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one voice; or whether one or the other puts a tin soap-basin, something like has not opened or closed a finger or so Mambrino's helmet, in his hands; after the numbers were called. These then pouriog a little water into it, trifling differences of opinion are refer- makes a lather with his fingers, which red to the by-standers, who sometimes he daubs over the chin, mouth, nose, decide according to their partialities, and ears of the wight who wants to sometimes according to justice, but not lose his beard ; then grasping his razor, infrequently fall by the ears among proceeds to the serious part of the themselves upon the point in dispute; work. The operation is enlivened by so that it is very common to see thé a variety of complaints and retorts. game end in a general squabble, in " Ah, managgio me fui male !"

!“Ma which case, faces and arms are clawed per San Gennaro hai n’a barba di and bit, shins kicked, large stones ferro !” “ Ne, chiano, chiano !" “ Non caught up, and spittle and bad words dubitate, non dubitate niente.”

At distributed con brio. When the fracas length the operation is completed, the is at its height, some little dirty po- patient gets up, slides his hand across lice officer interposes his authority, his chin, and, delighted with its unusual the disturbance ends, and in ten minutes smoothness, goes away chuckling, and after the fierce combatants may be seen resigns his seat to another. kissing one another, or walking along These are the main groupes, but with the arm of one thrown over the there are many others of less importother's neck, in all imaginable amity. ance, as fellows roasting and boiling

On each side of the street are large chesnuts over charcoal fires, vociferattables, covered with aquavitæ, terragli ing as they toss the pan or stir the (a sort of biscuit,) coarse sweetmeats, fruit, “0che galanteria! 0! che rosolio, &c. On each of these tables castagne, caudè, caudè ;"+-and Acare placed one or two enormous horns, quajoli, some fixed and some ambulapainted and gilt, as ornaments. The tory. These are persons whose trade Neapolitans are vastly fond of the it is to sell water made cold with snow; horns ;" besides being exhibited on the vagrant tradesman goes running these plebeian tables, they are very about from place to place, carrying on often stuck up in the halls, or even in his back a barrel of cold water, and in the gallerie di compagnia of the nobili- one hand having a bottle of sambuco, ty; they always grace the apotheca- in the other a couple of glasses ; when ries' and barbers' shops; and, in short, he meets a customer,


very actively there are few houses in Naples destitute throws his barrel on one of his knees of these elegant ornaments.

and fills a glass. The more dignified At short distances there are droll members of this class bave fixed situaold barbers with a couple of chairs, tions; they are furnished with a high and the apparatus which they employ counter, whereon are displayed oranges in the exercise of their mystery, scrap- and lemons, bottles, glasses, &c. of vaing rough black beards that would rious sizes, large coarse lemon squeezers turn an edge of adamant : one sees, made of iron, and a few other instruevery now and then, a Lazzarone ments ; four columns rise from the grinning fiercely through his suds; but corners of the counter, which support a as there is something piquant in this sort of roof, which is made very gay operation we must describe it. The with flags and figures, and the whole patient pays a grain before-hand, takes of ihe apparatus is painted, and roughoff a coat or jacket, that is to say if he ly and gaudily carved and gilded from has one (those gentlemen not being al- top to bottom. Between the columns ways embarrassed with that encum- at each end, a barrel is hung upon brance, which he hangs at the back swivels between columns; these ves. of the chair, and then sits down; the operator ties a large rough cloth of a + " Ah, d-o it you hurt me." " By St. Januarins variety of tints, black, red, and yellow, noe doube any thing."

you have an iron beard." "Do not doubt-do round the neck of the sufferer, and Caude, caude, or calde, calde. In the Neapolitan 46 ATHENEUM VOL. 11.

dialect the lette: 1 is genei a'ly changed into u or 7.

sels are ever and anon put in motion, as they pass their fellows,* or show, by in order to dissolve the snow which is signs of their hands, how much they in them, or to draw off the water for are cheating their customers of. the thirsty applicants. The Acquajolo After making our way through this stands behind, raised on a little stool; street we reach the Largo del Castello, his shirt sleeves are tucked up to his a large piazza with a few young trees, shoulders, and he has a white cotton and with a great deal of rubbish and night-cap on his head. The price of filth in the midst : here the chief trade this water, which is always cold and is the sale of old clothes, which are clear, is half a grain for a large glassfull thrown over the wooden rails or with a little sambuco or lemon juice in spread out upon the ground : at this it; but the cunning rogues always ask time there is a large booth on one side, foreigners the insinuating question, “La where various scenes are represented volete per un grano ?” by which means by figures in wax, as large as life; the a double price is generally obtained. favourite performance at present is the The Acquagelata is in Naples almost miraculous adventure of San Gennaro a necessary of life; the Sorbetti and in the amphitheatre of Pozzuoli, which Gelati may be considered as luxuries; is a burlesque imitation of the advengreat quantities are consumed in the ture of the prophet Daniel in the lion's coffee-houses by the middling and den. In this square also are the two upper classes, and as the low Neapoli- famous minor theatres, San Carlino and tans like luxuries as well as their su - La Fenice, of which we shall speak at periors, there is a considerable number a future time. From the Largo several of Sorbettari in the streets ; they sell streets lead into the celebrated Strada a coarse sort of Sorbetto, which is Toledo, which is esteemed and boasted served out in little cups resembling of by the Neapolitans as being the gally-pots, at a grain each ; they busiest and finest street in the world; furnish no spoons, but as the Sorbetto and busy it certainly is, but much is almost liquid, the purchasers easily might be said against its being the gulp it down; the cups are then re- finest. It is three quarters of a mile turned to the vender. Here also long; and though it would not be con“Punch and Judy” exhibit their tricks; sidered wide in England, it certainly is their theatre and personages are just wide for a continental street; it is the same as those which used to amuse paved with large flags of lava from Ve us in London, nearly the only differ- suvius, and after a day of heavy rain is ence being in the language, which is tolerably clean. The first view is true Neapolitan.

striking ; the houses or palazzi, for All this goes on every day, if the here every house of more than two weather permits, with little variation, stories is called a palazzo, are very from eight in the morning till five, in high--four, five, six, or even seven the winter, and eight in summer; the stories, each of which is lofty; nearly grotesque crowd never fails, the broad all the windows open upon balconies, humour scarcely ever flags ; every

and nearly all the roofs are terraced. show, every professor, every individual Not one of the buildings is fine in an we have mentioned is encircled by an architectural point of view; and the admiring group. The Molo is, per

ground floor of every palace, whoever baps, still more excellent in its kind; may be its inmates, is turned into shops but the Molo is only frequented in the and coffee-houses, very few of which evening, and is never brilliant except

are at all respectable. The street is on holidays; whereas the Strada Molo filled at all hours with a most motley is always busy, and always the same.

and incongruous crowd, and is ever The middle of the street is generally

1 The Corriboli are the Neapolitan hack gigs, oceupied by carriages and carts, and which always ply in the streets. by the Corriboli and Calessi, which make an aspiring angle up in the air, sometimes a are whirled along with great rapidity nearly always sadly loaded. We have frequently by tough little horses, while the drivers, seen them with three on the seat, two on the shafts, standing behind, crack their whips, joke body of the vehicle

two behind, and one poor devil in a net under the

The Calessi are

echoing with a thousand discordant huge oxen, and filled with similar mavoices. You do not see here mounte- terials ; and Signori and Lazzaroni banks, or Punch, or Polcinello ; but hustle and elbow one another on foot. Acquajoli are stationed at the corner The crowd, which is always much of every street, and stalls of fruit, the same, is spread over the whole bread, fish, Aowers, and perfumery, street from side to side, and from end and the counters of money-changers, to end; coaches and corriboli dash on, disfigure both sides of the way and al- their driver's shouting out “avante;" most the whole length of the boasted the crowd gives way for a moment and Toledo. In the evening the number of then closes inmediately. Strangers, stalls is greatly increased, and at that unused to this street, in endeavouring season the street, seen from a little to escape from horses and carriages, above the Largo della Carita, presents usually run to the sides, and get in a very singular vista; there is a long among maccaroni and fish-stalls, eggsuccession of stall-lights, more frequent baskets, and money-changers, and find and brighter than the lamps of the themselves unawares at a dinner party street; some are placed on the ground, of dirty rogues, amidst all the odours of some a little higher, and some above- fish-broth, garlic, grease, and God head suspended to the Acquajoli ; a knows what besides. thick dark line of carriages is continu We are told, and we believe it, that ally rushing up and down, and on Naples was very much improved in either side there is a waving crowd also appearance during the residence of the in quick motion.

French; those who knew Naples beToledo is certainly a very singular fore the venerable epoch of ninety-nine, street, perhaps the most remarkable say it can hardly be recognised, it is one in Europe; the superior part of so much more civilized; but Lazzaroni the crowds that frequent it are general- are still found in every corner, and ly better dressed and more all inglese particularly in every place which, from than the same class in any other city its locality, its grandeur, or its size, is in Italy; the Signori take great pleas- likely to be the resort of the better ure in exhibiting themselves regularly classes. In the Largo before the royal in carriages, on horse-back, and on foot palace there is a large supply of every in Toledo : but the poor rogues are species of vagabond, from the porter also very fond of Toledo, and general- with his basket and red sash, to the ly contrive to come in for a very good beggar, half naked, and filthy, and disshare of it ; the vulgar pursue their eased; in fact, several of the trades various avocations in this resort of the hold, as it were, a general house of fashionable and the gay; cavalieri on call; and not only the mendicants, but horseback are jostled by jackasses the understrappers in the cause of loaded with great panniers of dung: nearly every vice, volunteer their sercarriages grate against carri drawn by vices at the same spot.

Stephensiana, No. VXX.


(Monthly Magazine, June.) BONAPARTE, OSWALD, AND OSSIAN.

in which his two sons were officers. I

KNEW the American Colonel Os. In 1794, when the ignorant country

wald. He resided in London be- people of La Vendee were seduced by tween 1787 and 1790, and published the arms and money of England, and an eloquent tract, called “the Cry of led on by the arts of their priests and Nature," the object of which was to nobles, to raise a civil war of extermexpose the cruelty of killing and eating ination, the zeal of Oswald carried him animals. He was such an enthusiast and his regiment among these barbain favour of liberty, that he went to rous fanatics; and in one of those Paris soon after the taking of the Bas- bloody affairs, in which no quarter was tile, and raised a corps of pikemen, given, this philosophical soldier and his

two sons were slaughtered, fighting at me by a gentleman who had resided in the head of their regiment.

the country for many years, to this day This catastrophe was not confirmed preserve the key of the houses of their in England for three or four years, ancestors in Castille, Arragon, Leon, and, in the mean time, Bonaparte be- &c. and hope to be able one day to use gan his career in Italy. The first por- them again. traits of him resembled Oswald, and

THE GENTLEMEN OF THE PRESS. several anecdotes accorded with Os

A friend of mine, a man of the wald's character. He was, in partic- strictest honour, had a cause tried in ular, represented as devoted, like Os- a court of law, of which he had scarcewald, to the study of Ossian,-an edi- ly heard of bis success, before a Mr. tion of which he was said to carry in Č. was announced. “I am a writer his pocket. These circumstances led for the papers, (said he,) and have to many persons to believe that Bonaparte report on your trial to-day, and conwas no other than Oswald, under an ceiving you would wish it to be propassumed name; a pamphlet was pub- erly reported, have called to offer my lished in proof of it, and the coinci- services.” “Of course, (said my dence was believed, till Paoli and some friend,) I wish the cause, if reported, Corsican relatives of Bonaparte came to be honestly described ; but, as you to England, and gave accounts of his se obligingly offer your services, per, family. To Ossian this great man haps you expect some compensation." continued attached through life : Os “Oh yes! (rejoined the gentleman,) sian and Homer were his constant com

we always expect a compliment on panions; and when his carriage was these occasions.” “We! (said the intercepted by the Prussians after the other,) what, are there several to be victory of Blucher, Bulow, and Wel- paid. “Oh, no! (replied the other,) lington at Planchenoit and Mont St. I was the only reporter present, but Jean, a much-worn copy of Ossian was we assist one another, and the complifound in it.

ments of this kind which we receive THE TWO MARATS.

go to a common purse : whatever you Other actors in the French revolu- think proper to give will be divided tion were also mistaken for other men. among seven or eight of us. Some Thus a hundred books stated that Ma- parties give five, some ten pounds ; rat had travelled as an empiric in Eng- and we sometimes get, on particular land; but it afterwards turned out that occasions, as high a compliment as fifty the Marat who so travelled continued pounds." “ Indeed! (exclaimed my to reside in Dublin, as a professor of friend,) and what if the parties refuse the French language, for many years to give any thing ?” “Oh, then, sir, after his name-sake had been assassin- (rejoined the gentleman,) the thing ated. A literary gentleman, who had takes its course; there are, you know been very active in propagating Eng- two ways of telling a story, and at lish stories of Marat, met this very least the speeches of the counsel alperson by accident at Dublin, seven ways afford materials.” My friend now years after the death of the apostle lost his patience. “ Pest and nuisance, of liberty.

(he exclaimed, how many are hanged COSSACKS.

and transported for demanding money The name of Cossack is taken from on the highway under circumstances of the Sclavonic word Koss (scythe). less turpitude ; leave my house, or ! Formerly the Russian peasants used to will charge a constable with you. go to war, for want of arms, with their The gentleman quickly retreated, mutscythes, from which they were named tering as he departed. My friend, Cossacks,--scythemen.

whose cause had to him been an affair MOORISH CONCEIT.

of self-defence to defeat a nefarious The Moors consider Spain as a combination, and who never before had country to which they still have a right been either plaintiff or defendant, mento aspire; and many families in Mo- tioned the application of the gentlerocco and Tetuan, as was afirmed to man of the press in the course of the

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day, as an instance of attempted ex. ved to be the very parties with whom tortion. He was even offended when he had had the suit. Against these some of his friends shook their heads scoundrels, who were bankers of fair and portended mischief. He slept ea- reputation, he now re-commenced his sy; but, on the following morning, his action ; but, owing to various circumneighbours came running one after stances and technicalities of lengthenanother with different papers, exclaim- ed detail, the question was never ing, “ Good God, sir, you are ruined ! brought to trial, and finally he had his Behold the nefarious part which you own expences to pay: are represented as having been playing. On another occasion, a noted courYou cannot show your face in society tezan pleaded her coverture as a deagain.” On examination he found five fence against some debts of her own, or six different reports, varying in lan- by which several unsuspecting tradesguage, but all coloured and distorted men suffered then and afterwards; and alike; and, instead of having been the on my expressing my surprise that the victim of a conspiracy, he was made circumstance never transpired in the to appear as the chief, if not the only papers, she replied, “I contrived betconspirator. No assertions were made, ter, I insured my character.”

Aye, but every thing was insinuated, and (said I,) where is the office, and what the arguments of the adverse counsel is the premium ?” “ Why, said she,) were artfully introduced as facts in the the office was in the box of a coffee

His attorney went to the news- house near Westminster-Hall, and the paper offices, and an explanation was premium 25l. to be distributed among admitted ; but all the world had read several gentlemen of the press for the and enjoyed the original libel, while benefit of their wives and children, few felt any interest in reading the ex- and you know I love to be charitable." planation. He suffered accordingly, “Gracious Heaven, (said I) and is this and for years the libel continued to be the use and abuse of the

press, and are adduced against him, to his personal these the persons who inveigh with annoyance and commercial injury. such eloquence against corruption.”

One paper alone had omitted the re On subsequently mentioning this neport, and, finding that he had paid so farious system in different circles, I was dearly for his independence, he now told, in parliamentary phraseology, sought its editor, and though he scorned that it is as notorious as the sun at to become his own reporter, yet he had noon-day, and that the Courts of law the promise of this person that the are beset by needy scribblers, some of perverted report should not appear. whom are not even connected with any In the meantime the disappointed par- newspaper, but represent themselves as ty in the cause (who it afterwards ap- reporters, or as having interest with peared had been applied to by the these protectors of character, of wholesame chevalier d'industrie, and had sale dealers in defamation. Hence, paid him his retaining fee,) made ap- however, it is that few men have the plication to one of the proprietors of hardihood to defend their property in the paper in question ; and, on paying a court of law, at the double hazard of 251 was, permitted to insert his own losing, not only their property, by the report, which blackened my friend manquvres of the profession, but their from head to foot. He now brought character also, by the manquvres of his action for defamation, but withdrew the press. I have been told that even it on the proprietor giving up the members of parliament, and all public names of the author, when they pro- men, pay tribute.

(English Magazines, &c. for June.) ACROSTICS.-ANAGRAMS. labour in vain. But, as there are some We have ever considered the com- who delight in these pieces of ingenupoition of Acrostics, Double Acros- ity, it is well to present a few. tics, Anagrams, and so on, as so much Acrostic making is most naturally

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