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welcome us back again. Our feelings on beholding ourselves once more in our old abode, and surrounded by many dear old friends, you may better conceive of than I can describe. I am now set down to my work as before, and my visit home seems but as a dream that has passed away. We are busily engaged in revising the New Testament for a new edition, the old being nearly all expended. The new type, we hope, will soon arrive, as we cannot begin printing the new edition of the Testament till it comes. I have great comfort in the dear brethren who have been associated with me in the mission; they are men of God, beloved by his people, and esteemed by all. A delightful spirit of Christian love and harmony at present reigns amongst us, and, I hope, will ever remain. Oh! pray that no root of bitterness may ever spring up to trouble us! Dear brother Reid, considering his manifold labours, has made good progress in the language, and can now converse and preach in it with tolerable facility. Since my return he has been from home a week, itinerating and attending two Hindoo festivals in the vicinity. He bears the climate exceeding well, and bids fair to be one of our most active and useful missionaries, should life and health be spared. We both purpose attending the great festival at Humpee, which takes place the week after next. The weather is now very warm here—thermometer 94° in the shade; but, as my health is pretty good, we get through the labours of the day comfortably. Mrs. Reid and Mrs. Hands are, I am happy to say, in tolerable health, but suffer considerable debility from the heat; another month will, we hope, bring us rain and cooler weather. I am happy to say our native services are, in general, well attended, and there appears to be an increasing attention to the important things spoken. We have reason to believe there are many around us who are almost ready to burst the bands which at present restrain them from making an open profession. Oh! for the Spirit's influences to inspire them with courage and love! Our English services at the Fort Church in the morning of the Sabbath, and at the chapel in the evening, were never so well attended before; both places are generally crowded, and we have reason to believe the word is not preached in vain.
As we purpose soon to send you a joint letter, you must excuse the brevity of this. My dear wife unites with me, and Mr. and Mrs. Reid, and Mr. and Mrs. Paine, and the children, in affectionate regards.
Yours, very affectionately,
(Signed) John Hands.
Madras, ISth May, 1832.
From the Rev, John Bitderbeck to the Rev.
I ought to have written to you by the Orontes, but it unaccountably escaped my notice. Another opportunity offers itself now by the Warrior, which I gladly avail myself of, and hope this letter will reach you safe, and find yourself, and others who are similarly employed in the cause of Christ, in the enjoyment of health, and every other blessing which enricheth and added no sorrow. You will, no doubt, learn by this of my safe arrival in this land of Pagan idolatry, of Popish superstition, and of Mahometan licentiousness** This, as you are aware, is tlw land that gave me birth. Satan has here long erected his kingdom, and he has still a strong hold on the minds of too many of my countrymen. If you had not sent your missionaries and your Bibles here / might, for aught I know, have still remained a miserable subject of his kingdom; but, by the grace of God, and through the instrumentality of your Bibles and your missionaries, I am what I am. Being made free from Satan's yoke, I am now constrained, by gratitude and love to Christ, to seek the freedom of my fellow sinners. This land, the spiritual interests of which I once overlooked, is now become the chosen sphere of my missionary labours. Oh! what an unspeakable honour is it to be employed in communicating the riches of that grace to my fellow mortals, which, I trust, 1 myself have experienced! "Unto me, who am lea than the least of all saints, is this grace given, that I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ"
As I was approaching these shores, instead of seeing the steeples of Christian churches erected to the glory of the only living and true God (as they are in England), the chief objects that caught my eye, soon after the discovery of land, were, heathen temples erected in great numbers, almost in every direction, for idol worship, and other abominations. The Contrast between England and my poor country, in this respect, was so very great, that I felt as if I could have wept tears of blood. England was at once depicted to my mind as standing like Capernaum, as high as heaven itself in privileges; while India seemed to sink, as it were, as low as hell. And who, with such an awful contrast, can command his feelings! Oh! when will all these idolatrous temples be converted into Christian churches? My dear Sir, the work is great; much, certainly, has already been done, and we must feel tbank
* Mr. Bilderbeck arrived at Madras on May 1,1832.
ful, and give glory to God. But we cannot form any adequate idea of what still remains to be done. No ; Satan is not yet dethroned, and the strong holds of idolatry, superstition, and delusion, are not yet brought to its foundation; and it is my firm impression that it never will, or can be, brought down, till means are increased, more prayer is offered up, and more missionaries are sent out. "The harvest truly is great, but the labourers are few." It would be base ingratitude in me, after all that I have personally experienced, through the benevolent exertions of England, to say that she has done very little for my countrymen. I acknowledge she has done much; but I dare not, I will not take upon myself to say that she has done all she could. A great deal is still in her power, and I know that she can still heap coals of fire on our head. "Come over, then, and help us."
Pardon the digression, if, indeed, it be one. I must now proceed to tell you about my voyage, which, I am glad to inform you, my beloved Sir, was pleasant and prosperous. My attempts to do good are very poor. Oh! that I could serve my God better! I am an unprofitable servant; and 1 very much fear I shall be so to the very end of my life. But one consolation I have, and that is, from the fact that " God will not cause his word to return unto him void, but that he will accomplish that whereunto he sent it." My efforts on board ship, however, were not without indications of the divine approbation, and I must leave the rest for eternity to disclose. I bless God for the protection which I have experienced during the voyage, and for the favour which I have found in the eyes of my fellow passengers and friends. All these things furnish me with additional motives to love and serve my dear Redeemer.
Since my arrival here I have taken regularly a share in the labours of the Rev. William Taylor, &c, and I never feel so much in my proper element as when I break the bread of life to my countrymen. It is to the interests of the heathen that I have consecrated myself, and it is to them that I am anxious exclusively to devote my time, my talent (if I have any), and my all. I wish to spend, and to be spent, in the service of my God. Oh! that the Lord would fit and qualify me with the gifts and graces of his Spirit for this most responsible work—• that he would, make me feel my personal weakness, and that he would enable me to live and move under the sanctifying influence of those truths which I am so desirous to recommend to others! My appointment to a particular station in this presidency is now under the consideration of the District Committee. And now, dear Sir, I must conclude. Soliciting an interest in your
prayers, and in that of my worthy Directors, I remain, with every due respect,
Yours most affectionately, (Signed) Jqim Bildejibecki
TOUR IN CUMBERLAND, &C
"On the other half of this sheet you have the particulars of the collections made by G. Bennet, Esq., and myself, in the month of July last. The amount (altogether about £200) should have been transmitted long ere now, but for reasons which I could not control. I trust the account will be found correct. It is only proper for me to say, that Mr. Bennet and I met with the utmost kindness, and found the missionary spirit generally on the increase. Most of the brethren lamented the inability of the friends of the cause to contribute to it, according to their wishes, owing to the depressed state of the times. But, upon the whole, I believe the collections will be found greater than in the preceding year.
George Bennet, Esq., writes from Darlington :—" Thus far, my much respected friend, has our gracious and heavenly Father condescended to make my way prosperous, and to give his own cause favour in the sight of his children, and of the Christian public. I have enjoyed much satisfaction, and profitable Christian intercourse with ministers and people (and with very many of the Society of Friends) in these two counties. They have required a good deal of labour from me ; but, health being granted, that has not been irksome. I herewith hastily send the pecuniary result of these visits, £236, since my friend Mr. Chaplin left me.
** I am happy to be able to inform you that the missionary meetings, which have just taken place in this district, have been, in general, very well attended; that the statements of our friend, Mr. Bennet, have excited considerable interest; and that, in the county of Northumberland, a larger sum has been contributed to the Society than has been realized for several years. The collections in Newcastle amounted to £42.. At North Shields, Alnwick, Wooler, and Hexham, the collections have been very handsome. At Warkworth, Morpeth, Glanton, Branton, Myth, aod Horsley, which are smaller places, the collections have been
?uite as good as could have been expected. had much pleasure in accompanying Mr. Bennet to several of the places he visited. Hexham and Horsley being out of Mr. Bennet's route, I visited myself. At the former place I attended a public meeting, and preached.
"I hope we shall be able to follow up what has been done this year, by continuing to send the Deputation annually to the different Presbyterian congregations in the northern part of this county. The interests of the Society may thus be considerable promoted. It is gratifying to know that at some places, where missionary collections had not been made for many years, great interest in the Society was evidently felt, and a willingness to aid it, as far as circumstances would permit, expressed.
The twentieth anniversary of the Bristol Missionary Society was held in that city on the 16th of September, and following days. The services commenced on Sunday morning (the 16th), by a public prayer-meeting at Lady Huntingdon's Chapel, at seven o'clock, on which day the Rev. J. E. Good (who has since settled at Zion Chapel, Bedminster,) preached morning and evening, at Hope
Chapel, Clifton. On the following morning (the 17th) the Rev. D. Jones, of Westerleigh, preached at St Philip's Church ; and, on the same evening, the Rev. J. E. Good at Zion Chapel, and also, on Tuesday morning (the 18th), at Lady Huntingdon'sChapel. On the evening of the same day, the Rev. R. W. Hamilton, of Leeds, preached at Bridge Street Chapel, and again on Wednesday morning (the 19th) at Castle Green Chapel, at which place the sacrament was administered in the evening, when the Rev. R. W. Hamilton presided; and, at the same time, the Rev. A. Fletcher, of London, preached at Bridge Street Chapel, to the young people connected with the different Branch Societies. On Thursday morning (the 20th) the annual meeting was held at the Wesleyan Chapel, King Street, S. Prust, Esq., in the chair; on which occasion an interesting report was read by the Rev. G. Legg, A.M., and appropriate addresses delivered by the Rev. Messrs. Wait, Hamilton, Fletcher, Good, Ramfler, Winter, Osborne, Macdonald, Lucy, and Gregory. In the evening the Rev. A. Fletcher preached at the Tabernacle, and again, on the following evening, at the Rev. S. Brown's Chapel, Ashton. Throughout the services, generally, there appeared to be a lively feeling of interest, in the great object of missionary exertions, excited and sustained; and the collections were, on the whole, as good as, under the peculiar circumstances of the times and the city, could have been reasonably expected.
*,* The Officers of Auxiliary Societies are earnestly requested to accompany their Remittances with correct Lists, having the Names of Places and Persons alphabetically arranged, as in the Society's Annual Report.
[Collections, Anonymous Donations, and all other Donations of £5, and upwards, received from 1st to 31st August, 1832, inclusive.]
Kent— Blaclheath— Legacy by the late Mrs.
Canterbury—Rev. S. Gnrteen—Collection 10 4 1
s e l i
Collections, &c, in Cumberland, Lancashire,
Public Meeting 4 14 3
Whitehaven—Rev. A. Jack—
Rev. Dr. Raffles 25 0 0
after Public Meeting. 18 7 0
41 7 0 Less Expenses.... 1 19 0
39 8 0
Workington—Rev. S. Peel—
Juvenile Society 2 1ft 0
Collection after Sermon 6 14 0
■- ■ Public Meeting 5 5 0
14 9 0
Mary port—Scots Church-
Secession Church — Rev. Mr.
7 15 7
7 12 1
Aspatria—Rev. W. Selbie—
Collection after Public Meeting 3 17 0
Rev. S. Ruston 1 13 4
Cockermonth—Rev. J. Mather—
Subscriptions 2 12 6
Mrs. Mnscutt 2 9 9
Sabbaih Scholars 0 3 2
Mrs. Russell 16 5
Mr. H. Allison 0 13 0
Mr. J. Thornburn 0 10 6
Mies Stainton Oil o
Mr. T. and Miss H. Robinson.. 2 3 6
23 19 2
22 14 8
Keswick —Rev. J. Johnson—
Collected by Miss Crostbwaite. 16 0
Subscriptions 3 0 0
Collection at Public Meeting.. 3 16 8
8 2 8
Gamblesby—Rev. J. Scott 0 17 6
Parkhead—Ditto 19 8
2 7 4
Penrith—Rev. G. Nettleship—
Ladies' Association 7 12 2
Subscription 1 0 0
Collection after Sermons 4 19 3
r—. Public Meeting 4 2 8
17 14 1 Less Expenses.... 0 14 9
16 19 4
Aldston—Rev. J. Harper—
Ann and Elizabeth Dickinson. 0 10 2
Small Sums 10 0
Collections after Sermons .... 4 2 6
Meeting 5 14 5
Ladies' Association 8 0 0
GarrigUe—Coll. after Sermon.. 0 12 11
20 0 0 Less Expends,,,, 15 0
18 15 0
21 15 0
Less Expenses.,.. 0 16 0
'. 20 19 0
Lancashire—Ulverston—Rev. J. Davies
Collected by Mrs. Salmon.... 6 0 0
10 12 7
10 0 11
Westmoreland—Wigton—Rev. E. Leighton—
Mrs. Leighton 0 12 7
Mrs. Smith 1 17 4
Miss Pearson 1 8 2
Miss Fisher 0 14 1
Miss Berrill 0 16 2
Miss Bolton 0 7 6
Miss Graves 1 11 0
Missionary Box 0 2 2
Collections 3 15 3
II 4 3
Temple Sowerby , I 10 8
180 2 7
Subscriptions 3 16 6
Miss Hatfield's Missionary Box 2 13 2
Mr. Radan's School 0 17 11
, 17 7 7
Portsea—Rev. J. Griffin and Rev.T. Cousins-
Subscriptions, &c , 82 17 0
Ann Barnes 15 6
Mrs. Green 1 13 2
Mr. G. Kemp, Jun 3 8 2
Mrs. Moxon 1 1 0
105 13 0
Lancashire East Auxiliary Society—
Bamford Chapel—Rev. T. Jackson 50 18 4
Cooper Street—Welsh Calvinistic Methodists^- Youth's Society—Per Mr. Morris 35 0 0 Ashfield— Donation 2 0 0
The thanks of the Directors are respectfully presented to the following :—
To the Honourable Mrs. Welman, and Young Ladies at Ash by detla "Zouch, for Fancy Articles. To Atony. mous, for Bags, &c, for the South African Schools. To Mrs. Lydall, and Anonymous, for Vols, and Numbcn of the Evangelical Magazine, Christian Observer, Reports, Tracts, &c.
THE TRIUMPHS OF THE GOSPEL.
In India's wide and scorched plains,
In Afric's burning sands. Salvation's sweet and cheering strains
Are sung by heathen bands.
With joy the Polynesian isles
And Greenland's shores, arrayed in smiles,
The new-discovered world* proclaims
The honours of our Lord; And, freed from dark oppression's chains,
Adores the incarnate Word.
The Holy Spirit there descends
From place to place the flame extends,
Oh, favoured churches! happy souls!
Thus owned and blessed of God; Far as the wide Atlantic rolls,
Make known this work abroad.
Let British churches raise their cries,
That they may also realize
Our fathers often tried, and proved,
And we may find, through Him they loved,
America, t Alluding to the astonishing religious revivals, and remarkable display of missionary zeal