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exercises an independent judgment, is every reason to believe, and there and makes a very different thing of is good ground for thinking that, in the Epistle of James and of that to all academical knowledge, he the Hebrews.

much beyond the average.

He had He says, in a letter to his friend and been at Cambridge for some time disciple Frith : 'I call God to record after leaving Oxford. It is not merely against the day we shall appear before the correctness, as a whole, however, our Lord Jesus to give a reckoning of his Wittenberg work that gives it of our doings, that I never altered its value, but its good taste and feelone syllable of God's Word against ing: the best evidence of which is the my conscience, nor would do this day, fact that most of it has been retained if all that is in earth, whether it be in every succeeding translation. honour, pleasure or riches, might be Tyndale appears to have remained given me. So far was he from

at Wittenberg about a year, and then seeking personal fame or gain, that he returned to Hamburg. To print his afterwards promised Henry that if he book at the very seat of Lutheranism would have the bare text of Scripture would have been unwise, but Hamgiven to the people, by whomsoever burg did not furnish a solitary printingtranslated, he would never write press, so he resolved to try at Cologne, again. In a note on John i., he where he arrived about June, 1525. answers, in a characteristic way, the It is likely that he chose Cologne as a old assertion that the Scriptures make good place to hide in, being at that men heretics :

time a city of great importance, full of · Because their darkness cannot compre

merchants; and hence he might reahend the light of the Scripture, as it is sonably hope to prosecute his labours written, "the light shineth in darkness,

without interference. It was also a bat the darkness could not comprehend it”; they turn it into blind riddles, and read famous place for printing. Ulric it without understanding, as laymen do our Zel had led the way, having an Lady's matins, or as it were Merlin's prophe- office there as early as 1466, and cies-their minds are ever upon their heresies.

other well-known printers were then When they come to a place that soundeth like, there they rest, and wring out won

doing work there. It is rather rederful expositions to establish their heresies markable, in view of subsequent withal, like the tale of the boy who would

events, that the first instances of fain have eaten of the pastry of lampreys,

books printed with Imprimatur, or but durst not until the bells seemed to sing unto him : “Sit down, Jack boy, and eat

Romish official permission, are two of the lampreys,” to stablish his wavering printed at this city of Cologne in conscience."

1479, one of them a Bible. It is not likely that the often- Whether Tyndale brought the whole quoted remark made to Spalatin had New Testament translated to Cologne much more truth in it than a good or not we cannot tell, but it is probmany travellers' tales. That Tyndale able he did, and that so the first work should, the very following year, on that he and Roye had to do was to being interviewed' at Worms, show find a printer. This they did in such skill in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Peter Quentel, probably one of the Italian, Spanish, English and French, foremost of the time, and the work that,' whichever he spoke, you would was put to press in quarto form, with suppose it was his native tongue'-all notes. this is more likely to be a proof of But another stranger was in hidignorance on the interviewer's part ing in Cologne at the same time : than knowledge on Tyndale's. But Cochlæus, 'one of the most bitter that, as an Oxford man, he would be opponents of the Reformation. He a fair Greek and Latin scholar there had been driven out of Frankfort, He got

where he was Dean of one of the seat of the art of printing, however : Churches, by the people. Thence he Antwerp had become the headwent to Mentz, from which also he quarters of Bible-printing. In this was expelled; and even at Catholic city no fewer than thirteen editions of Cologne such serious disturbances had the whole Bible, and twenty-four of just taken place that he had meditated the New Testament in Flemish or flight. The power of the Prince Dutch, had seen the light during the Archbishop bad prevailed, however, early part of the sixteenth century, and now Cochlæus, an indefatigable besides various other editions in controversialist and scholar, was em- French, Danish and Spanish. Perploying his leisure in printing a book haps it was avoided for that very at the veritable office of Peter reason, though afterwards Tyndale Quentel! Tyndale's secret inevitably resided there for a considerable came out. Cochlæus heard the prin- time. ters confidently say, in their cups, Worms, then, was to see the carry. that, whether the King and Cardinal ing out of the work which had been would or would not, all England frustrated at Cologne; and Tyndale had would shortly become Lutheran. thus to sail up the loveliest part of some of them

to his

the Rhine. There were no gay, house, gave them plenty of wine, crowded steamers then, however, and and learnt all about the matter. we can only guess at the effect proHurrying off at once to Rinck, a duced on his mind by the Seven Patrician of Cologne, he asked him to Mountains, Coblentz, Bingen, the get an order from the Senate to stop castle-crowned heights and the inthe printing, which he did. The numerable legends which haunt the sheets were advanced as far as K, banks of the famous river. With and these Tyndale snatched away, his work interrupted in the middle, and sailed the Rhine. Rinck and and so far a failure, it is not likely Cochlæus wrote to Henry to take that he would be in a mood to make precautions against that most perni- many enquiries; but we may imagine cious article of merchandise,' the him led up in prayer to God in the New Testament, and, for a time, the lovely solitudes through which be enemy triumphed. Poor Cochlæus !

would pass, and pacing at night, it he never got anything for his zealous may be, a heavy barge, similar to service, though he wrote a book to those which the tourist now freshow how important it was. Subse- quently sees slowly working its way quently he printed a letter to James against the strong, deep current. V. of Scotland, questioning whether The associations of the towns, howit was expedient for laymen to read ever, would not be lost

upon the Scriptures; and it is to this and like his. Passing Oberwesel, the two other works that we owe the birthplace of John Richrath, Tyndale

, minute account of the whole of these would be reminded that his views transactions, of which he was not a were by no means modern. Richlittle proud.

rath had taught at Erfurt in the preTyndale, with his heavy bale of ceding century, and his influence at printed paper, set off for Worms, cast that University continued down to down, but not destroyed. Very likely Luther's time: Luther speaks of his Worms was chosen for more than having been prepared for the degree one reason : its strong Lutheran feel- of M.A., in part, by the study of his ing, its distance from Cologne, and books. He was, like Luther, dispossibly the fact of Schæffer being gusted by the preaching of Indulthere. It was certainly not a main gences, in connection with the


a mind

Jubilee of 1450,* and wrote, not editions in High German, and four in only against the grosser abuses of the Low, had been issued, and still there system, but the whole principle of it. was famine in his own land.

Mentz, the home of printing in There were plenty of printers at Germany, would probably be Tyn- Mentz that could do anything Tyndale's last stopping-place before he dale wanted, but he pressed on reached his destination; and, no Worms, which he entered about four doubt, his his purpose

would be years after the memorable Diet. strengthened as he thought how the There he took up his abode, and there printing-presses here had groaned our first English New Testament saw under German Bibles, whilst his own the light. Of his work there, howcountry was without a single printed ever, and our visit to the place, we English Bible. Fourteen complete must speak in a concluding paper.




THE 'PRINCESS AMELIA MEETS THE ICE. The calm of the voyage was soon How are you, my dear boy ?' he broken. The good ship ofttimes laughingly enquired. seemed the plaything of the storm. 'I began to feel too cold,' she said. Yet they toiled on, glad, in moments 'Yes, you are not too soon with of calm, for the sight of a sail or a your furs; and they become you, bird ; even a speck far out on the Emily ; but you never looked so like sea was the subject of a hundred


brother Fred in all your life.' conjectures. But the breath of the "I told Mr. Forrester yesterday North wind grew more keen, and the that I would give him a text for next stars looked down more whitely as Sunday : “Who can stand before the Princess Amelia bore on.

His cold ?” One morning Adelaide came on *You were very audacious.' board in a round fur cap, with fur 'Yes; Mr. Holyoke said in his lappets for the ears ; her fur-gloved grave way that it was to be hoped we hands buried in the pockets of a shouldn't have to ask that question in jaunty little fur jacket. She looked earnest.' uncommonly pretty and roguish, and Two days after this conversation her father looked at her quizzically, the Princess Amelia met a large pack but with evident pride.

of field-ice. The discovery occasioned * Here are three of these Indulgences easily authenticated : To all them, that be in a state of grace, that daily say devoutly this prayer (Fol. 38) before this blessed Lady of Pity, she will show them her blessed visage, and warn them the day and hour of their death,' 'John III., Pope of Rome, at the request of the Queen of England, hath granted to all them that devoutly say this prayer before the image of our Lord crucified, as many days of pardon as there were wounds in the body of our Lord, in the time of His bitter passion, the which were five thousand four hundred and sixty-five.'

Our holy Father, Pope Innocentius II., hath granted to all them that say this prayer (Fol. 71) devoutly in the worship of the wound that our Lord had in His blessed side, when He was dead, hanging on the cross, four thousand days of pardon.'

some consternation, but hopes were en- morning her father, Mr. Holyoke and tertained that the vessel might be able Mr. Forrester made a simultaneous to pursue her course without material rush to the cabin stairs to tell her one bindrance. They pressed in, hoping: was approaching. Soon she was on to find a way; but, the wind being the outlook. On it came, with its against them, they ultimately drifted, diamond halls and palaces of enchanthelplessly embedded in a continent ment. Not a breath of air was stirof ice.

ring, yet it progressed steadily at the The distressing feature in this catas- rate of three miles an hour. trophe was the dread of falling short The scene was

one of terrible of provisions. Already were they beauty. The stillness, the repose, put upon meagre allowances, when as the soft, white clouds flecking the blue they hoped to be entering the nar- above, seeming but a counterpart of rows of St. John, they were carried many & snowy patch below, the past the harbour, the wind prevailing diamond glitter of the icy pack, the from the North. The captain spoke stalagmites upon its floor dropped cheerily, telling them that they might from the crystal projections, the farbe able to put into Bay Bulls ; but they away white sweep of the horizon, the were, however, too firmly in the trail of blue which looked like a swept Frost King's grip. They drifted on, path for the berg, whence the sun's and when off Cape St. Mary the wind rays were refracted in all the colours lulled. Meantime, neither the crew of the rainbow. nor the passengers had been idle. • Who knows there may be seals Several of them had left the ship in upon it,' said the naval officer to Mr. search of seals, hoping thus to supply Forrester by this time so far indulthe failing stores, while others were gent to his unordained ministrations diligently looking for an outlet.

But that, though he would not give them neither the one quest nor the other the sanction of his august presence, was successful. Owing perhaps to a he would in God's great temple speak strong undercurrent, the ice immedi- to him as a man, and, in this time of ately round the ship became detached mutual need and craving, as a brother. and broken, leaving an outer reef of "There may be seals, but these bergs prodigious size. And now did Ade- are nasty things. It is not always laide see with her outward vision the

easy to get at them.' panorama that beforetime had been Adelaide turned round on him with a dream. The far-off sympathy with such an unconscious expression of her sturdy brother was exchanged for scorn upon her face that Mr. Forrester participation in his stern experiences, could not help laughing. and it buoyed her up to think that • The captain and first mate are it was so. Her liveliness was quite taking the bearings,' exclaimed Mr. exbilarating; for, surrounded by Holyoke. The naval officer and Mr. danger, threatened with starvation, Brignall, who had their own misand having every day to exercise self- givings, though the latter was inexdenial in an air that sharpens the perienced, drew near to hear what appetite and makes a large amount they were saying. The next moof nourishment necessary, there was ment Mr. Forrester felt sudden no elight strain upon her fortitude. pressure on his arm, and turning There were moments of panic also round saw that it came from Miss that could not be spared even to the Brignall, who was looking at her women. Adelaide had had bright father with a face out of which all anticipations of what the first sight of colour had suddenly vanished. an iceberg would be to her, and one "Something is the matter,' she

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exclaimed; 'I have never felt afraid The pathetic appeal was to him before.'

as authoritative a summons as that * You had better come down to the which was taking him up from his cabin where you cannot see it,' said kindred and his father's house to a Mr. Holyoke, compassionately, but country that he knew not. deliberately.

From the danger they were in a * Then you see danger.

No, thank few minutes might see them deyou, I will not godown. To shut my livered, but the fear was to her what eyes to it would be cowardly indeed.' the earthquake was to the Philippian

* It is danger from the collision jailer. So laying aside every selfish you apprehend ?' queried Mr. For- thought and every outward distracrester, still careful to detain the hand tion, he sat beside her to tell her of that in fear had been surrendered to a far different scene : a scene in the him. 'I am not a competent judge, hot sands of the desert; serpentand yet I can almost venture to say bitten Israelites suffering deadly that there is no real reason for alarm. anguish, but finding life and health The ice around us makes a very con- by a look at the object lifted up for siderable resistance.'

their healing. Even so the Son of But the words meant to reassure Man had been lifted up; and still a conveyed terror to others who were look could save. within hearing, creating an excite- Adelaide bad retired to a corner. ment that it was difficult to allay. With some timidity Mr. Forrester Two ladies screamed, one fainted. It intruded upon her. only needed that to recall our heroine • You do not feel afraid now,' he to the full possession of herself. She said, in a tone well calculated to win broke away from the two young

her confidence. Ministers-who, not without fear Her face softened. It was but for themselves, had vied with each other a moment. Again summoning her in soothing her-and, going to the resolution, she said : most demonstrative, said :

'Leave me, Mr. Forrester.

Go • Hush ! hush! If you go on like to those who need you more.' this you will distress the sailors. If • You have taught me a lesson,' he the worst that we fear happens, it is said, as he obeyed her and retired. as hard for them as for us. Do let us • Where is my daughter?' enquired be calm then, and look quietly to God.' Mr. Brignall. Is she below?'

On, on came the beautiful berg ; Mr. Forrester told him he would and the more beautiful it looked, the find her at the end of the vessel. greater terror did it strike into the "I need not ask you, Sir, if you hearts of those on board.

apprehend danger ?' Adelaide was repulsed in her effort I am not quite easy, for the capto rally others an effort which, for tain does not appear to have made up the time at least, made her forgetful his mind. The berg may join us harmof herself.

lessly, or it may cut its way through A young lady who had regretted that the pack and our vessel be shivered in Missionaries of the right kind were pieces. The way in which we are not sent out to convert the heathen of situated with regard to the ice makes Newfoundland laid beseeching hands it impossible for us to leave the ship.' on Mr. Holyoke.

Adelaide was conscious of her 'Do help me,' she said. “It is not father's presence when he stood bethe dying I am afraid of so much ; side her, but her eyes were fixed on it is what comes after. O! I never the terrible moving mass before them, thought to die would be like this!' and she was trying in the brief period


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