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St. P. N.
St. P. N.
Why then, for aught I know, I may be made a bishop.
Why, cardinal's a high degree,
And yet my lot it possibly may be..
Why who can say
of being pope one day?
St. P. N. What ? must you die! fond12 youth, and at the best
CAUTIONS: a. Avoid the verse-accent on as, and hurry on to old-writers. b. Avoid the verse-accent on into. c. Read this line as prose. d. The emphasis is on are. e. Hasten on to priest. f. The important word in this line is canon; and the rest ought to be read rapidly. g. Hasten on to chance. h. Nothing is the emphatic word. i. Emphasis on this. j. Hasten on to advice. k. Emphasis on
MEANINGS: 1. St. Philip Neri, a famous priest who lived at Rome. 2. Sober, serious. 3. Fell into discourse, began to talk to him. 4. Dialogue, conversation between two or more persons. 5. Suppose it so, suppose that you are a priest. 6. Canon, a priest in a cathedral. 7. Cardinal, the highest rank in the Church of Rome next to the pope. 8. Mitre, cap of a bishop. 9. Red hat, cardinals wear a red hat with long strings, red stockings, and purple cloak. 10. Triple crown, three crowns on the mitre worn by the pope. 11. Dignity, rank. 12. Fond, silly. 13. Betide, happen.
A DAY IN JUNE.
This poem was written by Mr. J. RUSSELL LOWELL, a Professor in Harvard College, Massachusetts, U.S. He is perhaps the most original poet in America, though he is not so well known as Mr. Longfellow. He was born in 1819.
OH! what is so rare as a day in June ?
Then, if ever,
Then Heaven tries the earth if it be in tune,
A DAY IN JUNE.
Whether we look, or whether we listen,
An instinct within it that reaches and towers,1
Thrilling back over hills and valleys;
The buttercup catches the sun in its chalice,2 And there's never a leaf or blade too mean
To be some happy creature's palace.
The little bird sits at his door in the sun,
Atilt3 like a blossom among the leaves
With the deluge of summer it receives;
And whatever of life hath ebbed away
Into every bare inlet and creek and bay;
We may shut our eyes,
That corn has sprouted, that streams are flowing,
That the river is bluer than the sky,
That the robin is plastering his house hard by.
We could guess it all by yon heifer's lowing-
Tells all in his lusty crowing!
Joy comes, grief goes,
we know not how:
'Tis as easy now for the heart to be true
In the unscarred heaven they leave no wake;
CAUTIONS: a. The chief quality in this poem to be attended to, is the great variety of the rhythms. Sometimes they are gay and rapid; sometimes slow and solemn; but throughout it is full of life and animal spirits. b. There are six sentences in the long "complex sentence" which constitutes this verse; but the voice must be sustained to the end.
MEANINGS: 1. Towers, rises up as high as it can. 2. Chalice, cup. 3. Atilt, standing on tip-toe. 4. Courier, running messenger, from the French courir, to run. 5. Chanticleer, from the French chanter, to sing, and clair, clear; therefore="sing-clear."
THE COMING OF SPRING.
The variety of the verse is supposed to express the variety of the feelings produced by Spring.
LAUD1 the first spring daisies;
To the high hill's top;
Tax not the strength of their young hands
Take them to the little girls who are at work in mills.
Pluck the violets blue,-
Knowest thou what good thoughts from heaven the violet instils ?
See, the birds together,
Worship God (for He is God of birds as well as men). -
Sparrow, robin, redpole, finch, the linnet, and the wren.
Keep no lent, but feast;
Spring breathes upon the earth, and their joy's increased,
MEANINGS: 1. Laud, praise. 2. Instils, pours into us.
In this poem the lighthouse is regarded as a benefactor and a teacher. It is the friend and guide of sailors going and returning. It is the new Prometheus ;* it uses the light which it has received from heaven, to help on the progress and the best interests of man.
into the sea,
THE rocky ledge runs far
Even at this distance I can see the tides
With strange unearthly splendour in its glare.
And the great ships sail outward and return,Þ
They wave their silent welcomes and farewells.
They come forth from the darkness, and their sails
Gaze at the tower, and vanish while they gaze.
The mariner remembers, when a child,
On his first voyage,
The startled waves leap over it; the storm
Smites it with all the scourges of the rain;
Press the great shoulders of the hurricane.
* Prometheus, in the old Greek story, was said to have stolen fire from heaven; the human race had before him known nothing of it or its use. For this he was chained to a rock by Jove (or Jupiter), and a vulture was set to feed on his liver, which always grew and renewed itself miraculously.
The sea-bird wheeling round it, with the din
ye stately ships! the ocean span; from all eclipse,
nearer unto man!"
CAUTIONS: a. Avoid the danger of placing the verse-accent upon at. The sense-accent, or emphasis, falls on this. b. Slur over and the. c. The pause after forth will enable the reader to escape the verse-accent on from. d. The sense-accent is on first: avoid the his. e. This is a noble verse, and should be read with great fulness and clearness.
MEANINGS: 1. Subsides, sinks down. 2. Radiance, brilliance. 3. Unveils, is unveiled. 4. Scourges, the rain is thought of as composed of whips, lashing against the lighthouse: while the hurricane is a giant who tries to shoulder it out of existence.
ODE ON THOSE WHO HAVE FALLEN IN BATTLE.
This short and almost perfect ode was written by an eminent poet of the last century, WILLIAM COLLINS (1720-1756), who died insane at the early age of thirtyfive. It is written in a tranquil and contemplative style; and the rhythms are sweet and touching. It requires great care to read well.
How sleep' the brave
who sink to rest,
their knell is rung;
CAUTIONS: a. Great care must be taken, in this line especially, and also throughout the poem, not to read the poem as one would scan it. It would be intolerable to listen to
How sleep the bráve | who sínk | to rést.
b. There is a mild emphasis on there.
MEANINGS: 1. How sleep! That is, How quietly and sweetly sleep! Hallowed mould, sacred clay. 3. Dirge, funeral hymn. 4. Grey, dressed in the grey dress of a pilgrim. 5. Repair, visit that spot.