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kindred, families, and clans, were con- crowd of people passing the bridge. firmed by many ties. It has been a Coming nearer, he observed a person uniform practice in the families of the carrying a small coffin, followed by Campbells of Melford, Duntroon, and about twenty gentlemen, all of his acDunstaffnage, that, when the head of quaintance, his own father and mine either family died, the chief mourners being of the number, with a concourse should be two other lairds, one of of the country people. He did not atwhom supported the head to the grave, tempt to join, but saw them turn off to while the other walked before the corpse. the right in the direction of the churchIn this manner friendship took the yard, which they entered. He then place of the nearest consanguinity ; for proceeded on his intended visit, much even the oldest sons of the deceased impressed froin what he had seen with were not permitted to interfere with a feeling of awe ; and believing it to this arrangement. The first progeni- have been a representation of the deah tors of these families were three sons of and funeral of a child of the family. In the family of Argyle, who took this this apprehension he was more confirmmethod of preserving the friendship, ed, as he knew my father was at Blair, and securing the support of their pos- and that he had left his own father at terity to one another.
home an hour before. The whole reThe superstitions of the highlanders ceived confirmation in his mind by the are very extraordinary. We must not sudden death of the boy the following omit the following remarkable instance night, and the consequent funeral,which of the second sight which occurred in was exactly like that before represented the family of the gallant author, and is to his imagination. This gentleman one of the many instances which makes was not a professed seer. it impossible to doubt the strength of his first and his last vision ; and, as he that wonderful delusion :
told me, it was sufficient.
No reason“ Late in an autumnal evening, in ing or argument could convince him the year 1773, the son of a neighbour- that the appearance was an illusion. ing gentleman came to my father's When a man of education and general house. He and my mother were from knowledge of the world, as this gentlehome, but several friends were in the man was, became so bewildered in his house. The young gentleman spoke imaginations, and that even so late as but little, and seemed in deep thought the year 1773, it cannot be matter of Soon after he arrived, he enquired for surprise that the poetical enthusiasm a boy of the family, then about three of the highlanders, in their days of royears of age. When shown into the mance and chivalry, should have prenursery, the nurse was trying on a disposed them to credit wonders which pair of new shoes, and complaining so deeply interested them.” that they did not fit. “ They will fit The following are strong instances of him before he has occasion for them.” that simplicity and nice sense of honsaid the young gentleman. This call- our which we believe to be charactered forth the chidings of the nurse for istic of this people :predicting evil to the child who was “ In the common transactions of the stout and healthy. When he returned people, written obligations were seldom to the party he had left in the setting. required, and although bargains were room, who had heard his observation frequently conducted in the most prion the shoes, they cautioned him to vate manner, there were few instances take care that the nurse did not de- of a failure in, or denial of their engagerange his new talent of the second ments. A gentleman of the name of sight with some ironical congratula- Stewart agreed to lend a considerable tions on his pretended acquirement. sum of money to a neighbour. When This brought on an explanation, when they had met, and the money was alhe told them, that as he approached ready counted down on the table, the the end of a wooden bridge thrown borrower offered a receipt. As soon across a stream a short distance from as the lender (grandfather to the late the house, he was astonished to see a Mr. Stewart of Balachulish) beard
this, he immediately collected the mo- settled, his neighbour said, “ You are ney, saying, that a man who could not now paid ; I would not for my best cow trust his own word without a bond, that I should sleep while you wanted should not be trusted by him, and money after your term of payment, should have none of his money, which and that I should be the last in the he put up in his purse and returned country in your debt.” Unfortunately, home.* An inhabitant of the same dis- new regulations, new views of highland trict kept a retail shop for nearly fifty statistics, and the novel practice of letyears, and supplied the whole district, ting land to the highest bidder, regardthen full of people, with all their little less of the fidelity and punctual paymerchandize. He neither gave norment of old occupiers have made a measked any receipts. At Martinmas lancholy change.” of each year, he collected the amount It grieves us to hear of the change of his sales, which was always to aday. to which Colonel Stewart hear alludes. In one of his annual rounds, a custom- Throughout the whole the work there er happened to be from home, conse- is a strain of very affecting lamentation quently be returned unpaid ; but be- over the perishing characteristics of this fore he was out of bed the following noble people.
To what causes are morning, he was awakened by a call these changes to be attributed ? That from his customer, who came to pay is an interesting question, but one on his account. After the business was which we cannot at present enter.
WALPOLE'S SECRET MEMOIRS. THIS work, of which high expecta- slanderer is alike secure from contra
tions have been excited for a long diction and recrimination, however time, appeared on Saturday last. falsely he may have maligned characWhether it will fully gratify or disap- ter. The premeditated cruelty of point the public we will not pretend to writing these Memoirs, and consigning decide; but we may safely say that it them to a future generation, blackening is a very curious addition to the class of as they do the past age, is not to be letters to which it belongs, and one contemplated without feelings of indiglikely to be read with great interest, nation, if not of absolute horror. though that interest be founded as much
It is stated in a preface that the MSS. on its objectionable morality as on its
were placed by the late Lord Orford in a intelligence, point, and historical value; chest, sealed, and directed by his will to be for it is a shocking thing both in prin- opened when Lord Waldegrave attained ciple and in practice to encourage that the age of twenty-five. That period havsystem of posthumous assassination of ing transpired, and ten years over, the bos
was opened, and found to contain many which these volumes furnish so atro- volunes,including the one now printed. The cious an example. It is revolting to preface goes on to palliate the guilt of the human nature to have the dead of half writer ; and tries to disarm, a priori, the a century recalled from their tombs,
censure which must have been anticipated like spirits under the sorceries of some of almost every eminent person introduced
upon a production so injurious to the fame vile enchanter, and held up to grinning into its pages, whose reputations are stabscorn or infamy. The base coward- bed as mercilessly by the refined butcher of ice of such conduct is only equalled by characters, as the bodies of his victims are
mangled by a savage. "No man is now its injustice. The ashes of men can
alive (it says) whose character or conduct is not protect their memories ; and the the subject of praise or censure in these
* When their money agreements or other negotiations were to be concluded and confirmed, the contracting parties went out by themseives to the open air, and looking upwards, called heaven to witness their engagements, at the same time each party repeating the promise of payment, and, by way of seal, putting a mark on some remarkable stone, or other natural object, which had been noticed by those ancestors whose memory they so much respected and loved.
+ Memoires of the last Ten Years of the Reign of George the Second. By Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford. From the original MS. London, 1822.
Memoires.” If they were, they could an ELEGY ON THE DEATH OF FREDERICK, swer for themselves, and repel calumnies
PRINCE OF WALES. heaped safely upon their unconscious dust;
Here lies Fred, but there are none but children and de
Who was alive and is dead. scendants to regret with bitterness, because
Had it been his father, they are not in a condition to refute these
I had much rather : grievous inflictions upon their best feelings
Had it been his brother, as they affect those dearer to them than
Still better than another; life itself, their beloved benefactors and
Had it been his sister, venerated parents.
No one would have missed her ; Confining our present extracts to the Had it been the whole generation, year 1751, the details of which occupy
Still better for the nation ;
But since 'tis only Fred, 206 pages of the first volume, we shall
Who was alive and is dead, select as many of the sketches of char
There's no more to be said. acter, and as many of the amusing anecdotes, as our limits permit, and insert
Many of the anecdotes scattered them without attempting to chain them over the epitome of Parliamentary detogether by the narrative. In the first bates, and the history of political indivision, the death of Frederic Prince of trigues, are piquant and entertaining : Wales is by far the most striking event his knees for protracting the Westmin
Mr. Crowle was reprimanded on One of Prince Frederick's compositions is given in the Appendix :
As he rose from the ground,* he wiTHE CHARMS OF SYLVIA.
ped his knees, and said, “ it was the dirtiBy the Prince of Wales on the Princess. est house he had ever been in.". 'Tis not the liquid brightness of those eyes,
Soon after Mr. Winnington deserted the
Tories, and had made a strong speech on . That swim with pleasure and delight,
the other side, Sir
John Cotton was abusing Nor those heavenly arches which arise
him to Sir Robert Walpole, and said, “ that O'er each of them to shade their light.
young dog promised that he would always ?Tis not that hair which plays with ev'ry wind, stand by us." Sir Robert replied, “ I ad And loves to wanton round thy face:
vise my young men never to use always." Now straying round the forehead, now behind “ Yet," said Cotton, stammering, “ you Retiring with insidious grace.
yourself are very apt to make use of all'Tis not that lovely range of teeth so white,
ways." As new-shorn sheep equal and fair;
Mr. Townshend had quitted the army at Nor e'en that smile, the heart's delight,
the end of the last year, had connected With which no smile could e'er compare :
himself with the prince, and took all op'Tis not that chin so round, that neck so fine,
portunities of opposing any of the Duke's Those breasts that swell to meet my love,
measures, and ridicnling him, and drawing That easy sloping waist, that form divine,
caricatures of him and his court, which he Nor aught below, nor aught above.
did with much humour. A bon-mot of his 'Tis not the living colours over each
was much repeated ; soon after he had By nature's finest pencil wrought,
quitted the army, he was met at a review on
the parade by Colonel Fitzwilliam, one of To shame the full-blown rose, and blooming peach,
the duke's military spies, who said to him, And mock the happy painter's thought :
“ How came you, Mr. Townshend, to do No-'tis that gentleness of mind, that love
us this honour ?-but I suppose you only So kindly answering my desire ;
come as a spectator !” Mr. Townshend reThat grace with which you look and speak,and move, plied, " and why may not one come bither That thus has set my sonl on fire.
as a Spectator, Sir, as well as a Taltler?" The elegy on the death of Prince Speaking of Lord ChesterfieldFrederick is also noted in the Ap Nothing was cried up but, his integrity, pendix.
though he would have laughed at any man It was probably the effusion of some
who really had any confidence in his moJacobite royalist. That' faction could rality: and how little he repented' his nego
ciations at Avignon, would appear, if a not forgive the Duke of Cumberland story told of him is authentic (which I do his excesses, or successes, in Scotland; not vouch,) that being at Dublin in the and they indulged in frequent,unfeeling, height of the rebellion, a zealous bisbor and scurrilous personalities on every
came to him one morning before he was ·
out of bed, and told him he had great branch of the reigning family.
grounds to believe the Jacobites were going Crowle was a noted punster. Once on a circuit with Page, a person asked him if the judge was not just behind ? He replied, "I don't know; but I ain sure he never was jus! before."
to rise. The lord lieutenant coolly looked Doddington of a third, the chief ornament at his watch, and replied, “I fancy they of which was the Earl of Bute, a Scotch. are, my lord, for it is nine o'clock."
man, who, having no estate, had passed his When the Duke of Cumberland was youth in studying mathematics and me
chanics in his own little island, then simdefeated at the battle of Laffelt,
ples in the hedges about Twickenham, and It is said, that after the loss of that day, at five and thirty had fallen in love with his an Eaglish captive telling a French officer, own figure, which he produced at masque that they had been very near taking the rades in becoming dresses, and in plays Duke prisoner, the Frenchman replied, which he acted in private companies with a “ We took care of that; he does us more set of his own relations. He became a service at the head of your army.". personal favourite of the prince, and Fas • A mortification of a slighter sort followed so lucky just now as to give up a pension soon after the Regency Bill, that shewed to be one of the lords of his bedchamber. the Duke in what light he had appeared at Bishop Secker.—March 10th. The king his brother's court. Prince George making would not go to chapel, because Secker, him a visit, asked to see his apartment, Bishop of Oxford, was to preach before biu. where there are few ornaments but arms. The ministers did not insist upon his hear. The Duke is neither curious nor magnifi- ing the sermon, as they had lately upon his cent. To amuse the boy, he took down a making him dean of St. Paul's. Character sword and drew it. The young prince and popularity do not always depend upon turned pale and trembled, and thought his the circumstances that ought to compose uncle was going to murder him. The duke either. This bishop, who had been bred a was extremely shocked, and complained to presbyterian and man-midwife, which sect the princess of the impressions that had and profession he had dropt for a season, been instilled into the child against him. while he was president of a very thinking
George II. is painted as remarkably club,* had been converted by Bishop Talfond of money.
bot, whose relation he married, and his
faith settled in a prebend of Durham : from Soon after his first arrival in England, thence he was transplanted at the recom.
one of the bedchamber women, mendation of Dr. Bland, by the queen, and with whom he was in love, seeing him count advanced by her (who had no aversion to a his money over very often, said to him, medley of religions, which she always com
Sir, I can bear it no longer ; if you count pounded into a scheme of heresy of her your inoney once more, I will leave the own,] to the living of St. James's, vacant room."
by the death of her favourite Arian, Dr. The Queen of Denmark in her last Clarke, and afterwards to the bishoprics
of Bristol and Oxford. It is incredible, how moments
popular he grew in his parish, and how .. wrote a moving letter to the King, much some of his former qualifications the Duke, and her sisters to take leave of contributed to heighten bis present doce them. This letter, and the similitude of
trines. His discourses from the pulpit, her's and her mother's death, struck the which, by a fashion that he introduced, King in the sharpest manner, and made
were a kind of moral essays, were as clear him break out in warm expressions of pas- from quotations of Scripture, as when he sion and tenderness. He said, “ This has presided in a less Christian society; but been a fatal year to my family! I lost my what they wanted of Gospel, was made up eldest son—but I am glad of it;-then the by a tone of fanaticism that he still retainPrince of Orange died, and left every ed. He had made a match between & thing in confusion. Poor little Edward daughter of the late Duke of Kent and e has been cut open (for an imposthume in Dr. Gregory, whose talents would have his side,) and now the Queen of Denmark been extremely thrown away in any priestis gone! I know I did not love my children hood, where celibacy was one of the ind when they were young ; I hated to have junctions. He had been presented with a them running into my room ; but now I noble service of plate for a marriage be. love them as well as most fathers."
tween the heiress of the same Duke of Kent The Sketches of Characters are nu- and the chancellor's son, and was now forcmerous and bitterly caustic. For ex- ed upon the king by the gratitude of the ampie, Lord Bute.
same minister, though he had long been in
disgrace for having laid his plan for CanterThe prince's court, composed of the re- bury in the interest he had cultivated at the fuse of every party, was divided into twenty prince's court. But even the church had small ones. Lord Egmont at the head of its renegades in politics, and the king was one, Nugent of another, consisting of him. obliged to fling open his asylum to all kind self and two more, Lady Middlesex and of deserters ; content with not speaking to
* Here is my evidence. Mr. Robyns said he had known him an atheist, and had advised him against talking so openly in coffee houses. Mr. Stevens, a mathematician, who lives much in the house with Earl Powlett, says Secker made him an atheist at Leyden, where the club was established.
them at his levee, or listening to them in which made him so popular, that, notwiththe pulpit !
standing his failing soon afterwards in an Lord Chief Justice Willes was designed attempt upon Carthagena, and after that, for chancellor. He had been raised by Sir more blameably upon Cuba, he was chosen Robert Walpole, though always browbeat- into parliament for several places, had his en by haughty Yorke, and hated by the head painted on every sign, and his birthPelhams, for that very attachment to their day kept twice in one year. Yet as his own patron. As Willes's pature was more courage was much greater than his sense, open, he returned their aversion with little his reputation was much greater than his reserve He was not wont to disguise any courage : one should have thought that the of his passions. That for gaming was no- lightness of his head would have buoyed torious, for womeo unbounded. There was up his heart in any extremity! He had a remarkable story current of a grave per- withdrawn himself but very awkwardson's coming to reprove the scandal hely from two or three private quarrels, gave, and to tell himn that the world talked and lost his public character with stili of one of his maid servants being with greater infamy ; for being out of huchild. Willes said, “What is that to me?" mour with the Admiralty, he published a The monitor answered, “Oh! but they say series of letters and instructions from that it is by your lordship." " And what is that board in the very heat of the rebellion, by to you?" He had great quickness of wit, which he betrayed our spies and intelliand a merit that would atone for many foi- gence to the French, and was removed bles, his severity to, and discouragement of from all command wil ignominy. He that pest of society, attorneys: hence his raised great wealth by the war, and by his court was deserted by them; and all the economy, and was at last chosen one of the business they could transport, carried into directors of the new herring fisheries, the chancery, where Yorke's filial piety which occasioned the following epigram : would not refuse an asylum to his father's Long in the senate had brave Vernon rail'd, profession.
And all mankind with bitter tongue assail'd; Edward Vernon, a silly noisy admiral, Sick of his noise, we wearied Heav'n with who, towards the beginning of the war with
prayer, Spain, was rash enough to engage to take In his own element to place the tar : Porto Bello with six ships only, and rash The gods at length have yielded to our wish, enough to accomplish his engagement, And bade him rule o'er Billingsgate and fish.
(lo some of our Numbers we inserted an abstract of the romance of The Solitaire (The Recluse) by the Vicomte d'Arlincourt. The same author has recently published another romance, entitled Le Renegat, (The Renegade,) wbich has already gone through several editions, and promises to be no less popular than its precursor. The story, which is not quite so interesting as that of the Recluse, is, upon the whole, somewhat irregular and disconnected ; but in the condensed form in which we now present it to our readers, this fault will be found to be in a great measure removed. We subjoin the commencement of the epitome of the Renegade, which will be concluded in one or two of our forthcoming Numbers.) THE last beams of the setting sun a messenger from the French camp, and
had disappeared from the moun- he had just arrived from Béziers, which tains of Cevennes, when suddenly the was then besieged by the Saracens.-sound of the horn was heard before the He raised his visor. The dejection walls of the ancient fortress of Luteve : painted on his countenance proved him the drawbridge of the feudal manor was to be the bearer of evil tidings. The lowered; the massive entrance gate servants of Ezilda, amidst surprise and was thrown open ; and, in the armory alarm, recognise Ostalrie, one of the of the gothic edifice, a French knight valiant warriors of Charles Martel, a solicited the honour of a moment's con- chief who was formerly crowned with versation with the beautiful Ezilda, prin- glory, but whom Fortune now seemed to cess of Cevennes, the daughter of the abandon.* castellain Theobert. The stranger was The children of Ismael, aided by the
Charles Martel, Maire du Palais, the son of Pepin Heristal and Alpaide, defeated Rainfroi, Maire du Palais 10 Chilperic II. and placed himself at the bead of the government of France in the year 718. He ruled under the names of various kings, until the death of Thierri, in the year 737, when he reigned alone, under the title of Duke of France.
29 ATHENEUM VOL. 11.