Imágenes de páginas

periods in assisting the freebooters with his advice, and participating in their plunder, when, at that time, such expeditions were esteemed both legal and honourable.

"The many rules laiJ down in the 20'h chapter, for the preservation of domestic authority to the husband, are relics of that characteristic discipline of Asia, which sacred and profane writers testify to have existed from all antiquity; where women have ever been the subjects, not the partners of their lords, confined within the walls of a haram, or busifd without doors in drudgeries little becoming theif^delicacy. The Trojan princesses were employed in warning linen; and Rebecca was first discovered by Abraham's servant with a pitcher upon her shoulder to water camels. "Two women (hail be grinding at the mill," fays the prophet; but the notoriety of this fact obviates the necessity of quotations: it may just be observed, that Solomon, in praising a good wise, mentions, that " She rises while it is yet night," which we must suppose to be before her husband; and we find this to be one of the qualifications for a good Gentoo wife also.

"The latter part of this chapter relates to the extraordinary circumstance of women's burning them

selves with their deceased husband) *—The terms of the injunction at there set forth are plain, moderate, and conditional: " It is proper for a woman to burn with her husband's corps;" and a proportionate leward is offered in compensation for her sufferings. Notwithstanding the ordinance is not in the absolute style of a command, it is surely sufficiently direct to Hand for a religious duty ; the only proof that it is not positive is the proposal of inviolable chastity as an alternative, though it is not to be taken for an equivalent. The bramins seem to look upon this sacrifice as one of the first principles of their religion, the cause of which it would hardly be orthodox to inves- > tigate. There are, however, several restrictions with respect to it, as that a woman must not burn herself if (he is with child, nor if her husband died at a distance from her. unless the can procure his turban and girdle to put on at the pile, with other exceptions of the fame nature, which they closely conceal from the eyes of the world, among the other mysteries of their faith: but we are convinced equally by information and experience, that the costorn has not for the most part fallen into difuetude in India, as a celebrated writer has supposed."






ftetrospeilive view os American affairs in the year 1776. Preparation in
Canada for the armament on Lake Cbamplain. State of the American

force. Engagement near the ijle Valicour. Arnold retires; pursuit;
overtaken; burns his vessels, Crown Point destroyed and abandoned.
General Carle: en lands therewith the army. Motives for not at tasking
Ticonderoga. General Carleton returns vjith the army to Canada.
Situation of affairs to the southward. General Lee taken. Perseverance
os the Congress, Measures for renewing their armies. Lands allotted

for serving during the tyar. Money horrovjed. Address to the people.
Petitions from the inhabitants of New-Fork, and from those of Sateen's
county in Long Island, to the Commissioners. Critical state of Phila-
delphia. Congress retire to Baltimore. Divisions in Pennsylvania.
Desertions. Surprize at Trenton. Lord Cornviallis returns to the
jerseys. Prevented from attacking the enemy at Trenton by impediments
of filiation. General Wajhington quits his camp, and attacks Colonel
Mawbood, near Princetown. Lord Cornvjallis returns from the Delaviare
to Brunswick. Americans over-run the Jerseys. Britijh and Auxiliary

screes keep possession of Brunswick and Amboy, during the remainder of
the winter. Indian -war. Articles of confederation aud perpetual union
between the thirteen revolted Colonies. -— — — [p. 1

Chap, ir.

Statl of affairs previous to the meeting of parliament. New peers. Change
in the department for the education of the Royal Brothers. Extraordinary
augmentation of the peerage in Ireland. Distresses of the Weft-India
islands. Depredations of the American cruizers. Condutl observed in
the Punch and Spantjh ports. Armaments. Several men of war com.


misttoned. Press. Dispute between the city os London and the A./m: raj/y'

Account cs 'John tk; Painter; he burns the kemp-house at Portsmouth \

sett fir; to seme houses at Bristol. Speech from the throne.

Amendments moved. Great debates. — — £23


Debates upon a proclamation istiied in America by the Cornmijfionsrs. Matin:

for a revisd of the American lazts by Lird John Cavendijh. Motion re-

jected by a gi eat majority. Sf.'Jpen. Arguments urged for and against

the propriety cj'a partial 45,000seamen 'voted. Debate en naval

ttstairs. Supplies for the naval and the landj'ervice. Recess. — £42

C H A P. IV.

Bill for granting letters of marque and reprisal, pasted, with a small
amendment in the litie, by the Lords. Bill j'or securing persons charged
•with high trcajon, brought in by the Minister. Great debates upon the

second reading. Qucjlion os commitment carried by a great majority.

Amendment pasted in the committee. Second amendment rejected. Debates

renewed on receiving the report. Petition from the city of London, against

the bill. Amendment moved and agreed to. Second propfed clause of-

amendment rejected. Gnat debates on the third reading. Clause proposed

by way of rider, is received vjith an amendment, i^ejiion upon the third

reading mrrjed upon a division. Ike bill posses the Lords without any

amendment. — — — — [53


Accounts laid before the committee of supply. Motions by the tnixister.

Contracts animadverted on. Payment of an unexpected demand malt

bt the Landgrave of Hest'e for levy-money. Debates. Message from the

throne. The mcst'age rejerred to the committee of supply. Motion by Li'i

John Cavendijh, thai the order of rtference be discharged. Great

debates. The motion rcj.ctc.d upon a divifion. Resolutions passed in the

cimmittee ot supply for the discharge cf the debts incurred on the civil

iijt cjlablijhmcnt, and for an annual augmentation of that revenue.

Debates rcueiucd upon receiving the report from the committee of supply.

First resolution pasted without a diviston. Amendment moved to the

second resolution. Amendment rejected. Second resolution carried upon

a Message delated in the IJcuJe of Lords. Address cf con-

currence moved by the Earl of Derby. Amendment moved by the

Marquis of Rockingham. Amendment rejected upon a division. *rt',

•vious question moved by the Did; of Grafton, and rejected. Address

carried upon a diviston. Pretest. — — £67

C H A P. VI.

Motion by the minister fur the payment of a demand made by the

Landgrave of H>st>, on an unliquidated hospital account of the lust


ivar. Debates. Motion carried in the committee of sup fly us on a division.
Debate reunited on receiving the report, ifhiistion carried us on a divi-
Jion. Motion for an adclriss to the throne relative to the Rcyal Bro-
'ibers. Previous question carried en a division. Debate on the speaker's
speech. Mr. Fox's motion. Motion of adjournment! 7be latter -jchb-
a'ratvn, and the former carried. Fete of thanks to the Speaker for
his speech. Revolution at Madras. Transactions previous or relative lo
the deposing and imprisonment os Lord Vigot. ?ransaSions in Leadcnhjll-
sireet. Resolutions on India affairs, moved in the House of Commons by Co-
•vtrnor 'Johnstons.. Debates, 'she rejcluticns rejeSied upon a divificn. Earl es
Chatham's motion for an address relative to a reconciliation vitth'America.
Motion rejected. Speech from the throne. — — [sg


State of affairs at Neiv-Tork previous to the opening of the campaign. Loyal
provincials embodied, and placed under the command of Governor Tryon.
Expedition to Perk's Kill. To Danbury, under General Tryon. Maga-
zines defrayed. General Woofer killed. Vessels and provisions destroyed
at Sagg Harbour, by a detachment from Connecticut under Colonel Meigs.
Advantages derived by General Washington from the detention of the
army at Nevj-Vork through the want of tents. Different schemes sug-
gested for conducting the 0/era!ions of the campaign, ell tending to one object.
General Sir li'iilnim Hovie takes the field ; fails in his attempts to bring
Washington to an ad ion; rclires to Amboy. Turns suddenly and advances
upon the enemy. Skirmishes. American: under Lord Sterling defeated.
Washington regains his strong camp. Royal army over to Stattn-
Ijland. Alarm excited by the preparations for the grand expedition.
General Preset carried iff from Rhode Island. Rate of interest upon the
public loan, advanced by the Congress. Monuments decreed for the Gene-
rals Warren aud Mercer. Fleet and army depart from Sandy Hook.
Force embarked on the expedition. Congress and Washington alarmed by
the los os 1iconderoga. Fleet arrives at the River Elk, after a {
voyage, and difficult passage up Che/apeak Buy. Army lands at Elk.
Ferry. Declaration issued by the General. Washington retiz-ts to the
defence of Philadelphia. Advances to the Brandy-tvine, and to Red- Clay
Creek. Furious movements on both fides. Action at the Brandyuiine.
General Kuyfhausen makes an attack at Chad's Ford. Lord Corr.ivallti
marches round to the forks of the B/andywine, ivhere he passes, in order
to attack the enemy's right. Defeats General Sullivan. Pursues his ad-
vantages until sopped by night. General hnypbcujcn passes ut Chad's
Ford. Enemy evert vehere defeat:!, Los on both sdes. Refections en
the aBion. Victory not decisive. Foreign cfr'ffrs 11: the Amcrii an service.
Moticns of the armies. Engagement prevented by a great fall of ra ■/.
Major-General Grey Jurprizes and difcc.ts a party cf Americans tin ' r
General Wayne. Royal army passes the Schuylkiil, and advances to Ger-
man-Tovjn. Lord Cornnuallis takes pcjsjsion of Pbihde'plia. Some of

'the principal inhabitants sent prisoners is Virginia, upon the appnacb

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