punishment on a devoted country, and ken him away; and they, fearing they

making as many slaves as there are should be discovered, in the night time free men.” May I not be permitted to came to their shallop, and so came safe add : “ Disfiguring the works of man, to Dunkirk again." frequently profaning the name and vio Sir John Spencer left an only daughlating the altars of the great God !" ter, who was carried off from CanonbuGENERAL MOREAU,

ry House (Sir John's residence] in a Prior to the French revolution, had baker's basket, by William LordCompapplied for a sub-lieutenancy of Dra- ton, who married her. Fron) this union goons, but was refused, as not being of the Earls of Northampton are linealls noble birth. Only a small portion of descended.

ANDREW MARVEL.

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