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sations. Art scarcely puts in a single comfort of an English gentleman's man-
claim to our regard; and those which sion; and we considered ourselves
it does present are of a very inferior highly fortunate in spending some most
interest. Monsieur de Chateaubriand agreeable hours with its interesting
would say that the hand of man has host, and a selection of individuals em-
here been kept in awe, and checked by inent in the literary rolls of our coun-
the overwhelming wonder of the uni- try. Mrs. Siddons was a chief orna-
verse, and the præsens Deus, which ment of this interesting circle ; and her
manifests itself in every glacier and conversation seemed to have acquired
every valley, has taught him a lesson a new warmth and eloquence from the
of humility, and confined his aspiring inspiring scenes which she was visiting
powers to the humble occupations of for the first time. Her descriptions of
tilling his fields and protecting his the sensations she had experienced, and
dwelling from the avalanche and the the deep admiration she had felt in wit-
torrent. Certain it is that no country nessing the wonders of Alpine nature,
possesses more of useful economy and particularly on her first entrance into
institutions, and less of the interest of Switzerland, and her visit to the Alps
the fine arts, or of the tasteful refine- of Berne, had all the energy of truth
ments of social life, than Switzerland. and the glow of real sensibility. As
Splendid churches, handsome palaces, we stood in a window of Mr. Kemble's
costly monuments, fine country-seats, villa, listening to Mrs. Siddons's
galleries of pictures, showy equipages, charming enthusiasm, and joining in
luxurious mansions, are here sought her expressions of admiration, the
for in vain; but, on the other hand, moon was streaming in all her lustre
you have neat farms and good farmers, across the glassy lake spread out be-
good breeds of cattle, excellent dairies, fore the house. The Alps on the op-
drill-ploughs, cream cheeses, and even posite bank marked out their dark and
admirable gold watches and musical jagged outlines on the pure blue of
snuff-boxes. In a word, the genius of the Heavens. It was impossible to be-
man has here a tendency to the useful hold an evening or a scene of more ex-
and mechanical. It is in nature alone quisite and lovely repose; and the so-
that the mind finds those unbounded ciety in which we enjoyed it, and by
stores of beauty, grace, and curiosity, which it was enjoyed, gave an increas-
which form the interest of the country ed zest to its beauties. Lord Byron,
--that the philosopher meets new won- who by the way is the best of compan-
ders to excite his speculation and repay ions and guides in Switzerland, has
his research-the poet living scenes, seized every feature of a moonlight
that embody the loveliest visions of his scene on the lake with his usual power
fancy-while the mere rambling desul- and felicity.
tory traveller refreshes his feelings and

It is the bush of night, and all between
his faculties at the pure fountain of na Thy margin and the mountains dusk yet clear,
ture, quickens his perceptions of the Mellow'd and mingling, yet distinctly seen
beautiful and the grand, and brings

Sare darken'd Jura, whose capt heights appear home with him to the dúll routines of Precipitously steep; and drawing near,

There breathes a living fragranee from the shore of life a feast of sweet and innocent re

of flowers yet fresh with childhood : on the ear membrances.

Drops the light drip of the suspended oar, At Lausanne we had the gratification Or chirps the grasshopper one good night carol of visiting the great classic hero of our

Childe Harold, Canto iii. stage, whom we found enjoying leisure and literary ease, and distinguished re We happened to be at Lausanne on putation, amongst all the charms of pic- occasion of a very strictly observed fast, turesque nature. His abode is one of which occurs annually in the month of the handsomest and most pleasingly September. It was observed with a situated champagnes near Lausanne, degree of ceremony and strictness much commanding a lovely prospect of the beyond the observances of a Sabbath. lake and the Alps. The interior unites Divine service commenced at seven and all the elegance of a foreign villa with the eight o'clock in the morning in the Can


thedral and other churches, and a suc- gin of the fast. All agreed that it was cession of prayers and sermons was de- of great antiquity, and intended to comlivered without interruption till three or memorate some signal instance of the four in the afternoon. All business divine protection extended to the counwas suspended—not a single shop was try: beyond this, no information was open—and the churches were thronged to be obtained. If this had been in a to overflowing. As soon as one ser- Catholic canton, where ceremonies device was at an end, the congregation scend as an inheritance from generation departed to make room for fresh wor to generation, without inquiry as to shippers; while the pulpit was occu- their meaning and origin, it would have gied by a fresh pastor. Notwithstand- excited no wonder; but it appeared ing all this zealous solemnization of very singular to see a shrewd inquiring the day, it was somewhat extraordina- race of Calvinists praying and singing ry, that after an inquiry of at least a from morning till night, without being score of individuals, many of them of able to give a satisfactory account of information, we found it impossible to the tendency of their devotions, obtain any specific account of the ori


A spirit glides to my bed-side,

Wringing it's hands of virgin snow ;
Loosely it's robes of floating light,

Loosely it's golden ringlets flow;
All in a shadowy mantle clad,
It climbs my blissless bridal bed.
“ Thou airy phantom of the night,

Unveil thy face, and gaze on me
Until my shivering heart is cold,

And I'll arise, and follow thee.
Oh ! Helen Græme, celestial maid,
I commune with thine angel shade.
« Il-omen'd was this morn to me,

The woeful morn of my wedding ;
Matilda heard a death-bed toll-

When on her finger glow'd the ring.
My cold hand clasp'd the blushing dame's,-
But 0! my heart was Helen Græme's.”
" Arise, Lord Auchinlea, arise,

And wrap thee in this shroud of mine ;
Turn from thy softly slumbering bride,

And press my shivering cheek to thine.
On forest glade, and naked wold,
The wind is keen--the dew is cold.

“I know thee well, deserving youth ;

Fair honour clothes thy gentle brow;
The rage of feud withheld thy hand,

But hand and heart are Helen's now.
Another lock'd embrace, and we
Will hie us to eternity.
“ An angry father's scowling brow,

A lady mother's wrathful eye
Will never more our loves divide-

Will never more our peace annoy.
In one wide bed, beneath the yew,
There will we sleep—and sweetly too.”
His young bride woke in sore affright-

Pale as the cold, the lifeless clay ;
She saw her lord in Helen's arms,

His quivering corse beside her lay.
Wrapt in a mantling blaze of light,
They vanish'd from that lady's sight.
Green grows the birk on Laggan burn,

And fair the opening blossom blows;
But greener is the sacred grass,

And ruddier too, the wild-briar rose,
Where dew-bath'd Bowrets gently rest
Their bloomy heads on Helen's breost.


A work under this title is preparing for the press, interspersed with philological obserre

tions, curious anecdotes. historical explanations, &c. and intended as a supplement to the last edition of Dr. Johnson's Dictionary, and will, as far as we can judge from the specimen of a first sheet, do no discredit to the ingenious, learned, and amusing writer. We are fortunately enabled to show, by a few selections, on what our opinion is formed, and these we subjoin for the entertainment of our readers. A.

clang of cranes, or the blast of the T: THE pronunciation of this vowel be- trumpet ; I to yellow and the slender

ing no more than the opening of sounds of the flageolet ; 0 to red, and the mouth with the intention of produ- the drum ; and U to black, and the cing a sound, gave occasion to the quaint howlings of mourners at the grave. and Leonine hexameter :

Among the different citations adduced Clamant E vel A, quotquot nascuntur ab EvA.

to support his hypothesis in its ingeIt is not unworthy of observation, that nious eccentricity, I find the following: Cicero hiv.sself (in Orat. 49) condemns

White, the undivided


A. the too-frequent recurrence of that vow of light

Stans hostia ad aram el, as harsh and unpleasing to the ear- Lanca dum nivea circumdatur infula vittà. insuavissimam ; when, on the other

Geo. iii. 487. hand, Virgil adopts, and even affects, mitive colour (E.

Blue, 1st prisuch an illiteration to express agree

Quo non præstantior alter able objects, pleasing ideas, and soft Ære ciere viros Martemque accendere cantu impressions; as the following examples

Æn vi. 165. will show :

Yellow, 2nd

& middle pri- I. Phyllida amo ante alias. Bucol. Eccl. iji. 79. mitive colour. Sub tegmine fagi Pascitur io magnâ silvâ formosa juvenca. Silvestrem tenui musam meditaris avena. Geo. iii. 219.

Buc. Ecl. i. I. which Delille has happily translated : Red, 3rd pri


mitive colour. Tranquille elle s'égara en un gras paturage.

Pro molli viola, pro purpureo narcisso. We have also in Bucol. Ecl. ii. 51.

Buc. Ecl. v. 38. Mollia luteola pingit vaccinia calthâ ;


absence of U. and in Geo. iv. 596,

light. Ala quidem Stygiâ nabat jam frigida cymba.

Lamentis gemitugue et fæmineo ululatu.

En. iv. 667. How to reconcile two authorities of such and Jen. xi. 662. ululante tumultu. weight and importance I cannot take Whatever merit may be attached upon myself to decide.

to the above hypothesis, no one can deIn a manuscript containing curious ny that it is curious accidentally to find observations upon letters, the perusal of the three primitive colours of nature, which I was allowed a few years since, blue, yellow, and red, placed in their the author surrounds himself with quo- prismatical order, between the full eftations from ancient poets, in order to fulgency of light at top, and the perfect prove that the vowel A corresponds to absence of it at bottom. And I should white, as a colour, and to the sound of not wonder if the proportionate disthe German flute; E, to blue, and the tances between white and blue, blue

and yellow, &c. were in the same ratio contiguous to each other, call the interwith those between the broad and open stices abbreuvoirs,' because they are sound of the vowel A and the slender to be abbreuvés with liquid mortar. tone of E, between E and I, &c. The following anecdote will establish

A per se A. Much has been said the sense of this word, according to the to explain the true meaning of A per true French acceptation of it : se A, which is nothing more than A by

A Capuchin, in one of his sermons had itself. The quotation from Wily Be- given offence to the lackeys of a nobleman, guiled, (1635,) as given in Johnson's who, a few days after, invited him to dinner. Dictionary :

The Franciscan, in the course of the repast,

had repeatedly made signs to these varlets 'In faith my sweet honey-comb, I'll love for the means of quenching his thirst; but thee A per se A,'

the spiteful attendants did not choose to conta'ns no mystery; the sense is plain move. The patient friar bore this with good - I will love thee for thy own merit; dle, or cordon," he placed the end of it in

humour, till at last, taking hold of his girunless it allude to some rebus which is the hand of the servant nearest to him, say. now forgotten, or to a French game of- ing, with a significant smile, Conduisezten played in company on a winter's moi, à l'abbreuvoir,' - Lead me to the horseevening, by the younger part of the pond. The quaintness of the application

was instantly felt by the master of the house; family who take no interest at the card- a bottle of champagne was placed on the table. They say, “J'aime mon amant table at the side of the Capuchin, and the par A, parcequ'il est Amiable,'-I love next day the offenders were dismissed. my friend by A, because he is Amia “ ABSTE'MIOUS, adj. [abstemius, ble. This goes round the cheerful cir- Lat. from abs, without, and temetum, ele as fast as the readiness of the indi- strong wine.] Abstaining from wine. viduals at finding adjective beginning with an A, can allow. Then follows, cording to Horace had no objection to a

Pliny tells us that Cato major (who, ac« J'aime mon amant par B, parcequ'il brimmer of generous wine, est Bienveillant.'- I love my friend by Narratur et prisci Catonis B, because he is Benevolent; and so Sæpe mero icaluisse virtus, on. If any one stops for want of the

Od. lib. iii. xxi.) word beginning by the letter in rota- had slily advised his relations to kiss their tion, he or she forfeits and deposits a

wives at their coming home, in order to depledge, the redeeming of which is the tect whether they had drunk wine with their

gossips when abroad. the aim and end of the game. This

~ The reader may have not remarkamusement is not unknown here.

ed that in the word abstemious, the “ ABBREUVOIR'. This is a

five vowels of the alphabet stand in French word, admitted, nobody knows their grammatical order—a, e, i, o, u. why, into an English Dictionary, and The word facetious presents the same elearly borrowed from the Italian abbe- accidental singularity; and facetiously verare derivative of bevere. The brings in the y. French breuvage, which we have dilu “ACE. 8. [Lat. as.) An unit; a ted into beverage, or rather brought single point on cards or dice, (Johnson.) back to its spring, comes also from be. The word as in Latin means a whole vere, which naturally flows from the sum, an estate, or any thing else which Latin bibere, to drink; the letter B may be divided into aliquot parts; and taking the pronunciation of V, as it was is derived from ees, out of which weights customary among the Romans. This and coinage were made. At cards, the circumstance has given occasion to the ace is (I must say generally, for I know following distich:

of games in which it is not so) looked Birit pro vixit constat scripsisse Latinos, upon as the highest in value and digniErgo nil aliud vivere quam bibere est. ty; so that all the rest of the pack are

“ The word abbreuvoir, which means mere dividends of the principal, the strictly a watering place for hotses and ace. The king, qucen, and knave, cattle, does not appear to have been have been added by courtesy ; and yet ased in that sense in English; yet our sometimes the ace counts eleven, when masons, when they place several stones the king is valued at ten."




WE passed along under the south or energy in the councils of Scindiah,

western face of the fort, looking which now stands a power, isolated,helpup to its battlements, its towers, and less, and without hope ever again effectuprison-palaces; and visiting, about half- ally to set it in motion. From a prodigious way up the rocky hill, some curious host, it has dwindled in numbers greatcaves containing colossal figures of the ly; in efficiency and readiness of equipgod Budh.

From the mouth of one ment, still more: perhaps not more of these caves, as I looked out on the than seven thousand mounted men are plain below, I saw several small soo in his camp; about three brigades of warries in motion ; here an elephant infantry; his artillery alone fine, and with a party of horse-men ; there a disproportionately so; his stores misecouple of women's hackrees going to a rably low." garden, with a small escort of horse; Next day we rode into camp-In and here again, a leader with a whole traversing this rude irregular encampplump of spears ; while individualment, the groups we met were horsfigures scouring along the plain might es picketted in circles with the ribe seen every where. But it was not der's spear planted in the ground till, leaving this side of the fort we came at each head-rope; men lying on their to its northern head, that we got a full horse-furniture ; pillowed on their view of the Mahratta camp. It is not shields; or busy cooking; or cleaning quite, perhaps, what you expect; for it their horses and arms.

Their women presents the appearance of an immense making fires ; fetching water and bringvillage, or rather collection of villages, ing in grass ; their children of all sizes with about a dozen chunamed build- at play in the dust naked. All these ings, shapeless, coarse, without any air were features, to the eye of the Euroof ornament ; and here and there ma- pean officer, strange and interesting. ny small trees and hedges of the milk “ As we passed back round the fort, plant, all of quick growth and late we were fortunate enough to meet Scinplanting, but yet giving the whole a fix- diah returning from the chase, surrounded and settled aspect. At the second ed by all his chiefs ; and preceded or gaze, however, you see interspersed followed by about seven hundred horse. many tents and palls, flags and pen- Discharges of cannon announced his nons ; in some parts, hutted lines and approach, and a few light scattered piles of arms; in one range, a large parties of spearmen were marching beregular park of artillery ; in all the fore the main body. We stopped our open spaces, horses irregularly picket- elephants just on one side of a narrow ted, strings of camels, and a few stately part of the road, where the rajah and elephants. On the skirts of this large chiefs with his immediate escort must mass, a few smaller and more regular pass. encampments belonging to particular First came loose light-armed horse, chiess with their followers better armed either in the road, or scrambling and and mounted. The sounds, too, of leaping on the rude banks and ravines neighings, of drums, of horns, and fire- near; then some better clad, with the arms; and, occasionally, the piercing quilted poshauk*; and one in a comtrump of the elephant, mingled in con-. plete suit of chain-armour; then a few fusion with the hum of a population, elephants,

among them the hunting eleloud, busy, and tumultuous, tell you, phant of Scindiah, from which he had convincingly, the trade here is war : dismounted. On one small elephant, the manufactures are of arms.

guiding it himself, rode a fine boy, a Many years, however, has the foundling protégé of Scindiah, called Mahratta camp happily been stationary. Nor is there treasure in the coffers, with cotton, so as to render it sabre-proof

A garment of cloth, or silk, quilted and stuffed

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