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hundred thousand flowers, in round towards the sun, and so adjusted that numbers ; or say, two-and-a-half mil- it could follow the motion (apparent) lions of visits have to be made to of the sun from East to West. At obtain one pound of honey. A suffi- the focus was a boiler having a very cient evidence of the immense in- large capacity. On one occasion dustry of this minute and wonderful seventy litres of water were boiled animal.
in half an hour ; and a pump was
maintained in action which raised At the Paris Exhibition, M. Mou- eighteen litres of water to a height chot showed in action an arrange- of two metres. This is enough to ment in which the rays of the sun show that the sun's heat may be were directly utilized both for cook- utilized in the doing of the world's ing food and distilling alcohol. A work, if we can only secure a suffilarge concave mirror was directed ciently clear atmosphere.
THE THANKSGIVING FUND. Two Centenary celebrations in the fertile in resources, daring in expesame Century! Who but Wesleyan- dient :''A deed without a name,' is Methodists could have thought of not necessarily a weird perpetration. that? There is a refreshing piquancy The meek retort of the stripling hero about the idea : a kind of Hibernian of Ephes-dammim, 'Is there not a brilliancy of paradox, A Bicen- cause ? ' is ample vindication of what tenary,' a Tricentenary'and so forth to commonplace courage and average indefinitely, is a solemnity known to devotion seems absurdly adventurous ecclesiastical and secular history; and braggartly foolhardy. The cause, but to what dictionary, to what en- like the commemoration, is twofold : cyclopædia, shall we turn for an first, God's great mercies in the recent authorized vocable to designate the past ; second, the pressing pecuniary second centenary commemoration in exigencies of His Work. First, Is the life-time of men and women who there not a cause for thankfulness? neither are nor expect to be centena- thankfulness enthusiastic, practical, rians ? Semi-centenary will scarcely self-sacrificing? The Fund in prodo : because the first centenary has cess of formation is The Thanksgiving been celebrated not fifty years ago ; Fund : in other words, a fund of and anything suggestive of half- thankofferings. It is commemorative measures or half-heartedness would of an epochal development : a conmisrepresent the matter utterly; and summation, which was in reality & not suggest the dualism of the epoch. crisis. And if it were not, at the Yet such a paradox is not without a time, recognized as critical—by reason precedent, at least in the vocabulary of the quietness and gracious natof Methodism. Why not two Cen- uralness with which it was passed tenary celebrations within fifty years, through, --so that its perils are fully as well as two Quarterly Collections realized only in the retrospect : this within six or
weeks? two is the very ground for gratitude : anniversaries' in the same year : that so great a readjustment should one for the Chapel, the other for the have been accomplished without conSunday-School ? Necessity is the vulsion, paroxysm, spasm. mother of invention, and gratitude is It will be admitted that since the the inspirer of genius. Love and Conferences of 1795, 1796 and 1797, lack, when they come together, are no three successive Conferences have
been so important, so historical, as con- Mr. Arthur, and the luminous and stitutive and inaugurating assemblies, convincing speeches of the President as those of 1876, 1877 and 1878, in and Dr. Punshon. Would that our Nottingham, Bristol and Bradford. space would admit of giving all in And what a contrast? In the former full : their excellence throughout case shocks and heavings, detonation baffles selection. The hampering, and disruption, like the prophetic harassing, and if not soon disposed of, earthquake when the mount of the strangling debts of our various deOlives shall cleave in the midst partments, must be effectually dealt thereof, leaving'a very great valley' with. The bluff battle-speech of the between the rival peaks; in the latter, unwordy corporal to his company
is calmness, consolidation and drawing rhetoric enough for the emergency: and binding together. The new ar- There's the enemy ; and if you don't rangement did not even take the kill them, they'll kill you. This is form or bear the aspect of conces- the alternative; that the dilemma. sion : it was a cordial convention, Or like the serpents that slew Laocoon the joint workmanship of Ministers and his sons, they will coil about, and laity. If it was not a later first the sinews, and then the throat Plan of Pacification, that was because of Methodist enterprise and self-susthere was no passion to pacify, no tentation, till they first constrict, and agitation to allay. There were not, then crush its energies, andat last choke as in the earlier instance, two councils its vitality. It is matter of devout to be reconciled, two camps to come thankfulness that four most importo terms; and the result was not a tant Connexional departments—the treaty, but a covenant. Yes, it is Book-Room, the Chapel Fund, the Chilthe manner in which the evolution dren's Fund and the Worn-out Miniswas effected that is matter of such ters' and Ministers' Widows' Fund-in grateful wonder. The thing itself former times heavily burdened with was inevitable sooner or later: a debt, have now no need to stand forth question of chronology; but that it as claimants for a share in the Thanksshould have been brought to pass giving Fund; the first, indeed, renderwith such placidity and moderation ing effective supplies to other branches can only be accounted for by the of the Work of God. But the debte pervading and controlling grace of on our other great Funds have become God. The safe and amicable settle- menacing embarrassments, and must ment of so grave a question is, surely, forthwith be cleared out of the way an ample justification, a worthy occa- by some resolute Connexional effort. sion for the erection of a lofty, solid, And extension must be combined broad-based Stone of Help, which with relief, as experience as much as may be at the same time monumental exigency teaches. The two great and serviceable : at once a trophy, arms of the aggressive service : Misa landmark and a trysting-place. sions and Education, must be both
And is there not a cause' also in lengthened and strengthened, as well the exigencies of the Work of God? as freed from shackling liabilities. As On this it is superfluous to dwell in to both Home and Foreign Missions, detail ; since we could do little else it behoves Methodism to take up a than quote documents and speeches more commanding position, to present already familiar to our readers, es- a bolder front, and to carry out its pecially the lucid and persuasive evangelistic commission, with Statement and Appeal: an admirable heaven-derived impetus and a holy opening of an extraordinary or sup- audacity greater than ever. Never plemental Budget; the two letters of did the commissioning Spirit cry with
more urgent and animating emphasis : and in order to this, a renewed cru
o Zion, that bringest good tidings, sade against every form of error and get thee up into the high mountain ; evil in the land. Ö Jerusalem, that bringest good The Providential calls to enthusitidings,lift up thy voice with strength; astic effort on behalf of Foreign lift it up, be not afraid ; say unto Missions are equally imperative and the cities of Judah, Behold your God.' heart-touching. Far off and near, the
And it must not be forgotten that nations crave the Gospel, from France our evangelistic work is now not less to Equatorial Africa, and on to defensive than aggressive. At every China and Japan, the spiritual necesopen door' which the Head of the sities of the ansaved peoples are most Church has set before us, there are appealing and imploring. many adversaries.'
The President It may serve to mark the wondrous has opportunely and happily reminded growth of Methodism in material us that the High Church movement strength—to comparethe appeals made was, in its rise, contemporaneous with by the Conferences of 1799, 1800 the Centenary of Methodism. The and 1801 ' to the Methodist Societies zeal of our fathers 'provoked very and Congregations, on the present many. It is but a reasonable, and distressed state of our Finances,' for not ungenial, reciprocity, as well as a a' General Collection.' The Confair and honest rivalry, that we, in nexional debt amounted to nearly turn, should emulate the zeal, activity, two thousand pounds; moderately indefatigability and liberality which stated as above nineteen hundred was kindled at our own hearth. The pounds.' The occasion was then, as High Church party is bidding heavily now, 'the rapid increase of the work against us for the poor and for the of God.' The manly simplicity and young, both in town and country; in pathos of the Address is very touchthe
eat centres of industry, and in ing, as the following, not now unthe sparsely peopled rural districts. timely, extracts will show : That Christ is preached,' we'rejoice,
'In order to support the immense layea, and will rejoice.' But that the
bours which so great and extensive a work Church is preached, as an intermedi- requires, it was necessary to engage a large ary between the soul and its Saviour,
additional number of Preachers.... And the we will not silently endure. To the
real necessity of the case was accompanied
with the loud calls of the people in various successors of the first Christian
parts for additional labourers.....Our enopponents of a direct salvation, the deavours to accommodate the Societies preachers of salvation by ceremony and
with the Preachers they have desired, have corporate and corporeal officiations,
been in many instances the cause of long
removes and great expenses...None upon we will not give place by subjection,' earth, we sincerely believe, give so largely or by negligence, 'no, not for an as you, in proportion to your abilities, for hour; that the truth of the Gospel the cause of religion : and while the reviral
continues (and we trust it will continne till may continue with’ the people of these lands. But there is another foe more
the commencementof the great millennium),
we must expect occasional difficulties in dangerous than even Ritualism, be- our temporal concerns. It is, we doubt cause more accordant with the ten- not, for our good.... It affords our brethren dency of the times : baptized and
one of the best means of evidencing their
love to God, by delivering not only His ordained scepticism ; an 'abomination
Ministers, but His work itself, in some that maketh desolate,' standing where sense, from those difficulties which He, in it ought not.' Hence the necessity of infinite wisdom, suffers it to be brought
into, in the course of human events. preoccupying the juvenile and the
Need wo enlarge ? Poor as we are, popular mind with a living faith in
and poor as it is best for us to be, you Christ and in His glorious Gospel; feel for our honour, and for that of the
Connexion at large ; and would not suffer Love-feast spirit was the real leverage them to be disgraced, even if, to prevent it, that raised the enormous Centenary some thousands of pounds were required.' (Minutes, vol. ii., pp. 38, 39.)
Fund. It would be a most blessed
result of this movement if the taste Again in 1801:
for mutual edification by the interAfter all our collections have been dis- communication of religious experience posed of, we are in debt above two thousand
were quickened and developed ; 80 pounds, notwithstanding above two hundred pounds have been subscribed by the that nothing but a little more spontaneTravelling Preachers towards defraying ity and a little less routine should be the debt...Preachers, some of whom, last needed to make the Class-meeting a year, literally wanted bread...
And, what is delight. Genuine humility, before, to refuse an increase of Preachers to many throughout and after the enterprise, Circuits which have petitioned in that is absolutely essential. There must behalf....
be, at every meeting, as at the first, “We have employed many days in considering the ways and means to extricate
no glorying in men, or in Methodism the Connexion out of its present difficulties as a system ; as if it were possible, by -We say, the Connexion ; for the cause is the most perfect Church machinery, common both to Preachers and people...... to organize religious prosperity, as We believe that you only need to have Carnot was said to organize victory.' some practicable plan proposed to you for the payment of the public debt, and you
But since nothing noble can be will voluntarily and cheerfully comply with achieved without elevation of spirit, it for the glory of God, so far as is con- and a kind of military élan; he that sistent with Christian prudence.'
glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.' Within three years of the first The Centenary movement was not appeal 'the public debt' had disap- only an era in theannals of Methodism, peared.
but also in the development of the The campaign of 1878-9 science of Giving. It was a percepopened most befittingly at City Road tible upheaval in the general level of Chapel, under the most gracious aus- liberality in British Christianity, being pices. Four things especially in that emulated, first by the Free Church of memorable meeting gave the happiest Scotland, and since that, more or less, foretokens of success : the spirit of by almost all denominations. prayer, the joy of fellowship, deep May God prosper this strenuous humility and liberality liberally de- effort of His people for the relief and vised.
advancement of His own Work ! On When God's people begin a great mountains where there has been such undertaking in the true spirit of prayer, plenteous dew of grace there should their projects become prophecies : for also be · fields of offering. At the then the Head of the Church comes Centenary movement, the religious forth as Jehovah that performeth the and devotional improvement of the counselof His messengers;...that saith Centenary' was made by the Comto the deep, Be dry. (Isaiah xliv. mittee of arrangement, the first and 26, 27.) The joy of fellowship, too, is foremost object; and thus it must a sure presage of good speed. The be with the present enterprise.
BY THE REV. SAMUEL WRAY. Weep ye not for the dead, neither bemoan him : but weep sore for him that goeth
away: for he shall return no more, nor see his native country.'--JEREMIAH
Each passing gale his dirge shall wail ; To Judah from the North,
Each flying cloud shall shed For Egypt's might to mortal fight
A pitying tear upon the bier Hath poured in fury forth.
Of thy unhonoured dead. The young, the fair, the bold, the strong, His place in darkness none shall knowLie lifeless on the plain;
Acquaintance, guide or friend;
To mourn his timeless end.
With spirits pure at rest :
The baried are the blest.
Who have in glory bled :
Not for the peaceful dead.
O! hadst thou pressed with dauntless breast Nor can thy anguish tell
Along the ancient ways,
As in the olden days.
His fury forth is gone,
His stately Lebanon.
Thy sons He gave, the wise, the braveGone by the hour of grace ;
Thy glory and thy joy ;
The spoiler to destroy :
The want, the woe, the cruel hatė, Shall to perdition fall;
Which threaten great and small ; For, see, the fateful ICHABOD
Till they who wondered at thy state, Is written on the wall,
Shall wonder at thy fall.
To thee the eagles fly ;
And to the feast one from the East Or see thy fruitful plains :
Comes on with fearful cry. In Pharaoh's dungeons doomed to weep,
And all that hear it bate their breath To pine away, and die ;
That such a thing should be : For where his great forefathers sleep Fiercer than Pharaoh, and than Death His bones shall never lie.
More terrible is he. For him, unblest, no Sabbath-rest,
For him that goes away, whose woes
The grave alone may end,
In frantic chorus blend.
Weep for the evil days which come
Like mail-clad men to thee;
So shall thy children's be.