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lical Succession” Mr. Riddle refers, of apostolic succession, as a theory or inin the questions given below; being stitute, it is impossible, at all events, to portions of a series of which he had prove the fact of such succession, or to before said, “ They may well be left

trace it down the stream of time. In open ; being such as will receive, doctrine; and if the fact be hopelessly

this case, the fact seems to involve the always receive, different answers from different inquirers.” But, lost. But can we suppose that the di.

obscure, the doctrine is irrecoverably though he leaves the questions open, vine Author of our religion has suffered there are, we think, not very ob- any part of his Gospel to perish ? It is, scure intimations of what his own of course, possible that a truly apostolic leanings are; and here, again, we succession may have existed, although find “ Episcopacy” united with the traces of it have entirely disap“charity and peace.” His questions peared ; but must we not allow men to are these :

regard such a loss as contributing to

render the whole doctrine and institute “ Did the Apostles intend that the extremely doubtful ? Should we not power of ordination should be exclusively weaken the good cause of Episcopacy by assigned to a certain class of Ministers, insisting upon pretensions which cannot who should succeed themselves in the be established, and which may really be government of the churches; that is, to fictitious ? It is impossible to prove the Bishops? And did they intend that a personal succession of modern Bishops, succession of such Ministers should be in an unbroken Episcopal line, from the preserved by a formal and visible deriva. Apostles, or men of the apostolic age. tion of authority from themselves and As a matter of history and fact, apostolic the first Bishops? Or did they expect succession, in this acceptation of the that Ministers would be continually pro- term, is an absolute nonentity. Call it vided by the choice and authority of a theory, a fiction, a vision, or whatever whole churches, with the concurrence of you choose, you cannot give it a name those who already sustained the office of too shadowy and unsubstantial. It exPresbyters or Pastors ? Did they, in any ists, indeed, as an honest prejudice in way, sanction the doctrines commonly con- the minds of many sincere Christians, nected with the theory of apostolic succes- and so far it is entitled to consideration sion? If an apostolic succession had and respect. But in itself it is an empty been designed from the first, it may rea- sound.” (Preface, pp. Ixxi.-lxxiii.) sonably be supposed that the Apostles would have made some pointed allusion

We wish it only existed as an to such a provision for the transmission of “ honest prejudice.” We would, in the faith and for the peace of the church, that case, not refuse to join Mr. especially in the course of their warnings Riddle in regarding it as against false doctrines and divisions. titled to consideration and respect." Bat although such warnings are numer- But the fact is, that it is the grand ous, they contain no intimations of any occasion of disunion; and, as such, such bulwark of sound doctrine and we not only deplore, but oppose it. centre of Christian unity. St. Paul, in full prospect of the attempts of false

Whatever agreement there may be teachers, did not charge the Elders of as to the essential doctrines of "reliEphesus to abide by the decisions and gion, as to the unchangeable characdoctrines of a Bishop, but he desired teristics of personal religion, or as them to take heed to themselves, and to the great objects in reference to then commended them to God. St. which the Christian church exists, Peter, in the prospect of his death, and and the Christian ministry was inwith direct allusion to the expected stituted, this " apostolic succession” event, when some reference to his suc- at once establishes an impassable cessor,' or to the Bishop for the time barrier, on the one side of which is being, would seem to have been almost the regularly-conveyed grace of God, unavoidable, contents himself, however, and on the other, the sin of schism, with endeavouring to keep up the re- and a separation from Christ, only membrance of the truth by composing a written document, and by referring his alleviated by some vague declarareaders to the ancient prophecies, and to

tions concerning the “uncovenanted the immediate teaching of the Apostles; mercies of God.” Human nature in other words, to the Old and New being what it is, it is impossible Testaments.” “Whatever may become that such a doctrine should be em



braced by men possessing only what of the case, the reader will be glad they describe as sacramental rege- to see :neration, without being followed by arrogance, and either anger or con- “ An Episcopalian may be permitted tempt. Whenever contemplating to say, that the changes which have taken this unhappy question, we often re

place are not essential ; that they are only joice that one bright spot does ap: make, from time to time, and that,

such as the church had authority to pear in the prospect

. The Church therefore, they furnish no valid argument of England, as by law established, against his favourite form of church goin those official documents which

vernment. But here, though he may be the State recognises, and which firm, he must be modest. In the due mark the nature of that agreement exercise of moderation, and of a love of with the State which gives to the truth, peace, and concord, he cannot but spiritual corporation the character allow that the matter may easily appeas of a legal establishment, does not in a different light to the mind of another hold the doctrine. Episcopacy is man, and that such an one may be more strongly asserted, but not the exclu- than justified in preferring a church dif. sive dogma of the succession. Un- ferently constructed from our own."

(Preface, page lxxiv.). doubtedly, if this latter be an inse

“ Deaconesses, again, were recognised parable consequence of Episcopacy, by the Apostles among the regular MiEpiscopacy itself is recognised; but nisters of the church; but in our Episcoif Episcopacy can be held as pre- pal communion they are not found. The sented by Mr. Riddle in his present Church of England may reasonably claim pleading, then is there nothing in permission to differ in this respect from the established formularies and the apostolic church (for instance) of standards of the Church to prevent Cenchrea. She may demand, in this the most decided Episcopalians from particular, as well as in many others, to extending the hand of fraternal fel- be left unmolested in the exercise of her lowship to Ministers not Episcopally dwell at peace in the midst of her own

own judgment, and to be suffered to ordained, and maintaining such an affectionate, though discreet, inter; having wisely copied some parts of the

harmonious institutions, rejoicing in communion with them, as should primitive and apostolic model

, and in proclaim to Infidels, that Christianity having as wisely neglected others. But was a religion of love as well as of then, at the same time, she cannot, confaith, of union as well as of liberty; sistently with a love of truth and peace, presenting, at the same time, an censure or despise any other Christian unbroken front of Protestant agree- churches which may have been constiment which would repel the boldest tuted upon principles different from her assaults of Romanism, and extin

own." (Preface, page lxxvii.)

“ Such modifications as those which guish the wild hopes of her enthusiastic votaries; hopes chiefly based have taken place in the constitution of on this, that the essential principles pose, a considerable liberty of sentiment

the church demand, or rather presupof the Vatican itself are sustained

and latitude of practice. We have de. and advocated, at all hazards, by parted, to a certain extent, from the prithe successors of the men who, in mitive model, without essentially deviattheir opposition to Rome, resisted ing from the rules and example of our even unto blood, striving against Lord and his Apostles. Let this be sin.

granted. But, then, what follows ? But there is another view of the Certainly, that if any church should desubject taken by Mr. Riddle; one part from our own model, and recur to strangely overlooked by those who that of the primitive times in every reare so fond of appealing to “ the spect,--such a society would be at least Fathers.” He refers to the original,

as apostolic as our own; and even if that the undeniably original, characters any society should make other variations of primitive Episcopacy; and thus greater than our own, that society, also,

in a different direction, but yet no speaks of the modifications which would be equally apostolic, so far as may the office has undergone, particu- relate to its políty. If a church should larly in modern times. One or two resolve to acknowledge no Archbishops of his observations upon this aspect but such as should succeed each other

'from among the Diocesans according to charged with having wilfully corrupted seniority, this would be only a recur- Christian doctrine; in fact, he represents rence to a model which existed at an it, on the whole, in its primitive simpliEarly period in Africa. If another city, when he states its leading docchurch should resolve that its Presby- trines in opposition to false teachers. ters should succeed to the office of But, by his desire to develope and ex. Bishop according to the same rule, such plain minutely all the doctrines of the an institution, although in our opinion Gospel, and to say something concerning exceedingly inconvenient, would per- every word and metaphor, every passage, haps be a correct imitation of primitive similitude, and allusion of Scripture, by practice, and could not be censured as a way of explanation, he was not unfre. greater or more essential change than quently betrayed into mistaken exposimany which have occurred. Or even, tions, fruitless speculations, and vain fan- 38 an instance of more decided variation, if cies. He was often led astray, by a church should resolve to be governed by attempts to deduce a true doctrine from Biskops holding office only for a term of passages of Scripture which have nothing years, could we be justified, after all our to do with it, and for this purpose he own modifications of the Episcopal office, had recourse to the most violent and in charging such a church with having perverse interpretations. In his efforts made an unwarrantable innovation ? to expose the false tenets of the GnosWould not that church be able to contend, 'tics, and to give an honourable reprethat its modifications, although different sentation of the faith which they had so from our own, were yet no greater or badly disfigured, he was seduced into the more fatal ?"

praetice of giving a mystical or allego(Preface, page lxxviii.) rical exposition to various passages of Mr. Riddle subjoins :

Scripture; and by his zeal against the

doctrine of the Gnostics concerning the « Lessons of moderation, candour, state of mankind after death, he was and Christian charity may be continually induced to advocate low views concerning learnt by a careful study of church his- the nature of the future kingdom of the tory and antiquities.......... Without any

Messiah. He was led also into many precise agreement in opinion, without

errors by reposing too great confidence any prevailing uniformity of practice, in the opinions and dicta of earlier there yet may be harmony of feeling,

Teachers in the church, whom he regarded and true unity and concord, throughout with too much respect, as if the name the churches. Only let Christian cha.

of a disciple of the Apostles' were a rity have her perfect work, and she will

security against their having propounded reveal herself in all majesty and beauty,

wrong interpretations of Scripture, or as at once the friend of truth, and the

having admitted as true what were, in fact, minister of peace.”

no better than idle dreams. Great praise, (Preface, page lxxix.) however, must be given to Irenæus, if We have dwelt at such length on we regard him solely as an opponent this truly Christian preface, and ex

of Gnostic errors. These he combated tracted so largely from it, that our

with complete suecess, and left their adreferences to the body of the work

vocates without a refuge. But it is great. must necessarily be very brief. The ly to be wished that he had done some. preface, however, was that portion matter. He represents them throughout

times more, and sometimes less, in this of the volume which supplied the his book as wild and irrational enthusifittest materials for quotation. The asts; but it must be remembered, that larger portion of the volume is, of together with all their errors and absurcourse, chiefly intended for refer- dities, they held some sound opinions, ence. The first book, in twenty- and were influenced by some right two chapters, contains an important motives ; and as Irenæus found it so review of the “ Lires and Writings easy to expose their weaknesses and fol. of the Ante-Nicene Fathers." As a lies, it would have been well if he had specimen, we extract from the chap- written against them less copiously, with ter on Irenæus:

less refinement of argument, but with

greater accuracy, and a more lucid ar" It is evident from even the foregoing rangement. In one word, his book sketch of the treatise against heresies that would have been far more valuable than it contains much sound and valuable mat- it is, if it had been reduced to one half ter, mingled with much also that is weak, of its size, by the omission of numerous meless, and erroneous. Irenæus cannot be excrescences, and the absence of many

extravagant or foolish interpretations given both of its usefulness and
of Scripture, with which it is disfigured.” extent, by saying, that it occupies

(Page 40.) no less than twenty pages. A co-
We give the titles of the remain. pious index, of twenty-three pages,
ing books, together with the number in double columns, completes the
of chapters contained in each. This work.
will partially suggest to the reader From the body of the work we
both the general contents of the have made no extracts, as, indeed, it
volume, and its distributive and spe- scarcely admits of them. We hope,
cifying character. Where necessary, however, that we have not been un-
each chapter is subdivided into sec- successful in our attempt to remind
tions, and these again into subsec- the reader of the general importance
tions, so as to present a minute spe. of the study, and to convey to him
cification, combined with a careful some notion of the spirit in which
arrangement. Of the Church, or the work has been compiled, and of
General Body of Christians : eight its general contents and arrange-
chapters.-Of the Ministers of the ment. We have now only to repeat
Church: nineteen chapters.-Of the recommendation with which we
Christian Worship and Discipline: commenced our observations. We
four chapters-(with a very large shall be glad to find that by calling
number of sections and subsections). the attention of the readers of the
Of sacred Seasons : three chapters. Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine to
-Of sacred Places : seven chap- the subject, we have contributed to
ters.--Of occasional Offices, and the extensive circulation among
special Institutions of the Church: them of this excellent Manual. Let
six chapters.-Lists of Ecclesiastical Christian antiquities be thoroughly
Writers, from Clement of Rome, to understood by those who are not
Gregory I.,-of Councils, &c., are ignorant of the religion of the Bible,
given. There is likewise an Appen- and neither the open attacks of Po-
dix, containing some important pery, nor the more covert Jesuitry
notes and additions; the most valu- which seeks to insinuate in “ Tracts
able portion of which bears this title: for the Times," what it dares not
“The Literature of Christian Anti- openly advocate, will be able to pre-
quities; or, A classified Catalogue of vent the progress to triumphs of
the principal Works relating to the an orthodox, evangelical Protest-
several Subjects of Ecclesiastical antism, leading at once to personal
Archæology.” Some idea will be holiness, and to public tranquillity.



With Characteristic Notices.

[The insertion of any article in this List is not to be considered as pledging us to the approbation
of its contents, unless it be accompanied by some express notice of our favourable opinion. Nor is
the omission of any such notice to be regarded as indicating a contrary opinion; as our limits, and
other reasons, impose on us the necessity of selection and brevity.]

A Commentary on the Old and New
Testament, in which the Sacred Tert is
illustrated with copious Noles, Theologi-
cal, Historical, and Critical, with Im-
provements and Reflections at the End of
each Chapter. In two Vols. Vol. II.
By the Rev. Joseph Sutcliffe, M. A.
Second Edition. Imp. 8vo. pp. 712.

J. Mason.—Mr. Sutcliffe's Commentary
has been too long before the public, and
is too much esteemed, (to say nothing of
the estimation in which the venerable
author himself is held,) to require our
commendation. We congratulate Mr.
Sutcliffe on the completion of a work for
which the Wesleyan Connexion is under
real and lasting obligations to him. As designate it, which would make the State, the text is not given, room is afforded for as such, atheistic. Hesays, upon that suba larger extent of commentary ; and re. ject : “Then the ear,' a tangible promise fections, at the end of each chapter are of the future visible triumph of Christian. subjoined to notes on particular verses. ity, was given when imperial Rome We are glad to learn, that the separate herself, mistress of the world, threw off Parts of the work, as its publication has her Paganism, bowed to Christ, and proceeded, have had a good sale. Those placed his doctrine and law where persons who do not venture on a work they should ever be, by the side of the till they are sure it will be perfectedthrone. The public triumph of the may now have it entire. If we might Gospel under Constantine and his sucselect for notice any one of the character- cessors, whatever incidental evils may istics of this useful work, we should say, have resulted from it, should be rethat it was eminently devotional, and thus garded as the earing' of this plant peculiarly fitted for the family and the of renown.' "Then the full corn in the closet. Mr. Sutcliffe's labours, long ear.' The gradual developement (comafter he has himself rested from them, menced at the Reformation) of the gewill be productive of advantage to the nuine principles of NATIONAL RELIchurch of Christ.

GIOUS EXISTENCE, which is just now Sermons. By Jonathan Crowther. struggling through its crisis, as well of &ro. pp. 307. J. Mason.—We believe argument, as of political strife, but is that this announcement will afford no destined to come out, shall be underordinary gratification to our readers gene- stood, at length, and gratefully acknowrally, and that a large number will be ledged, and submitted to, as the true and glad to avail themselves of the opportu- only foundation of just, peaceful, benefinity of receiving instruction from an ho- cent, and permanent government: then noured and beloved Minister, whose living shall the meek inherit the earth.'” voice they cannot hear, because, follow- The Sons of the Soil. A Poem. By ing the openings of Providence, be is Mrs. Ellis, Author of The Women of gone « far hence to the Gentiles.” The England,fc. 12mo. pp. 298. Fisher sermons in the volume are thirteen in and Son.-A descriptive poem, chiefly number, on the leading subjects of Re- referring to natural scenery, and the relation. We need not say that they emotions which are experienced in a are earnest, evangelical, and devout. farmer's family, both in the regular emWe hope they will have a wide circula ployments of agriculture, and the vilation, and that Mr. Crow ther's sphere cissitudes of life. Instead of a lengthof usefulness will thus be extended. ened description, we quote eight lines

Ancient Christianity. No. IV. 8vo. from the second book, as a fair specimen pp. 136. Jackson and Walford. The of the whole :present number completes the first vo

" It was the harvest-home, and evening came lume of this singularly-important work,

With such a burning sunset! Words were and is at least equally powerful, or, at

tame all events, equally pretentative, with those To tell the golden glories of that sky, which have previously been published. Where every tint of beauty seem'd to lie Mr. Taylor is labouring hard to force Sleeping in splendour, bathed in floods of his opponents into the field on questions

light, of fact; and, they may rely on it, they

That far away receded from the sight, must meet him on this ground, or sus

Till the blue heavens grew colder, and then tain a defeat in which they will not even

The vesper star, sweet herald of repose !" save their honour. If Mr. Taylor's statements are unfounded, let the evi. Mrs. Ellis does not give us the poetry dence be given. The publie can judge of passion, nor philosophy, nor gorgeous of his arguments. And if he states the adornment, but of calmly.descriptive truth, (and if he does not, his character as emotion. Verses like those we have a Christian writer is utterly gone,) then quoted above need not any particular will it be impossible to avoid the con- recommendation from us. clusion, that the Oxford-Tractists are Historical Sketch of the Rise, Prospreading the worst and most germinant gress, and Decline of the Reformation principles of Popery; that, in a word, in Poland, and of the Influence which they are doing all that could be expected the Scriptural Doctrines have exerted in from them were they actually members of that Country, in Literary, Moral, and the (self-called) “ Society of Jesus.” Political Respects. By Count Valerian Nor can they retort on Mr. Taylor, that Krasinski. In two Volumes. Vol. II. "ultra-Protestantism," as they sometimes 8vo. pp. 560.--- In the Number of the

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