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of suspense to be prepared for the the water-floods; and there was not worst.

one of the voices upraised in it My darling,' said Mr. Brignall at that did not vibrate to feelings of last, "I but too late repent of my gratitude and love. folly in bringing you with me on this During the night there was a heavy disastrous voyage.'

fall of sleet, but all was clear again • 0, papa! I feared you would in the morning.

The ladies were say that, though I hoped you would advised to keep below, as the thernot. I kept out of your way for that mometer stood some degrees below very reason. It is too much to bear.

Adelaide was the only one who If we must die, let us die together.' disregarded the admonition. Putting

He kissed her tenderly, holding her a large pair of woollen socks over her to him in a straining embrace. boots, she ventured up, and the ship

• I hope that all will get be well, appeared to have undergone transmy brave child. I should

say

there formation. The decks were flagged is not a heart here from which with ice, the bulwarks were an inch prayer has not gone up to God.' thick with it, the ropes coated till

• They looked unto Him, and were they looked double their real size, lightened,' she said ; but while she and the rigging was like sparkling met the danger with such a calm crystalline front, she was not indifferent to her Beautiful!' exclaimed Adelaide, fate. She thought of home. She as her teeth chattered. imagined Fred missing her voice and Her father authoritatively took her her father's from his welcome home! back to the cabin, where they were She thought of all her golden dreams in a moment joined by Mr. Forrester, for the future quenched in the chill who brought her a cup of strong waters, O! under that blue sky, so coffee. The coffee was the best corsuftly flecked with white, it was hard dial she could have had. to give up all the joy of living ; to "Were the Princess Amelia never go down, down, down where no green to be set free,' she said, she would turf or flowers could grow over them, illustrate Montgomery's lines : or modest headstone tell that once they had been and were still.

“There lies a vessel in this realm of frost, • But we shall not be divided either

Not wrecked, nor stranded, yet for ever above or below,' she thought, as she Its keel embedded in the solid mass, felt against her face the beatings of Its glistening sails appear expanded glass, her father's heart, growing stronger

The transverse ropes with pearls enormous

strung, as the crisis neared, for the berg and

The yards with icicles grotesquely hung.'" the pack had come to the join.' There was an agitation discernible, 'It is well that you are so alive something like the tumult of electric to the poetry of the situation,' said wires in a storm; a shock was either Mr. Forrester, as he whittled away felt or imagined, and the berg was at a gaff that he fondly hoped was arrested in its majestic course with to be the destruction of some happy no disaster save the detachment of family of seals. masses of ice from the floe and the

I like poetry,' said Adelaide, overtoppling of the berg's burnished näively; but some of the prose of dome.

this is written in black-letter type. To describe the revulsion of feel- We shall perhaps be hearing loud ing, one bad need have been there. reports on board after awhile, and Sweetly through the frosty air went how will you explain that, Mr. up the Doxology to Him Who is above Forrester ?'

lost ;

'Firing for absentees ?'

I mean without the alarm it brought. 'No; I don't mean that. The All the happy days of my life put expansion of the water frozen in the together do not give me so much to fissures of the old trees in the thank God for as yesterday has done. forests, cracks them and rends them I cannot tell you how I saw myself to pieces, and so our ship may be in in the searching light that seemed to danger.'

fall upon me from God's judgment Not from that cause, dear,' said throne. I had imagined that all was her father. . Her timbers are sound.' right, but I saw myself in all manner

Most of the passengers were dis- of false disguises, that in a moment contented, some miserably afraid, fell off.' and even Mr. Brignall chafed at the "I believe in such vivid moments,' loss of time, and its possible conse- said Adelaide, thoughtfully; "and I quences. He was not free from thank God with you. There were apprehension either, and the scant very solemn thoughts passing through provisions had a depressing effect on my mind, as I sat on deck waiting him, though he would have scorned the end. The worst of it is, one is to complain.

His chief fear was apt to forget; but you will not forget, the effect that the bitter cold and so will you?' many privations might have on his *I hope not. It seems to me as if daughter's health ; but she bore up I never could. It is so sweet to be gallantly, and her evident ability able to apprehend the Saviour as I still to enjoy herself was very sus

do now.

Before, I must have looked taining to him.

on the Lamb of God through a veil She returned to the deck, and of self-righteousness as dense as the watched her father set out with the unbelief of the Jews. To think naval officer for an exploration of what blind eyes I have read my the region round them ; while Messrs. Bible with, not to have understood Holyoke and Forrester went out with this great change, and how quickly others in quest of seals. Adelaide God can work it in the soul !' would fain" have left the ship also,

so glad,' said Adelaide. but none of the ladies were per

"Now we

can often converse tomitted. The keen air and the white gether, and of the best things, and glitter when the sun was in power you will join us in our Sabbath worcompelled her to return to the cabin. ship.' She took up her work, and was pre- *Yes, indeed; but the very mensently joined by the young lady who tion of it covers me with shame.' had betrayed so much distress during And she continued her artless confesthe alarm of yesterday. Her face sion, proving that learning the still showed traces of the struggle glorious' first principles' of 'repentthrough which she had passed, but ance toward God, and faith toward there was a sweet, restful, trusting our Lord Jesus Christ,' an erewhile expression on it which was altogether careless soul had been started on the

race, the goal of which is perfection. "That is right,” said Adelaide, In the afternoon Mr. Brignall was making a place for her beside the brought home by some of the party, stove. 'Let us make ourselves com- suffering severely in the eyes through fortable. It is all that there is left the glare of light upon the ice. With for us to do. How frightened we that Adelaide felt as if her real were at this time yesterday!'

troubles had only begun.

only begun. They * And yet, Miss Brignals, I would applied such remedies as were availnot now have been without yesterday; able. But the cup of that day's

I am

new.

trial was not full. The sealers returned disconsolately without any booty, and the Missionaries were missing. No one could tell where they had wandered.

Guns were fired from the ship to apprise them

of its position if they were in doubt ; then some of the crew went in quest, carrying lanterns : and Adelaide awaited their return with feverish impatience.

NOTES ON CURRENT SCIENCE :

BY THE REV. W. H. DALLINGER, F.R.M.S. It was pointed out in our last Notes the elements,' and the majority of that Mr. Lockyer had, by a long physicists may go with him in this : series of investigatione, come to the he indeed shows that substances as conclusion that he had found evidence, unlike

each other as calcium, lithium, amounting almost to absolute demon- iron and hydrogen may not be fundastration, that the so-called elementary mentally distinct, but merely differbodies are compound; and that, in all ent aspects of some basic matter-stuff, probability, from the nature of the of which hydrogen is the simplest we evidence, all the varieties of ele- can at present find. This may or mentary bodies are only modifications may not be absolutely true; but, if it of one ultimate atomic condition. In be true, it is out of harmony with the fact, there is the highest probability philosophy of the facts to imagine that the final state of matter when that the quest of the alchemist has traced to its core, is unity of charac- been reached. teristic; and that the various kinds If matter be, at its root, only of matter now regarded as elementary hydrogen, or some similar form, the substances possess one and the same existence of strongly-marked phases ultimate or atomic attribute, but that of matter such as iron, platinum and various conditions of movement of the phosphorous can only be explained ultimate atom determine the differ- by taking them to be the result of ence between "elementary' bodies. the operation of rhythmic laws actThe consequence of this is that if the ing in past ages, and concerning the 'molecular' energy of a so-called operation of which we know really element can be changed, that element nothing. would be dissociated-broken up. This we do know, and from it may

There can be but little question of learn much, that life, in all its forms, the high probability that this is a is fundamentally the same—the great truth ; but very much misap- 'plasm' in which it inheres is not prehension seems to have arisen as materially different in the lowest the result of the publication of the fungus and the highest human brain. evidence. There are, evidently, a. Yet we are certain from experience great many who claim acquaintance that the various forms of life are not with physics, who assume that if transmutable-as such. The common these inferences be verified the dreams origin of the horse and the ass may of the alchemist must, after all, be be demonstrated; but we cannot realized (I), and that chemists will be change horses into asses, or the reverse. able to transmute one form of matter In the same way, it may be true that into another. Nothing could be more two phases of the same matter may be fallacious. Mr. Lockyer is, plainly as unlike each other as gold and merenough, led to doubt the integrity of cury; but there is, in spite of this, no probability of our being able to trans- stems. This cannot be without the mute the one into the other. Al- deepest interest to the student; and though it is possible for the chemist it is made to have a still larger meanto break up the substance composing ing by the constant progress downa dog and a horse, or an ape and a ward of all principal geological forms. man, into identical proximate ele- The inferences of the geologist are to ments, yet he never dreams of recom- a large extent dependent on negative posing them into living matter at all, evidence. Certain forms have not much less into living forms . unlike been found below a certain point in those they originally were: the dog into the geological series, and the inference the horse, or vice versâ. It is almost is that they did not exist earlier than equally certain that the elements’are at that point. At least, this is the permanent states of matter which can practical conclusion. But, during only be assumed by the processes the last thirty years, it has been through which they have reached shown to be most fallacious; research their permanent condition.

constantly bringing forms to light

below the points at which they were We pointed out recently the im- supposed to terminate : or rather, portance of a discovery made by looked at as an upward or progressive Count Saporta, and subsequently series--to begin. A fact of this sort confirmed by an English geologist : has just been given. Crabs-shortthat a land plant—a fern-had been tailed crustacea—have hitherto been found in the middle, and probably at considered of comparatively recent the base, of the Silurian rocks. The origin : most of the known forms reader will remember that the great being found in the Tertiary beds, and epoch of land vegetation is the Car- the most ancient in the Secondary. boniferous series, about the middle of But Dr. H. Woodward has just found the stratified rocks of the globe. But and described a form belonging to this is far beyond the appearance of the coal shale in Belgium. It consists animal forms upon the globe, and of seven segments more or less comtherefore out of harmony with the pletely soldered together ; its general sequence of development in creation form is oval. It furnishes the first given in Genesis. But the discovery clear evidence of the existence of true of a land plant of high development crabs as early as the coal measures ; in the Silurian beds, and as the Eng- and is one more proof of the fallacy lish geologist believes, in the Lauren- of any inference, having an important tian, places land vegetation of a high bearing, made from the absence of order of development in a contempo- knowledge. rary position with animals of a very low type. This is coincident with We have repeatedly pointed out the order of Genesis. Since this the evidence, constantly accumulating, time, however, Count Saporta de- of the beautiful adaptations existing scribes in Comptes Rendus further between plants and insects for their evidence of ferns that were in exist- mutual good. A new and very reence at the time of the deposition of

markable instance is before us. Dr. the Silurian rocks. He has discovered J. G. Hunt recently communicated to an impression of the frond of a fern the Academy of Natural Sciences, nine inches long, with an average Philadelphia, some observations on breadth of three inches. It has a the flower of Asclepias asterias ; it is slender stem bearing seven pairs of the flower of a plant that has only leaflets, which are nearly opposite. one British genus to represent it : The leaflets are sessile, or without the Periwinkle. The odour of the

This was

flower is exceedingly repulsive to Mr. Proctor gives some prominent man; but seems to be very attrac- facts, reaching us from an Australian tive to flies, many of which Dr. Hunt observatory, in relation to the planet saw eagerly applying their tongues all Jupiter. Mr. Todd, of Adelaide, over the petals and organs of the using a very fine telescope, believes flower, eating the evidently attractive that he has two or tbree times seen a secretion covering them.

satellite of Jupiter through the edge done with impunity, until they hap- of the planet's disc. On July the 12th pened to touch one of the five black he saw the innermost of the satellites spots placed alternately with the

with the through the southern dark belt at stamens, when the fly was immediately that time present on the planet; and seized and held fast by the proboscis. he adds : The satellite was distinctly In the struggle that ensued the fly, seen through the edge of the planet for if small and weak, would be held fast the space of the satellite'sfulldiameter.' as in a trap; if large and strong, it Mr. Proctor concludes that, if no would make its escape, but burdened optical explanation can be found for with the trap' and a pair of pollen this, we should have to accept the masses attached to it, with which inference that the apparent outline of it would of necessity fertilize the Jupiter's disc lies more than two next flower of the same kind it alighted thousand miles from the actual surface upon. The black spots do not adhere of the planet. to the proboscis of the fly by any This is not, however, the only adhesive fluid, but by an organic instance, as Mr. Proctor shows, in structure, the action of which pre- which such remarkable observations cisely resembles an ordinary rat-trap. have been made. Thus, on one occaIt thus appears that the smaller flies sion, a satellite which was crossing the may be used as prey, and the larger face of Jupiter, and seen to enter ones as agents in cross-fertilization. upon the transit, appeared, four or

five minutes later, outside the planet's The Moa, a gigantic bird once inhabiting New Zealand, has been sup

disc, as though the moon had altered
its
purpose

and
gone

back for awhile. posed to be extinct, and some data have been drawn from the probable leading observers of the time. Mr.

This was witnessed by three of the length of time during which it has

Proctor says, we can only explain ceased to be. A writer from New Zealand, however, who appears to be

what they saw by assuming that the trustworthy, states that last autumn, changed in position, owing perhaps to

outline of the planet's disc had between Lake Rotorua and the Cannibal Gorges, in the province of floating at an enormous heightintheat

some change in the condition of clouds Nelson, he saw what he could only mosphere of Jupiter. That

this planet, conclude to be Moas. He

says : "We heard a strange, screeching noise in utterly from our earth, there can be

as well as Saturn, differs in condition a gully about a hundred yards from where we were encamped, and went to where the

little doubt. Changes so great as to be noise proceeded from, and to our surprise visible to us, at our enormous distance, saw two gigantic birds coming towards us. They did not show the least alarm at seeing authenticated. Vast as they are in

as modifications of form, are well us, but continued coming to where we were ; so we escaped, but heard them two size too, they are much less in density or three times that night again. Having than the earth; and they are, to our no gun with us, we thought it advisable to best telescopes, manifestly enveloped start the next morning. One of them was apparently about twelve feet high, the

in enormous masses of cloud and other somewhat smaller, with feathers re

vapour, such as the heat of the sun sembling the emu's.'

could not have raised.

And the

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