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questions, it is not easy for the reader to go wrong, and it requires very little training to read out a question in a lively and intelligent way. In the case of assertions, which require the falling inflection, the great danger for the reader is that of falling into a sing-song, with a dull monotonous slide-down at the end. Nothing is more unpleasant than to hear sentence after sentence delivered in this way. The chief and almost the only corrective is to make the reader speak the sentence, without the book, and as if it were his own; and, if that is not sufficient, to make a sentence for him of the same build and character, but on a more familiar subject, and give him that to speak.
The following exercises have been constructed with the view of training the pupil to an easy and natural delivery of another person's sense; and it is believed that, if the sentences in these exercises are fully mastered, the pupil will be able to read aloud sentences of the highest degree of complication in an easy, intelligent, and intelligible manner. The clearest possible articulation must be demanded from the pupil; the pauses must be attended to; and the sentences must be spoken well out. At first, even a pompous utterance and ceremonious style, provided always it be clear and distinct, may be encouraged. This can very soon be toned down, and will of itself disappear, as the interest of the pupil grows in the meaning and in the feeling of what he reads. No one manner must be allowed to predominate, lest it grow into a mannerism.
I. LEVEL AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENT.
As nine-tenths of all statements are of this character, copious exercises have been given. The chief qualities to be required in the reading are (1) clear articulation, (2) right emphasis, and (3) proper pauses. The reading of each statement may be prefaced by three questions:
(a) Is there any emphatic word in this sentence? and if so, what is it ?
(b) Is this sentence prose or verse?
(c) Where should the pause or pauses come?
Most of the sentences given are in verse; if a child can read verse rightly and feelingly, almost any prose whatever will be easy to him.
lies the winter snow.
in the topmost bough.
Full knee deep
was all around.1
The dew was falling fast,
Her eyes are wild, her head is bare.
from land to land."
the stars began to blink.
So all day long the noise of battle rolled
Yet tears to human suffering are due.1
A traveller came to the well of St. Keyne.
All good men
This Tarquin was a great and mighty king.
And King Offa reigned thirty-nine winters.
So weary bees in little cells repose.
The third of April died your noble mother. Their fortunes grew old and feeble with themselves. (a) Thou shalt not stir one foot to seek a foe.9 (b) Joy sparkled in the prancing courser's eyes. (c) The poor hart toils along the mountain-side. (d) Upon his side the hart was lying stretched. What he hath won, that hath he fortified. 31. The man that hath done this thing shall surely die.
32. Amber, science declares,10 is a kind of petrified resin, distilled by pines that were dead before the days of Adam; which is now thrown up, in stormy weather, on that remote coast.
33. A tight house, warm apparel, and wholesome food, are sufficient motives to labour.11
34. The end of government is the good of mankind.
35. That he had resolved to take command of the army in Ireland was soon rumoured all over London.
Arise, go forth, and conquer as of old.
And whiter than the mist that all day long
40. And his words fell soft upon the ear
For some must watch, while some
I heard the ripple washing in the reeds,
They also serve who only stand and wait.5
Britannia needs no bulwarks,
No towers along the steep;
Her march is o'er the mountain waves,
46. They could take their rest, watched. Him they feared, him
as snow upon the ground.2 public haunt, in the running brooks, in everything.3
The night winds sigh, the breakers roar,
for they knew Lord Stratford they trusted, him they obeyed.
Alone, alone, all all alone,
Alone on a wide wide sea!
Deep in the shady sadness of a vale,
48a. Full of spirit, and high in hope, we set out of life.
Blessing she is; God made her so;
on the journey
49. The habit of examining our own conduct as accurately as that of another, and judging of it with the same impartiality, cannot be acquired without a degree of patient attention, not greater indeed than the object deserves, but greater than the generality of men are willing to bestow.
50. The wages of sin is death.9 51.
52. Who kills a man kills a reasonable creature, God's image; but he who destroys a good book kills reason itself, kills the image of God, as it were, in the eye.-MILTON.
The gloomiest day hath gleams of light;
Nō stir in the air, no stir in the sea,
But now be ready, for I long full sore
Younkers skate on the pool below,
And hark, how the cold winds blow!"
58. We have often thought that the public mind in this country resembles the motion of the sea when the tide is rising. Each successive wave rushes forward, breaks, and rolls back; but the great flood is steadily coming on.
Much must be borne which it is hard to bear;
To be resigned when ills betide,
And pleased with favours given-