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10 But chiefly them that " walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.!

11 Whereas ' angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them 10 before the Lord.

12 But these, as natural : brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;

13 * And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to briot

8 dominion. A. V. 9 them that are in authority. Co. Ma. them that excel in worship. Cr. Bi. the honourable. Pu. 10 some read, against themselves. A. V.

w Jude, 4, 7, 8, 10, 16: Ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness. Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh. What they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves. Walking after their own lusts.

* JUDE, 8: These filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities. Exod. xxii. 28 : Thou shalt not revile the gods (or judges], nor curse the ruler of thy people.

y JUDE, 9: Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee.

z Jer. xii. 3 : Pull them out like sheep for the slaughter, and

prepare them for the day of slaughter. Jude, 10 : These speak evil of those things which they know not : but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.

a Phi. iii. 19: Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.

b Řom. xiii. 13 : Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drụnkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.

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in the day time.11 °Spots they are and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while a they feast with you ;

14 Having eyes full of adultery, 12 and that cannot cease from sin ; beguiling 13 unstable souls : an heart they have exercised with covetous practices ; cursed children :14

15 Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of e Balaam the son of Bosor, who loved the wages righteousness;

16 But was rebuked for his iniquity : the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet.

17 f These are wells without water, 6 clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.

18 For when they h speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the

15 of un

12 Gr. an

11 to live deliciously for a season. Co. Ma, Cr. Bi. Gen. adulteress. A. V. 13 ensnaring. Ham. 14 the children of malediction, Rh. 15 reward. Co. Ma. Cr. Bi. Rh. We. Pu.

c See on 1 Cor. xi. 21.

1 Cor. xi. 20, 21: When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper. For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper : and one is hungry, and another is drunken.

e JUDE, 11 : Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward. See NUMB. xxii. &c.

fJUDE, 12, 13: These are clouds without water, carried about of winds. Wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

& Eph. iv. 14: That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive.

Ps. lxxiii. 8: They are corrupt, and speak wickedly concerning oppression : they speak loftily. Juve, 16: These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling words.

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flesh, through much wantonness, those that i were clean 16 escaped from them who live in error.

19 While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants 17 of corruption : for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage.18

20 For mif after they have "escaped the pollutions of the world • through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.

21 For it had been pbetter for them not to have known the I way of righteousness, than, after they have known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them.

22 But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog is turned to his own

16 for a little, or, a while, as some read. A. V. 17 slaves. Rh. wherewith a man is overcome, of that is he the slave also. Rh.

Ver. 20. Acts, ii. 40: Save yourselves from this untoward generation. 2 Pet. i. 4.

k See on John, viii. 36. See on John, viii. 34.

m Mat. xii. 45 : Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in, and dwell there : and the last state of that man is worse than the first. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generation. See on LUKE, xi. 26.

n Ver. 18. 2 Pet. i. 4. . 2 Pet. i. 2.

P Mat. xi. 23, 24: And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell : for if the mighty works which have been done in thee had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day. But I say unto you, That it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for thee. John, xv. 22: If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin : but now they have no cloke for their sin. See on Luke, xii. 47, 48.

4°Pro. xii. 28 : In the way of righteousness is life ; and in the pathway thereof there is no death.

* Pro. xxvi. 11: As a dog returneth to his vomit, so a fool returneth to his folly.

vomit again ; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.

CHAP. III. I He assureth them of the certainty of Christ's coming to judgment,

against those scorners who dispute ugainst it: 8 warning the godly for the long patience of God, to hasten their repentance : 10 he describeth also the manner how the world shall be destroyed : 11 exhorting them, from the expectation thereof, to all holiness of life : 15 and again, to think the patience of God to tend to their salvation, as Paul wrote to them in his epistles.

THIS second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance :

2 That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour :

3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts,

4 And saying, e Where is the promise of his

CHAP. III. a See on Rom. xv. 15.

b JUDE, 17: Beloved, remember ye the words which were spoken before of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ.

c See on 2 Thes. ii. 3. d 2 Pet. ii. 10.

• IsA. v. 19: [Woe unto them] that say, Let him make speed, and hasten his work, that we may see it: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know it. Jer. xvii. 15: Behold, they say unto me,

Where is the word of the LORD ? let it come now. Ezek. xii. 22, 27 : Son of man, what is that proverb that ye have in the land of Israel, saying, The days are prolonged, and every vision faileth ? Son of man, behold, they of the house of Israel say, The vision that he seeth is for many days to come, and he prophesieth of the times that are far off. Mal. ii. 17 : Ye have wearied the Lord with your words—when ye say, Every one that doeth evil is good in the sight of the LORD, and he delighteth in them; or, Where is the God of judgment ? Mat. xxiv. 48: If that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming. LUKE, xii. 45: But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat

coming ? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.

5 For this they willingly2 are ignorant of, that fby the word of God the heavens were of old, and the 5 earth standing out of the water and in the water :

6 Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished :

7 But i the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto k fire against the day of judgment and perdition 4 of ungodly men.

8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that 'one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.

' except that. Ham. 2 wilfully. Cr. Gr. consisting of. A. V. *destruction. Gen. Pu.

the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken.

fHeb. xi. 3 : Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear. See on John, i. 3.

& Ps. xxiv. 2 : He hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods. do. cxxxvi. 6: To him that stretched out the earth above the waters : for his

endureth for ever. Col. i. 17: He is before all things, and by him all things consist.


h Gen. vii. 11, 21, 22, 23 : The same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. And all flesh died that moved upon the earth : all in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died. And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven ; and they were destroyed from the earth : and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark. 2 Pet. ii. 5.

i Ver. 10. k See on 2 Thes, i. 8, 9. | Ps. xc. 4: A thousand years in thy sight are but as yester

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