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taking the aggressor for an officer, of- then threw him into the river. While fered him his card; but it was after- these villains were dividing their prize, wards discovered that his rank did not three persons masked suddenly entered, entitle him to this privilege, and that declared that they knew every thing, he was only a quarter-master sergeant and that if the money was not shared without a commission. The results of with them, they would instantly give this matter were disputes and tumults; information to the Police. The soltill at length, on the day following the diers were obliged to comply ; and a original contest, a serious rencounter new division was making when a Patook place, in which several of the par- trol entered the room. The officer ties being thrown down, the Italian was took the whole company to the princiwounded, we are sorry to say, so se- pal guard-house, where they found verely, that his life is in the greatest young L- dripping wet: he being an danger. Such is the account derived expert swimmer had saved himself, and from letters written by Lord Byron, given information of the circumstance. who does not seem to contemplate any The 20,000 forins were recovered more disagreeable consequences, or any from the robbers, who were led to pristhing to render his leaving Pisa expé- on, where they expect their punishdient.

ment. ANECDOTES.

MONUMENT TO FOUR GREAT MEX. A French traveller lately ventured In a small private chapel in Bristol, to the summit of a glacier in the Can. there is a marble tablet, on which there ton of Glarus, which is 8925 feet high is the following inscription, to the and covered with ice. Before he reach- memory of four of the greatest friends ed the top, a glance into the immense of humanity that perhaps ever lived. abyss so affected the novice in climb. It was written by a late worthy indiing mountains, that he declared to the vidual, John Birtel on hearing of Lord guide he was unable to move either Nelson's victory off Trafalgar. backwards or forwards. All persua

" John Howard, sion was fruitless ; he burst into tears,

Jonas Hanway,

John Fothergill, exclaimed he should be starved to death, Richard Reynolds. took out his pocket-book and wrote his “ Not unto us, O Lord! but unte last will, which he committed to the thy name, be the glory. guide, with the necessary directions “ Beneath some ample, hallowed dome, how and where to deliver it. Ilappily

The warrior's bones are laid ; the latter succeeded in procuring assis

And blazon'd on the stately tomb, tance; but it was only by employing Beneath an humble roof we place

His martial deeds displayed. violence that they were able to force This monumental tomb, back into the world the adventurer who To names the poor shall ever bless, had achieved so whimsical and yet so

And charity shall own.

To soften human woe their care, distressing a dilemma.

To feel its sigh, to aid its prayer ; The young Marquis L- recently Their work on earth, not to destroy , won 20,000 florins in the house of a

And their reward, their Master's joy." nobleman at Florence where a Faro A very extraordinary decision, albank was clandestinely kept, and went fecting literary property and the free away with it after midnight. Observ- dom of enquiry, took place within the ing that he was followed by two men month. It will be remembered that in disguise, he hastily took refuge in a Mr. William Lawrence, the eminent guard-house and related his adventure, London surgeon, sometime since pubbegging at the same time that a soldier lished his eloquent Lectures delivered might accompany him home. The at Surgeon's Hall; and, as Mr. L. deCorporal immediately consented, but nied the evidence of any immaterial first went out under the pretext of look- principle of sensation and life, some ing for the pursuers, in reality to con- zealots in the governorship of Bethlem cert with the three soldiers the plunder Hospital voted his expulsion from that of the stranger. They stopped his establishment. Unwilling to be the mouth, took the money from him, and scape-goat of a physico-theological ques.

ADMIRAL BYNG.

tion, in which science is opposed by the marines appointed to the task of faith, Mr. Lawrence modestly withdrew putting the sentence of the law into exhis book from circulation ; and, in con- ecution,a half-guinea piece; then speaksequence, the copies already sold fetch- ing to his valet for the last time, said, ed exorbitant prices. Of this circum- “ Hutchins, when I fall, throw my stance some speculating publishers took morning gown over me ;-I should be advantage, and several cheap editions sorry they saw my blood.” This was appeared. Mr. Lawrence sought of accordingly done; and it is said he bled course to assert his authorial rights, by inwardly, so that no blood did appear. an appeal to the Court of Chancery

ORIGIN OF TURBANS. for an injunction : which being refu The Eastern custom of wearing tursed on the ground that the doctrines bans, came from the Levantines on this ought not to be protected, the cheap occasion : “ The Barbarians fighting editions remain in circulation ! À with the Grecian army at a great discircumstance equally ridiculous has advantage at Thermopyla, found there occurred about Lord Byron's Cain.- was no other remedy but that some few The Chancellor refused his protection should force the narrow passage, while of the author's right, owing to some the main

body of the army might esmetaphysical scruples, and five or six cape. There were brave spirits who editions, some as low as 1s. 6d. are in undertook it; knowing they went to consequence on sale.

an inevitable death, they had care of

nothing but sepulture, which of old was MR. EDITOR—Whatever may have much regarded; wherefore each of been the opinions, public or private, the carried his winding sheet wrapupon the late publication of Lord Or- ped about his head, and then, with the ford's Memoirs, one of the most inter- loss of their own lives, saved their felesting parts of them is his relation of lows; whereupon, for an honourable the persecution and death of Admiral memorial of that exploit, the LevanByng; and I therefore presume that tines used to wrap white linen about some further particulars of the last mo- their heads; which custom was adopt. ments of that devoted hero, may noted by the Turks." be unacceptable to your readers. These

ANECDOTE. facts were communicated to me by the During the times of the very severe servant who attended him and took his penal laws against the Roman Cathoorders. This person had, for the fort- lics in Ireland, it is little wonder that night previous to the mortal catastro- they were almost all Jacobites, or susphe, scarcely been permitted to sleep, pected to be so. Their priests, from being continually on horseback carry- their foreign education, were peculiardespatches, so that on the fatal morn- ly objects of suspicion. On one occaing, he was waked by his master sion, a priest, whose jovial manners with,“ Come, sleeper, 'tis the last morn- rendered him a welcome guest even at ing I shall trouble you.” In the course tables where his politics were not acof dressing he exchanged his gold ceptable, dined with a freehearted loysleeve buttons for those of his faithful alist in the county of Tipperary. He domestic, and was careful, in giving sat next the host, and immediately unhim his wardrobe and other things, to der him a dragoon officer. After dindo it in the presence of a relative, that ner the master of the house gave “ The no dispute might arise. The coat in King," adding with a smile, as he turno which he was shot was a favourite; two ed to his neighbour, “but not your or three had been consigned to his val- King, by G-” The priest instantly et before this fell into his hands, and turned to the officer, and, glass in hand, was selected for the occasion. It is of gave, “ The King, but not your king, a drab colour, and shows the marks of by ——." “ How, Sir !" cried the long service, as well as the perforations dragoon, very angrily, “what do you of the balls which passed through it : mean by such a toast ?” “I don't it is now in possession of Sarah Hutch- know," answered the priest, “ ask the ins, daughter of his valet.

gentleman at the head of the table, for The gallant Admiral gave to each of I give it as he gave it to me."

verse.

¥ntelligence. Mr. MONTGOMERY, the poet, will publish Earl of Huntingdon, and Maid Marian is no in a few davs a work entitled " Songs of other than Matilda, the daughter of Baron Zion,” being imitations of the Psalms in Fitzwater, who, being betrothed to the earl

before his expulsion, follows him faithfully Malpas ; by the author of the "Cavalier" into the greenwood, to partake his fallen es--Roche Blanc, by Miss A. M. PURTER tate. Friar Tuck is excellently personified The Refugees, by the author of “ Correc. by Father Michael of Rabygill Abbey, “ a tion"--and Tales of the Manor, by Mrs. joke-cracking, bottle-cracking, skull-crackHoflan), are nearly ready for publication. ing friar," who sings an excellent song, and

Sketches of the Life and Character of excommunicates his enemies from venison Patrick Henry, by Mr. Wm. Wirt, of Rich- and brawn. The snatches of songs, scatmond, Virginia, 'is reprinting from the tered through the pages, are turned with American edition.

great spirit and cleverness, and contribute The famous Madame Krüüner, who a few not a little to the exhilarating qualities of years back gave so much trouble to the or- this very amusing volume. thodox Swiss and German authorities, is It is with great pleasure that we call the now in Petersburg, where she holds fre- attention of our readers to an important quent prayer meetings at her house, and it work, which has lately made its appearance, is said they are still frequented by many under the comprehensive title of Europe, fanatics.

or a General Surrey of the present Situation A very extraordinary hail-storm is re- of the Principal Povers, with conjectures on corded in the last Philosophical Magazine their future Prospects ; by a Citizen of the to have happened in Russia: the stones, United States. In all probability the wri. says the recorder of this truly Muscovité ter of this volume has assumed in his titlestorm, were so large and hard, that they page the privileges of an American citizen killed a flock of two hundred 'sheep, and as a nom de guere, and indeed his style is severely maimed the shepherd that attend- by no means that of a transatlantic author. ed them!

The view which he takes of the present state Mr. Mathews, it is said, is going to Amer- of Europe, (and a more interesting period ica : we wish he would consider of it and has perhaps never existed in its annals,) is stay at Home. The full tide of popularity is highly liberal, and we think in the main with him, and it is unwise to leave the tide. soundly philosophic. He contends that the

The Strasburgh Journal mentions the momentous changes which have been performances of one Christophe, whom it wrought within the last half century, in the calls the greatest mimic in France, being political condition of almost all the king. able to change his physionomy into forty: doms of Europe, have proceeded from done five different countenances.

of those temporary and local causes, to A dreadful hail-storin lately ravaged the which the wishes of despots would gladly cities of Orchies, St. Amand, Conde, Lan. attribute them; but have been induced by drecies, and the adjacent country. In some the operation of the great principles of enplaces the hailstones weighed twelve ounces, enlightened freedom and improved knowland when dissolved produced more than edge which are still in progress, and from half a pint of water! The noise of their which our author anticipates still mightier fall was dreadful, and resembled an earth. effects. The chapter on Great Britain conquake. Vegetation was utterly destroyed tains much valuable remark, with nothing where the tempest raged most furiously; of that harsh spirit which has been displayed persons were wounded; and the birds, es by some of the American writers, when pecially the partridges, almost all perished. treating of our institutions in comparison It is a strange cause of distress, but the vil- with their own. Many parts of this volume lage of Hergnies, which carried on a con

are written with considerable eloquence. siderable traffic in the supply of game, is We have a flourishing instance of " the ruined by the latter.

most high and palmy state" to which the art The author of Headlong Hall, and of sev. of romance-writing has attained amongst eral other well known and entertaining pro- the French, in the Renegade, translated from ductions, has just added to them avother the original of M. LE VICOMTE D'ARLINvery pleasant volume, entitled, Maid Marian, Court, which, in its native language, is runfull of the same whimsical kind of satire and ning rapidly through successive editions. quaint humour with which his other works For this extraordinary success we can perabound. Out of the venerable materials ceive some temporary reasons. It contains, composing the ancient ballads and plays on in the person of its hero, a mental and physthe story of Robin Hood, he has chosen as iognomical portrait of Bonaparte ; a little much as suited his fancy, and, throwing in varied, but sufficiently like to leave no doubt some well-imagined dispositions of his own, of the identity; and it is replete with alluhe has connected a tale, which, though the sions to the late iovasion of France, and subject of it be more than thrice-told, is cer- other political topics of recent occurrence. tainly by no means tedious. We are to re- The execution is altogether in the French ceive as authentic such of the old legends as taste for display and theatrical effect. It represent Robin to have been the outlawed is the work of a man of genius.

SPIRIT

OF THE

ENGLISH MAGAZINES.

BOSTON, AUGUST 1, 1822.

(London Time's Telescope for August 1822.)

August. Hail, greenwood shades, that stretching far, and, if practised at all, scarcely deDefy e'en Summer's noontide pow'r,

serves the name of that happy festival, When August in his burning car

when Withholds the cloud, withbolds the show'r.

Our rural ancestors, with little blest, THE powerful influence of the solar Patient of labour when the end was rest, rays now contributes to ripen the Indulged the day that housed their annual grain

With feasts and off"rings, and a thankful strain: various sorts of grain, which are be

The joy their wives, and sons, and servants share, nevolently given for the food of man

Ease of their toil, and partners of their care: and cattle. The time of commencing The laugh, the jest, attendants on the bowl, the harvest varies greatly in different Smoothed ev'ry brow, and opened every soul. districts. It is usually begun in the

POPE. southern and midland parts of the The purple fox-glove (digitalis purkingdom towards the end of July, but purea) now shows its elegant flower : principally at the beginning of this this plant was formerly much esteemed month; in the northern districts of as a medicine in consumption, but its Scotland, the harvest does not com- beneficial properties do not seem to mence until the first or second week in have had any effect in arresting the September. And, it is but rarely that, progress of that rapacious fatality which in these parts of England, it is finished, marks this too prevalent disease. The even in the most favorable situations, Derbyshire women of the poorer class, before the end of October ; and, not whenever they wish to enjoy the pleasunfrequently, this time is protracted ures of intoxication at a cheap rate, intill the middle of November, till the dulge in copious draughts of fox-glove corn has been ripened by the frost. tea, which produces a great exhilaraAt Inverary, the seat of the Duke of tion of spirits, and has some singular Argyle in Scotland, the corn is so often effects on the system. spoiled by the rain, that the duke has Insects still continue to swarm; they built an immense barn, with a draft of sport in the sun from flower to flower, air through it, and pins to hang his from fruit to fruit, and subsist themwheat on to dry it.

selves upon the superfluities of nature. Some curious ceremonies have been, It is very amusing to observe, in the and are still observed in various parts bright sun of an August morning, the of the country, when the corn is housed. animation and delight of some of our But the harvest home, like other cus- lepidopterous tribes. That beautiful toms of olden time, is fast wearing out; little blue butterfly (papilio argus) is

42 ATHENEUM VOL. 11.

then all life and activity, fluttering from try, some persons receiving five shilflower to flower in the grass with re- lings a day by the sale of them. All markable vivacity : there seems to be our downs, especially the maritime a constant rivalship and contention be- ones, produce this helix most copioustween this beauty, and the not less ele- ly, and commonly every bent in those gant little beau papilio phlæas. The places is weighed down by them in the increase of some creatures in particular summer months. years, and the long interval between al In this month, the English Villeggimost annihilation and profusion in the atura commences, and London pours insect world, is very remarkable, nor out its thousand tourists, who, by the can we satisfactorily account for it. aid of the almost countless break-necks, * The lepidopterous class' (observes a high-flyers, and velociseres, which form valuable correspondent from Glouces- the perpetual motion of modern times, tershire) • are particularly subject to in a few hours scatter themselves over irregularity : it has sensibly been di- the fertile and picturesque country of minishing for several years, but this the United Kingdoin. Others, in the summer we have had scarcely a butter- humble but agreeable character of pefly, and our flower-beds have lost much destrians, seek to realize the descripof their interest from the absence of tion of the poet, and catch the 'incense this animated insect. The year 1821, breathing morn, and range through however, has been very favourable to wood and dale, hill and lawn ;the production of the slug and snail

Rambling wide to trace race, and our wall-fruit has been great

Near bome discov'ries-pest'ring every place. ly disfigured by their depredations. Equipped with knapsacks, trudging bere and there One species, the helix vigata, has in- Like pedlars posting to a country fair, creased in an extraordinary manner, Or, perched on coach-roof

, they admire the scene, and, in the village of Tockington, in How uplands rise, and vallies lie between; Gloucestershire, gave rise to the most And find that there is land on either side :

Or down some river's stream meand'ring glide, ridiculous and extravagant conceptions. Who see old castles where they long have stood, There is a small dry field in this vil. And feast on ruins-antiquarian food : lage which has long been inhabited by Perceive that Scotland to the northward lies, this helix, and they have annually ap- That Ireland is an island, where abound

And that in Wales, huge, barrep mountains rise: peared in greater or smaller numbers Bogs, hogs, and dogs, and fogs, the whole year round; according to circumstances; but this That poor folks there, for want of bread and meat, year (August 1821) they have increas- With buttermilk their boiled potatoes eat. ed prodigiously; and as any trifling oc

These things made out, a pompous book must shos, currence varying froin the every-day How far they walked-where halted, dined and slept,

What much it must concern the world to know, sights of life becomes a subject of won What inds-good meal-good wine-good lodging derment to a common mind, it was im kept ; mediately concluded, (and some had What dangers—what fatigues, they underwent,

And wore their shoes out-and their money speat. the impudence to declare they witnessed it) that these snails fell in the form Pomona now offers her fruits to allay of á heavy shower from the clouds, the parching thirst ; currants, goosepredicting private and public misfor- berries, raspberries, and cranberries, tune, and all the calamities that a heat- are all peculiarly refreshing at this seaed fancy or a weak mind could suggest! son. But what is the thirst which we, One man at Bristol actually circulated in this temperate climate, designate a paper, considerably to his emolument, parching, compared with that expeannouncing this event as a sign of the rienced by the way-worn traveller on latter days, and the coming of the Mes- the burning sands of Egypt?—there, siah! Hundreds of people from the and in such countries only, is the value neighbourhood daily visited this field, of a draught of water properly apprefor about a fortnight's duration; and ciated. Many' (says M. Belzoni) multitudes of these little creatures, to perish victims of the most horrible the amount of perhaps a bushel a day, thirst. It is then that the value of a were collected by the curious, and sold cup of water is really felt. He that by others to distant parts of the coun- has a zenzabia of it is the richest of all.

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