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death by Colonel Church. All the moment of victory their deliverer vanfrontier towns of New-England were ished. The inhabitants, unable to acattacked, and Hadley was then expo- count for the phenomenon, believed sed as a place of this description. The that they had been commanded by an time the savages fixed on to make the angel sent from heaven for their proassault, was while the inhabitants weré tection. This supposed angel was assembled at the meeting-house to ob- Goffe, who never before ventured from serve a fast day ; but fortunately it had his concealment in the cave in the woods been some time a custom for the men nor was it known who had so ably led to attend public worship armed. Had them against the Indians until after his the town been taken, the discovery of death. Whalley and Goffe would have been Goffe and Whalley appear to have inevitable. The men took up their been much respected on account of arms and attempted a defence, but were their professions of piety, and their soon thrown into confusion ; when (as grave deportment, by persons who did it is related to this day) a stranger sud- not approve of their political conduct. denly appeared among them of venera- Whalley, who became reduced to a ble aspect, and different in his apparel a state of second childhood, died about from the inhabitants, who rallied and the year 1676 or 1678 ; and Goffe, it disposing them in the best military man- is supposed, did not live beyond 1680; ner, led them to the charge, routed the his last letter is dated April 2nd, Indians, and saved the town. In the 1679.




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Turk, who was valet-de-chambre to A letter from Ceylon mentions a re- his majesty, George 1st. This wormarkable fact in Oriental sporting, thy man, whom the sovereign brought which recently happened in that island. from Hanover, was justly esteemed for A party of Europeans, who were out his amiable manners and general deamusing themselves with elephant hunt- portment. Although so great a royal ing, came so suddenly on a numerous favourite, his benevolence was not the herd as to be thrown into great confu- least of his many virtues, having, in the sion. The trampling was terrible and space of three years, discharged from the danger imminent. One of the tame the Gate-house in Westminster, the elephants in particular was overthrown, Borough Clink, Ludgate, and other and two of the wild animals rushed for- close and filthy prisons, disgraceful to ward to destroy its dismounted driver. that age, more than three hundred poor At this moment, Capt. with a debtors confined for small sums ! coolness almost incredible, interfered This Christian Turk died in 1726. and saved his life, by shooting first one and then the other elephant dead, each by a single ball from a barrel of his dou A letter from Vienna says, that the ble-barrelled gun. The mortal mark is pearl fishery in Bohemia and Moravia on the head, over the eye, and in both has been very productive this year. instances the ball penetrated the brain. These pearls, known by the name of

Bohemian Pearls, are found in the RECOLLECTIONS.

Moldawa from Kruman to below FruAmong the groups that decorate the enberg. This river furnishes every grand staircase at Kensington, painted year from three to four hundred pearls by the ingenious Kent, who laid out of the purest water and very well shathe beautiful gardens for Queen Caro- ped, besides several hundred imperfect line, is a portrait of Mahomet, the pearls. The House of Schwartzen


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berg is proprietor of the greatest part of the banks. The shells which pro

During a conflict at the farm of Rainer. duce the pearls are of a particular spe- hof, in the Tyrolese war in 1809, a yoang cies, which it would be advantageous woman who resided at the house, brought to encrease. Besides the Moldawa out a small cask of wine to encourage and there is another small river called the the scene of action, regardless of the tre

refresh the peasants; and had advanced to Wattawa, which produces a few pearls; mendous fre of the Bavarians, with the cask they are not fished up, as in the Mol- upon her head, when a bullet struck it, and dawa from the bed of the river, but ta- compelled her to let it go. Undaunted by ken from the shells thrown upon the this accident, she hastened to repair the banks by the overflowing of the Wat- fice caused by the ball; and encouraged wa.

those nearest her to refresh themselves OTHER TIMES.

quickly, that she might not remain in her In the reign of Henry the Fourth, erosity.

dangerous situation, and sufser for her genwhen the persecution of the Lollards commenced, an unfortunate man of the name of Badby was sentenced to be Died, at Kensington, near London, the burned in Smithfield, for attachment to widow Perry,æt.102. Her maiden name was the principles of Witcliffe, then de hill, near Calne, in Wiltshire, the beginning

Hester Townsend. She was born at Brennounced as a crime by the name of of December, 1119,—of course she has lived Lollardy. The Prince of Wales, af- in the reign of all the Georges. She had terwards Henry the Fifth, was present been well known about Kensington and at the execution. When the unhappy fore her. She walked upon crutches, and

Hyde Park by thousands who are gone besufferer felt the flames, his resolution subsisted for many years upon casual char. seemed to forsake him, and his agoniz- ity ; but when she attained her century, a ing cries touched the Prince, who gave subscription of a penny per week was be. directions, that the tun in which he had gun and continued by as many individuals been placed to be burned, should be every Monday morning, till the day of her

as amounted to eight shillings, paid to her removed, and Henry then offered him death. pardon if he would recant. Still farther to tempt him, he would allow him

EDWARD COLSTON. an income of three pence per day. Badby, however, rejected the proffered

" He feeds yon alms-house, neat but void of state ;

Where age and want sit smiling at the gate : mercy, was reconducted to the stake, Him portioned maids, apprenticed orphans, biest, and consumed to ashes.—The three The young who labour, and the old who rest." pence per day offered to the sufferer

Pope. was a very handsome income at that The celebrated Edward Colston, who was time ; from the bill of a dinner given a native of Bristol, and died in 1821, devotin 1561 to the Duke of Norfolk and

ed his life and fortune to the noblest acts of

christian benevolence. On his monument others, we find that the price of a leg there is recorded a list of the public chariof mutton was then three-pence, and ties and benefactions given and founded by that four pence half-penny would pur- him, which amount to £70,695 ; but bis prichase hall a bushel of four. If we

vate donations were not less than his public may assume the prices of those articles ones; he sent at one time £3000, to relieve

and discharge the debtors in Ludgate, by a to have advanced one third in the one private hand; and he yearly freed those bundred and sixty years preceding, and confined for small debts in Whitechapel measure the value of other commodi- prison and the Marshalsea; he sent £1000 ties by them, it will appear that the to relieve the poor of Whitechapel; and

twice a week had a quantity of beef and three pence per day offered by the broth dressed, to distribute to all the poor Prince of Wales, was equal in value to around him.

sailor suffered, four or five shillings per day at the pre or was cast away in his employment, his sent time, an income which to a poor family, afterwards found a sure asylum in man would certainly appear respect How solicitous he was of doing good, and able, and not unworthy the personage having his charities answer the design of vbo offered it.

their institution, appears from a letter of his,

If any

to Mr.Mason, Master of the Society of Mer- Guinea, 53 square leagues, 35,000 inhabi
chants in Bristol, the trustees of his chari. tants. The government of Angola, 70
ty. “Your letter was received by me with square leagues, 75.000 inhabitants. Or Mo-
great satisfaction, because it informs me, sambique, 139 square leagues, 60,000 in-
that the Merchants' Hall have made choice habitants.
of so deserving a gentleman for their mas In Asia, Goa, 92 square leagues, 60,000
ter, by whom I cannot in the least think inhabitants. Timor and Solor, 33 square
there will be any neglect of their affairs ; leagues, 15,060 inhabitants. Macao, 14
so neither of want of care, in seeing my square leagues, and 33,800 inhabitants.-
trust reposed in them religiously perform- Total 282,444 square leagues, and 6,649,200
ed ; because, thereon depends the welfare inhabitants : among the latter are two inil-
or ruin of so many boys, who may in time lions of slaves. The political importance
be made useful, as well' to your city as to equal to that of the Belgic provinces, and
the nation, by their future honest endeav- superior to that of Sweden.
ours ; the which that they may be, is what The crown revenues from eighty to pinety
I principally desire and recommend unto millions of francs. The armed force con-
you, sir, and the whole society. Edward sists in Europe of 25,000 militia. In Brazils

the troops of the line and militia about
During the scarcity of 1795, Mr. Colston, 50,000. Their marine has not above eight
after relieving the wants of his immediate ships of the line and sixteen frigates.
neighbourhood, sent in a cover to the Lon.
don Committee, with only these words, “ To A curious phenomenon now stands on the
relieve the wants of the poor in the me- road-side to Brighton, on the estate of Mr.
tropolis," and without any signature, the Sewell : it is a very large tree, half of which
sum of £20,000. A donation almost past is oak, and the other half beech.
belief, but established on the best author-
When some friends arged Mr. Colston to

LITERARY. marry, he replied, “ Every helpless widow Shortly will be published, Practical Obis my wife, and her distressed orphans my servations on Paralytic Affections, St. Vichildren." What adds greatly to his char- tus' Dance, Distortions of the Spine, and acter as a charitable man, is, that he per- Deformities of the Chest and Limbs, arisformed all these works of beneficence, great ing from Chronic Rheumatism, Rickets, and splendid as they are, in his life-time ; Gout, &c illustrative of the beneficial efhe invested revenues for their support in fects of Muscular Action, with Cases, by the hands of trustees; he lived to see the W. Tilleard Ward, F.L.S. trusts justly executed ; and perceived with Our medical readers will be entertained his own eyes the good effects of all his es- and interested by the perusal of a Treatise tablishments. That his great fortune might on Acupuncturation, by JAMES MORss the less embarrass him with worldly cares, CHURCHILL, Member of the Royal College he placed it out chiefly in government secu- of Surgeons, London. This operation, as rities; and the estates he bought to endow the name imports, consists in inserting a his hospitals, were chiefly ground rents.- needle into the muscular parts of the body, And notwithstanding all these public lega- to the depth, sometimes, of an inch. The cies, he provided amply for all his relations instantaneous effect of this singular remedy and dependents, leaving more than £100,000 in alleviating pains of a rheumatic nature, amongst them.

is truly surprising and unaccountable ; but JOHN WICKLIFF.

the facts, as exhibited in many cases, are The ancient family of the celebrated Re- sufficiently strong to command our assent. former, John Wyclide, became extinct a few In attacks of a nervous nature, the happy days ago, by the death of Thomas Wycliffe, influence of this process is equally undeniEsg. whose ancestors have been settled at able. This remedy has long been in use Richmond in Yorkshire, ever since the reign amongst the Japanese and Chinese, and is of Edward the First.

now making its way into European practice,

with results which at least demand the earnCENSUS OF PORTUGAL.

est attention and scrutiny of the physioloThe Portuguese monarchy has possessions gist. The author of the Treatise in quesin four parts of the world :

tion abstains altogether from the dubious In Europe is the kingdom of Portugal, enquiry into the origin of these singular efand the Algarves, on a surface of 4630 fects ; and we think that, in this stage of leagues square, and 3,680,000 inhabitants. the business, he does well to confine himself

In America, Brazil and Guiana, 277,000 to the establishment of facts. He must exleagues square, and 24,000,000 inhabitants. pect to find no little scepticism, on a subject

In the Atlantic and Africa, the isles of so much at variance with the common apMadeira and Porto Santo, 50 square leagues, prehensions of the public; but, as far as we and 91,200 inhabitants. The Azores 147 can yet judge, we think he is proceeding on square leagues, 160,000 inhabitants. Cape solid ground, and will, in the end, do conVerd Islands, 216 square leagues, 36,000 in. siderable service to the cause of surgical habitants. The islands on the coast of science and humanity.

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BOSTON, APRIL 15, 1822.

(From the English Magazines, Feb. 1822.)


AT the latter end of the year 1819, large, and the hospitable reception

I accepted an invitation to pass a within made ample recompense for week at the habitation of a friend in the uncouthness of the exterior. I Scotland, and accordingly made all due was ushered by a servant in ancient preparations for the journey, and took livery into a parlour ; where, seated my place in the vehicle, which com- around the fire, I found the Laird, mences its periodical excursions from Mr. MóTarragon, his wife, and only the small town containing the resi- daughter; two neighbouring gentledence of your Correspondent. It is men, Mr. Whappledoun and Mr. Balnot needful to describe the busy pre- dermere ; a young English lady, Miss paration for the event, the fidgetting of Somerset, with her brother; and an my aunts, for I am blessed with three ! elderly dame, Mrs. Tiverton ; all of the rising at four o'clock to set off at whom were,

whom were, like myself, visitors. seven, and the endless train of et- Being somewhat tired with my jourceteras which every traveller is well ney, and the evening far advanced, I acquainted with. I departed in the retired early to rest, to sleep off the faVelocity, for so the vehicle was named, tigues of the day. locus a non lucendo 1 presume, in com The next morning I took a survey pany with a French dancing-master, a of my friend's castle. It was, as I Scotch merchant, and the wife of a have before said, not remarkable for Welsh curate. Nothing remarkable its elegance, or the harmonious prohappened during the journey, which' portion of its parts. The body of was performed in mute silence, ex- the building had been originally of a cept when an extraordinary jolt of square shape, but it abounded with the carriage drew forth an occasional wings which had been appended to it ejaculation from my fellow-travellers ; by succeeding occupiers : and was and I at last arrived at the place of accommodated with numerous high my destination. My friend's house a and narrow apertures, filled with mimarvellous ill-fashioned edifice, stood nute panes of glass, which served as upon the top of an eminence, at the an apology for windows : though the foot of which a muddy pool, passing Architect seemed to bave been perby the name of a pond, served as a fectly ignorant of any such thing as school to initiate some young of the regularity in their dispositions. 'The duck tribe in the art and mystery of roof was adorned with towers of all swimming. The house itself, though descriptions, some round, some square, completely void of all shape, was and some of a shape which would have


baffled the skill of the most experienc- tricate mazes, till the eye lost its track ed professor of octahedrons and poly, among the thick under-wood, whicla gons to give a name to, and which flourished on its margin. It was a sprouted out in beautiful confusion, like spot which a poet would have hung the horns of the beast in the Revela- over with rapture, a painter would tions.

have loved to delineate on his canThe day passed pleasantly in con- vas, and which an angel might have versation and various amusements, lingered to gaze upon, and thought it for the weather prohibited all excursion Eden. beyond the walls, and in the evening “ So intent was I in admiring this we told stories ; the first of which, natural garden, that it was some time related by Henry Somerset, the young before I perceived a cottage which Englishman, I here enclose.

reared its thatched roof under the “ It was on the close of a fine day shade of a venerable chesnut, that in July, that I walked out to enjoy an spread its giant arms far abroad on evening ramble. The day had been every side. I wished to know who warm, and the breeze that rustled were the inhabitants of this terrestrial among the leaves with “ cooling me- paradise; and therefore approached, lody" was inexpressibly grateful. The and knocked gently at the door ; the sun was just sinking behind the moun- threshold of which was embroidered tain whose dark masses bounded the by honeysuckles, that twined around view on the west,and lighted up the clouds it, and kissed the projecting cottage that gathered round him with a blaze roof. It was opened by an elderly of glory, which glittered through the woman, the very personification of trees with the most delightful splen- hospitality. She invited me to enter ; dour.

The inhabitants of the neigh- which I did, after apologizing for my bouring villages had retired to rest, intrusion, and offering my long walk and no sound interrupted the silence as an excuse for resting myself. I had which brooded over the scene, save now an opportunity of observing the the gentle murmurs of the wind, and interior of the dwelling, or at least of the occasional bark of the distant the part where I sat. It was a small watch-dog.

low apartment, but the white-washed “ It is sweet to walk in places and walls, the clean windows, whose small at times like these; when the mind, panes of glass were partly obscured loosened from the weight of subjects by the shrubs which climbed around which have oppressed it during the them, and the bright rows of well-polbusy day, springs with renovated buo- ished pot-lids, and other culinary utenyancy to commune with the spirit of sils, gave an air of neatness and indusnature when shaking off the cumbrous try to the room. Near the fire-place load of earthly inquietude, she roams sat an old man, seemingly much opin freedom through her boundless ex- pressed by age and pain, but his welpanse : por fettered to the present, come was hearty though unpolished, Memory kindly lends her aid to con- and his furrowed cheeks and snowy jure up the past, and Fancy leads her locks gave him a reverend and pleasing on to contemplate the future.

appearance. My hostess seemed about “ I arrived in my ramble at a spot fifty; her features were rather of a melwhich Nature seemed to have chosen ancholy cast ; a clean cap restrained to blend all her powers of charming. her grey hair, which time had much The dark foliage which grew around thinned ; and from her waist hung a threw a soft and melancholy shade pincushion and pair of scissars. She upon the scene; the beautiful wild placed refreshments before me, of which flowers loaded the air with their sim- i partook most heartily, and answered ple perfume ; while the wind, which my questions with civility, and even here sighed with a deeper murmur, politeness. After recompensing the accorded well with the rippling of a aged couple for my entertainment, I at brook that rolled over the white and length departed, with many thanks and shining pebbles, winding along in in- renewed apologies for my intrusion.


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