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pool, or stream, where they may occa- in such condition, that a little dry meal sionally drink ; leaves them to pick up will soon fatten them.' the offals of the last night's meal; and, as evening draws on, gives them anoth The autumnal equinox happens on er plentiful repast under the neighbour- the 22d of September, and,at ihis time, ing trees, which rain acorns upon them the days and nights are equal all over the for an hour together, at the sound of his earth. Heavy storms of wind and rain horn. He then sends them again to are experienced as at the vernalequinox. sleep. The following day he is, per In this month, Nature continues to haps, at the pains of procuring them pour out all her autumnal fruitery' another meal, with music playing as from her Amalthean horn, and to preusual. He then leaves them a little sent ungrateful man with a store of the more to themselves,having an eye,how- most delicious fruit ;—plums, round, ever, on their evening hours. But as and of blooming hue' -- golden apples' their bellies are full, they seldom wan- glossy nuts'-—and der far from home, retiring commonly That blusa in scarlet ripeness through the dew. very orderly and early to bed.

The vine her curling tendrils shoots, After this, he throws his sty open, Hangs out her clusters, glowing, to the south, and leaves them to cater for themselves;

And scarcely wishes for a warmer sky. and from henceforward has little more The Persian vine-dressers do all in trouble with them during the whole their power to make the vine run up time of their migration. Now and then, the wall, and curl over on the other in calm weather when mast falls spa- side, which they do by tying stones to ringly, he calls them, perhaps, together the extremity of the tendril. May not by the music of his horn to a gratuitous this illustrate that beautiful passage meal ; but in general they need little used in Genesis xlix. 22 ? Joseph is attention, returning regularly home at a fruitful bough; even a fruitful night, tho' they wander in the day two bough by a well

, whose branches run or three miles from their sty. There over the wall. The vine, particularly are experienced leaders in all herds, in Turkey and Greece, is frequently which have spent this roving life before, made to entwine on trellises, around a and instruct their juniors in the method well, where in the heat of the day, of it. By this management the herd is whole families collect themselves, and carried home to their respective owners sit under the shade.

(English Magazines, July.)


BY BARRY E. O'MEARA, ESO. LATE SURGEON TO THE EMPEROR NAPOLEOS. THIS work, from which, our readers of Napoleon, not spoiled or brought in

will recollect, some extracts were to suspicion by any attempt at finery, given in our last, is on the eve of pub- - it is the Boswellina of Bonaparte, lication, but has not yet made its ap- unalloved by the certainly amusing) pearance. We avail ourselves there. egotisin of the northern biographer. fore of the copy in our possession to lay To the work is prefixed a fac-simile of before our readers a further selection Napoleon's manuscript of the following from its contents. The work purports sentence, the original of which is in to be a compilation of Napoleon's pri- the author's possession. vate observations during the first three

Je pric mes parens et amis de croire tout years of his captivity at St. Helena, ce que le Docteur O'Meara leur dira rela. taken down upon the spot each day, tivement a la position ou je me trouve et immediately after the narrator parted

aux sentimens que je conserve. S'il voie from his company. It is a simple, une qu'il lui baise les mains.

ma bonne Louise je la prie de permettre adorned narrative of the conversations Le 25 Juillet, 1818


This speaks clearly the high confi- by a recurrence to the scenes in which dence which Napoleon placed in the he was so distinguished, thus as it were person to whom it was given, and con- stealing a balm for the present from the firms the strong internal evidence which memory of the past ; still we did not every page presents of its authenticity. expect to meet with so entire an abIn addition to this, there is the attesta- sence of reserve. It is time, however, tion of Mr. Holmes, the agent of Napo- to allow the reader to judge for himself leon in this country, that he received by some out of the numberless enter. the original manuscript from St. Hele- taining anecdotes with which these volna long before the arrival of Mr. O'. umes abound. Weshould perhaps menMeara in England, a proof that the tion that the book is written in ihe upcompilation was no afterthought. We assuming but natural form of a diary. think Mr. O'Meara has only acted The following are some of his opinions justly towards himself, and respectfully of the persons to whom perhaps in the towards the public, in producing those world he was most attached the Emvouchers for the credit which he de- press Josephine. mands from them : but the trouble was “ Had some conversation with him scarcely necessary ; there are so many relative to the Empress Josephine, of anecdotes which none but Napoleon whom he spoke in terms the most alcould tell—so many phrases, which sectionate. His first acquaintance with none but Napoleon could use---such in- that amiable being, commenced after tensity of diction, and varieties of sin- the disarming of the sections in Paris gular and interesting disclosure, that it subsequently to the 13th of Vendeis difficult to refuse assent. The very miare, 1765. "A boy of twelve or nature of the work renders it necessa- thirieen years old presented himself to rily most curious--there has not been me, continued he, and entreated that a public event for the last thirty years his father's sword (who had been a gen

an actor of any distinction upon the eral of the republic) should be returnpolitical scene--a general of any fame ed. I was so touched by this affec-a minister of any eminence-a bat- tionate request, that I ordered it to be tle-a court--a treaty, or in short, an given to him. This boy was Eugene occurrence of any national interest Beauharnois. On seeing the sword, he whatever, which we have not Napoleon burst into tears. I felt so much affectsketching for us in his own proper per- ed by his conduct, that I noticed aod son, with all the rapidity and familiarity praised him much. A few days afterof conversation. The most minute wards his mother came to return me a details of his youth, his elevation, his visit of thanks. I was much struck prosperity, and his tall—the characters with her appearance, and still more with whom he either combated or as- with her esprit. This first impression sociated--the different members of his was daily strengthened, and marriage own family, their faults and capabilities was not long in following.' And again --the crimes of which he was accused _Josephine was subject to nervous with his own defences, the failures attacks when in affliction.

She was which he fell into, the achievements really an amiable woman-elegant, which he executed, and the plans charming and affable. Era la dama la which he had in prospect, are all devel- piu graziosa di Francia. She was the oped with most interesting minnteness. goddess of the toilet; all the fashions One circumstance has struck us forci- originated with her ; every thing she bly, as we have no doubt it will every put on appeared elegant; and she was one else on a perosal of this book, and so kind, so huniane-she was the best that is, the facility of intercourse which woman in France." In another place Napoleon admitted, and his extreme he says of her,-“ Josephine died communicativeness upon every subject; worth about eighteen millions of francs. to be sure, it is natural enough that á She was the greatest patroness of the man like him, after the surprising ac- fine arts that had been known in France tivity of the life he led, might wish to for a series of years. She bad frerelieve the rigours of his confinement quently little disputes with Denon and

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A Voice from St. Helena-Empress Maria Louisa-King Joseph.


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even with myself, as she wanted to feminine nature, proud and high mindprocure fine statues and pictures for ed. She is capable of selling every her own gallery instead of the Museum. thing even to her chemise for me. I Now I always acted to please the peo- allowed her a million a year, besides a ple; and whenever I obtained a fine palace, and giving her many presents. statue or a valuable picture I sent it To the manner in which she formed me there for the benefit of the nation. Jo- at an early age I principally owe my sephine was Grace personified. Every subsequent elevation. My opinion is, thing she did was with a peculiar grace that the future good or bad conduct of and delicacy. I never saw her act in- a child depends entirely upon the mothelegantly during the whole time we She is very rich.

Most of my lived together. She had grace en se family considered that I might die, that couchant. Her toilet was a perfect ar- accidents might happen, and consesenal, and she eflectually defended her- quently took care to secure something. self against the assaults of time.” They have preserved a great part of

or Marie Louise also he seems to their property." Of Joseph he thus have been


fond. The author re- speaks. “ His virtues and talents are lates that, he made him read to him those of a private character; and for three several times, out of the Observer such nature intended him: he is too Newspaper, an account of her having good to be a great man. He has no fallen off her horse into the Po and ambition. He is very

like me in pernarrowly escaped drowning; an acci- son, but handsomer. He is extremely cident by which he appeared much af- well informed, but his learning is not fected. We have already seen that that which is fitted for a king ; nor is her own picture and that of her son he capable of commanding an army.” decorated his mantel-piece; he had It is a curious fact, that Napoleon subsequently received from Europe a besought Mr.O'Meara to collect for him bust of young Napoleon, upon which every book he could in which he was he used to gaze at times with the most libelled, and read and commented on tender expression of affection. Napo- them continually, sometimes seriously leon seemed fully impressed with an refuting them, but oftener in strains of opinion that his affection for Marie ridicule. Occasionally some

verv Louise was returned to the last ; and if awkward stories came out about their the story which he relates be true, it is authors. We shall only extract one indeed highly to her honour.

relating to Madame de Stäel. “ I have," continued he, “ been

“ Madame de Stäel,” said he, twice married. Political motives indų- a woman of considerable talent and ced me to divorce my first wife, whom great ambition ; but so extremely inI tenderly loved. She, poor woman, triguing and restless, as to give rise to fortunately for herself, died in time to the observation, that she would throw prevent her witnessing the last of my her friends into the sea, that she might misfortunes. Let Marie Louise be have an opportunity of saving them. asked with what tenderness and affec- I was obliged to banish her from court. tion I always treated her. After her At Geneva, she became very intimate forcible separation from me, she avow

with my brother Joseph, whom she ed in the most feeling terms to * * * *

gained by her conversation and wriher ardent desire to join me, extolled tings. When I returned from Elba, with many tears both myself and my she sent her son to be presented to me conduct to her, and bitterly lamented

on purpose to ask payınent of two her cruel separation, avowing her ar- millions, which her father Neckar had dent desire to join me in my exile." lent out of his private property to

Of bis own family, and particularly Louis XVI. and to offer her services, of the females, he appears to have been provided I complied with this request. fond of indulging the recollection. As I knew what he wanted, and thought

66 My excellent mother,” said he, that I could not grant it without illis a woman of courage and of great treating others who were in a similar talent, more of a masculine than a predicament, I did not wish to see him,


and gave directions that he should not the Duke D'Enghien, he minutely enbe introduced. However, Joseph ters into. He states the circumstances would not be denied, and brought him which gave rise to the report of the in in spite of the order, the attendants first, which he asserts never happened at the door not liking to refuse my at all

, and adds that there is no person brother, especially as he said that he in England now more convinced of its would be answerable for, the conse- falsehood than the person who gave it quences. I received him very polite- the greatest circulation here, Sir Robly, heard his business, and replied, that ert Wilson. If this be the fact, Sir R. I was very sorry it was not in my pow. Wilson is called upon by every feeling er to comply with his request, as it was which ought to actuate an honourable contrary to the laws, and would do an man to come forward manfully and injustice to many others. Madame de confess his misinformation. The deStäel was not however contented with struction of 1200 Turks he avows and this. She wrote a long letter to Fouché, justifies ; appealing to every military in which she stated her claims, and that man for his justification : but war, we she wanted the money in order to por- are afraid, has little connection with tion her daughter in marriage to the Duc morality. Alluding to the death of the de Broglie, promising that if I complied Duke D'Enghien, he says he with her request, I might command her clearly implicated in the conspiracy of and hers; that she would be black and Pichegru and Moreau. We take at white for me. Fouché communicated random one passage on this subject ; this, and advised me strongly to com- which is, however, frequently discussply, urging that in so critical a time ed by Napoleon at much greater length. she might be of considerable service. We must premise that he uniformly I answered, that I would make no bar- imputes the denouëment to the persegains.

vering instigation of Talleyrand. “ Shortly after my return from the

“ It was found out,” continued Naconquest of Italy,"continued he, “I poleon,“ by the confession of some of was accosted by Madame de Stäel in the conspirators, that the Duc d'Eng. a large company, though at that time I hien was an accomplice, and that he avoided going out much in public. was only waiting on the frontiers of She followed me every where, and France for the news of my assassinstuck so close that I could not shake ation, upon receiving which he was to her off. At last she asked me, who have entered France as the king's lieuat this moment is la première femme tenant. Was I to suffer that the Count du monde ?' intending to pay a compli- d'Artois should send a parcel of mis. ment to me, and expecting that I would creants to murder me, and that a prince return it. I looked at her, and coldly of his house should hover on the borreplied, “ she who has borne the great ders of the country I governed, in orest number of children,' turned round, der to profit by my assassination ? and left her greatly confused and abash- According to the laws of nature, I was ed. He concluded by observing, that authorized to cause him to be assassinhe could not call her a wicked wom- ated in retaliation for the numerous atan, but that she was a restless intri- tempts of the kind that he had before guante possessed of considerable talent caused to be made against me. I gave and influence."

orders to have him seized.

He was Napoleon, however, did not content tried and condemned by a law made himself with merely retorting on the long before I had any power in France. motives of his traducers. Wherever He was tried by a military commission there appeared any colour for the ac- formed of all the colonels of the regcusation he went at length into the real iments then at Paris. He was accused facts, stating what took place, and what of having borne arms against the rehe had to say in bis vindication. Thus public, which he did not deny. When the three great accusations against him, before the tribunal, he behaved with the poisoning of the soldiers, the mas- great bravery. When he arrived at sacre of the Turks, and the death of Strasburg, he wrote a letter to me, in

which he offered to discover every plied Napoleon ; " I could not be evthing if pardon were granted to him, ery where ; and Murat was the best said that his family had lost their claims cavalry officer in the world. He would for a long time, and concluded by of- have given more impetuosity to the fering his services to me. This letter charge. There wanted but very little, was delivered to Talleyrand, who con- I assure you, to gain the day for me. cealed it until after his execution. Had Enfoncer deux ou troix batallions, the Count d'Artois been in his place, and in all probability Murat would have he would have suffered the same fate ; effected that. There were not I beand were I now placed under similar lieve two such officers in the world as circumstances, I would act in a similar Murat for the cavalry, and Drouot for manner. As the police,” added Na- the artillery. Murat was a most sinpoleon,“ did not like to trust to the ev. gular character.

Four and twenty idence of Mehée de la Touche alone, years ago, when he was a captain, 1 they sent Captain Rosey, a man in made him my aid-de-camp, and subsewhose integrity they had every confi- quently raised him to be what he was. dence, to Drake at Munich, with a let. He loved, I may rather say, adored me. ter from Mehée, which procured him In my presence he was as it were an interview, the result of which con- struck with awe, and ready to fall at firmed Mehée's statement, that he was my feet. I acted wrong in having sepconcerned in a plot to terrasser le pre- arated him from me, as without me, he mier consul, no matter by what was nothing. With me, he was my means.

right arm. Order Murat to attack and But we gladly turn from these topics destroy four or five thousand men in to the sketches of character with which such a direction, it was done in a mothe book is filled. Nothing can be ment; but leave him to himself he was an more amusing than some, or more in- imbécile without judgment.

I cannot tensely interesting than others. We conceive how so brave a man could be question much whether they are not far so lâche. He was no where brave unbetter hit off in conversation as they less before the enemy.

There he was appear, than if they had been the re- probably the bravest man in the world. sult of labour and deliberation. The His boiling courage carried him into character of Murat thus thrown off the midst of the enemy, couvert de could not be improved by any polish :- pennes jusqu'au clocher, and glittering

“ I informed him that Colonel Maci- with gold. How he escaped is a mirrone, aid-de-camp to Murat, had pub-acle, being as he was always a distinlished some anecdotes of his late mas- guished mark, and fired at by every ter. “ What does he say of me;" body. Even the Cossacs admired him said Napoleon. I replied, that I had on account of his extraordinary bravenot seen the book, but had been informi- ry. Every day Murat was engaged in ed by Sir Thomas Reade that he spoke single combat with some of them, and ill of him. Oh," said he, laughing, never returned without his sabre drop“ that is nothing ; I am well accustom- ping with the blood of those whom he ed to it. But what does he say?” I had slain. He was a Paladine, in fact answered, it was asserted that Murat a Don Quixote in the field; but take had imputed the loss of the battle of him into the cabinet, he was a poltroon Waterloo to the cavalry not having without judgment or decision. Murat been properly employed, and had said, and Ney were the bravest men I ever that if he (Murat) had commanded witnessed. Murat, however, was a them, the French would have gained much nobler character than Ney. the victory. “ It is very probable," re. Murat was generous and open ; Ney

partook of the canaille. Strange to While the Due d'Enghien was on his trial, Madame la Marechale Bessiere said to Colonel Ordener, say, however, Murat, though he loved who had arrested him, “ Are there no possible means to save that malheureur ? Has his guilt been es.

me, did me more mischief than any Colonel Ordener, "I found in his house sacks of pa- left Elba, I sent a messenger to acquaint tablished beyond a doubt?" Madame," replied other person in the world. When I The duke was executed in the morning, and not by him with what I had done. Immeditoreh-light as bas been represented.

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