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This epistle is addressed to the same persons as the former. It was written when the apostle foresaw that his death was at no great distance; and he might hope that advice and instruction given under such circumstances would have the greater weight. The general design of it is to confirm the doctrines and instructions which he had before delivered ; to excite the Christians to adhere stedfastly to their holy religion, as a religion, not of human contrivance and invention, but proceeding from God; and to adorn it by a life of unblemished purity and goodness. As Peter is supposed to have suffered martyrdom in the year 65, we may place the date of this epistle at the beginning of that year. It was probably written from Rome.

CHAP. I. I Confirming them in hope of the increase of God's graces, 5 he er.

horteth them, by faith, and good works, to make their calling sure : 12 whereof he is careful to remember them, knowing that his death is at hand: 16 and warneth them to be constant in the faith of Christ, who is the true Son of God, by the eyewitness of the apostles beholding his majesty, and by the testimony of the Father and the prophets.

A. D. 66. SIMON Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained a like precious faith with us through 2 the righteousness of God and our Saviour 3 Jesus Christ :

2 °Grace and peace be multiplied unto you Symeon. Acts, xv. 14. A. V. 2 in. Hum. 3 Gr. of our God and Saviour. Tit. ii. 13. A. V.

CHAP. I. a Eph. iv. 5: One Lord, one faith, one baptism. See on Rom. i. 12.

b Tit. ii. 13: Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God, and our Saviour Jesus Christ.

Dan. iv. 1 : Nebuchadnezzar the king, unto all people, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth ; Peace be


through the knowledge 4 of God, and of Jesus our Lord,

3 According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to 5 & glory and virtue :

4. h Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises : that by these ye

* acknowledgment. Ham. •by. A. V. multiplied unto you. do. vi. 25 : Then king Darius wrote unto all people, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth ; Peace be multiplied unto you. See on Rom. i. 7.

d Ps. lxxxiv. 11: For the LORD God is a sun and shield : the LORD will give grace and glory : no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly. 1 Tim. iv. 8: For bodily exercise profiteth little : but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.

e John, xvii. 3 : This is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent. 1 Pet. ii. 9 : That ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.

? 1 Thes. ii. 12: That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory. do. iv. 7: For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness. 2 Thes. ii. 14: Whereunto he called you by our Gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Tim. i. 9: Who hath saved us, and hath called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began. 1 Pet. ii. 9: But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy, nation, a peculiar people ; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light. do. iii. 9 : Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing : but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.

& See on Acts, xx. 32; and on 1 Cor. ix. 25.

h 2 Cor. vii. 1 : Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.

i See on John, i. 12.

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might be k partakers of the divine nature, having

escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.6

5 And beside this, mgiving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue 8

n knowledge;

6 And to knowledge o temperance; and to temperance P patience; and to patience 'godliness ;

7 And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness & charity.”



6 evil desire. Ne. ?to this purpose. Ham. love. Co.

courage. We.


k 2 Cor. iii. 18: We all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord. Eph. iv. 24: That ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness. Heb. xii. 10: [God chastened us] for our profit, that we might be partakers of his holiness. 1 John, iii. 2: We know that, when we shall appear, we shall be like him.

i 2 Pet. ii. 18, 20.

m 2 Pet. iii. 18: Grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Par. iii. 13, 14: Brethren, I count not myself to have apprehended : but this one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before, I press toward the mark, for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.

n Phi. i. 9 : And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and in all judgment. 1 Pet. iii. 7: Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with them [your wives] according to knowledge.

• 1 Cor. ix. 25: And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible.

P JAMES, i. 4: But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.

91 Tim. iv. 7: But refuse profane and old wives' fables, and exercise thyself rather unto godliness.

See on John, xiii. 34, 35. s 1 Cor. xu. 1-3: Though I speak with the tongues of

8 For if 10 these things be in you, and abound, they make



shall neither be barren 11 nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.

9 But he that lacketh these things is "blind, and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was 'purged from his old sins. 12

10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, 'ye shall never fall:

11 For so an entrance shall be ministered unto

10 while. Pu. 11 Gr. idle, A. V. vacant. Rh. slothful. Ham. Whit. We. 12 And he in whom these things is blind, being short sighted, and got unmindful of the cleansing of his sins formerly. Pu. men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge, and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.

+ See on Rom. xv. 28.

"Is A. lix. 10: We grope for the wall like the blind, and we grope as if we had no eyes : we stumble at noon day as in the night. 1 John, ii.9, 11 : He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now. He that hateth his brother is in darkness, and walketh in darkness, and knoweth not whither he goeth, because that darkness hath blinded his eyes .

EPH. v. 26: That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word. Heb. ix. 14: How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God ? 1 John, i. 7: But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

w 1 John, iii. 19: Hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him. Rev. xxij. 14: Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.

* 2 Pet. iii. 17: Beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness.



you abundantly into. 13 the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.

12 Wherefore I will not be negligent to put you always in remembrance of these things, though ye know them, and be ? established in the present truth.

13 Yea, I think it meet, as long as I am in a this tabernacle, to b stir you up by putting you in remembrance;

14 Knowing that shortly I must put off this my tabernacle, even d as our Lord Jesus Christ hath showed me.

15 Moreover I will endeavour e that ye may be able after my decease to have these things always in remembrance.

16 For we have not followed cunningly

13 For thus there will richly be furnished to you an entrance into, &c. Pu.

y Phi. iii. 1 : Finally, my brethren, rejoice in the Lord. To write the same things to you, to me indeed is not grievous, but for you

it is safe. See on Rom. xv. 14, 15. 2 1 Pet. v. 12. 2 Pet. iii. 17: The words under ver. 10. a See on 2 Cor. v. 1, 4. b See on Rom. xv. 15.

• Deut. iv. 21, 22: The LORD was angry with me for your sakes, and sware that I should not go over Jordan :-but I must die in this land. do. xxxi. 14: The LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thy days approach that thou must die. 2 Tim. iv. 6: The time of my departure is at hand.

d John, xxi. 18, 19: When thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry thee whither thou wouldest not. This spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God.

* 2 Tim. ii. 2: The things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also. 2 Pet. iii. 1: This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I'stir up your pure minds by way of reinembrance.

12 Cor. ii. 17: For we are not as many, which corrupt the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we in Christ. do. iv. 2 : But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation


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