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14 Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is

life? It is even

a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.

15 For that' ye ought to say, "If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that.10

16 But now ye rejoice in your boastings : * all such rejoicing is evil.

17 Therefore to him that y knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin.

CHAP. V. I Wicked rich men are to fear God's vengeance : 7 we ought to be patient in afflictions, after the example of the prophets, and Job : 12 to forbear swearing, 13 to pray in adversity, to sing in prospe

8 For it is. A. V. 9 Whereas. Whit. 10 Jf the Lord will, aud if we live, let us do this or that. Co. Ma. Cr. Bi.

"JOB, vii. 7: O remember that my life is wind. do. xiv. 2: He cometh forth like a flower, and is cut down : he fleeth also as a shadow, and continueth nọt. Ps. xxxvii. 2 : They shall soon be cut down like the grass, and wither as the green herb. do. xxxix. 6: Surely every man walketh in a vain show. do. xc. 5, 6 : Thou carriest them away as with a flood; they are as a sleep: in the morning they are like grass which groweth up.

In the morning it flourisheth, and groweth up; in the evening it is cut down, and withereth. do cii. 3, 11: For my days are consumed like smoke : and my bones are burnt as an hearth. My days are like a shadow that declineth ; and I am withered like grass. do. ciii. 15: As for man, his days are as grass : as a flower of the field, so he flourisheth, Isa. xxiv. 4: The world languisheth and fadeth away, the haughty people of the earth do languish. do. xl. 6: The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field. 1 Cor. vii. 31: The fashion of this world passeth away. JAMES, i. 10: As the flower of the grass he (the rich] shall pass away. 1 Pet. i. 24: All flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass.

do. iv. 7: But the end of all things is at hand : be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer. 1 John, ii, 17 : The world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.

w See on Acts, xviii. 21.
* 1 Cor. v. 6: Your glorying is not good.
See on John, xv. 22.

rity : 16 to acknowledge mutually our several fuults, to pray one for another, 19 and to reduce a straying brother to the truth.

GO * to' now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you.

2. Your briches are corrupted, and your garments are motheaten.

3 Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days..

4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept

i Come. Pu.

2 wail. Pu.


are coming. Whit, Pu.

CHAP. V. a See on 1 Tim. vi. 9.

b Jer. xvii. 11 : As the partridge sitteth on eggs, and hatcheth them not; so he that getteth riches, and not by right, shall leave them in the midst of his days, and at his end shall be as

a fool.


Job, xiii. 28: And he, as a rotten thing, consumeth, as a garment that is motheaten. Mal. iii. 2: Who may abide the day of his coming ? and who shall stand when he appeareth ? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers’sope. Mar. vi. 20: Lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal. James, ii. 2: If there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel.

* Rom. ii. 5: After thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God.

e Lev. xix. 13: The wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning. JOB, xxiv. 10, 11: They cause him to go naked without clothing, and they take away the sheaf from the hungry; which make oil within their walls, and tread their winepresses, and suffer thirst. Jer. xxii. 13 : Woe unto him—that useth his neighbour's service without wages, and giveth him not for his work. Mal. iii. 5: I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness—against those that oppress the hireling in his wages. Ecclus. xxxiv. 21, 22: The bread of the needy is their life : he that defraudeth him thereof is a man of blood. He that taketh away his neighbour's living slayeth him ; and he that defraudeth the labourer of his hire is a bloodshedder.

back by fraud, crieth : and 'the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.4

5 Ye have 5 lived in pleasure on the earth, and · been wanton ;5 ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.

6 Ye have condemned and killed the just ;) and he doth not i resist you.

7 Be patient 8 therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the kearly and latter rain.

8 Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts : for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh.

9 "Grudge not’ one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door.


4 hosts. Gen. Ham. Wh. 5 been luxurious. Ham. as for a day. Whit, 'the just one. Rh. the righteous one. Pu. 8 Be long patient, or, Suffer with long patience. A. V. murmur not. We. Groan, or, grieve not. A.V.

* Exod. xxii. 27 : And it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear ; for I am gracious. Deut. xxiv. 15: At his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto thee. Isa. v. 7: He looked for judgment, but behold oppression ; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

& Amos, vi. 1: Woe to them that are at ease in Zion. See on 1 TIM. v. 6.

ii. 6: Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats ?

· Mat. v. 39 : But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also,

See on Ac'rs, xiv. 17.
1 See on 1 Cor. vii. 29.
m JAMES, iv. 11.

* Mat. xxiv. 33: When ye shall see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors. 1 Cor. iv. 5: Judge no



10. • Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience.

11 Behold, we count them P happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord ;12 that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy

10 blessed. Pu.

known. Co. Ma. Cr.

12 from the Lord. Pu.

thing before the time, until the Lord come. Rev. iii. 20 : Behold, I stand at the door, and knock : if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.

• Mat. v. 12: Rejoice, and be exceeding glad : for great is your reward in heaven : for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you. HEB. xi. 35-38: Women received their dead raised to life again : and others were tortured, not accepting deliverance; that they might obtain a better resurrection : and others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, yea, moreover of bonds and imprisonment: they were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented ; (of whom the world was not worthy :) they wandered about in deserts, and in mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth.

P Ps. xciv. 12: Blessed is the man whom thou chastenest, O LORD, and teachest him out of thy law. See on MAT. v. 10, 11; and x. 22.

9 Job, i. 21, 22: Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither : the LORD gave, and the LORD hath taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord. In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly. do. ii. 10: But he said unto her, Thou speakest as one of the foolish women speaketh. What? shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil? In all this did not Job sin with his lips.

* Job, xlii. 10, &c: The LORD gave Job twice as much as he had before, &c.

• Numb. xiv. 18: The LORD is longsuffering, and of great mercy. 2 CHR. xxx. 9: The LORD your God is gracious and merciful, and will not turn away his face from you, if ye return unto him. Neh. ix. 17, 31 : Thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness. For thy great mercies’ sake thou didst not utterly consume

12 Buť above all things, my brethren, 'swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath : but let your yea be yea ; and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation. 13 13 Is any among you afflicted ?14 let him pray.

. Is any merry ? let him sing psalms.

18 into hypocrisy. Co. Ma. Cr. Ham.

14 in heaviness. Rh.

them, nor forsake them ; for thou art a gracious and merciful God. Ps. li. 1: Have mercy upon me, o God, according to thy lovingkindness : according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions. do. Ixix. 13:0 God, in the multitude of thy mercy hear me, in the truth of thy salvation. do. ciii. 8, 13: The Lord is merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and plenteous in mercy. Like as a father pitieth his children, so the LORD pitieth them that fear him. do. cxvi. 5: Gracious is the LORD, and righteous; yea, our God is merciful. Jer. iii. 12 : Return, thou backsliding Israel, saith the LORD; and I will not cause mine anger to fall upon you : for I am merciful, saith the LORD, and I will not keep anger for ever. Joel, ii. 13, 18: Rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil. Then will the Lord be jealous for his land, and pity his people. Mic. vii. 18: He retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delightetb in mercy, Luke, i. 77, 78: To give knowledge of salvation unto his people by the remission of their sins, through the tender mercy of our God. do. vi. 36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful. 1 Pet. i. 3: Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope.

+ Mat. v. 34, &c: But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne, &c.

u 2 CHR. xxxiii. 12: And when he was in affliction, he besought the Lord his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers. Ps. 1. 15: Call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me. do. xci. 15: He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with him in trouble, I will deliver him, and honour him. Jon. ii. 2, &c: And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, and thou heardest my voice.

See on Eph. v. 19.

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