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for us,

39 And these all, "having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise : 40 God having provided 22 some * better thing

y that they without us should not be made perfect.

CHAP. XII. 1 An exhortation to constant faith, patience, and godliness : 22 a

commendation of the new testament above the old. WHEREFORE seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud' of witnesses, a let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience ? the race that is set before us,

2 Looking unto Jesus the dauthor and finisher


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22 having foreseen. A. V. I multitude. Co. Ma. Cr. Whit. verance. Ham.

beginner. A. V. * perfecter. Br.


xix. 9: And he came thither unto a cave, and lodged there ; and, behold, the word of the Lord came to him, and he said unto him, What doest thou here, Elijah ? 2 Mac. v. 27 : Judas Maccabeus, with nine others, or thereabout, withdrew himself into the wilderness, and lived in the mountains after the manner of beasts, with his company, who fed on herbs continually. do. x. 6: They wandered in the mountains and dens like beasts.

Ver. 2, 13.
w Heb. x. 36. See on MAT. xiii. 17.
* See on 1 Tim. ji. 5.

y Her. xii. 23. do. v. 9: And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him. Rev. vi. 11 : White robes were given unto every one of them ; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled.

CHAP. XII. a 2 Cor. vii. 1 : Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God. See on Rom. vi. 4.

b See on 1 Cor. ix. 24. • See on Rom. xii. 12.

1 1 Cor. i. 8: Who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.

of our faith ; e who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

3 For consider him that endured such contradiction 5 of sinners against himself, lest ye

be wearied and h faint in your minds.

4 i Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.

5 And ye have 6 forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, "My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him :


5 rebellion of. Br. opposition from. Ham.




Eph. ii. 8: By grace ye are saved, through faith. Phi. i. 6: Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ. . See on Luke, xxiv. 26. See on Mat. xxii. 44.

8 MAT. X. 24, 25: The disciple is not above his master, nor the servant above his lord. It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his houshold ? do. xxvii. 39, &c: They that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, &c. JOHN, vii. 12: Some said, He is a good man: others said, Nay, but he deceiveth the people. do. xv. 20 : Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you ; if they have kept my saying, they will keep your's also. See on MAT. ix. 34.

Gal. vi. 9: Let us not be weary in well doing : for in due season we shall


if we faint not. il Cor. x. 13 : There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it. HEB. X. 33, 34: Ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions.-Ye took joyfully the spoiling of your goods, knowing in yourselves that ye have in heaven a better and an enduring substance.

See on 1 Cor. xi. 32.

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6 For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. 7 If ye endure chastening,”

7 m God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not?

8 But if ye be without chastisement, "whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not sons.

9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence : shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the °Father of spirits, and live ?

10 For they verily for a few days chastened 11 us after their own pleasure ;12 but he P for our

? discipline. Rh. Pu. 8 not under correction., Co. Ma, Cr. without discipline. Rh. Pu. 9 then ye are spurious, and not lawful sons. Wakefield. 10 And if. Whit. disciplined. Pu.

12 as seemed good, or, meet to them. A. V.

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See on 1 Cor. xi. 32.

m Deut. viii. 5: Thou shalt also consider in thine heart, that, as a man chasteneth his son, so the LORD thy God chasteneth thee. 2 Sam. vii. 14: I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men.

Ps. xciv. 12: Blessed is the man whom thou chastenest, O LORD, and teachest him out of thy law. Pro. xiii. 24: He that spareth his rod hateth his son: but he that loveth him chasteneth him betimes. do. xix. 18 : Chasten thy son while there is hope, and let not thy soul spare for his crying. do. xxiii. 13: Withhold not correction from the child : for if thou beatest him with the rod, he shall not die. See on Acts, xiv. 22.

Ps. lxxiii. 14, 15: All the day long have I been plagued, and chastened every morning. If I say, I will speak thus; behold, I should offend against the generation of thy children. 1 Pet. v. 9: Whom resist stedfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren that are in the world. See on Acts, xiv. 22.

. See on Acts, xvii. 25.

P 2 CHR. xxxiii. 12, 13: When he [Manasseh] was in afiliction, he besought the LORD his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers, and prayed unto him : and he was intreated of him, and heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem into his kingdom. Then Ma


profit, that we might be partakers of his holiness.

11 Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, 13 but grievous : 14 nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable 15 fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby.

12 Wherefore S lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees;

13 And make 16 straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; but ulet it rather be healed.18

14 Follow peace with all men, and holiness,


13 to be matter of joy. Ham. 14 of sorrow. Rh. Ham. 15 quiet. Co. Ma. Cr. Bi. Gen. 16 So ye will make. Whit.

even. A. V. the Jame be not turned out of the way, but may rather be healed. Ham.

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nasseh knew that the LORD he was God. Ps. cxix. 67, 71 : Before I was afflicted I went astray : but now have I kept thy word. It is good for me that I have been afflicted ; that I might learn thy statutes. Pro. xxix. 15: The rod and reproof give wisdom. Jer. xxxi. 18, 19: I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock' unaccustomed to the yoke : turn thou me, and I shall be turned ; for thou art the Lord my God. Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.

9 See on 1 THES. iv. 7.

* ISA. xxxii. 17: And the work of righteousness shall be peace ; and the effect of righteousness quietness and assurance for ever. James; ii. 18: The fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace.

Job, iv, 3, 4: Behold, thou hast instructed many, and thou hast strengthened the weak hands. Thy words have upholden him that was falling, and thou hast strengthened the feeble knees. Isa. xxxv. 3 : Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees. Ecclus. xxv. 23: A woman that will not comfort her husband in distress, maketh weak hands and feeble knees.

+ Pro. iv. 26, 27 : Ponder the path of thy feet, and let all thy ways be established. Turn not to the right hand nor to the left : remove thy foot from evil.

See on GAL. vi. 1.
See on MARK, ix. 50.

w without which no man shall see the Lord :

15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of 19 the grace of God; lest any Yroot of bitterness . springing up ’ trouble 20 you, and thereby many be defiled ;

16 Lest there be any a fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright.

17 For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for d he found no place of repentance,22 though he sought it carefully 23 with tears.

18 For ye are not come unto the mount that


21 for

19 be destitute of. Co. Ma. Cr. fall from. A V. 20 binder. Rh. one meal. Co. Dod. Pu. means to come thereby again. Ma. way to change his mind. A. V. 23 Earnestly. Ham.



w 2 Cor. vii. 1: Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God. Eph. V. For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God. See on MAT. v. 8.

* 2 Pet. i. 10: Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure : for if ye do these things, ye

shall never fall. See on 2 Cor. vi. 1. y See on Acts, viii. 23. z See on Gal. i. 7. a See on 1 Cor. vi. 13, 18. Gen. xxv. 33: He sold his birthright unto Jacob.

Gen. xxvii. 34, 36, 38 : When Esau heard the words of his father, he cried with a great and exceeding bitter ery, and said unto his father, Bless me, even me also, O my father. And he said, Is not he rightly named Jacob? for he hath supplanted me these two times : he took away my birthright; and, behold, now he hath taken away my blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me? Hast thou but one blessing, my father ? bless me, even me also, O my father. And Esau lifted


his voice, and wept. d Heb. vi. 6 : [It is impossible], if they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put him to an open shame.

* Exod. xix. 12, 18, 19 : Thou shalt set bounds unto the

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