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cursions upon Long Island, I trust, have been blessed. It would surprise you to see above one hundred carriages at every sermon, in the new world !"
He spent the months of September and October at Philadelphia; where the provost of the college read prayers for him. Both the present, and the late governor, with the principal gentlemen of the city, attended. He received the thanks of the trustees, for speaking for the charity children, and recommending the institution.
Leaving Philadelphia, he continued his journey southward through Virginia ; and November 22, from New Brunswick, in Carolina, he writes thus :—“At Newbern, last Sunday, good impressions were made. From that place to this, I have met with what they call New Lights in almost every stage. I have the names of several of their preachers. This with every other place, being open and exceedingly desirous to hear the gospel, makes me almost determined to come back early in the spring.” Having preached at Charleston, he once more arrived at Savannah, and had the happiness to find the state of the colony as prosperous as he could wish. “The colony," says he, “is rising fast ; nothing but plenty at Bethesda ; and all arrears, I trust, will be paid off before I leave it: so that in a short time, I hope to be freed from these outward encumbrances.” And he was not disappointed in his expectations. He writes, “Bethesda, January 14, 1765. God hath given me great favor in the sight of the governor, council, and assembly. A memorial was presented for an additional grant of land, consisting of two thousand acres. It was immediately complied with. Both houses addressed the governor in behalf of the intended college. As warm an answer was given. Every heart seems to leap for joy, at the prospect of its future utility.” Again, “ Bethesda, February 13. Yesterday morning, the governor, and Lord J. A. G-n, with several other gentlemen, favored me with their company to breakfast. But how was my lord surprised and delighted! After expressing himself in the strongest terms, he took me aside, and informed me, that the governor had showed him the accounts, by which he found, what a great benefactor I had been ; that the intended college would be of the utmost utility to Georgia, and the neighboring provinces; that the plan was beautiful, rational, and practicable; and that he was persuaded his majesty would highly approve of, and also favor it with some peculiar marks of his royal bounty.” He adds in the same letter, “ Now farewell, my beloved Bethesda ; surely the most delightful place in all the southern parts of America. What a blessed winter have I had! Peace and love, and harmony, and plenty, reign here! Mr. Wright, hath done much
in a littte time, all are surprised at it; but he hath worked night and day, and not stirred a mile for many weeks. Thanks be to God, all outward things are settled on this side the water. The auditing the accounts, and laying the foundation for a col. lege, hath silenced enemies, and comforted friends. The finishing of this affair confirms my call to England, at this time.
Having left Bethesda in such comfortable circumstances, he determined, on the 18th of February, to delay his intended journey to the northward, judging it best to sail immediately for England, to settle the college affairs. However, he spent part of the month of March at Charleston, and then taking an affectionate farewell, proceeded towards Philadelphia, preaching at many places by the way, especially at Newcastle. He says, "all along from Charleston to this place, the cry is, for Christ's sake stay and preach to us! O for a thousand lives to spend for Jesus !"
There being no vessel at Philadelphia, bound for England, he sailed for New York, in the Earl of Halifax packet, and once more landed in England, July 5, 1765. He writes, “we have had but a twenty-eight days passage. The transition hath been so sudden, that I can scarce believe I am in England. I hope, ere long, to have a more sudden transition into a better country.” When he arrived, he was very ill of a nervous fever ; which left him extremely weak in body, and prevented him from exerting himself, as he had been used to do. Yet, far from being discouraged, he continued to do all the good he could, being in expectation of soon entering into his eternal rest. “0, to end life well!" says he, "methinks I have now but one river to pass over. And we know of One that can carry us over, without being ankle deep."
On the 6th of October, he was called to open the Countess of Huntingdon's chapel at Bath. His text was 2 Cor., vi. 16. He says, "the chapel is extremely plain, and yet equally grand
a beautiful original—all was conducted with great solemnity. Though a very wet day, the place was very full. I preached in the morning; the Rev. Mr. Townsend, of Pewsy, in the evening."
From his opening Lady Huntingdon's chapel at Bath, to his embark
ing for America, 1769. WHITEFIELD made but a short stay at Bath, and returned to London. January 18, 1766, he writes to a friend at Sheerness, “I am sorry to acquaint you that it is not in my power to
comply with your request, for want of more assistance. I am confined in town with the care of two important posts, when I am only fit to be put into some garrison among invalids." Early in the spring he was awhile relieved; for he was, in the month of March, at Bath and Bristol.
He writes March 17, “the uncertainty of my motions has made me slow in writing; and a desire to be awhile free from London cares, has made me indifferent about frequent hearing from thence. Last Friday evening, and twice yesterday, I preached at Bath, to very thronged and brilliant auditories." A cause of much joy to him about this time, was the repeal of the stamp act; for he had the colonial interest always at heart, and he ardently wished for the restoration of peace and tranquility to his beloved country. We find in his letter book, the following memorandum ; “March 16, 1767, stamp act repealed !-gloria Deo.”
The celebrated Indian ministers, Mr. Occum* and Mr. Whitaker, now arrived from America, in order to raise subscriptions for Mr. Wheelock's Indian school. That pious institution Whitefield much approved ; and concerning it, in a letter, dated London, April 25, he writes, “ the prospect of a large and effectual door being opened among the heathen, blessed be God, is very promising. Mr. Occum is a settled, humble christian ; the good and great, with a multitude of lower degree, heard him preach last week at Tottenham court chapel, and felt much of the power and presence of the Lord. Mr. Romaine has preached, and collected one hundred pounds, and I believe seven or eight hundred more are subscribed. The truly noble Lord Dartmouth espouses the cause most heartily, and his majesty has become a contributor. The King of kings, and Lord of lords, will bless them for it." Mr. Occum and Whitaker came afterwards to Scotland, and procured very large contributions in the cities of Edinburgh and Glasgow; but especially from the family of Mr. Sprewell, of Glasgow, and from the Rev. Mr. M'Culloch, at Cambuslangit
June 19, we find him at Collam, near Bristol, from whence he writes :-“ As my feverish heat continues, and the weather
* Mr. Occum was one of the Mohegan tribe of Indians, in Connecticut. He was admitted into the Rev. Mr. Wheelock's school, at Lebanon, when a youth, where he learned Latin and Greek, with a view to the exercise of his ministry among the Indians. He married an Indian woman, by whom he had seven or eight children; and kept a school on Long Island, where his wife and family tilled the ground.
He was ordained a preacher by the Suffolk presbytery; and was sent on a mission to the Oneida Indians, one of the six nations, and afterwards to several other tribes.
+ It appears from accounts, afterwards published, that they collected the great sum of 94941. 7s. 7d.
is too wet to travel, I have complied with the advice of friends, and have commenced a hot well water drinker twice a day. However, twice this week, at six in the morning, I have been enabled to call thirsty souls to come and drink of the water of life freely. To-morrow evening, God willing, the call is to be repeated, and again on Sunday.
From Collam he returned to London,* from which place he
About this time Whitefield became acquainted with that faithful servant of Jesus, the Rev. Torial Joss. Mr. Joss was a native of Scotland. He was born September 29, 1731, at a small village on the sea coast, about twenty miles north of Aberdeen. Mr. Joss was of a very mild disposition, and rather inclined to serious subjects; but these being discouraged at home, he hid his Bible out of the house, and embraced every opportunity of consulting it, as the guide of his youth. As soon as his age would admit, he was placed out to a maritime employment. This was a habit of life, not very favorable to religious improvement; but that God who sitteth upon the floods, “ Can,” as Whitefield said of him and the celebrated Captain Scott, afterwards the Rev. Jonathan Scott, “bring a shark from the ocean, and a lion from the forest, and form them for himself to show forth his praise."
The vessel he was in being taken by the enemy, he was carried to a foreign prison, where he suffered extremely. On his return, in the year 1746, a date rendered memorable in the British annals by the total suppression of the Scotch rebellion, he was led by curiosity to view the royal and rebel armies. Here he was impressed, and sent on board a king's ship, stationed n that coast, to co-operate with the land forces.
After some time he made his escape, and traveling to Sunderland, bound himself in articles of apprenticeship to a captain of a coasting vessel, belonging to Robin Hood's Bay, near Whitby, in Yorkshire. It does not appear that his morals were injured by the vicissitudes he had already witnessed; nor was it till after this period, that he gave evident signs of conversion to God. He was, however, eager to obtain useful learning, and during the winter months, when the vessels were laid by, regularly attended at school, to acquire a scientific knowledge of his profession.
By a series of the most singular providences, the gospel was brought to Robin Hood's Bay. Many people heard it with attention; and some believed to the saving of their souls. Wesley, on hearing this circumstance, went, and soon established a society in the town. Mr. Joss had, previous to this, begun to pray and exhort; and was greatly encouraged by Wesley, to proceed. He now joined this newly formed society, and though not an Armínian in sentiment, was ever admitted to the pulpíts belonging to that people.
He was now about eighteen years of age, and became exceedingly zealous. He carried the savor of his Master's name on board; where some heard, and others mocked. Waxing strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus, he sought every occasion to teach and preach in the several harbors, where his vessel lay. His first public sermon was delivered at Boston, in Lincolnshire, where God was with him of a truth.
When Mr. Joss was appointed to the command of a ship, he immediately set up regular worship. As often as the weather would permit, he preached regularly to his crew; and before he left the sea, he had a number of the sailors who could publicly pray and exhort.
Having a flattering prospect of suceeding in life, he was married on Christmas day, 1755, 10 Miss Moorsom, of Whithy, after a mutual and intimate attachment of ten years. By Mrs. Joss he had eleven children, only two of whom, together with his mournful widow, survive him.
Mr. Joss now looked forward to that period when he should realize a genteel fortune for his growing family. But fortunes, dependent upon the caprice of wind or weather, and especially when they stand in the way of ministerial duty, are a precarious tenure. While he commanded the ships of other pro
writes, September 25: "Many in this metropolis seem to be on the wing for God; the shout of a king is yet heard in the Metho
prietors, he never experienced the least disaster; but when he became a joint owner, he witnessed nothing else. In his fourth voyage to London, the vessel was lost at the Nore, and he and his crew were with difficulty saved. He then went down to Berwick, to superintend the building of one considerably larger. During his residence at this port, he preached to crowds with great acceptance and success. When the ship was finished and laden, the poor people began to regret the prospect of his departure. The wind was fair, and the next tide he intended to sail ; but the next morning it became foul, and detained him five weeks longer than he intended. After he had sailed, a gentleman of Berwick, unknown to Mr. Joss, wrote to an acquaintance of Whitefield in London, saying what a wonderful preacher they had been favored with for nine months. He mentioned when he supposed the vessel would be in the Thames. Her name was the Hartley Trader, but the other coasting crews, called her the Pulpit. Whitefield, who had seen the above letier, and had heard that the ship had come to her moorings, published, without the knowledge of Mr. Joss, that a captain would preach on Saturday evening. Being found on board he was apprised of the circumstance, and refused to comply; but the messenger resolved not to go on shore till he consented. The services of this and the ensuing evening, were so gratifying to Whitefield, that he immediately requested him to leave the sea, and labor in the Tabernacle connection. To these solicitations he turned a deaf ear; and nothing short of a speaking Providence would ever have prevailed.
This was his first voyage, and in it he lost his main anchor. On his next return to London, he preached frequently at the Tabernacle, which was greatly attended. Whitefield renewed his application-he declined. In this voyage he lost one of his crew, a promising youth, who was drowned. On his third voyage to London, his congregations were prodigiously crowded; and Whitefield pressed on him the duty of leaving a inaritime employment, and being devoted wholly to the ministry. Mr. Joss had on board a younger brother, a pious man, who was very dear to him on many accounts, and thought if ever he should change his views, it would be a good situation for him. He was so far prevailed on, as to send his brother, this trip, while he supplied the Tabernacle; but lo! in going down the river, his brother fell over the side of the ship, and was drowned. Whitefield then addressed him in a very solemn manner, saying, “Sir, all these disasters are the fruit of your disobedience; and, let me tell you, if you refuse to hearken to the call of God, both you and your ship will soon go to the bottom!” Overcome by the voice of Providence, he yielded; and on his fourth voyage, he quitted the compass, the chart, and the ocean, for the service of the sanctuary. This was late in the year 1766. Immediately he entered into close communion with Whitefield, who, to the day of his death continued to him his affection, and intrusted him with his confidence.
In this change of situation, he could not have been actuated by motives of a pecuniary nature; for his prospects in trade were by far more flattering than in the ministry. His sermons, in the former years of his residence in town, were not only attended by large auditories, but with energy to the conversion of many souls; nor did God leave him without many witnesses to the success of his ministerial labors. He generally spent four or five months in the year out of London, for the purpose of itinerating. In this period, he regularly visited South Wales, Gloucestershire, Bristol Tabernacle, and occasionally other parts of the kingdom. In Pembrokeshire the Welsh followed him in multitudes; and, on the Lord's day, would travel from one to twenty miles round Haverford West to hear him." To not a few of these he became a spiritual father; and, indeed, wherever he exercised his talents, though but a few weeks, he left some seals of his apostleship behind.
Mr. Joss died of a fever, after a few days illness, on the 17th of April, 1797, in the 66th year of his age. During his illness, he enjoyed a solid peace; and the Lord Jesus indulged him with a peculiar manifestation of his gracious