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dist camp. Had I wings, I would gladly fly from pole to pole; but they are clipped by thirty year's feeble labors. Twice or thrice a week I am permitted to ascend my gospel throne. The love of Christ, I am persuaded, will constrain you to pray that the last glimmering of an expiring taper may be blessed to the guiding of many wandering souls to the Lamb of God.”

In the month of November, this year, he visited Bath and Bristol. At the latter city he had very numerous and respectable auditories (notwithstanding the weather was extremely bad,) and administered the sacrament; and at Bath, he never remembered so large an assembly of nobility and persons of distinction, attending his preaching before.

About the latter end of November, he again returned to London; and in a letter dated December 15, says, “I have been itinerating at Bristol, Bath, Gloucestershire, and at Oxford, and humbly hope my feeble labors were not altogether in vain in the Lord.”

In January, 1767, he wrote a recommendatory preface to a new edition of the works of Bishop Bunyan, as he used to call him; which has been published among his tracts; and March 20, he was called to open Lady Huntingdon's new chapel at Brighthelmstone in Sussex, when he preached on 2 Peter iii. 18.

After an excursion to Norwich, in April, 1767, he writes thus; "I fear my spring and summer fever is returning. If so, my intended plan of operations will be much contracted. But future things belong to him who orders all things well." Yet (to our astonishment) the very next month, we find he preached at Rodborough, Gloucester, Haverford West, in Wales; from which place he writes, May 31: “Thousands and thousands attend by eight in the morning. Life and light seem to fly all around. On Tuesday, God willing, I am to preach at Woodstock; on Friday, at Pembroke; here again next Sunday, by eight; and then for England.” And after his return to Gloucester, June 10, “ blessed be God,” says he, “I have got on this presence. Some of his last words were, “Into thy hands I commit my soul ! o the preciousness of faith! I have finished my course! My pilgrimage is at an end! O, thou Friend of sinners, take thy poor old friend home!" The last word he was heard to speak was, “ Archangels!" In a few minutes after, he lifted up both his hands, and smiled and died. Mr. Joss was between thirty and forty years a faithful preacher of the everlasting gospel.

Thus liv’d, and died, this servant of the Lord,
A painful, faithful, preacher of his word;
Ripen'd in age, and steadfast in the faith,
Joyful he sunk into the arms of death;
His soul upmounted to the realms of day;
Let the dark tomb awhile retain his clay,
Which with immortal blooming joys shall rise,
When the last trumpet shakes the vaulted skies.

side the Welch mountains. Blessed be God, I have been on the other side. What a scene last Sunday! What a cry for more of the bread of life! but I was quite worn down.”

September 11, he arrived at Leeds, after preaching at Northampton and Sheffield on his way. And September 20, he writes from Newcastle, in high spirits : “ I have now a blessed Methodist field street preaching plan before me. This afternoon in the Castle Garth ; tomorrow for Sunderland, and then to Yarmouth. I have been enabled to preach in the street at several places, and hope to go to Gesborough, Whitby, Scarborough, New Malton, York, Leeds, Liverpool, Chester, and Manchester.” Again from Thirck, September 28: “My body feels much fatigued in traveling; comforts in the soul overbalance." And from Leeds, October 3: "Field and street preaching hath rather bettered than hurt my bodily health.”

The negotiations about the intended college at Bethesda, were this winter brought to an issue. A memorial, addressed to his majesty, was put into the hands of the clerk of the privy council, setting forth the great utility of a college in that place, to the inhabitants of the southern provinces ; and praying that a charter might be granted upon the plan of the college at New Jersey. This memorial was transmitted by the clerk of the privy council to the lord president, and by his lordship referred to the archbishop of Canterbury, to whom also a draft of an intended charter was presented by the Earl of Dartmouth. Upon which an epistolary correspondence ensued between the archbishop and Whitefield; the consequence of which was, that his grace gave the draft of the college to the lord president, who promised he would consider of it; and gave it as his opinion, that “the head of the college ought to be a member of the Church of England ; that this was a qualification not to be dispensed with ; and also, that the public prayers should not be extempore ones, but the liturgy of the church, or some other settled and established form.” Whitefield replied, that these restrictions he could by no means agree to, because the greatest part of the collections and contributions for the Orphan-house, came from Protestant dissenters; and because he had constantly declared, that the intended college, should be founded upon a broad bottom, and no other. “ This," said he, “ I judged I was sufficiently warranted to do, from the known, long established, mild, and uncoercive genius of the British government; also from your grace's moderation toward Protestant dissenters; from the unconquerable attachment of the Americans to toleration principles, as well as from the avowed, habitual feelings of my own heart.

“ This being the case, and as your grace, by your silence,

seems to be like minded with the lord president; and as your grace's and his lordship's influence will undoubtedly extend itself to others, I would beg leave, after returning all due acknowledgments, to inform your grace that I intend troubling your grace and his lordship no more about this so long depending concern. As it hath pleased the great head of the church, in some degree to renew my bodily strength, I propose now to renew my feeble efforts, and turn the charity into a more generous, and consequently into a more useful channel. I have no ambition to be looked upon as the founder of a college ; but I would fain act the part of an honest man, a disinterested minister of Jesus Christ; and a true catholic, moderate presbyter of the Church of England.”

He now determined, (upon mature deliberation, in the mean time, on the addition of a public academy to the Orphan-house, similar to what was done at Philadelphia, before its college charter was granted ; and to embrace the first favorable opportunity that might offer, of making another application for a charter on a broad bottom. The steps he took in this affair, are more fully narrated, than the limits of our present plan would admit, in a letter to Governor Wright. In a letter to his intimate friend Mr. Keen, he complains, " None but God knows what a concern is upon me now, in respect of Bethesda. As another voyage, perhaps, may be the issue and result of all at last, I would beg you and my dear Mr. H -y to let me have all my papers and letters, that I may revise and dispose of them in a proper manner. This can do no hurt, come life or come death."

October 28, he preached at the Tabernacle, to the society for promoting religious knowledge among the poor; and collected, after sermon, upwards of one hundred pounds, above four times as much as usual; and besides, gained eighty new subscribers. His text was Luke xi. 2. Thy kingdom come. The place was so full

, that many went away who could not get in. Several dissenting ministers, of different denominations, were present, perhaps more than ever before attended to hear a clergyman of the established church preach. He afterwards dined at Draper's hall, with the ministers and whole company, who treated him with great respect. The time was spent in the utmost harmony; which gave him much pleasure in reflection.

Early in the year 1768, six pious students were expelled from St. Edmund hall, in Oxford, for praying, reading, singing hymns, and exhorting each other in private and religious meetings!

The following is an extract of a letter from Oxford, inserted in the St. James' Chronicle for Thursday, March 17, 1768:

“On Friday last, March 9, 1768, six students belonging to Edmund hall, were expelled the university after a hearing of several hours before the vice chancellor and some of the heads of houses, for holding Methodistical tenets, and taking upon them to pray, read and expound the scriptures, and sing hymns in a private house. The principal of the college, the Rev. Dr. Dixon, defended their doctrines from the thirty-nine articles of the established church, and spoke in the highest terms of the piety and exemplariness of their lives; but this motion was overruled, and sentence pronounced against them. Dr. Dixon observed, that as these six gentlemen were expelled for having too much religion, it would be very proper to inquire into the conduct of some who had too little ; and the vice chancellor was heard to tell their chief accuser, that the university was much obliged to him for his good work.

The following are the names of the young men, with the names of those who passed sentence on them. The sentence was pronounced in the chapel. James Matthews, Thomas Jones, Joseph Shipman, Benjamin Kay, Erasınus Middleton, and Thomas Grove. “For the crimes above mentioned, we, David Durell, D. D., vice chancellor of the university, and visitor of the hall; Thomas Randolph, D. D., president of C. C.C.; Thomas Fothergill, D. D., provost of queen's college ; Thomas Nowell, D. D., principal of St. Mary's hall; and the Rev. Thomas Atterbury, A. M., of Christ's church, senior proctor, deem each of them worthy of being expelled the hall; I therefore, by my visitorial power, do hereby pronounce them expelled."*

* This event occasioned a long and unpleasant controversy, in which Dr. Nowell and Sir Richard Hill, Bart. were principal combatants. The apology offered by the friends of the expulsion was, that the young men had broken the statutes of the university, which would have been pleaded with a better grace, had the same zeal for discipline appeared in the expulsion of a few young men for swearing, gaming, and intoxication, which were certainly not less irregularities, than extemporary praying, singing hymns, and expounding the scriptures. The issue exposed the university to a great deal of ridicule, particularly in the “Shaver, a sermon,” which was written by the late Rev. John McGowan ; and was not only very popular at the time, but has gone through twenty editions. Dr. Horne, bishop of Norwich, also wrote in de. fence of the students.

According to the Rev. Dr. Nowell's learned answer to Sir Richard Hill, it is evidently much more safe, and less impious, to ridicule the miracles of Mo ses and of Christ, than to pray in private houses without book. The eloquent orator of the university gives a full account of the case of Mr. W-11-ng, a friend of his oratorship’s, who was charged upon oath with the above said contempt of the scripture, and ridicule of the miracles of Moses and Christ. The proofs were so point blank against the said Rev. Mr. W-11-ng, that his reverence could not deny the charge. Well, then, what was the issue ? Was he expelled ? No, he was not. Query, why was he not expelled ? Answer, his reverence pleaded his being drunk when he uttered those contemptuous words against the miracles of Moses and Christ. i. e. The CANDIDATE for holy

Upon this occasion Whitefield wrote his letter to Dr. Durell, vice chancellor of the university; in which he observes, “that however criminal the singing hymns in a university might be deemed, the same practice in a camp, was not thought reprehensible by a noble general. The late Duke of Cumberland, who, when in Germany, happened one evening to hear the sound of voices from a cave at a little distance, asked the sentinel what noise it was. He was answered, that it was some devout soldiers, who were singing hymns. Instead of citing them to appear before their officers, ordering them to the halberts to be whipped, or commanding them to be drummed out of the regiment, he pleasantly said, “ are they so? Let them go on, then, and be as merry as they can.” In this he acted wisely; for he knew, and found by repeated experience, as did other commanding officers, that singing and praying, in these private societies, did not hinder, but rather fitted and animated these pious soldiers to fight their country's battles in the field ; and it may be presumed, that if these students had not been expelled for singing hymns, &c., they certainly would not have been less, but, in all probability, much better prepared for handling the sword of the spirit, the word of God, and fighting therewith, either from the press or the pulpit the battles of the Lord of Hosts."

In the summer, he went the last time to Edinburgh ; and there the congregations were as large, attentive, and affectionato as ever.

Soon after his return to London, Mrs. Whitefield fell ill of an inflammatory fever, and died on the 9th of August. On the 14th he preached her funeral sermon from Romans viii. 20, and September 12, he writes, “ I have been in hopes of my own departure. Through hard writing, and frequent preaching, I have burst a vein. The flux is in a great measure stopped : but rest and quietness are strictly enjoined. We were favored with glorious gospel gales this day fortnight and several preceding days."

In his memorandum book, he wrote as follows: “ August 24, 1768, opened good Lady Huntingdon's chapel and college, in the parish of Falgarth, Brecknockshire, South Wales*-

orders WAS DRUNK when he ridiculed revealed religion ; and yet he got into orders; and yet he continues a member of the university !

In the same affair, related by the Rev. Dr. Durell, it is plain that private religious assemblies, alias conventicles, are in much less esteem at Oxford, than tap houses and taverns; for the six Methodists were expelled for praying in a conventicle, but the Rev. Mr. W-11—ng could get drunk in a tap house, and yet continues a member of the university. Nor can this be denied, unless the public orator should eat his words; or otherwise show from good and authentic records, that members of that learned body do occasionally get drunk within their own peculiar districts.

• Here it may be proper to observe, that the college in Wales ceased at her

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