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and mediation of Jesus Christ. This is frequently represented in scripture under the similitude of a seast. The metaphor is natural and expressive, and may very properly be applied to the folemn ordinance ofthe Lord's Supper, of which you have fo near a prospect; for here, all the invaluable blessings of the .gospel, as purchased by the blood of Christ, are in a manner provided and brought forth for our entertainment; fo that I may now fay, as our Saviour did- on another occasion, " This clay is this scripture sulsil"led in your earsand with the apostle Paul, in his sermon at Antioch, " I'declare' unto you glad"' tidings, how that the promise which was made un-"to the fathers, God hath sulsilled the fame to us ** their children."—" For in this mountain hath the Lord of Hosts made unto all people a seast of fat . *< things, a seast of wines on the lees, of fat things. **' sull of marrow^- of wines on the Ices well re-"sined."

By the mountain herej where this seast is provided, we are plainly to understand the gospel-chiirch, of which Mount Zion, with the Jewish temple erected upon it, was an eminent type. There hath the Lord of Hosts made unto all-people, to perfons-of all ranks and degrees, of every station- and character- in lise, to the faithsul in all nations, the Gentiles as .well as the Jews, a seast of fat things, and sull of marrow, of wines on the lees well resined. The sigures which are here employed, are bold .and-livqly. Fat and mar.row, wines that have stood a competent time on the Jees, and then- well resined; plainly intimating, that there is abundance and variety, not'only of spiritual food and nourishment! but even-of delicacies, providr ed in the gospel'for the .entertainment of believers. The table is richly . spread- arid . surniihed. with the choicest' delights; for, as thcapcstle .expresses' it, "Eye hath not seen, nor ear. heard,- .neither have.fn".tered into the heart of man, the things which God: "hath prepared for them- that Jove him (u)."'


(a)- I Cor. ii. 9.:

. In discoursing sarther on this subject, I shall endeavour, by divine assistance, to consider, First, the Author and Master of this spiritual seast ; Secondly, the nature of it, in some of its excellent and distinguishing characters; Thirdly, the entertainment provided in it for the guests; and, Lastly, conclude with a short application.

1. I begin, by briefly pointing out to you, the Author and Master of this spiritual seast. And here, indeed, its excellence will chiefly appear; for the Lord of Hosts himself hath made it. The insinitely glotious and exalted Jehovah, the Sovereign Majesty of heaven and earth, designed and prepared it in*the eternal counsels of his will; he gave his only begotten Son to purchase it, and the Holy Ghost to reveal and apply it to every sincere believer.

iv God the Father, the Sovereign Majesty of heaven and earth, designed and prepared this spiritual seast in the eternal counsels of his will. "Blessed" says the apostle to the Ephesians, " be the God and )" Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed "u3 with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in "Christ; according as he has chosen us in him be* fore the foundation of the world, to the praise of "the glory of his grace (#)." God the Father is then the author and giver of this seast. He provided it from all eternity, in order to display the riches of his grace, and make his chosen people holySjnd happy. We have heaFd of sumptuous-and splendid seasts, of which, the preparation and arrangement had required much industry and art. But here is such a seast, as the united wisdom of angels and men could never have contrived; a seast of such excellence and value, as was worthy of insinite wisdom and goodness to give; but which, before it was bestowed, man could not have conceived, and sar less expected.

2. As God the Father designed and prepared this spiritual seast for the entertainment of his chosen


(g) Eph. i. 3, 4, 6.

people, so he gave his only begotten Son to purchase it, by his obedience and susferings in their room and stead. "For," says the apostle, "when the sulness "of time was come, God sent forth his Son, made "of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them "that were under the law, that we might receive "the adoption of sons (a)." Nor did the Son of God, at whatever expence it might be procured, decline to make the purchase. He left the bosom of the Father, and all the glories of heaven. He appeared in the form of a servant, and made himself of no reputation. He led a poor, despised, and'foirowsul lise; and at last, flied his own precious .blood, that he might do his Fathers will, and procure for his people all the blessings of the covenant. Accordingly, we sind, that he is represented in the Proverbs of Solomon (b), under the notion of wisdom, as having purchased and provided this spiritual seast: Wisdom hath built her house, she hath mingled "her wine, she hath also surnished her table:" and' as sending forth her servants to invite us to accept of the entertainment, ** Come," says she, " eat of "my bread, and drink of the wine that I have ** mingled."

La/Hy, The Holy Spirit is also given to reveal and apply the designed and purchased benesits to every sincere believer. He is now at hand to take of the things of Christ, and shew them unto us. He gives the spiritual appetite, and enables the Christian to seed by saith on a crucisied Redeemer, and the purchase os his blood. I will add, that the new covenant of God's grace is now sully established by the death of Christ,' as a divine charter, in which the Almighty consigns over all those purchased benesits to every one that believes, or that comes to him through a Redeemer. All things are therefore now ready. How justly, then, may He, who is the Lord of Hosts, be styled the Maker and Master of thii seast ?•


Gal.. i*. 4> J. . 0) Pro*• ix.

II. But I now proceed, Secondly, To open up the nature of it, in some of its excellent and distinguishing characters. And,

1. It is a spiritual seast. Though it be described in Scripture, by emblems that relate to objects of sense, we are not to imagine, that there is any thing sensual in it, or adapted to the bodily taste: no, every thing here is pure and spiritual; the food and entertainment os those whose minds have been savingly enlightened to discern the things that are spiritual. Our Saviour, speaking of himself, and the benesits he has purchased, says, "This is the bread "which came down from heaven, that a man may "eat thereof and not die (c)." And as it is of a spiritual nature, and heavenly origin; so, the design and tendency of it, is to raise our souls to heaven, and improve their relish for the enjoyments of that blessed world. In a word, it is the same in kind with that celestial seast, that pure river of the water of lise, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb, which the inhabitants of heaven, the spirits of just men made persect, shall for ever enjoy. It difsers from it only in degree; for communion with God in this world, is a dawn of heaven, and the foretaste of eternal happiness.

2. It is a seast upon a sacrisice. Under the law, after part of the sacrisice was consumed upon the altar, the priest, and they for whom it was ofsered, were allowed to seast upon that which remained. But here is a seast upon an insinitely greater and more excellent sacrisice, the great propitiatory sacrifice of the blood os Christ, which made sull and complete atonement for sin, satissied the demands of impartial justice, and brought in everlasting redemption; a sacrisice, which, when offered, our High Priest could say, "It is sinished a sacrisice, in a word, most acceptable and well-pleasing to God, which can purge the conscience from dead works, and sit us for the service and worship of him who i»


•(*) John v,• Je

a Spirit, in spirit and in truth. To seast on such a sacrisice, must therefore be a delightsul and refreshing entertainment to the soul of the believer. "He," says our Saviour, " that eateth my flesh, and drink"eth my blood, hath eternal lise, and I will raise "him up at the last day; for my flesh is meat in"deed, and my blood is drink indeed•" But, surther, it is likewise a seast upon a sacrisice; as, in it, believers, who are made priests unto God for that -end, offer up the spiritual sacrisices of prayer and praise, and other acts of devotion; being assured, that they shall be accepted in the Beloved. Nay, they are, as the apostle exhorts them, to offer up themselves a living sacrisice, holy and acceptable to God, which is their reasonable service (</). And this leads me to observe,

3. That it is also a seast upon a covenants In the •Old Testament we read, that as seasts were made up* on a sacrisice, so they frequently covenanted -together at seasts. We meet with a remarkable instance of this in Gen. xxxi., where Jacob and. Laban ratisied their covenant of friendship, not only by offer-ing sacrisice, but by seasting together: and under the •New Testament, the apostle speaks of the communion of the body and blood of Christ, as corresponding to the eating of the sacrisice. -Upon seating our•selves at the table of the Lord, and partaking of the sacred symbols, we declare our acceptance of the .gospel-covenant, that we take the Lord for our God, •and devote ourselves to his service: and, certainly, the obligations which we then come under, excel every other tie, as much as the sacrisice of Christ •excels-the sacrifices of the Jews; or the spiritual eating and drinking of his body aud blood, the partaking of the ancient sacrisices at the altar. In -a word, •by our eating and drinking at the table of the Lord, we take a solemn oath, that we will be true and saithsul to him; and if we are sincere in this covenantengagement, he graciously promises, that he will be


. {J) Row. xii. i.

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