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Past, present, and future human sotion and interaction
HISTORY OF THIC ANARCHIST MOVEMENTS
History of the Anarchists Movements from their philosophical, psychological, and literary sources to contemporary organizations such as SDs, Provo, and Catholic Workers Movement. Depth study of great thinkers such as Godwin, Thoreau, Balunin, Malatesta, and Goodman.
attention to the SAI-CNT in Spain, the IWW in the U.S., and Russian, Italian, and French movements.
Barly Slave Rovolts Early Guerilla Wartare. Why,
HARRIS ExIIIBIT No. 82
Daniel Bessie served as chairman of various Labor Youth League clubs in the Santa Monica, Calif., area in the mid-1950's. He has also attended meetings of the Youth Commission of the party's Southern California District.
Bessie was a delegate from the Santa Monica area to the Los Angeles County Communist Party convention in January 1957. He also attended the November 1959 session of the Southern California District convention, which elected him a delegate to the 17th National Convention of the Communist Party.
Ben Dobbs joined the Communist Party in November 1933 at the age of 21. In 1938 he was State administrative secretary for the Young Communist League. In 1948, 1949, and 1950 he was labor secretary of the Communist Party in Los Angeles County. Dobbs has also served as administrative secretary for the Communist Party's Southern California District and as a member of the executive board of the Southern California District Council. He is the current executive secretary of the Communist Party of Southern California and is running for Congress on the Peace and Freedom Party ticket.
Sarah Dorner was identified as a member of the Communist Party by a witness who has appeared before the Committee on Un-American Activities in executive session. This was stated in the committee's report on Communist and Trotskyist Activity within the Greater Los Angeles Chapter of the Fair Play for Cuba
Committee, 1962, p. 1528.
Rose Chernin Kusnitz has been identified as a member of the Communist Party by at least four witnesses in testimony before this committee. She was a Smith Act defendant and was convicted on August 5, 1952, of conspiring to teach and advocate violent overthrow of the United States Government. She was fined $10,000 and sentenced to 5 years in prison. The case was appealed, however, and the Supreme Court reversed the conviction. Mrs. Kusnitz was set free.
Mrs. Kusnitz has served as the executive director of the Communist-front organization, the Los Angeles Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, now known as the Los Angeles Committee for Defense of the Bill of Rights, since its inception in 1950. She was a delegate to the second convention of the Southern California District of the Communist Party held in two sessions in November 1959 and January 1960. She was elected to the party's top district committee at the January session. The district convention also designated Mrs. Kusnitz as one of its official representatives to the party's 17th National Convention in New
York in December 1959.
Robert Duggan was one of the new youth members elected to the National Committee of the CPUSA at its 18th National Convention in June 1966. He was president of the W. E. B. DuBois Club at the University of California in
Emil Freed has been active in the Communist Party since 1934. In 1938 and 1940 he was a candidate for Congress from California's 15th Congressional District on the Communist Party ticket. In 1943 he was a member of the machinists' branch, Communist Party; in 1944, a member of the California State Commission on State Leadership; in 1945, a member of the California State Committee of the Communist Party. He is by occupation a professional
Arnold Hoffman is a member of the Communist Party U.S.A. (Marxist: Leninist). He openly proclaims that he is a Communist. He did so at his trial for inciting to riot and trespassing on March 2, 1965.
Hoffman had been expelled from the Communist splinter group, the Provisional Organizing Committee, along with Mike Laski. The POC publication, Vanguard, denounced them as “Agent-Provocateurs.”
In 1967 Hoffman furnished $110 bail for Michael Laski who had been arrested for using sound equipment without a permit. Newspaper reports identified Hoffman as press secretary of the Communist Party U.S.A. (M-L).
Michael Laski became the West Coast organizer for the Provisional Organizing Committee to Reconstitute the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party U.S.A. in 1964. The Provisional Organizing Committee, or POC as it was more commonly known, was organized in 1958 by a group of hard-core Communists who had been expelled from the Communist Party, U.S.A. Subsequent to the riot in Watts in August 1965, Laski was expelled from the P0C, according to testimony of James C. Harris. In September 1965 Laski and a handful of followers formed the Communist Party U.S.A. (Marxist-Leninist) and he became its general secretary.
Frank Pestana was identified as a member of the Communist Party by four witnesses in testimony before the Committee on Un-American Activities. David Aaron, A. Marburg Yerkes, William G. Israel, and Milton S. Tyre testified that they had known Mr. Pestana as a member of the lawyers' group of the Communist Party in Los Angeles.
JEAN (MRS. FRANK) PESTANA
David Aaron and A. Marburg Yerkes identified Jean Pestana as a member of the lawyers' group of the Communist Party in Los Angeles during testimony before this committee in January 1952.
Irving Sarnoff has served as a member of the district council of the Communist Party of Southern California. He has been extremely active in Communist youth organizations. In 1956 he was labor director of the Los Angeles County Labor Youth League, a member of the executive committee of the Labor Youth League, and in 1957 was a delegate to the California State Labor Youth League convention. Sarnoff was also a delegate to three Communist Party conventions in 1957, the Los Angeles County convention, the California State convention, and the Southern California District convention.
Frank E. SPECTOR
Frank Spector came to the United States from Russia in 1913. He has been a resident of California since 1921.
Spector has been identified as a Communist by several witnesses in testimony before this committee. He was convicted of violations of the Smith Act, but was freed by a decision of the U.S. Supreme Court on June 17, 1957. Frank Spector has been under order of deportation for years; however, the Immigration and Naturalization Service has been unable to secure travel documents for his entry into the Soviet Union. Therefore, Spector is allowed to remain in the United States as a Communist alien.
JOHN WESLEY HARRIS
John Harris is an open member of the pro-Peking Communist Party, the Progressive Labor Party. He has been a PLP organizer in the Watts area and was arrested on September 21, 1966, on the charge of criminal syndicalism for the distribution of revolutionary literature.
DONALD C. WHEELDIN
Donald Wheeldin was identified as a member of the Communist Party by Robert Carrillo Ronstadt on April 25, 1962, in executive session of this committee. The testimony was subsequently released.
Wheeldin was a high functionary in the California Communist Party; a member of the party's State coordinating committee; member of the executive board, Southern California District Council; and member of the Southern California District Minorities Commission.
On March 26, 1958, Wheeldin resigned from the Communist Party and the staff of the West Coast Communist newspaper, the Daily People's World, a position he had held since July 16, 1950.
In reporting Mr. Wheeldin's resignation from the party, as well as the resignation of other Communists who left at that time, the committee stated :
"Committee investigation indicates that these resignations do not involve renunciations of communism, but a renunciation of the national committee's high-handed procedures. Many 'dissenters' now constitute an unorganized element in our society which continues to advance com
munism in the United States." [NOTE: Ronstadt was an undercover operative in the Communist Party from 1947-1954.]
WILLIAM C. TAYLOR William C. Taylor was chairman of the Communist Party's Maryland State organization in the early 1940's and chairman or organizational secretary of the District of Columbia party apparatus in the period 1946-49.
In 1949 Taylor moved to Los Angeles and was immediately assigned the chairmanship of the Minorities Commission for the Los Angeles County Communist Party.
Taylor was chairman of the Southern California District's Negro Commission and was a member of its executive board when the second district convention convened in late 1959. He continued to serve on the board until its technical "dissolution” in 1961. Taylor attended both sessions of the second convention of the Southern California District of the Communist Party and was designated a member of the area's delegation to the 17th National Convention of the party in New York in December 1959.
The People's World in March 1964, in publicizing his candidacy for Los Angeles County supervisor, boasted that Taylor had been a "Communist for the past 35 years."
FRANK WILKINSON Frank Wilkinson was identified as a member of the Communist Party by Anita Bell Schneider in public hearings of this committee on December 7, 1956. He was also identified by Robert Carrillo Ronstadt in executive session on April 25, 1962. The testimony was later made public.
Wilkinson was subpenaed to testify before the committee on two occasions. He was totally uncooperative. The second time he was asked to testify, Wilkinson not only refused to answer all but a few of the questions asked, but declined to invoke the fifth amendment for doing so.
He was cited for contempt and convicted of that charge by a Federal district court in Atlanta and sentenced to a year in prison. He was released on bail when he appealed the conviction. On February 27, 1961, the Supreme Court upheld the contempt conviction of Frank Wilkinson, and on May 1, 1961, he began serving his prison sentence.
TASSIA (MRS. EMIL) FREED
Tassia Freed was identified as a member of the Communist Party by Anne Kinney, William Ward Kimple, and Anita Bell Schneider in testimony before this committee.
Mrs. Freed joined the Communist Party in 1936 and has devoted her time to the Communist program subsequent to that date. Since joining the Communist Party she has held various positions on the club and county level. In 1944 she was press director, Hollywood Club, Northwest Section; in 1913 she was a mem. ber of the central executive committee of the Communist Party, Los Angeles County.
Mrs. Freed was a delegate to two Communist Party conventions in 1957, the Los Angeles County convention on January 5-6, and the Southern California District convention on April 13–14.
STEPHEN H. FRITCHMAN
On September 12, 1951, Rev. Stephen H. Fritchman appeared before a subcommittee of the Committee on Un-American Activities in Los Angeles, Calif., at which time he was questioned regarding Communist associations and organizations. In answer to all questions pertaining to Communist activity, Mr. Fritchman declined to answer, using the fifth amendment as a basis. On December 7, 1956, Mr. Fritchman again appeared before the committee and invoked the first and fifth amendments.
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1843 1815, 1816, 1821, 1828, 1832-1835