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favourable return to his passion on the A message from his master and mis part of any lady of our court,who can in tress gave him soon occasion to join honour receive & reward his affection." them at the Baths. « Well, you have

Do you, then, sound your cousin now recovered your gaiety, my distruston this matter," rejoined the Duke ; ful Page,” exclaimed the Duke with an “ for my conjecture is right, as time arch smile, as he approached. The will doubtless show."

youth looked with consternation at the The fair Agnes owned to her friend speaker :-" the gentle Agnes was not and mistress, what she had before con- obdurate, I dare say-Approach, then, fessed to her own heart,--that the beau- and thank your fair advocate here : the tiful youth was not to her an indifferent Duchess I mean : she it was did a good object ; and she added, that, for some office for you with her lovely cousin !" time past,she had suspected it was even

Henry felt despair circling his heart, as the Duchess surmised. It appeared and freezing it, with each word of this to her, that she was regarded with incli- address. His resolution was instantly nation by the Duke's Page---though as taken ; and this enabled him to preyet he had not said a syllable of his serve his calmness. His cheek was passion--for she had observed, that his pale, but it changed not : his eye te eyes were ever directed to the balcony mained steady, as he made a common where she usually sat with the Duchess, place reply,--and the Duke and the --and once he had been seen to press

Duchess congratulated themselves on eagerly to his lips a handkerchief which the restoration of the Page's tranquillity: she had just dropt from her hand, after The 18th of May was the birth-day taking it from the neck of her royal re- of the Duchess : on that morning the lation.

rich cavalcade set off for the Castle of With this news delighted, and eager Kynast, meaning to celebrate the joyful to declare them, the Duchess hastened festival by chivalrous sports. Henry to her husband; who forthwith ordered rode by his mistress's carriage, on a that his court should take a journey of beautiful horse, which she had given to pleasure to the baths of Warmbrunn, him that day twelvemonth. Every one that were even then much celebrated; remarked the paleness of bis countecontriving at the same time, that the nance; but an unusual fire sparked in two lovers (as they were esteemed) his eyes, and altogether he seemed to should be left behind, thus giving them exult, rather than, as of late, to mourn. good opportunity of coming to an ex- There was general satisfaction expressplanation. The Duchess, as she went ed at the happy change. The Page's to her palfrey, conducted by the ever- steed seemed determined to show his assiduous Henry, whispered in his ear: master to the greatest possible advan“ Be of good heart, wait with patience tage. He went snorting with courage; till we return, and then you shall be sometimes playing disdainfully with the happy.” The Page was thunderstruck: earth,which he struck with short bounds; her words thrilled thro' him : he could then rearing as if in fury; then springscarcely stand; and the gracious lady, ing forward as if maddened by restraint, seeing his extreme agitation, turned to- --yet all the while proud of his rider's wards him her eyes, that beamed with sway, and never for one instant escapinfinite kindness, and reached him hering, or seeming to escape from the sehand to kiss. He fell on his knees, as cret invisible power of his flexible he received the unlooked-for boon,– practised hand. All eyes were fixed and when he returned to his chamber, on the gallant youth, and above all after the Duchess's departure, he was those of the Duchess,—who that day almost convulsed by the force and va- seemed to berself to feel an interest riety of his feelings. Did he understand in him of a more remarkable nature her aright? His duty to his lord, than what she had ever before expericould he forget it ? · Gratitude ! Hon- enced,and which created something our ! Love ! all these considerations like an agitation in her heart for which worked in his mind with the fury of a she could not account. His pale face, volcano.

his beaming eyes, rivetted her attention

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She could not take her looks from from below greeted his triumph; the them; and once she uttered a short utmost silence then prevailed, for all hasty cry of alarm, as the spirited burned with curiosity to hear procharger appeared to expose his rider nounced the name of her who had to peril

. The Page, on these occa- gained the heart of Henry of Chila. sions, bowed gracefully but seriously “He is about to utter the name of Agtowards his mistress; and altogether nes," said the Duchess to one of her he seemed like one who had suddenly Ladies—and as she said this, she sighacquired new and high privileges, ed. “He has done a dangerous feat which he was incapable to abuse, but for her,” she added.—Henry raised proud of possessing.

the cup in his right hand ; the sun was A sumptuous banquet was given to setting,--its rays flashed upon him hothe Knights and retainers on the great rizontally, kindling the fair locks that lawn before the Castle ; and, after this, streamed about his face, disordered Ethą took her seat beneath a splendid by the exercise of climbing. He stood canopy to witness the games. They like a divine mesenger, about to comwere many and various, of an athletic municate the will of heaven to mortals. kind and in these the Page distin- The silence grew more fixed and deep. guished himself, as he was wont ;-few Not a breath was suffered to escape. could compete with him in agility or I drink," exclaimed he, with a s courage. The last trial of both now loud voice,“ to my Mistress, to her only remained : it had been ordered whom I love--to Etha, Duchess of by the masters of the festival, that, Leignitzwife of my most esteemed to conclude the day's exercises, a prize and honoured Master, the Dukeof a golden chain should be awarded whom I have ever served with fidelity to him, who should dare to climb the --and to whom in the moment of death warder's lofty tower-overlooking the I declare my gratitude." precipice on which the Castle stood- A piercing shriek was uttered by the by the projecting stones of the external Duchess, as she turned away her head wall-a difficult and perilous task, for too well she foresaw what was which it was thought few would attempt, about to happen. The Duke sprung and perhaps none perform. The con- forward, exclaiming " in the name of ditions were, that the successful person God! Hold !A loud cry of Jesu (if any succeeded) when standing on Maria was the next instant set up by the extreme parapet, should receive a the whole multitude,—and the body of goblet, filled with wine, from the war- the unfortunate Page lay mangled and der's hand : that, thus elevated in the lifeless on the stones beneath the Caseyes of all, he should pronounce the tle-wall ! name of his mistress ; drink her health Deep sobs, and stifled screams were in the contents of the cup, and then, de- heard to come from under the canopy; scending, receive the chain he had won, and a sad agitation and hurried mofrom the hands of the Duchess herself. ments prevailed there amongst the at

Many young cavaliers made the at- tendants. The Abbot of Lambus adtempt,-but soon relinquished it. The vanced towards the corpse, crossing danger and fatigue were too great. At his hands over his breast, and exclaimlast the trumpets announced that Henrying in a trembling voice, of Chila was about to essay the enter- POOR SOUL MAY GOD HAVE MERCY !" prize. He was observed to look earn ---" To his


God have estly at the Duchess as he advanced to mercy,” was solemnly ejaculated by the foot of the rock. He was soon the crowd with one voice; and the seen ascending ; and, while the crowd echoes in the mountains around were held their breaths, under the influence thrice heard to repeat the word “ of admiration and horror mingled, the cy.The Duke ordered the remains of adventurous youth gained the summit, his Page to be collected for burial in the -and stood erect and firm on the fear- Ducal vault at Leignitz ; and masses ful height. The warder held out to were celebrated at Warmbrunn for the him the bowl filled with wine ; a shout soul of the departed.






Continued. ADMIRAL BYNG'S TRIAL AND TRAGICAL ed the King to pledge bis royal word

that he would save no delinquent from B

UT to observe chronological order, justice. A promise that, being dictated

we must return to 175ő, in which by men secure of the parliament, plainyear began that tragedy which is an in- lý indicated on what class of criminals delible stain upon its actors—we mean punishment was not designed to be inthe murder of Admiral Byng, of which Aicted. The Duke of Newcastle, inWalpole gives most interesting details. deed, could with more propriety than For ourselves, we call it a murder, not the rest engage the the King in a promsimply because it does appear that no ise, seemingly indefinite, he, who with crime meriting death was committed, a volubility of timorous folly, when a but because it is evident that the life of deputation of the city bad made repres the unfortunate officer was never con- sentations to him against the admiral, sidered in any other light than as affect- blurted out, “ Oh ! indeed he shall be ing place and party purposes. The tried immediately, he shall be hanged question was not of guilt or innocence directly." in the individual, but of faction and As the day approached for the exeambitious views in his ultimate judges. cution of the admiral, symptoms of an If he is shot, shall we be absolved ? if extraordinary nature discovered themhe is not executed as a 'sca pe-goat, shall selves. Lord Hardwicke had forgot we be able to remain in power ? seem to make the clergy declare murder into be the only questions which nocent, as the lawyers had been induthese wretches asked of their bo- ced to find law in what no man else

Thank God ! such a thing could find sense. Lord Anson himself, could not happen in Britain now : we in midnight fits of weakness and wine, have our national follies, and our na- held forth at Arthur's on his anxiety to tional vices too, but nothing so atro- to have Mr. Byng spared ; and even cious as the catastrophe of Admiral went so far as to break forth abruptly Byng could be, were it (which is in- to Lord Halifax, the admiral's relation credible) wished to be, acted. Walpole by marriage, “Good Good ! my lord, says,

what shall we do to save poor Mr. * From Portsmouth, Byng, strictly Byng?” The earl replied, “ My lord, guarded, at once to secure him from if you really mean it, no man can do so the mob and inflame their resentment, much towards it as yourself.” Keppel, was transferred to Greenwich. His a friend of Anson, and one of the judgbehaviour continued so cheerfully firm es, grew restless with remorse. Lest and unconcerned, that those who these achs of conscience should be conthought most moderately of his con- tagious, the King was plied with antiduct, thought full as moderately of his dotes. Papers were posted up with understanding. Yet, if he could be paltry rhymes, saying, allowed a judge, Lord Anson had, in “ Hang Byng, the year 1755, given the strongest tes Or take care of your King." timonial in Byng's favour, recommend- Anonymous letters were sent to terrify ing him particularly for an essential him if he was pardoned ; and,what could service, as one whose head and heart not be charged too on mob-libellists, he would always answer.

was threatened, that unless Mr. Byng Addresses poured in against Byng, was shot, the city would refuse to raise for the loss of Minorca, to which the money for Hanover.' Fowke's conduct had so much conduced. We have no hesitation in saying that

But the strongest (says our authori- we utterly discredit these libels on huty) and most dictatorial was that pre- manity ; but as our ideas of Walpole's sented from the City of London ; to veracity will be adduced on other which the trembling ministers persuad- points, we shall hold them in abeyance

now, to conclude his account of the selves till two in the morning. Thus fate of Byng, after the debate in the the last chance was lost. Had the first Lords on that question, when the midnight emotion been seized, it might Members of the Court Martial (some- have spread happily—at least the King how or other retracted their position could not have pleaded his promise of in his favour, and left the victim to his severity pledged to the city. I hesitate sad lot.

even to mention what I will not exWalpole continues

plain, as I cannot prove my suspicion : • The affair having concluded in this but I was eye-witness to a secret and extraordinary manner, the friends of particular conference between DickinMr. Byng could no longer expect any son and another man, who, I have but mercy. If he could be brought to the too much reason to think, had a black verge of death after such a sentence commission. and such a recommendation from his The fatal morning arrived, but was judges; if the remorse of those judg- by no means met by the admiral with es could only interpose ; undoubtedly reluctance. The whole tenor of his their retracting all distress of con- behaviour had been cheerful, steady, science, and upholding their sentence dignified, and sensible. While he felt in a firmer manner than when they first like a victim, he acted like a hero. Inpronounced it, could neither give the deed he was the only man whom his King a new handle to pardon, nor any enemies had had no power to bend to hopes to the admiral's well wishers. their purposes. He always received

The 14th of March was appointed with indignation any proposal from his for execution. Yet one more unex- friends of practising an escape; an adpected event seemed to promise another vantage he scorned to lend to clamour. interruption. The city of London had Of his fate he talked with indifferall along assumed that unamiable de- ence; and neither shunned to hear the portment of a free government, incon- requisite dispositions, nor affected pasiderate clamour for punishment. But rade in them. For the last fortnight as a mob is always the first engine of he constantly declared that he would not severity, so it is generally the foremost, suffer a handkerchief over his face, often the sole body that melts and feels that it might be seen whether he becompassion when it is too late. Their trayed the least symptom of fear; and favourite spectacle is a brave sufferer. when the minute arrived, adhered to his This time they anticipated tenderness. purpose. He took an easy leave of On the 9th, at eleven at night, four To- his friends, detained the officers not a ry aldermen went to Dickinson, the moment, went directly to the deck, and lord mayor, to desire he would summon placed himself in a chair with neither a common council, intending to pro- ceremony nor lightness. Some of the mote a petition to the King to spare the more humane officers represented to admiral. The motion was imputed to him, that his face being uncovered, Mr. Pitt. The magistrate, as unfeel- might throw reluctance into the execuingly formal as if he had been the first tioners ; and besought him to suffer a magistrate in the kingdom, replied, it handkerchief. He replied with the was too late; he would be at home till same unconcern, “ If it will frighten noon of the next day. On the mor- them, let it be done : they would not row they sent to him not to dismiss his frighten me.” His eyes were bound ; officers—but he heard no more, though they shot, and he fell at once. * they continued squabbling among them

• The following extracts from our author's correspondence in MS. corroborates the account given in the text, and as it contains some further particulars, may be acceptable to the reader.

March 17, 1757, Admiral Byog's tragedy was completed on Monday-a perfect tragedy for there were variety of incidents, villajny, murder, and a hero. His sufferings, persecutions, aspersions, disi urbances, nay, the revolutions of his fate, had not in the least anhinged his mind; his wbole behaviour was natural and firm. A few days before, one of his friends standing by him, said, “ Which of us is tallest ?" He replied, “Why this

It has often been remarked, that say nothing of Mr. Byng's duels ; Cowhoever dies in public, dies well. Per- ards have ventured life for reputation : haps those, who, trembling most, main- I say nothing of his having been a tain a dignity in their fate, are the brav- warm persecutor of Admiral Matthews: est : resolution on reflection is real cowards, like other guilty persons, are courage. It is less condemnable, than often severe against failings, which they a melancholy vain-glory, when some hope to conceal in themselves, by conmen are ostentatious at their death.- demning in others : it was the uniforBut surely a man who can adjust the mity of Mr. Byng's behaviour from the circumstances of his execution before- outset of his persecution to his catashand; who can say, “ Thus I will do, trophe, from whence I conclude that and thus ;" who can sustain the deter- he was aspersed as unjustly, as I am mined part, and throws in no unneces sure that he was devoted maliciously, sary pomp, that man does not fear, and put to death contrary to all equity can it be probable he ever did fear? I and precedent.t”



THE worthy Author of the present in a word, the charter of our nature

volume is one of the greatest bene- does not appear to have furnished us factors to suffering humanity of which with the means of enjoying a single the present age can boast; for whilst gratification, either solid or intellectual, the utmost results that mortal genius has to the improvement of which Dr. Kitchhitherto been able to accomplish bave ener's Precepts, (peptic, gastronomic, been confined to the gratification of olfactory, or musical,) will not be found one, or at least two, of the Senses, Doc. in some degree to conduce. Are you tor Kitchener has contrived to minister short-sighted ? He will forthwith hand to the delight of the whole five. The you the third edition of his Practical sight, touch, taste, smell, and hearing, Observations on Telescopes, Opera of the present generation, have all been Glasses, and Spectacles. Does your laid under incalculable obligations to Taste need any refinement ? He will the multifarious erudition of this illus- educate your palate, by reading you a trious “ Secretary for the Home De- gastronomic lecture from the fourth epartment,” this Purveyor General of all dition of his Cook's Oracle ; or lead sorts of food, aerial and substantial, to you to scent, in all the luxuriousness of the innumerable family of the Senses. imagination, the delicious fumes of the

ceremony? I know what it means ; let the man come and measure me for my coffio." He said, that being acquitted of cowardice, and being persuaded on the coolest reflection, that he had acted for the best, and should act so again, he was not unwilling to suffer. He desired to be shot on the quarter-deck, not where common malefactors are : came out at twelve-sat down in a chair, for he would not kneel, and refused to have his face covered, that his countenance might show whether he feared death ; but being told that it might frighten his executioners, he submitted ; gave the signal at once ; received one shot through the head, another through the heart, and fell."

+ Many years after that tragedy was acted, I received a most authentic and shocking confirmation of the justice of my suspicions. October 21, 1783, being with her Royal Highness Princess Amelie at her villa at Gunnersbury, among many interesting anecdotes which I have set down in another place, she told me, that while admiral Byng's affair was depending, the Duchess of Newcastle sent Lady Sophia Egerton to her the Princess, to beg her to be for the execution of Admiral Byng. They thought, added the Princess, that unless he was put to death, Lord Anson could not be at the head of the Admiralty. Indeed, continued the Princess, I was already for it, the officers would never have fought, if he had not been executed. I replied, that'I thought his death most unjust, and the sentence a most absurd contradiction.

Lady Sophia Egerton was wife of a clergyman, afterwards Bishop of Durham. What a complication of horrors ! women employed on a job of blood !

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