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person to peruse it without being struck in the most forcible manner with the peculiar dignity and sublimity of its composition, superior to that of any other writing whatever; so as to be convinced that, considering the age in which it appeared, none but a person divinely inspired could have written it. Also, the numerous marks of genuine piety that occur through the whole of this work will preclude the idea of imposition, in any person acquainted with human nature. It is, likewise, so suitable a continuation of the prophecies of Daniel, that something would have been wanting in the New Testament dispensation if nothing of this kind had been done in it. For it has been the uniform plan of the divine proceedings to give a more distinct view of interesting future events as the time of their accomplishment approached.
Besides, notwithstanding the obscurity of many parts of this book, enough is sufficiently clear, and the correspondence of the prophecy with the events so striking, as of itself to prove its divine origin. These prophecies are also written in such a manner as to satisfy us, that the events announced to us were really foreseen; being described in such a manner as no person writing without that knowledge could have done. This requires such a mixture of clearness and obscurity as have never yet been imitated by any forgers of prophecy whatever. Forgeries, written of course after the events, have always been too plain. It is only in the scriptures, and especially in the book of Daniel, and this of the Revelation, that we find this happy mixture of clearness and obscurity on the account of future events.
The title of The Divine, added to St. John's name, is not canonical, and stands only in the Greek copies; it seems to have been added in conformity to the Greek fathers, who were wont to call St. John, by way of eminence, The Divine; perhaps in imitation of the Platonists, who gave that title to Orpheus.
CHAP. I. 4 John writeth his revelation to the seven churches of Asia, signified
by the seven golden candlesticks : 7 the coming of Christ : 14 his glorious power and majesty.
A. D. 96. THE Revelation of Jesus Christ, * which God gave unto him, to show unto his
CHAP. I. a John, iii. 32: And what he hath seen and heard, that he testifieth; and no man receiveth his testimony. do. viii. 26: I have many things to say and to judge of you : but he that sent me is true ; and I speak to the world those things which I
servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John :
2 Who bare record of the word of God, and of the d testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he e saw.
3 * Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the 5 time is at hand. 4 JOHN to the seven churches which are
in Asia : Grace be unto you, and peace, from him · which is, and “which was, and which is to come; and from the 'seven Spirits which are before his throne; have heard of him. do. xii. 49: For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.
Ver. 3, 19. Rev. iv. 1: Come up hither, and I will show thee things which must be hereafter.
c Rev. xxii. 16 : I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches.
d Ver. 9. See on 1 Cor. i. 6. e See on 2 Pet. i. 16.
f Luke, xi. 28: But he said, Yea rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it. Rev. xxii. 7 : Blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book.
8 See on 1 Cor. vii. 29. h Ver. 11.
i Ver. 8. Exod. iii. 14: God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM. Rev. iv. 8 : They rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come. do. xi. 17: We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come. do. xvi. 5: I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be.
k John, i. 1: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
Zec. iii. 9: Upon one stone shall be seven eyes : behold, I will engrave the graving thereof, saith the Lord of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day. do. iv. 10: They shall rejoice, and shall see the plummet in the hand
5 And from Jesus Christ, “who is the faithful witness, and the "first begotten of the dead, and the 'prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that Ploved us, and washed us from our sins 9 in his own blood,
6 And hath made us kings and Priests unto
first-born. Rh. Ham. Pu.
of Zerubbabel with those seven ; they are the eyes of the LORD), which run to and fro through the whole earth. Tob. xii. 15: I am Raphael, one of the seven angels, which present the prayers of the saints, and which go in and out before the glory of the Holy One. Rev. iii. 1: These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars. do. iv. 5: There were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God. do. v. 6: I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne-stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent forth into all the earth. do. viii. 2: I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and to them were given seven trumpets.
m Is A. lv. 4: Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people. John, viii. 14: Though I bear record of myself, yet my record is true.. 1 Tim. vi. 13 : I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and before Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession. 1 John, v. 20: We know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. Rev. iii. 14 : These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness. do. xix. 11 : I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse ; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. do. xxii. 6: These sayings are faithful and true.
n See on Rom. viii. 29. • See on Acts, x. 36.
P JOHN, xii. 1, 34 : Having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end. A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that
also love one another. do. xv. 9: As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you : continue ye in my love. Gal. ii. 20 : Who loved me, and gave himself for me. See on John, xv. 13. 9 See on Acts, xx. 28. See on 1 Pet. if. 5, 9.