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thousand and one savoury dishes he execute the inost difficult Bravura-. has taught us (with such exquisite the former is an appeal to the heartscience and ingenuity) to prepare. the latter merely plays about the ear, Finally, should the planet of discord and seldom excites any sensation besway in the ascendant with you, he yond. can immediately still the stormy pas 6 Who would not rather hear Miss sions of your soul, by breathing forth Stephens sing an old ballad than any

bravura ?-although her beautiful voice “ To sooth the savage breast,

is equally calculated to give every effect To soften rocks, and bend the knotted oak.” to the most florid song. In short, he will breathe into your 6 dull

“ The general admiration pretended ear,” in the twinkling of a gnats eye, to be given to Italian music is a despihalf a hundred English Melodies, from cable piece of affectation-yet vanity the original scores, and early printed prevails so much over the very sense of copies—in his own library!

pleasure, that the Italian Opera is more Apropos of the Doctor's Observa- frequented by people of rank than any tions on Vocal Music.

other public diversion, who, to avoid This is a very pleasant and unassum- the imputation of want of taste, submit ing little volume, and contains direc. to some hours of painful attendance on tions not only likely to be useful to pro- which their hearts never felt.

it every week, and talk of it in raptures fessional persons, but also to amateurs. The emphasis of music has long been

“ Dr. Burney says, an elegant and neglected. Thus, in some of our much graceful melody, exquisitely sung by a celebrated songs, we have the finest fine voice, is sure to engage attention, part of the melody dwelling upon some and to create delight, without instruinsignificant preposition or conjunction mental assistance. În a solo, performed of the least possible importance in the by a great master, the less the accompaline. All these are deservedly depre- niment is heard the better.

Hence it cated in the volume before us.

This should seem as if the harmony of accusubject has, however, been discussed at mulated vocal parts, or the tumult of large, both by Sheridan and Walker.

instrumental, was no more than succes The advice to professional singers is daneum to a mellifluous voice, or single here repeated from a former work of instrument of the first class.” Dr. Kitchener's. The remarks are

“ Pathos, or expression, says Dr. valuable; but we cannot approve of Beattie,' is the chief excellence of muthese eternal quotations from his own

sic. Without this, it may amuse the books. It is unworthy a man capable, ear, it may give a little exercise to the as our author is, of saying something mind of the hearer, it may for a mofresh and smart whenever occasion may ment withdraw our attention from the require.

anxieties of life, it may shew the perDr. Kitchener is averse to the mod- former's dexterity, the skill of the comern style of embellishing songs.

He poser, and the merit of the instruments, prefers, and with good reason, the omis- and in all or any of these ways it may sion of the fantastical apogiatura.

afford a slight pleasure, but without en“ The chef-d'æuvre of difficulty (says gaging the affections it can never yield he,) is a plain English Ballad, which that permanent, useful, and heartfelt is, when unadorned, adorned the most;' satisfaction—which legislatures, civil, and indeed will hardly admit of any military, and ecclesiastical

, have exornament beyond an apogiatura : this pected from it.' style of song is less understood than

66 The finest compositions frequently any; and though apparently, from its fail of producing half the impression simplicity, very easy-yet to warble they are capable of making on the mind, a ballad with graceful expression, re- from being sung with an injudicious quires quite as much real judgment, emphasis, or a false accent—which is and attentive consideration of every very easily caught, and is extremely note and every syllable, as it does to difficult to cure.

36 ATHENEUM VOL. 11.

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“ To guard against this frequent fault, madame, do dat passage ofer akain, and a singer must endeavour to find a judi- ting [think] all de dime you zing: cious friend, who can and will set him «Jonathan Battishill, who had conright when he misses the poetical ac- siderable practice as a singing-master, cent; which is the sin that doth most used to say he had quite as much troueasily beset an ear of high musical sus- ble in unlearning his pupils what they ceptibility.

did wrong, as teaching them how to Tosi very judiciously says, “The do right. The following anecdote I correction of friends that have knowl- was favoured with by a pupil of his : edge instructs very much ; but still Battishill, who was an excellent mimgreater advantage may be gained from ic, after he had given him a few lesthe ill-natured critics; for the more in- sons, and endeavoured to correct some tent they are to discover defects, the habits of his pupil which he did not greater benefit may be received from like, addressed him thus : 'Are you a them, and without any obligation.' good-tempered fellow ? will you for

“ He should be provided with differ- give me if I take you off? I know of no ent sets of graces and cadences, &c. other way of shewing you the absurd for each air, so that when encored he tricks you play, than by imitating may not continually repeat the same them.'' The gentleman who related like a barrel organ to avoid this most the above (verbatim) to me, assured effectually, if he is ambitious of attaining me, that he believed that Battishill the highest rank in his profession, he taught him more by this pleasantry should be provided with at least two or than he should have learned from hair three musical admirers; defects not ob- a year's lecturing.' served by one, another may easily cor “ Even the strains of our sublime rect for you.

Handel, and our Orpheus Britanicus, “ A most accomplished and agreea- Purcell, however delightful to the ear, ble songstress, who was universally al- produce little effect on the mind when lowed to sing with more good taste and sung as they commonly aregood sense than any of her contempo- Lēt the bright seraphims in burning row raries, assured one of my friends that Thēir loud uplifted angel trumpets blow.' she owed the uniform excellence of her without altering the harmony or meloperformance to an honest old German violoncello player, who had discrimi- dy; but by accenting the poetry, nation to hear when she deviated from 'Let the brig'ht seraphims in būrning rok, her usual pure style (which first-rate Their loûd uplifted angel trumpets blow' artists sometimes do), and candour and the expression of this noble song, to kindness enough to tell her his real those who think as well as bear, will opinion. Before she sung she re- be infinitely improved. - He shall feed hearsed before her old friend, and beg- his flock,' and · He wās despised,' are ged him to point out every thing he examples of equally false emphasis. thought might be mended, which he Fairēst Isle,' is one of Purcell's excommonly did in these words, Pray, traordinary mistakes."

THE PERCY ANECDOTES.

NO. 2027.

LOVE OF COUNTRY.

angels only were employed in forming PATRIOTISM, or the love of coun- the rest of the globe. The Arabian

try, is so general, that no spot, tribe of Ouadelin conceive that the sun, even were it a desert, but is remember- moon, and stars, rise only for them. ed with pleasure, provided it is our The Maltese, insulated on a rock, disown. The Cretans called it by a name tinguish their island by the appellation which indicated a mother's love for her of 6 The Flower of the World;" and children. The Ethiopian imagines that the Caribbees esteem their country a God made his sands and deserts, while Paradise, and themselves alone men.

war.

The Abbé de Lille relates of an In- with their provisions in their hands. dian, who, amid the splendour of Paris, Their parsimony will ruin the king, beholding a banana tree in the Jardin my master, in the course of the war, if des Plantes, bathed it with his tears, it be continued, for there is no contendand for a moment seemed to be trans- ing with people, whose nobles can live ported to his own land. And when an upon a shilling a day, and will do every European advised some American In- thing for the service of the country.” dians to emigrate to another district, The king, struck with this account, “ What,” said they, “shall we say to agreed to treat with them as an indethe bones of our fathers ! arise, and fol- pendent state, and to put an end to the low us to a foreign country.” Bosman relates, that the negroes of

VASCO DE GAMA. the gold coast of Africa are so desirous

The discovery of India, to whick of being buried in their own country, such great advances had been made by that if a man die at some distance from Prince Henry of Portugal, was, thirtyit, and his friends are not able to take four years after his death, accomplished his entire body to his native spot, they through the heroic intrepidity of the ilcut off his head, one arm, and one leg ; lustrious Vasco de Gama. cleanse them, boil them, and then carry them to the desired spot, where they ed merely a coasting one,

The voyage of Gama has been call

and therefore inter them with great solemnity. And much less dangerous and heroical than the Javanese bave such an affection for that of Columbus or Magellan. But the place of their nativity, that no ad- this, it is presumed, is an opinion hasvantages can induce the agricultural tily' taken up, and founded on ignotribes, in particular, to quit the tombs

rance, Columbus and Magellan unof their fathers.

dertook to navigate unknown oceans, The Norwegians, proud of their bar- and so did Gama, who stood out to sea ren summits, inscribe upon their rix for upwards of three months tempesdollars, “spirit, loyalty, valour, and tuous weather, in order to double the whatever is honourable, let the world Cape of Good Hope, hitherto deemed learn ainong the rocks of Norway.” impassable. The tempests which af

flicted Columbus and Magellan, are

described by their different historians as When Philip the Third, King of far less tremendous than those which Spain, sent his ambassador to treat attacked Gama. The poet of the Seawith the states of Holland about their sons, in depicting a tempest at sea, seindependence, he was shown into an lects that encountered by Gama, as an anti-chamber, where he waited to see example of all that is most terrific in the members of the states pass by. He this conflict of elements. staid for some time, and seeing none * With such mad seas, the daring Gama fought, but a parcel of plain dressed men with For many a day, and many a dreadful night; bundles in their hands (which, as many Incessant labouring round the stormy Cape, came from distant provinces, contained By bold ambition led." their linen and provisions, he turned From every circumstance, it is evito his interpreter, and asked him when dent that Gama had determined not to the states would come? The man re- return unless he discovered India.plied, that those were the members Nothing less than such a resolution to whom he saw go by. The envoy, on perish, or attain his point, could have this, wrote to the commanders-in-chief led him on. It was this resolution of the Spanish army to advise the king, which inspired him, when, on the genhis master, to make peace as soon as eral mutiny of his crew, he put the possible. In his letter was this re- chief conspirators and all the pilots in markable passage: “I expected to irons ; while he himself, with his faithhave seen in the states a splendid ap- ful brother, Coello, and a few others, pearance; but instead of that, I saw stood night and day to the helm, until only a parcel of plain dressed men, with they doubled the Cape, and beheld the sensible faces, who came into council road to India before them. It was this

THE STATES GENERAL OF FORMER

TIMES.

which made him still persevere, when and great information ; very popular, he fell into the strong current of Ethio- both with the natives and the British, pia, that drove him for a time he knew for his liberality, ready and obliging not whither, How different the con- politeness, and unbounded hospitality duct of Columbus! When steering to all. The choice of an eastern mode southward in search of a continent, he of life is with him not altogether unmet great currents, which he imagined natural. He was born of a native were the rising of the sea, towards the mother, a female of Delhi, of good de canopy of heaven; which, for aught he scent. He was sent to England when knew, say the authors of the Universal a boy for education ; returned early to History, he might touch towards the this country, and long commanded a South; he therefore turned his course, large body of horse in the Deccan, unand steered to the west ; from which, der native chiefs. after all, he returned without being cer

FRENCH REFUGEES. tain whether the land he discovered at No event, either in ancient or modern the mouth of the Oroonoko, was an times, ever created so many exiles as island or a continent.

the French revolution; notwithstandA GREEK ADVENTURE.

standing the difficulty which often ocThe only Greek ship that ever touch- curred of escaping from the merciless ed at an American port, arrived there fangs of the guillotine, by which so in 1811 ; she was called the Jerusa- many thousands were immolated in lem, and had a cargo of wines ; in en- the sacred name of liberty. The foltering the port of Boston, she ran lowing numerical estimate of the emiaground, and sustained so much da- gration from France, between the 14th mage, that it took some months to re- of July, 1789, and the 6th of Novenpair her. The captain, having in vain ber, 1790, was published at Paris, by endeavoured to sell his cargo, proceed- order of the Directory. The total ed to the Havana, where he was not number was 124,000, including more successful. He then return

9000 Women of the nobility. ed to Boston, and having become in- 16,920 Noblemen. volved in law suits with artful and de- 28,000 Priests. signing men, his ship was seized, his 404 Belonging to the parliament. cargo sold at one half of the value, and

8492 Nobles in the military line. himself reduced to such distress, that

9933 Landed proprietors. he was obliged to beg for subsistence,

2867 Lawyers. until a subscription was opened to de

230 Bankers. fray the expense of his return to his 7801 Merchants. own country. All his crew died in 324 Attorneys (notaires.) prison.

528 Physicians. ANGLO-INDIAN MERCHANT.

540 Surgeons. At Hyderabad, in the East-Indies,

3268 Farmers. there resides a famous English mer

2000 Nobles in the naval service, chant, who holds a singular sort of 22,729 Artisans. durbar every morning, at which you

2800 Servants. may see shroffs and merchants, officers

3000 Wives of artisans. and nobles, coming to beg, borrow,

3033 Children of both sexes. lend, or transact business; all which is

4428 Nuns (religieuses.) done according to the native customs. England, notwithstanding the longThese Mr. P. observes in every thing cherished national enmity, was the connected with his establishment ; even first, last, and best asylum of the French when alone, to the sitting on the floor emigrants, who were not only received to a dinner served in their fashion; and treated with the utmost individual reading the Arabian Nights with his hospitality, but had also the most muMoorish wives ; presiding at nautches, nificent support from the British gove and listening with pleasure to the mu- ernment; a support which was never sical sounds of the native tom-tom.

for a moment withheld, from the comHe is a man of uncommon talent mencement of the revolution, until after

.

the restoration of the Bourbons. The second son of a gentleman of fortune in following sums granted, during a pe- Hertfordshire; that he had formed an riod of eight years only, by parliament, improper acquaintance with a female, for the relief the suffering clergy and which had caused him to embezzle and laity of France, are a proud monument expend money belonging to his emof national liberality.

ployer, to the amount of £200. Two In 1795

$136,959 nights before the doctor saw him, he 1796

269,440 had seen Mr. Ross and Mrs. Pritchard 1797

379,000 play in George Barnwell, and was so 1798

12,627 forcibly struck with the coincidence be1799

233,574 tween his own case and that of Barn1800

302,798 well, that he had not enjoyed a mo1801

277,772 ment's peace since, and wished to die, 1802

173,535 that he might avoid the shame which It appears from the registers of the he saw hanging over him. The docalien office, that on the 28th of Februa- tor offered to intercede with the father ry, 1800, the number of French emic of the young nian for the money, and grants residing in Great Britain, was assured him that if he failed in getting 9774. Of these, 5621 were clergy, it by that means, that he would furnish and 4153 laity, including 530 domestic it himself. The father, who had been servants.

sent for, soon arrived. The doctor 6 GEORGE BARNWELL."

took him into a private room, and after Lillo's tragedy of “ George Barn- explaining the whole case of the son's well,” which is a great favourite at the illness, entreated him to save the honcountry theatres, and usually perform- our of his family, and the life of his ed once during the holidays, every sea

son.

The father instantly went to his son, at Covent Garden and Drury banker for the money, while the doctor Lane, was so popular when first pro- returned to his patient, and informed duced at the latter theatre, that it was him that every thing would be arrangperformed twenty nights in successioned to his satisfaction, as his father would to crowded houses ; and Caroline, soon return with peace and forgiveness, Queen to George the Second, sent to and never mention or even think of the theatre for the manuscript, in order the subject again. that she might peruse it.

The youth, relieved from the load This tragedy has generally been con- with which his mind was oppressed, sidered as an useful admonition to soon recovered, and afterwards became youth ; and on one occasion at least, is a very eminent merchant. Mr. Ross, said to have been the means of rescu- the performer who had been so instruing a young man from perdition. This mental in saving this young man, and was during the Christmas holidays, in who relates the circumstance, says, he 1752, when Mr. Ross played George never knew either the gentleman or his Barnwell, and Mrs. Pritchard, Mill- name, but that for nine or ten years afwood. A few nights afterwards, Dr. terwards he always received on

his Barrowby, the physician to St. Bar- benefit a sealed note, inclosing ten tholomew's Hospital was sent for by a guineas, with these words :--- Å triyoung gentleman in Great St. Helen's, bute of gratitude from one who was who was apprenticed to a very eminent highly obliged, and saved from ruin, merchant." He found him very ill, by seeing Mr. Ross's performance of and, as he suspected, of a complaint Barnwell.” beyond the reach of medicine. "The nurse told him, that he sighed at times Sir,-You lately inserted in the Lit. so very heavily, that she was sure

erary Gazette the declaration of war something lay heavy on his mind. issued by a Turkish Sultan against the The doctor requested to be alone with Emperor of Germany; as a counterthe patient, when after much solicita- part to it, I send you the following. tivn, he prevailed on the youth to un Before the expedition of the Turks bosom himself. He said he was the against the island of Candia, in 1645,

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