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God and his Father ;2 s to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which "pierced him : and all kindreds 3 of the earth shall wail because of him.4 Even so, Amen.
8 "I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord,5 * which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.
9 I John, who also am your brother, and y companion in tribulation, and in the 2 kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the * testimony of Jesus Christ. 10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and
3 tribes. Ham. Dod. Pu. Ham, at him. Pu, 5 the Lord God. Wi. Wh.
2 his God and Father. Ham.
4 over him.
s See on Rom. xvi. 27.
Rev. xxii. 20: He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly; Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.
w Ver. 11, 17. Isa. xli. 4: I the LORD, the first, and with the last: I am he. do. xliv. 6: Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the Lord of hosts ; I am the first, and I'am the last; and beside me there is no God. do. xlviii. 12: Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last. Rev. ii. 8: do. xxi. 6: I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. do. xxii. 13: I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.
x See on ver. 4.
b Mat. xxii. 43: How then doth David in spirit call him Lord ? Acts, x. 10 : While they made ready, he fell into a trance. do. xxii. 17: When I was come again to Jerusalem, even while I prayed in the temple, I was in a trance. 2 Cor. xii. 2: I knew a man in Christ about fourteen years ago, (whether in the body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,
11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega,"f the first and the last : and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia ; unto 6 Ephesus, and unto 5 Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto * Thyatira, and unto 'Sardis, and unto m Philadelphia, and unto n Laodicea.
12 And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks;
13 And in the P midst of the seven candlesticks 4 one like unto the Son of man, r clothed
cannot tell : God knoweth ;) such an one caught up to the third heaven. Rev. iv. 2: Immediately I was in the spirit : and, behold, a throne was set in heaven. do. xvii. 3: So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness. do. xxi. 10: He carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain.
c See on Acts, xx. 7.
& Rev. iv. 1: The first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me. do. x. 8: And the voice which I heard from heaven spake unto me again, and said, Go and take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel which standeth upon the sea and upon the earth.
e See on ver. 8.
9 Ezek. i. 26, &c: Upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it, &c. DAN. vii. 13: I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven. do. x. 16: Behold, one like the similitude of the sons of men touched my lips. Rev. xiv. 14 : Upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown.
Dan. X. 5, 6: Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded
with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle.
14 His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire;
15 And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his w voice as the sound of many waters.
16 And he had in his right hand * seven stars : and out of his mouth went a sharp two edged sword : and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength. with fine gold of Uphaz: his body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in colour to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude.
s See on Rev. xv. 6.
* Dan. vii. 9: The hair of his (the Ancient of days] head like the pure wool.
u Dan. X. 6. See on ver. 13. Rev. ii. 18: These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine brass. do. xix. 12: His eyes were as a flame of fire.
Ezek. i. 7: [The feet of the four living creatures] sparkled like the colour of burnished brass. Dan. X. 6. See on ver. 13. Rev. ii. 18. See on ver. 14. do. x. 1: I saw another mighty angel-his feet as pillars of fire.
Ezek. i. 24: I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of great waters, as the voice of the Almighty do. xliii. 2: Behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east: and his voice was like the noise of many waters. Dan. x. 6. See on ver. 13. Rev. xiv. 2: I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder. do. xix. 6: I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia : for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.
* Ver. 20. Rev. ii. 1: do. iii. 1: These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars.
Rev. ii. 12, 16. See on Eph. vi. 17. * Acts, xxvi. 13: At midday, O king, I saw in the way a light from heaven, above the brightness of the sun. Rev. x. 1: I saw another mighty angel-his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire.
17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last :
18 d I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am e alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell 6 and of death.
19 Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the i things which shall be hereafter;
6 the unseen world. Dod.
Ezek. i. 28: As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness round about. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spake. 2 ESDR. X. 30 : And, lo, I lay as one that had been dead, and mine understanding was taken from me: and he took me by the right hand, and comforted me, and set me upon my feet.
• Dan. viii. 18: Now as he was speaking with me, I in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground : but he touched me, and set me upright. do. x. 10 : Behold, an hand touched me, which set me upon my
the palms. of my hands.
c See on ver. 8.
* Job, xii. 14: He shutteth up a man, and there can be no opening. Ps. Ixviii. 20 : Unto God the Lord belong the issues from death. Isa. xxii. 22 : The key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open. MAT. X. Rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. Luke, i. 32: The Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David. Rev.iii. 7: These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth ; and shutteth, and no man openeth. do. xx. 1,2 : I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit. And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years.
& Ver. 12, &c.
20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the mangels of the seven churches : and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.
CHAP. II. What is commanded to be written to the angels, that is, the ministers of the churches of 1 Ephesus, 8 Smyrna, 12 Pergamos, 18 Thyatira : and what is commended, or found wanting in them. UNTO the angel of the church of Ephesus
These things saith a he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks ;
2 'I know thy.works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil : and thou hast d tried them which say they are e apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars :
* Ver. 16.
m Mal. ii. 7 : The priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth : for he is the messenger of the Lord of hosts. Rev. ii. 1, &c.
Zec. iv. 2 : [The angel] said unto me, What seest thou ? And I said, I have looked, and behold a candlestick all of gold, with a bowl upon the top of it, and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps. Mat. v. 15, 16: Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. Let your light so shine before men,
that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven. Par. ii. 15; That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world.
CHAP. II. a Rev. i. 16, 20. b Rev. i. 13. c Ver. 9, 13, 19. Rev. iii. 1, 8, 15. . See on 1 Cor. ii. 15. € 2 Cor. xi. 13 : Such are false apostles, deceitful workers,