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Yet all aspire beyond their fate ;
The mighty future fills the mind,
Man, in this narrow sphere confin'd,
Oh! if there be no world on high
To yield his powers unfetter'd scope ;
Whence this inheritance of hope ?
Enough—not more to all the rest,
To man, mysteriously unblest,
It is not thus ;-it cannot be,
That one so gloriously endow'd
Should shine and vanish like a cloud :
The mind that could this truth conceive,
No longer to the dust would cleave,
COUNT BOURWLASKI, TIIE DWARF. THERE appears to be no reason are almost proverbially indicative of
drawn from either physiology or small brains; and those little beings analogy, why the most astonishing whose Lilliputian character has been powers of intellect, the soundest sense, stamped, not by injury pr or or subsethe most luxuriant imagination, should quent to birth, but by the finger of Nanot take up their abode in those abridg- ture herself, are often beautifully proments of human nature, called Dwarfs. portioned in every respect, perfect and Even were we so unhappy as to yield pleasing miniatures of the human aniour assent to the startling and humiliat- mal. If, from speculating, on the posing propositions, “ that medullary sub- sibility of having dwarf statesmen, stance is capable of sensation and philosophers, and poets, we proceed to thought,” " that the phenomena of inquire into the results of actual expemind result entirely from bodily struc- rience, we shall indeed find less reason ture,” and “ that Shakspeare's and to expect a Locke thirty inches high, Newton's superiority consisted on or an epic poem written by fingers no ly in having an extra inch of brain in thicker than a goose-quill.—Genius, inthe right place," we might still stand deed, would be no compensation for up in support of the mental capabili- tiny stature ; on the contrary, it would ties of the pigmy race. Messrs. Law- considerably aggravate the misfortune rence, Spurzheim, &c. must confess, of personal singularity. That acute that the brain of a Dwarf bears, at sensibility, that proud consciousness of least, the same proportion to the weight superiority, which usually accompany of his whole body as that of a full- strong mental powers, would for ever grown man, and, in many instances, a torment and distress the tenant of a rimuch larger, if we were permitted to diculously small body. Better, hapjudge from the size of the casket which pier is it för* Dwarfs, that instead of contains it. Large heads, however, being wise, they are vain ; that they
are generally great admirers of their cacy, at once tantalizing and impolitic, own curious little figures, amused by which provokes the curiosity it resuses dressing and decorating them, and in- to gratify, and occasions suspicions and clining, like a conceited woman, pre-conjectures for which there may posposterously attired, to mistake the sibly be no foundation. stare of astonishment for that of ad Kis days appear to have glided on, miration. On the score of intellect if not in a very happy, in a very simithey feel equally comfortable : every lar manner, without any of the fatal thing they say is listened to with atten- celebrity which attended Jeffery Hudtion, and its merit, by an almost una- son, the Dwarf of whom England voidable mistake, magnified by the makes her boast. This curious little smallness of their stature. Compli- creature was born in 1619 at Oakham, ments, witticisms, and remarks, which in Rutlandshire, as a compliment, we would be considered very common- suppose, to the size of the county. At place if they issued from a mouth five seven years old he was eighteen inches feet from the ground, are highly ap- high, and continued in all the preemiplauded when they proceed from one nence of this extraordinary elevation at half the distance.
till the age of thirty, when he shot up The Count Boruwlaski, of whom to the comparatively gigantic stature of every one has heard, has given his me- three feet nine inches. By his fair mismoirs to the world, a singular speci- tress, Henrietta Maria, this progressive men of pigmy auto-biography, from increase must have been watched with which considerable entertainment might unmixed vexation; while Jeffery himbe expected. They are preceded by self was perhaps divided between his an eulogy from the pen of one of his love of consequence and his dislike of friends, who affirms that “ Nature has ridicule, between his desire of escaping endowed the Count with a mind supe- the jests and insults of the courtiers rior to the generality of men,” and that and attendants, and his fear of losing having “seen much of mankind in the perquisites and privileges of Dwarf various stations of life, though consid- to the Queen. He stopped, however, far ered more as a plaything than
as a com below the height where wonder ends and panion, he had omitted no opportunity insignificance begins, revelled in former of making remarks." On perusing favour, and fretted under former seoffs. the book, we confess ourselves unable His introduction to her Majesty was cuto discover any proof of either of these riously managed. He was served up in a assertions : we see no glimpses of su- cold pie at an entertainment given by perior mind, we find no traces of a the Duke of Buckingham to Charles I. habit of observation.—The Count Bo and his Queen, soon after their mara ruwlaski was a great traveller, he visit- riage, and presented to Henrietta Maria ed nearly the whole of Europe, and a by the Duchess, his former mistress. considerable part of Asia ; his pecun- Royal favour and caresses gave him iary circumstances opened the middle high notions of his own importance, and lower classes to his inspection, and thus, increasing the natural waspwhile his size admitted him into pala- ishness of his disposition, rendered ces, and introduced him to the most him little able to bear with patience distinguished characters ; yet we hear the inevitable consequences of his piga nothing new or entertaining of either my stature ; and he was once so propersons or places, and the compliments voked by a young gentleman named and repartees which gained him rings Crofts, that he immediately sent him a and caresses, appear to lose all their challenge. His antagonist, in contempmerit when transferred to paper. tuous wantonness, came to the appointNeither have we any particulars as to ment armed with a squirt, which so anthe workings of his own mind under gered theLilliputian that a duelabsolutethe circumstances of his very peculiar ly ensued. It has been said, in defence fate; and over the most interesting of that honourable system of deliberrelations of his life, he has thrown å ate murder called duelling, that it is the veil of pride, of prudence, or of deli- only security men of inferior stature
of his age.
possess from the insolence of brutal be drowned in a basin of milk, trodstrength ; and that it may fully answer den to death by a cat, concealed in the this purpose was fatally proved by the folds of a rumpled pocket-handkerevent of this 'extraordinary contest
. chief, lost in a bed of spinage, and carThe parties met on horseback, and ried away in a lady's reticule. We armed with pistols, in order to equalize, may remark, en passant, that dwarfs as much as possible, their advantages. are, in general, superior to giants, both The Dwarf fired, and Mr. Crofts fell in health and longevity, which appears dead at his feet. Nor was this the on- to overthrow the hypothesis of Adam's ly important adventure of Jeffery's having exceeded the present race of life. He was once taken prisoner by men in stature, as in age. Surely, as the Dunkirkers on his return from man approached nearer to those diFrance, whither he had been to fetch a mensions which belong to him in the midwife for the Queen, and again, on energy and freshness of recent creation, another occasion, he became the cap- his physical powers would be more tive of a Turkish pirate. He followed likely to improve than to deteriorate, his mistress when she took refuge in and his life to approximate more closeFrance, and returned with her at the ly to antediluvian length. Restoration ; and at length, in 1682, The Count was taken from his being suspected of a concern in the mother by her friend, the Starostin de Popish plot, was imprisoned in the Caorlix, and, on that lady's second Gatehouse, Westminster, where he marriage, passed into the favour of the died soon afterwards, in the 63d year Countess Humiecka, of distinguished
family, rank, and beauty. With her Count Boruwlaski, both from his he travelled through a considerable own memoirs, and from common re- part of Europe, his size every where port, appears in a much more advanta- procuring him much attention and mageous light than his English rival; and, ny privileges. Even the jealousy of a while we doubt the superiority of his Turkish Pasha found no food for susintellect, we readily credit all that has picion in his diminutive person, and been said of the kindliness of his dis- Joujou (as the Count was then called) position, of his gratitude, his vivacity, was admitted into the innermost apartand we can purselves speak to the gen- ments of a seraglio. He was clasped tlemanly, the courtly polish of his man- in the arms, and seated on the lap of ners.
Maria Theresa, who placed on his tiny He was born in Polish Russia, the finger a ring drawn from the hand of son of a gentleman of respectability, the unfortunate Maria Antoinette, then who, dying early in life, left his widow only six years old. At Luneville he and family in straitened circumstances. was honoured by the notice of StanisThe Count's parents were both of mid- laus, the titular King of Poland, at dle height, and had six children alter- whose court he was introduced to one nately tall and short, three shooting of his fraternity, in the person of the into manly proportions, while the rest renowned Bebe, dwarf to that monkept each other in countenance as arch. Joujou, however, on being meaDwarfs. One of the Count's brothers, sured with his rival, had the proud satsix feet four in height, was of, a very isfaction of finding himself three indelicate constitution, while the little ches the superior in littleness, but in gentleman himself, born at the almost mental stature he far surpassed Bebe, invisible size of eight inches, and tak- whose understanding was little beyond ing thirty years to accomplish his ulti- the intelligence of a well-taught pointmate elevation of three feet three, and er. At Paris Joujou was most kindly his eldest brother, who was only three received. M. Bouret, the farmer-geninches taller, enjoyed robust health, eral, gave him an entertainment, at and in infancy gave their mother no which all the plates, knives, forks, &c. greater trouble than, one may suppose, were proportioned to the size of his must always be occasioned by children guest, and the eatables were ortolans, of the Tom Thumb species, who may beccaficos, and other dainties of Lilli
putian dimensions. It was this Bou- young lady, named Isalina, residing in ret who, having invited some person of the Countess Humiecka's family, but distinction to dine with him early in the in what capacity we are not informed, spring, treated him with peas at a gui- of middle stature, expressive countenea a quart. The following year, at nance, amiable temper, and never-fail. the same season, the visiter received a ing vivacity. The Count says, with a second invitation, and begged M. Bou- happy but amusing vanity, “ 1 had ret not to purchase peas again at this made an impression on the tender heart exorbitant price, as he could make a of Isalina ; and, indeed, how could I very good dinner without them. His fail, my love being guided by sincerity, host bowed in acquiescence, and the and her want of fortune proving my first thing his guest saw on entering M. disinterestedness ?” We cannot help Bouret's grounds, was a red cow feast- suspecting that the Count might have ing on a pailful of the dainty vegeta- met with ladies, who, though equally bles he had refused.
convinced of his sincere and disinterFrom Paris the Countess Humiecka ested affection, might have been less repaired to Holland, while Joujou“ se- ready to reward it with the gift of their quitur-non passibus æquis," and hands. from thence to Warsaw, the capital of “ The course of true love never yet their native country. Here the Count ran smooth ;” and, notwithstanding Boruwlaski, by his own confession, be- the lady's kindness, obstacles interfered came a little irregular in his babits, to retard poor Joujou’s felicity. The frequented the theatre, and was guilty Countess disapproved his attachment, of a few indiscretions. A little good banished Isalina from her house, and advice and reflection, however, speedi- confined the tiny lover to his own ly stopped him in his career of dissi- room for a fortnight.
With the art, pation, and he regained the favour of the bribery, or the eloquence of lovers the Countess, who shortly afterwards “ of a larger growth,” the Count condiscouraged Stanislaus IJ. from bestow- trived to gain the servant who was set ing an estate upon her protegé. How to guard him, and to establish a correscompletely does such conduct explain, pondence with his dear Isalina. Two and degrade, the motives which induc- of his love-letters are given, as specied her ladyship to take Joujou under mens of Lilliputian courtship. At her patronage ! how does it transmute length the Countess sent a messenger gold into lead, and change benevolence to her little prisoner with offers of and compassion into a mean spirit of amity, on condition of his resigning Isselfishness, a puerile love of possessing alina, but threatened the immediate loss. what is curious, and a contemptible de- of her protection if he persisted in his sire of keeping the poor little Count attachment. A lover six feet high dependent on her alone! We must do could not have abandoned more maghim the justice to say, that he avoids nanimously fortune and favour for poall harsh language with respect to his verty and love. He left the Countess early benefactress, and speaks of her Humiecka's house, and threw himself behaviour to him in more moderate at Isalina's feet. Fortunately, Prince terms than, from his own account, it Casimir had interested himself in the deserved. Among other inadvertent Dwarf's amour, and had procured for or designed omissions, he has neglected him a pension of a hundred ducats from to state the year in which he was born; his brother, the King. The Count and from the memoirs before us we are says, that “the Nuncio, misinformed unable to discover bis age at any one by the Countess, endeavoured, by some period of his adventures. We learn, ridiculous pretext, to prevent the marhowever, from another source, that it riage;" but Royalty' itself interfered, was at the mature age of forty-one every objection was overruled, and the when the calm tenor of his days was happy pair were united. first disturbed by the admission of The Count observes a most_inystelove into his hitherto peaceful bosom. rious silence on all the subsequent The object of his attachment was a events of his matrinonial life; and it
is impossible to avoid suspecting that coming forth. Like Blucher, he obey"they two, who with so many thousand ed, and the savages devoutly " thanksighs did buy each other," did not live ed the Sun for showing them such a in the harmony that might have been man;" which “flattering compliexpected, or that the lovely, lively Isa- ment,” as the Count fortunately conlina disappointed the fond anticipations sidered it, induced him to play them a of her little husband.
tune on bis guitar. The wondering Certain it is that, finding his pen- auditors returned this civility by the sion unequal to his wants, he took the gift of some sables. The rambling advice of his friend, Prince Casimir, Lilliputian next visited Tobolsk and and resolved to revisit the different Kamschatka, and proceeded as far as Courts of Europe ; and that from the Behring's Straits, occasionally procur57th page of his “ Memoirs," where ing a lucrative concert to defray his he says, “the idea of seeing my be- travelling expenses.
On his return loved Isalina in misery did not permit towards Europe, he stopped at Cathme long to enjoy the happiness of pos- erineburg, where the Director of the sessing her,” to the 383d, which con- Siberian mines resided, who paid the cludes the volume, the name of his Count considerable attention. This * beloved Isalina” is not again men- director must have been a wonderful tioned, nor is there the slightest al- man, not only a profound observer of lusion to his matrimonial ties. He ey- events himself, but the cause of
proidently travelled alone; and amidst all found observation in others; for a short his cares and comforts, those of the conversation with him on politics led husband and the father remain unno- Count Boruwlaski to believe, “ that ticed : yet his wife bore him several there is a large apple-dumpling made, daughters; and we can remember and now boiling in the pot, for certain reading in some old news-paper, or princes, which must in due time be magazine, an account of the christen- ready for their dinner.” The Count ing of one of them, born, we suppose, gives us another digression, occasioned in this country, to whom several per- by the sight of the “ Henriade” in a sons of distinction acted as sponsors. gentleman's library, in order to favour
To return to the Count's travels. us with an account of his introduction Provided, by order of the King, with to M. de Voltaire. The first sight of a convenient coach, such a one, per- the philosopher produced a most unhaps, as appears in the pantomine of usual effect on his little admirer-it Gulliver, he left Warsaw, and proceed- completely silenced him. When the ed to Vienna, where he gave a concert. first surprise was over, he made a Disappointed by its indifferent success, speech in explanation of his taciturnihe seems to have directed all his hopes ty and in praise of Voltaire; on heartowards the most uncivilized countries; ing which, “the eyes of that respectaand considering that he declares his ble old philosopher filled with an extravels had profit, not amusement or pression of surprise and delight," information for their object, we can- which he manifested by snatching up not but feel astonished at the route he the pigmy panegyrist in his arms. chose to select.
He visited Hungary, Retracing his steps, the Count reTurkey, Arabia, Syria, Astracan, Fin- turned to Germany, visited Munich land, Lapland, and Nova Zembla. and other cities, and at Tiersdorff was His friends strongly dissuaded him persuaded by the Margrave and Marfrom visiting the latter place, and fore- gravine of Anspach to try his fortune told that a concert would not thrive on in England. Through this and the so barbarous a soil; but the Count was sister countries he made expeditions obstinate, and confesses that he after- for many years, and sometimes, we wards repented his pertinacity, He believe, exhibiting himself in a less appears to have been once in some equivocal manner. At length, just as danger from the impctuous curiosity of he was on the point of setting out for the natives, who surrounded the house America, he received from some kind in which he was, and insisted on his and generous friends a sum sufficient to