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berly asked him if he did not say thee to his this speaking; but the devil never speaks good, Maker in his prayers ? and whether he was unless sometimes for a bad end, and then not too good, or too great, to be spoken to in the good in reality, only coloured with good or a same language in which he addressed the Al- fair shew. mighty? to this he made no reply, but seemed Keeping under this exercise, the Lord ap. to fall from his passion into admiration, as one peared to me again, and many times refreshed smitten in himself. He bore me respect ever my heart with his goodness. When I was in after; and I greatly rejoiced that I was pre- my business amongst men, I witnessed the served faithful. Though it may look a little Holy Ghost, the Comforter, to be near me; thing to some, yet I found it good, as the Scrip- which was more to me than all the world, or ture saith, not to despise the day of small things. the riches, glory and beauty of it. The love

About the twentieth year of my age, I was of God being so sweet to my soul and spirit; pressed and carried on board of a vessel be- my breathings, prayers and supplications, were longing to a man of war. I was put down to the Lord, that my neighbours, acquaintance, into the hold in the dark, not having any thing and relations, might also partake of the like to lie upon but casks; and what made it worse precious faith and love which I enjoyed; and to me, I was among wicked, debauched men; that the children of men might answer that and as we were shut up in darkness, so was great and good end for which the Lord created their conversation dark and hellish. In the them; which is, that glory, honour, and praise, morning, for which I longed more than the might ascend and be given to Him. watchman, the lieutenant called us up on deck, I had such a sense and fear of dishonouring and examined us, whether we were willing to God, that I often, with tears, cried, Never let serve the king? He called me to him, and me live to dishonour thee. Oh! it had been asked me, if I was willing to serve his ma- better for me that I had never been born than jesty ? I answered, that I was willing to serve that I should live to dishonour thee, or wilfully him in my business, and according to my reproach the name of Christ, who, with the conscience; but as for war or fighting, Christ Father, is only worthy of divine honour. had forbidden it in his excellent sermon on the In this concern I felt the gospel power of mount; and for that reason I could not bear our Lord Jesus Christ to work upon my soul, arms, or be instrumental to destroy or kill and the word of God was as a seed in my men. Then the lieutenant looked on me and heart, growing and opening in me, speaking on the people, and said, “ Gentlemen, what to me, and making my understanding fruitful shall we do with this fellow ? he swears he in the things of his kingdom ; and in that will not fight.” The commander of the ves- ability which was given me of God, through sel made answer, “No, no, he will neither his grace and holy Spirit, I exhorted people to swear nor fight.” Upon which they turned repentance and amendment of life; and I me on shore. I was thankful that I was de- always humbly desired the help and divine livered out of their hands; and my tender pa- influence of God's eternal Word therein. Oh! rents were glad to see me again.

I did fervently pray that I might minister the As I grew in years, the world began to take gospel in the power of Jesus; for I clearly distoo much root in me; and my unwearied cerned, in the light of the Son of God, that enemy would tell me that it was lawful enough, all ministering out of Christ's power was nei. and indeed I see that he hurts many with ther edifying nor efficacious unto souls: there. lawful things, with whom he knoweth unlawful fore I did earnestly beseech God for the con. things will not take; and here I had been lost tinuance of the gift of his Spirit, that I might if God had not been gracious to me. But he, be enabled to preach the gospel in the power in whose presence I delighted, withdrew, and of Christ Jesus. The concern that was upon deprived me of that enjoyment which was me on this account at that time, is hard to be grateful and comfortable above all things to expressed in words. my soul. Then did I pray with tears, Oh, The latter end of the year 1695, my father that it might be with me as it was at other sent me into Essex on some business, and times before! and I was willing to let the when I had accomplished it, I visited some world go, rather than grace and God's glory. meetings of Friends there, and my mind being The Psalmist saith, “no good thing will he much affected with the apprehensions of an withhold from them that walk uprightly.” impending storm, the nation being about this

About this time there was a great concern time threatened with an invasion from France, on my mind, rightly to distinguish between in favour of the late king James, so that there the voice of Christ, and the whisperings of was expectation of much blood-shed and consatan; and thus it opened to me: that Christ, fusion in the land, I wrote a letter to my pa. the truth, always speaketh good and for a good rents, and another to Friends of the evening end, and that there is divine life to the soul in meeting, kept weekly at my father's house,

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expressing my thankfulness to the Almighty, After I had been two weeks at home, my in the remembrance of the many precious vis- dear mother departed this life, in a sweet frame itations of divine love and favour we had been of spirit, praising the Lord. She was one partakers of, uniting our hearts to him, and who lived the life of the righteous, and whose to one another; and my earnest prayers and latter end was like theirs, and left a good resupplications, that we might be preserved in port behind her, being well beloved, I think I true love, and the unity of the spirit, which is may safely say, by all our neighbours; not the bond of everlasting peace; and that the only by those of our own society, but others world might be made sensible of this true peace, also, to whom she was often very helpful. which abounds in those who love and fear the I went to my calling and got a little money, Lord, and truly believe in the name of Jesus. a little being enough, which I was made wil. Oh! surely, they would then depart from sin, ling to spend freely, in the work and service and abandon iniquity, by which they incur the of my great master, Christ Jesus. About this wrath of the Lord, and provoke the just One time I was concerned to travel into the north to anger; so that the line of consusion seems of England, and part of Scotland, which I did to be stretched over the city and nation, and in that ability God gave me; and that dispenthe eyes of the faithful see it to the grief of sation which I had freely received, I freely their souls. Yet the mercy of the Lord, even handed forth to the people, devoting my of the just God, who will render a just reward strength and time to serve him who had done to every one according to his deeds done in so much for me; and I had the satisfaction to the body, is still handed forth to the land. find divers confessing the truth, as it is in Oh! that the inhabitants thereof would con- Jesus. In this journey I was from home about sider their ways, and be wise, and turn to the four months, being mostly alone as to any Lord with unfeigned repentance, while the day yoke-fellow in that work, travelling many hunof mercy lastetħ, before it be said, now it is dreds of miles, as far as Edinburgh, in Scothid from thine eyes; for the Lord, even the land, where our meeting was in the street, we God and Father of spirits, hath said, “ My being locked out of our meeting-house by the spirit shall not always strive with man, for then power, and great numbers of people were that he also is flesh.”

there. This news being carried to the provost On the expiration of my apprenticeship, of the city, he said, “ The Quakers would do having served my father faithfully seven years, more hurt out of doors than within,” and he I entered more strongly into covenant with my ordered Friends their key. Since which I heavenly Father and master, to serve him all have understood that Friends in that city have my days, through his assistance; and was enjoyed their meetings in the meeting-house; soon after drawn forth, in the spirit and love and sometimes when the rabble have disturbed of Christ, to visit the meetings of Friends west Friends, the magistrates have sent officers 10 ward from London, viz. through Surry, Sus- disperse them. sex, Hampshire, Wiltshire, Devonshire, and After I had visited the churches of Christ Cornwall to the Land's-end; in which journey in divers parts of England, and had many I was accompanied by William Hornould. At sweet seasons of God's love, and many good one of our meetings at Falmouth, in Cornwall, opportunities with my Friends and others in two men called gentlemen came from the inn this nation; the word of life being declared in to hear the strangers; and after meeting, they the simplicity of the gospel, in several places said they could take their oath that I was a people were very open-hearted, and received Jesuit, and that they had heard me preach in the testimony of it with gladness. After I had a Romish chapel in France; which was ut- been at my father's, and at my calling, a little terly false ; for I never was in France. Be- after this north country journey, I found my. sides, had I been a papist, or popishly inclined, self engaged in the love of the gospel to visit which I was not, I was too young to be a Friends in America; and having acquainted Jesuit.

my friends and relations of my mind, they Indeed, I thought I was mean for the work being willing to give me up, in order for the of the ministry, but the good remembrancer voyage, Friends of the monthly meeting gave brought those truths to my remembrance, me a certificate, and I had another from the which strengthened me in the work and ser- meeting of the ministers in London. vice of God. The spirit breatheth where it My father, and several other friends with listeth ; out of the mouths of babes and suck- me, took boat from London, and accompanied lings thou hast perfected praise, &c. We hav- me to Gravesend, on the 21st of the tenth ing great peace in our labours in this journey, month, 1697. I went on board the ship Joand being edified therewith, returned to Lon- siah, Thomas Lurting, master, and sailed that don, after about four months absence from day from Gravesend, and got to the Downs home.

the next day, where we tarried some days for

a fair wind; in which time several others, who to convince them of the efficacy of love to, and were concerned in the same gospel labour, faith in Christ Jesus, the physician of value; came on board, viz. Thomas Turner, William and the Lord was pleased to heal them. The Ellis, and Aaron Atkinson. In about four days mate of the ship desired that I would come and time the wind was fair for us, and we set sail, pray by him. I went to him, and prayed in and in a little time we got out of sight of the the power and name of the Lord Jesus Christ, land; soon after which the wind was contrary, and the Lord helped him, that he said he was and we proceeded but a small distance for sev- fine and easy, and thanked me for my love; eral weeks ; the weather was rough and the and in a little time he recovered. Several others sea boisterous, so that with the motion thereof, of the seamen and passengers I was instrumost of the passengers were sick. In this mental to help in their sickness. The Lord time we lost a lad, who fell into the sea as he blessed my endeavours in supplicating him on was drawing a bucket of water and was their behalf, and administering what I had to drowned; the ship running swiftly, he could them. One of the seamen said, he was bound. not be saved, although it was speedily endeav- to pray for me as long as he lived, and that oured. Several others died before we got the Lord would bless me. Another of the pasover; but for the most part we were healthful. sengers said, that I was the blessed doctor, for The Lord be praised, he was, is, and will be there was not a surgeon, or doctor in the ship. with those who faithfully serve him to the end. I was very free to communicate of what I had

There were three ships in company, but by to any sick person in the ship, and several the distress of weather, soon after we came out, blessed the Lord on my behalf. Indeed I we parted. After we had been at sea about thought I could scarcely do enough for any that eight weeks, on the 25th of the twelfth month, were in distress. I write not thus, that I may we saw two vessels astern of us. One of seem popular, but with my mind bowed before them came up with us, and the people hailed the Lord. Many times in this voyage there us, and told us they came from Bristol, and were consultations in my mind, whether I had had been out ten weeks. The other came up best write a memorandum hercof; but at last, with us next day. The people informed us conceiving in my spirit that it might strengthen they had been at sea seven weeks, and had and excite love to God, and faith in his beloved had a dreadful time of it. She had lost part Son, in true believers, I wrote as aforesaid ; of her topmast, and her spritsail topmast was and then I was satisfied, and gave the glory gone. She was a new ship, and never at sea to God. before, belonging to London, and bound for Before we came to the land, we saw a ketch, Virginia, as near as we could understand. which had saved the lives of some who beOur ship lost none of her tackling, through longed to a ship that was a little before foundthe great mercy of God to us, though the wind ered in the sea; who said also, that a fleet of and sea were wonderfully high at times; the New England ships which had been upon that mate told me, I might go to sea all my life, coast, by stormy weather were forced to Bar. and not see the like: he said he had been at, badoes. Within a few days after, we saw the or used to, the sea for twenty years, and never land of Virginia, and also a New-England saw it so rough and high before. We had ship, which sailed from England three weeks meetings twice a week, several of which were before us. We arrived within the Capes of comfortable and refreshing, to which most of Virginia the 31st of the first month 1698, and the passengers, being in all about sixty, some overtook the John and Margaret, a ship that times came; and several of them were affected came out of the English channel with us, the with the sense of truth, and the Lord strength. master, Thomas Salmon, being dead. Next ened our faith and hope in him.

day we anchored our ship at the mouth of Oh! for ever blessed be the living and eter- Patuxent river, in Maryland, where our boats nal God, who kept my soul above the fear were hoisted out, and we were rowed up Pa. of death, hell, and the grave; for my trust tuxent river twelve miles, to Arthur Young's was in him, and he did bear up my spirit above house, where we lodged that night ; and for the waves of the sea; and in the time of toss- our preservation and safe arrival, we blessed ing with tempests, I was comforted and cheer. the Lord our God, and my spirit praised ful

, praising the Lord in my heart, both in the him who lives for ever and ever. "Our voyage day time, and in the night season.

was above twelve weeks, it being then winter I was much concerned in my mind for many time, and for the most part the winds so high of the passengers, who, with the second mate, that the ship could carry but little sail, which and several of the scamen, were very sick, made our voyage the longer. and by some were thought near unto death. About four days after we landed, we had I cried to the Lord to heal them, in the name a meeting, near Patuxent river; and a blesof his dear Son, and that it might be a means / sed one it was! When it was ended, we went

that night to Daniel Rawling's, and from thence visited Friends up the bay until I came to the to the Cliffs, to Richard Johns', a Friend who river Choptank, about which there are many came with us from England, at whose house we Friends. I went on and took the meetings till had a meeting, wherein God's presence was I came to Philadelphia, in and about which powerfully felt. We had several meetings on place, and in other parts of the province of that side the bay, called the Westernshore, and Pennsylvania, I had many large and precious then we sailed over to the east side of Chesa- meetings, the power of the eternal Son of God peak bay, with Thomas Everden, in his sloop; being wonderful; in which power we many went to his house and had a meeting, where times blessed his name together. It was much many people came. Here we met with our in my heart to exhort Friends to love God, and friends, Jonathan Tyler, Henry Payton, and to be at unity one with another, without which Henry Payton's sister. While I was at this there is no fufilling the law or gospel. There Friend's house, one Robert Cathing, being very are many Friends in that province, and many ill, sent for Thomas Everden, and he not being sober young people, which greatly rejoiced my very well desired me to visit the sick person. spirit, so that for their encouragement, the Lord So I went, and the man was near to death. opened my mouth in a prophetic manner to Howbeit, he said he was comforted much with declare unto them the blessings which he had the visit, and that he never had received so in store for them, on condition of their walk. much benefit by the parish priest, although, ing in the truth. Glory to God on high! unsaid he, it cost me dear for what I had; and truth decays and the branches of it mightily if ever I live to get over it, by the assistance of wither; the darkness is much past, and the God, I shall have nothing to do with them true light shineth gloriously in many souls. more. But, he said, he should not live three Oh! powerful praises be given to God, who days. And before the end of three days he is light for ever. expired. He desired if I were not gone that From Philadelphia I went to Burlington and I would be at his funeral. On notice hereof, to Crosswicks, where we had a large meeting about ten Friends went; and there was a great under the trees, and some were convinced of many people, among whom we had a good the truth. From hence I went to Shrewsbury opportunity, and many weighty truths were and had meetings; then to Woodbridge, Staten opened to them in the love of God; and some island and Long island, being accompanied by of them were tender and wept; and the most, several Friends. On Long island we had sev. if not all, I think I may say, were solid and eral large and good meetings, wherein Christ weighty.

was preached freely; and after we had been From Thomas Everden's we went to George two weeks there, we went on board a sloop Truit's, at whose house we had a meeting. bound for Rhode Island, and by the way we This Friend and I went to an Indian town not touched at Fisher's and Block islands, and on far from his house, because I had a desire to the first-day morning we set sail from Block see these people, having never seen any of island to Rhode Island, the yearly meeting bethem before. When we came to the town they ing just over when we got there. That evenwere kind to us, spoke well of Friends, and ing we sailed over to Connanicut island, and said they would not cheat them, as some others on the third-day of the week had a meeting did.

there. From thence we went over to NarraFrom George Truit's, in Maryland, we went ganset and had a meeting, and back to Rhode down to Virgina; and in Accomack and North- Island, where Ruth Fry, a sober young wo. ampton counties had large meetings. I hope man, was convinced and remained a Friend till they were effectual to many, and I think my her death. Here I met with several travelling hope is not without ground. In those parts Friends. From this island we went to the we had several meetings, where we were in-main, and had a large meeting on first-day at formed Friends had not had any before. And a place called Greenwich. It was thought really I cannot but bless the Lord for the op- there were about five hundred people present, portunities we had with the people; for the and many of them were tender. We went goodness of God, through Christ our Lord, the same night to the island; and after several was great, both to us and them, and with tears open times with Friends and others on Rhode they did acknowledge the truth. Thomas Island, about twelve Friends of that island Turner, who had hitherto accompanied me, went with me to Warwick and Providence went by the sea-side the nearest way to Phila. yearly meetings. We set sail about noon, delphia, and afterwards I had a meeting at and having but little wind, it was late in George Truit's brother's, and on the first-day, the night before we got there, and very another near the court-house, and went to dark, insomuch that we could neither see Thomas Everden's, and so to Leven Den- nor know one another, only by our speech, wood's, and thence to Nanticoke river, and and the darkness occasioned us to run our vessel against the rocks; but at last we got house, there being no settled meeting of Friends ashore with our horses, and after going over before I came; and after meeting he disputed a very dirty slough, entered a dismal wilder- with me about religion. I thought we were ness. These difficulties occasioned our not both but poor disputants; and cannot rememgetting to the Friend's house till the next ber all that passed between us, but that in the day, which being the last day in the week, close of our dispute he said, I disputed with we had a meeting; and on the first-day also your friends in Barbadoes, and they told me we had a very large and satisfatory meeting. that we must eat the spiritual flesh, and drink Many of us were so united in the love of God, the spiritual blood of Christ : and, said the that it was hard to part one from another. governor, did ever any one hear of such flesh

From Providence I went to Boston and Sa. and blood; for is it not a contradiction in na. lem, where I had meetings, and from thence ture, that flesh and blood should be spiritual ? to Hampton. In those parts God Almighty Oh! surely, said I, the governor has forgotten hath shortened the power of persecutors, himself; for what flesh and blood was that and brought his righteous judgments upon which Christ said, “except ye eat my flesh, them for their unrighteousness. Oh! that and drink my blood, ye have no life in you." New-England's professors might live in the Why, said he, I do not think they were to sense of the same, and repent. I being a gnaw it from his arms and shoulders. I then stranger and traveller, could not but observe told him he had answered himself; and thus the barbarous and unchristian-like welcome I our dispute ended. From that time forward had in Boston, the metropolis of New-England. they have continued a meeting, and there is Oh! what a pity it was, said one, that all of now a meeting house and a yearly meeting for your society were not hanged with the other worship; it is a growing meeting to this day, four !* In the eastern part of New-England and several public Friends are raised up God hath a seed left of his people.

amongst them, who preach the gospel of From thence I returned in order to get a Christ freely. passage to the isle of Nantucket; and from a At this time a Friend was convinced whose place called Cushnet, we sailed over to the name was Starbuck, who became very servicesaid island in about ten hours, where we tar-able on that island, and lived and died an emi. ried several days and had five meetings. The nent minister of Christ. Several scores of people generally acknowledged to the truth, the people accompanied us to the water side ; and many of them were tender-hearted. Some and when we embarked on board our sloop, of the ancient people said, it was never known they desired that I would come and visit them that so many people were together on the again. I recommended them to the grace of island at once.

After th first meeting was our Lord Jesus, and we parted in great love over, one asked the minister, so called, whe- and tenderness. In the evening of the next ther we might have a meeting at his house? day we got to the main land, where we were he said, with a good will, we might. This gladly received. Now it was in my heart again minister had some discourse with me, and to visit the eastern parts of New England be. asked, What induced me to come hither, being fore I left America; therefore I went to Boston such a young man? I told him I had no other yearly meeting, thence to Lynn and Salem, view in coming there than the good of souls, where we had a sweet comfortable time; likeand that I could say with the apostle, a neces- wise to the yearly meetings at Dover, and 10 sity was laid upon me, and wo would be to me Piscataway, where we had several meetings, if I did not preach the gospel. Then, said he, which were profitable opportunities to many. I wish you would preach at my house in God's From Piscataway, James Goodbridge and i name. So next day we had a meeting at his went over to the isle of Shoals. We had with house; and on first-day we had the largest us a church member of the Presbyterians, meeting that we had on the island. It was whose brother invited her over with us to the thought there were above two hundred people. said island, to the meeting which was at his The Lord in his power did make his truth house; and while he was talking with her in known to the praise of his name. Oh! how the yard or garden, I saw a bible and took it was my soul concerned for that people! The and read therein. When she came into the Lord Jesus did open my heart to them, and house, she asked me, What I did with that theirs to him. They were also loving and book ? I told her, if she was offended I would kind to us. The chief magistrate of the island lay it down. No, no, said she, do not think desired that I would have a meeting at his to come off so, for you disown or deny that

book. I told her she was mistaken; and ask. * Marmaduke Stevenson, William Robinson, ed who told her so. Why, said she, our minMary Dyer and William Ledra, who were put to ister in his pulpit

. I replied, that it was a great death in 1659 and 1660.

abuse upon us, for I had been trained up from Vol. VI.-No. 1.


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