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Pine apples far inferior to ours; even stricted in the choice or number of the grapes of Fontainbleau are inferior their arms, or in their method of fightto those of our hot houses ! Grange's ing, but each is at liberty to employ and Owen’s in Piccadilly and Bond whatsoever he conceives is most advanStreet, have a finer display than any I tageous to himself, and avail bimself of have met with at Paris.- At breakfast every artifice to ensure his owo safety, they affect this hobby-horse: It is and destroy the life of his antagonist

. common to have a cup of coffee, with. One of the last times that this method out either milk or sugar, before they get of deciding a quarrel on the frontiers up. Coffee always after dinner.--Re- was resorted to, the circumstances were ligion almost contined to the ancienne sufficiently curious, and the recital of noblesse. Every woman of rank or them may serve to illustrate what is fashion in France has her right to re- mentioned above. ceive company. The party naturally The phlegmatic German, armed with divides into two: the old ones play the most desperate weapon in the cards; the young ones dance and romp world—a ritled pistol mounted on a under the inspection of each married carbine stock, placed himself in the woman.

middle of the field ; and, conscious BELLS.

that he would infallibly destroy his enThe Venetians pretend that they in- emy, if he could once get him within troduced bells at Constantinople, in the shot, began coolly to smoke his pipe. ninth century; but the oldest mention The Turk, on the contrary, with a piswe can find in the Byzantine writers, is tol on one side and a pistol on the othof the year 1040.

er, and two more in his holsters, and DIELLING.

two more in his breast, and a carbine at There is scarcely any subject on his back, and a sabre by his side, and a which more discordant opinions are en- dagger in his belt, advanced like a movtertained than on that of duelling; and, ing magazine, and, galloping round his whilst one party condemn it as a flag- adversary, kept incessantly firing at rant violation of all the laws both of him. The German conscious that litGod and man, others are contented to tle or no danger was to be apprehended represent it as a necessary evil. With- from such a marksman with such weapout, however, discussing at present the ons, deliberately continued to smoke expediency of the practice, it appears his pipe. The Turk at length perceir. that if an appeal must, in any case, being a sort of little explosion, as if his made to arms, the great object should antagonist's pistol had missed fire, adbe to place the champions on an equal vanced like lightning to cut him down, footing, and prevent, as far as possible, and almost immediately was shot dead. the better calise from yielding to the The wily German had put some qunmore skilsul combatant. In one single powder into his pipe, the light of which solitary instance has this been attained. his enemy mistook, as the other had On the borders of Austria and 'Turkey, foreseen would be the case, for a flash where a private pique, or private quar- in the pan ; and no longer fearing the rel of a single individual,' might occa- superior skill and superior arms of his sion the massacre of a family or village, adversary, he fell a victim to them both the desolation of a province, and per- when seconded by artifice. haps even the more extended horrors

THE AMAZONS. of a national war, whensoever any se The attention of the learned bas rious dispute arises between two sub- been for a long time fixed upon the es. jects of the different empires, recourse istence of the Amazons ; and the folis had to terminate it, to what is called lowing result, deduced from the pro6 the custom of the frontier.” A spa- found researches and extended investicious plain or field is selected, whither, gations to which the subject has given on an appointed day, judges of the re- rise, appears interesting and probable, spective nations repair, accompanied by and accords with the general tenor of all those whom curiosity or interest may history. An army of Sauromates havassemble. The combatants are not re- ing traversed Caucasus and Colchis,

penetrated into the lesser Asia, and es- first took arms to avenge the death of tablished themselves on the banks of their husbands, then to defend themthe river Thermodon ; content with selves, and at last to subjugate their finding a plain which recalled to their neighbours; that they had attempted minds the recollection of their country, an expedition against Athens ; and and feeling, as the Greeks under Xeno- that their queen Thalestris had gone phon subsequently felt, apprehensive of herself, or sent ambassadors, to the not being able to pass the large rivers, camp of Alexander,-is what, in defisuch as the Halys, the Parthenius, and ance of the authority of many poets, the Sangarius, these Nomades lived in philosophers, and historians of antiquithe plain of Themiscyra, upon the pro- ty, we are no longer permitted to be duce of their flocks, and the booty lieve. We may remember the expres. which they acquired by pillaging their sion of Lysimachus, when onerycritus neighbours. In Scythia the women ac- read to him the history of Thalestris, companied their husbands to war and with which he had embellished his to the chase, and were skilful in horse- work upon the exploits of Alexandermanship and the use of the bow; here “ Oh! where was I at that time ? they guarded the shore. Some Greek said Lysimachus to him, smiling. sailors having met, fought with, and It is worthy of remark, that the been conquered by them, reported names of Menalippa, Hyppolita, &c. these coasts to be entirely inhabited by given to these Sauromatides, these Amwomen, who put every man who came azons, are all Greek names ; although amongst them to death; and hence a- it is manifest that these women must rose the fables so prevalent in Greece. have borne barbarian names and derivBut that these pretended heroines at ed from the language which hey spoke.

New Juorks. A member of the indefatigable Taylor by the Rev. Wm. FIELD. This treatise has Family, of Ongar, has produced a volume, certainly fulfilled its professed object of ancalled the Elements of Thought. It com- swering a few calumnious pages of some presses, in good modern language, and in ignorant person of that place; but it is not an inviting form, the theoretical and practi- to its local topics that we wish to call the cal doctrines contained in Watts's “Im- attention of our readers. The author has provement of the Mind," and in the same taken the present occasion to give an outauthor's work on Logic ; and, as Watts in line of the history of his sect, and has supsubstance will live for ever, so Mr. Taylor, ported all their distinguishing doctrines in giving us his substance in a neat volume, with much ability. In the list of Unitarians has rendered an useful service to all studi- which he gives, containing many great ous and inquisitive persons.

names, we were at first surprised to see An Analytical Investigation of the Scrip- some included who are not generally suptural Claims of the Devil, and a similar en posed to have entertained those views, quiry into the meaning of the terms Sheol, though the author seems to adduce suftiHades, and Gehenna, as used by the Scrip- cient authority for inserting them. Amongst ture writers, by the Rev. RUSSELL Scott, of the most eminent, we observe Whiston, Portsmouth, which have been unavoidably Newton, Locke, Dr. Watts, Wm. Penn, and delayed in passing through the press, will Bishop Law. The Unitarian sect is, we be published in the course of the present believe, at present increasing with great month.

rapidity. In the author of the work in A History of a severe Case of Neuralgia, question it certainly possesses a very spirited commonly called Tic Douloureux, will and efficient advocate ; and, if we find any speedily be published, occupying the perves thing in his pages to alloy the pleasure of of the Right Thigh, Leg, and Foot, success. perusing them, it is, perhaps, that somefully treated; with some observations on times the author is in danger of falling into that complaint, and on its causes, as they that error which he blames so much in his vary in different individuals ; by G. D. opponents—uncharitable feeling. YEATS, M D. F. R. S.

The Rev. WM. Jag has in the press, a We seldom interfere with theological new edition of his Short Discourses for works of a controversial nature, but we Families. gladly make an exception in favour of A colossal statue of Burns, the modern Letters addressed to the Calrinistic Christions Scottish bard, is about to be erected in of Warwick, by an UsitariAN CHRISTIAN, Edinbur! by Mr. Flaxman. We hope to written, as appears from its advertisements, be enabled to give a sketch of it.

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Original Poetry.
LINES.

He saw a lawyer killing a viper,

On a dunghill beside his own stable, I sat in my bower alone, at night

And the devil smild, for it put him in mind While o'er it the moonbeams sweetly Of Cain and his brother Abel. shone;

An apothecary, on a white horse, I look'd on the sky, with their glory bright, Roile by on his avocations : And worshipp'd the God of that starry « Oh! (says the devil,) there is my old throne.

friend,

Death in the Revelations." I gazed on earth : that pure light blending He saw a cottage with a double coach-house, With night's deep shade, so mellow'd the A cottage of gentility! scene,

And the Devil was pleased, for his darling That I felt its beauty to sadness tending,

viceAnd pondered o'er the errors and woes Is the pride that apes humility. which had been.

He stepp'd into a rich bookseller's shop,

Says he, “ We are both of one college, Oh! bitter was then the thought that sprung, For I myself sat, like a cormorant, once, Of my youth's bright promise by passion Hard ly on the tree of knowledge." blighted;

As he pass'd thro' Coldbath-fields be saw And keenly the arrows of conscience stung A solitary cell ! For deeds of folly, and duties slighted. And the Devil was charm'd, for it gave him

a hint I wept, too, o'er moments of joy and glad For improving the prisons of hell. ness,

He saw a turnkey in a trice That, scorching like solar heat, had flown; Fetter a troublesome jade ; And I sigh'd, that my life, all rapture or “Ah! nimble (quoth he,) do the fingers

sadness, So little the moonlight of pleasure had Whenever they are us'd to their trade." known.

He saw the same turnkey unfetter the same,

But with little expedition, I started—for music of tenderest strain

And the Devil thought of the long debates Broke on the gloom of that pensive dream, On the slave-trade abolition. Which thrilld my heart with softer pain, Down the river did glide, with wind and And sooth'd it, though not with Hope's with tide, bright gleam.

A pig with vast celerity !

And the Devil grinn'd, for he saw all the I gazed once more on the vault of Heaven,

while Shining with stars, and from dark clouds How it cut its owo throat, and be thougbt, free ;

with a smile, And I pray'd that, my sins and faults for of England's commercial prosperity. given,

He saw a certain minister One star of mercy might rise for me. (A minister to his mind,)

Go up into a certain house,

With a majority behind ;

The Devil quotell Genesis,
OLD NICK'S PROMENADE.

Like a very learned clerk,

How “ Noah and his creeping things The late celebrated but unfortunate Professor Porson being once solicited in General Gascoigne's burning face

Went up into the ark." company to give some jocular proof of

He saw with consternation, his abilities, complied by producing the

And back to hell his way did take ; following lines.]

For the Devil thought, by a slight mistake, From his brimstone bed, at break of day, 'Twas the general conflagration.

A-waking the Devil is gone,
To visit his snug little farm of the earth,
And see how his stock goes on.

On the Duke of York's horse Moscs winning And over the hill and over the dale

at Ascot Heath Races. He walked, and over the plain ;

At Ascot, when swift Moses won And backwards and forwards he switch'd

(A thing not done by slow fits!) his long tail,

What thought his royal owner on? As a gentleman switches his cane.

He thought, the joke I tell to you, And pray how was the devil drest,

His Highness is a Bishop too, Oh! he was in his Sunday hest.

On Moses and the Profits. His coat was red and his breeches were blue,

This gentleman had been very faceWith a hole behind where his tail came tious whilst soliciting some proof of the through.

Professor's poetical talents,

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September. SEPTEMBER, like the following life especially, who prefer a few more

month, boasts many fine days, at hours of sleep to all the pleasures of a least till the commencement of the au- morning walk. tumnal equinox on the 22d, when a This circumstance has been ridiculed change in the weather generally takes with great propriety by Addison, in the place. The mornings and evenings are Spectator. • The unaccountable discool, but possess a delightful freshness, position in mankind to continue awake while the middle of the day is pleasant- in the night, and sleep in the sunshine, ly warm and open. The sportsman is has made me inquire, whether the same an early riser, and does not fail to en- change has happened to any other anijoy the incense-breathing morn,' in all mals ? For this reason, I desired a her native freshness. There are but friend of mine in the country to let me few, we fear, who the melodies of know whether the lark rises as early as morn can tell ;' to such we would ex. it did formerly, and whether the cock claim, in the language of Ramsay in begins to eroi at his usual hour ? My the Faithful Shepherdess :

friend has answered me, That his poul

try are as regalar as ever, and that all See the day begins to break,

the birds and the beasts of his neighAnd the light shoots like a streak of subtle fire ; the wind blows cold

bourhood keep the same hours that While the morning doth uvfold;

they have observed in the memory of Now the birds begin to rouze,

man; and the same which, in all proAnd the squirrel from the boughs

bability, they have kept for these five Leaps, to get him nuts and fruit;

thousand years. The same excellent The early lark, that erst was mute, Carols to the rising day

author continues, in a more serious Many a note and many a lay.

strain, 'Who would not wonder at this A morning's walk at this season is perverted relish of those who are reckreplete with gratification to the admirer that prefer coal and candles to the Sun,

oned the most polite part of mankind, of Nature's beauties. What a magnif- and exchange so many cheerful mornicent phenomenon is every day exhibited in the rising of the Sun! yet how ing hours for the pleasures of midnight

revels and debauches? If a man were common is the observation, that indo- only to consult his health, he would lence and the love of sleep prevent a choose to live his whole time, if possigreat part of mankind from contempla- ble, in daylight, and to retire out of the ting this beauteous wonder of the creation! What numbers are there, in high raw damps and unwholesome vapours

world into silence and sleep, while the 52 ATHENEUM VOL. 11.

fly abroad, without a sun to disperse, ture, without one emotion of grateful moderate, or control them. For my pleasure, without one idea or reflection. own part, I value an hour in the How different the feelings of the poet, morning, as much as common libertines as expressed in these charming lines :do an hour at midnight. When I find

Sweet is the breath of Morn, her rising sweet, myself awakened into being, and per. With charm of earliest birds ; pleasant the San, ceive my life renewed within me, and When first on this delightful land he spreads at the same time see the whole face of His orient beams on herb, tree, fruil, and flower,

Milter. nature recovered out of the dark un- Glist'ring with dew, comfortable state in which it lay for It is certain that we nowhere feet several hours, my heart overflows with with a more glorious or more pleasing such secret sentiments of joy and grat- show of Nature, than what appears in itude, as are a kind of implicit praise the heavens at the rising of the Sun. to the great luthor of Nature. The The richest decorations, ihe most varimind, in these early seasons of the day; egated and the most gorgeous scenery, is so refreshed in all its faculties, and that human fancy can imagine, must borne up with suchi new supplies of an- vanish into nothing when compared imal spirits, that she finds berself in a with a spectacle in which radiance and state of youth, especially when she is beauty are so pre-emninent. entertained with the breath of flowers, the melody of birds, the dews that hang The oak begins to shed its acorns, upon the plants, and all those other and the beech nuts fall ; both of which sweets of Nature that are peculiar to are termed mast. A luxurious pastuthe morning. But it is impossible for a rage is afforded for such hogs as are man to have this relish of being, this kept on the borders of forests, for about exquisite taste of life, who does not six weeks, from the end of September. come into the world before it is in all

The method of treating bogs at this its noise and hurry; who loses the season of migration, and of reducing a rising of the Sun, the still hour of the large herd of these ungovernable brutes day, and immediately upon his first to perfect obedience and good goverggetting up, plunges himself into the or- ment, is very curious. The mode purdinary cares or follies of the world.”

sued in New Forest is thus detailed :But it is not indolence and the love « The first step the swine-herd takes, of sleep only that give rise to these ob- is to investigate some close sheltered servations. Beauty ceases to charm, part of the forest where there is a conand magnificence to strike, when the veniency of water, and plenty of oak, object, however perfect it may be, is or beech-mast, the former of which he become familiar to a mind unaccustom- prefers, when he can have it in abuned to reflect on the order and harmony dance. He fixes next upon some slight of the creation, and on those wondere circular fence of the dimensions he ful relations between all the objects of wants ; and, covering it roughly with it which naturally lead the deveut man boughs and sods, he fills it plentifully to the contemplation of a First Cause, with straw or fern. the Lise, and Soul, and Energy of All. · Having made this preparation, be lipnce we observe a kind of culpable collects his colony among the farmers, inattention and indifference, even in with whom he generally agrees for a thi se who are most habituated to rural a shilling a head, and will get together scenes, and who, consequently, must a herd of 5 or 600 hogs. Having drive enjoy the most frequent opportunities en them to their destined habitation, le of adiniring and contemplating the gives them a plentiful supper of acorns, , works of Nature. Satisfied, for in- or beech-mast, which he had already stance, that the sun enlightens the provided, sounding his horn during the world. and dispenses the most essential repast. He then turns them into the benefits to mankind, they have no so- litter, where, after a long journey, and licitude to explore the cause of these a hearty meal, they sleep deliciously. wonderful effects. They view, every The next morning he lets them look day, the most glorious object in Na- a little around them; shows them the

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